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BIAL Foundation
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File061 - Investigation of Mediums Who Claim to Give Information about Deceased Persons2003-102008-01

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-061
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2002
Title:
061 - Investigation of Mediums Who Claim to Give Information about Deceased Persons
Duration: 2003-10 - 2008-01
Researcher(s):
Emily Williams Kelly, Bruce Greyson, Jim Tucker, Dianne Arcangel, Edward Kelly
Institution(s): Division of Personality Studies, University of Virginia (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Kelly, E.
Secondary author(s):
Greyson, B., Tucker, J., Arcangel, D., Kelly, E.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship

DocumentFinal report - Investigation of Mediums Who Claim to Give Information about Deceased Persons2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-061
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2002
Title:
061 - Investigation of Mediums Who Claim to Give Information about Deceased Persons
Duration: 2003-10 - 2008-01
Researcher(s):
Emily Williams Kelly, Bruce Greyson, Jim Tucker, Dianne Arcangel, Edward Kelly
Institution(s): Division of Personality Studies, University of Virginia (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Kelly, E.
Secondary author(s):
Greyson, B., Tucker, J., Arcangel, D., Kelly, E.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-061.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2002
Title:
Final report - Investigation of Mediums Who Claim to Give Information about Deceased Persons
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa_6102.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Despite the high-quality research on mediumship a century ago, this line of research has been almost entirely neglected since then. The purpose of this study was to identify contemporary mediums who can produce evidential material under controlled conditions.
To rule out the two common normal explanations – that the medium fishes for information (“cold reading”), whether deliberately or inadvertently, or that the medium’s statements are so general or vague that they can apply to many people or be interpreted in a variety of ways – the present study was conducted using double-blind conditions. All sittings were done, not with the “real” sitters, but with a proxy sitter who knew little or nothing about the deceased persons, and, because the real sitters were not present for the readings, their judging of transcripts was blind.
In Stage 1, 4 mediums and 12 real sitters participated; each medium did 3 readings. The results were not significant. In Stage 2, therefore, I made 3 major changes: (1) In the hope of focusing the reading on the intended deceased person, I sent photographs of the deceased to the mediums, but provided no other information; (2) to see whether the proxy might play some role in the success or failure of a reading, another experimenter and I shared the role of proxy, each doing half the readings; and (3) I simplified the evaluation method and asked the real sitters to rate and rank transcripts globally rather than item by item.
In Stage 2, 9 different mediums and 40 different sitters participated; each medium did 4 or 6 readings. Each sitter evaluated 6 transcripts – the intended one, as well as 5 controls. 37 ratings were returned. 14 of the 37 were ranked #1; 27 were ranked in the top half. Analysis of the results with a sum-of-ranks method gives a z score of 4.09 (p < .00003). The person serving as the proxy sitter had no effect on the results. In the 19 readings for one proxy, the sum of ranks was 46.5 (.005 < p < .004); in the 18 readings for the other proxy, the sum of ranks was 40 (p < .001). The difference is not significant.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Kelly, E.
Secondary author(s):
Greyson, B., Tucker, J., Arcangel, D., Kelly, E.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Mediumship / Deceased persons

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentAn investigation of mediums who claim to give information about deceased persons2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-061
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2002
Title:
061 - Investigation of Mediums Who Claim to Give Information about Deceased Persons
Duration: 2003-10 - 2008-01
Researcher(s):
Emily Williams Kelly, Bruce Greyson, Jim Tucker, Dianne Arcangel, Edward Kelly
Institution(s): Division of Personality Studies, University of Virginia (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Kelly, E.
Secondary author(s):
Greyson, B., Tucker, J., Arcangel, D., Kelly, E.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-061.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2002
Title:
An investigation of mediums who claim to give information about deceased persons
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21206241
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Growing public interest in the phenomenon of mediumship, particularly among bereaved persons, suggests the need for renewed controlled studies of mediums, both to provide potential clients with criteria for judging mediums and to help researchers learn whether they can produce specific and accurate information to which they have had no normal access and, if so, under what conditions. Two research studies were conducted in which mediums provided readings about particular deceased persons to a proxy sitter. The real sitters then blindly rated the reading that was intended for them along with several control readings. In the first study, the results were not significant. In the second, much larger study the results were highly significant (z = -3.89, p < 0.0001, 2-tailed). The authors discuss 2 possible weaknesses of the successful study and indicate some directions for further research.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Kelly, E.
Secondary author(s):
Arcangel, D.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
7|2022-03-19
Reference:
Kelly, E., & Arcangel, D. (2011). An investigation of mediums who claim to give information about deceased persons. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 199(1), 11-17. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e31820439da
2-year Impact Factor: 1.682|2011
Times cited: 23|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Mediumship / Dissociation / Bereavement / Mind and brain

An investigation of mediums who claim to give information about deceased persons

An investigation of mediums who claim to give information about deceased persons