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File007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system 2005-012008-04

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

DocumentFinal report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Final report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa07-04_03012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Thirty four participants took part in a formal study examining pre- and post-stimulus responses to acoustic stimuli consisting of 1-second of 95db of white noise with a random inter-stimulus interval of 30 ± 10 s. The dependent variable was the difference between pulse-rate, which was measured by a standard 3-electrode ECG placement, prior to the choice of acoustic stimuli compared to prior to no-stimulus control. A Monte Carlo method was used to assess statistical relevance of the data.
Two sets of data were collected to ascertain any Decision Augmentation Theory effects (i.e., experimenter psi): Condition A with 16 stimuli/participant and Condition B with 48 stimuli/participant.
The best participant produced a pre-stimulus effect size of 1.02 (z = 2.05, p = 0.02); however, the results across all 34 participants were disappointing. Combining the two conditions resulted in a total stimuli count of 518 contrasted with 512 silent controls. The effect sizes were 0.043 and 0.006 for Conditions A and B, respectively, which indicated there was no observed prestimulus pulse rate response to acoustic stimuli compared to controls.
It is difficult to ascribe a meaning to a null result; however, we do consider a number of potential explanations.
• We did not screen participants for native ability in this particular setup, so it remains possible that we did not have psi talent in the participant pool.
• Contrary to expectations, heart rate may not be subject to prestimulus response effects.
• This particular study was plagued with difficulties from its inception. Some of these issues arose because we were not well trained in heart-rate measures and analyses. The result was that we had to restart the study learning as we went. This had two important side effects. The first is that it sharply reduced the available participant pool from which we could draw, and secondly and most importantly it had a demoralizing effect on the researchers.
This last point requires further discussion. It is a well-established effect that set and setting play an important role in experimental psychology and perhaps a determining role in parapsychological experiments. One of the strongest effects in the PSI literature is the so-called sheep/goat effect which may be a strong manifestation of this effect.
Because of the frustrating beginning to the study and because our team is strongly accustomed to obtaining positive results, we all became discouraged and less attentive to this study. Perhaps at a minimum this contributed to the null result or, at worst, maybe “caused” the null result.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Prestimulus response / Decision augmentation theory / Heart rate / Autonomic nervous system

Final report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

Final report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

DocumentAnomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: experimental results and speculation about a mechanism2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Anomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: experimental results and speculation about a mechanism
Publication year: 2005
URL:
http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/acm.2005.11.695
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
The primary aim of this study was to conduct a replication, simplification, and extension of similar previous studies that claimed anomalous anticipatory skin conductance responses prior to various stimuli and to provide sufficient protocol and analysis details in order to foster additional replications. A secondary aim was to provide a testable model in order to understand the observed results.
DESIGN:
We used standard skin conductance measures and techniques to search within 50 participants for responses prior to 1-second duration, 97-dB acoustic stimuli, compared to prior to silent controls. We used an interstimulus interval randomly and uniformly distributed between 30 and 50 seconds.
OUTCOME MEASURES:
The dependent variable was the difference between proportions of 3.5-second prestimulus intervals prior to acoustic stimuli and prior to silent controls that contained a fully formed, nonspecific skin conductance response (ns-SCR). The null hypothesis was that the proportion difference should be zero.
RESULTS:
We found a significant proportion difference of 0.032 (Z = 2.08; effect size = 0.077 +/- 0.037; p(1t) = 0.0018), which is a replication of earlier similar studies.
CONCLUSIONS:
We examined and ruled out a number of potential artifacts that might have accounted for this finding. To understand these results, we demonstrated, by Monte Carlo techniques, that a possible explanation is that experimenters may have used their own intuition to initiate experiment runs to somehow sort otherwise random nonspecific skin conductance responses into appropriate bins in order to mimic physiological responses. We found experimental evidence to support this idea as an operational mechanism. If this speculation is confirmed in prospective studies, then this intuition-based mimicking of effects may profoundly impact the interpretation of results from complementary and alternative medical studies that use statistical inference to assess outcomes.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2000-036.07
Author: May, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Paulinyi, T., Vassy, Z.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E. C., Paulinyi, T., & Vassy, Z. (2005). Anomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: experimental results and speculation about a mechanism. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 11(4), 695-702. doi: 10.1089/acm.2005.11.695
2-year Impact Factor: 1.051|2005
Times cited: 19|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Prestimulus response / Autonomic nervous system / Skin conductance response (SCR)

Anomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: experimental results and speculation about a mechanism

Anomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: experimental results and speculation about a mechanism

DocumentAnticipatory skin conductance responses: A possible example of decision augmentation theory2004

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Anticipatory skin conductance responses: A possible example of decision augmentation theory
Publication year: 2004
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Two recent skin conductance response studies have provided significant evidence of an effect. In both studies, the dependent variable was a proportion difference between prestimulus intervals prior to acoustic stimuli and prior to controls that contained a fully-formed non-specific skin conductance response (ns-SCR). The null hypothesis was that the proportion difference should be zero. Both studies showed significant non-zero proportion differences. These studies have been examined with regard to two competing hypotheses for a possible mechanism. A physiological hypothesis suggests that individuals respond in advance to randomly determined future startle stimuli. A second hypothesis suggests that the participants are simply a source of random ns-SCR?s that are not due to any overt stimuli and that the observed effects arises because of the experimenters? psi. That is, Decision Augmentation Theory (DAT) holds, in this context, that the experimenters bias their decisions to initiate an experimental run such that the proportion difference will be large and thus mimic a physiological response. Circumstantial evidence against a physiology hypothesis include: the rare anticipatory response to either an acoustic stimulus or a control is independent of stimulus position; previously certified laboratory psi participants did not perform better then unselected participants; and participants who show no or very few ns-SCR?s (i.e., zombies) do not show anticipatory effects at all. Quantitative analyses do favor a DAT hypothesis. DAT predicts and the data significantly confirm that the ns-SCR rate prior to formal controls will be less than that measured far from any stimuli (i.e., background rate). Additionally, DAT predicts and the data confirm a square root dependency of Z-score versus lability (i.e., the probability of a ns-SCR in a 3.5-second period). The circumstantial arguments taken together with two different types of quantitative results provide the best possible evidence in support of a DAT mechanism that can be obtained retrospectively. A prospective study, however, is needed settle the issue, formally.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E. C. (2004). Anticipatory skin conductance responses: A possible example of decision augmentation theory. In Proceedings of Presented Papers of the 47th Parapsychological Association Convention. Vienna (pp. 113-119).
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Parapsychology / Telepathy / Skin conductance response (SCR)

Anticipatory skin conductance responses: A possible example of decision augmentation theory

Anticipatory skin conductance responses: A possible example of decision augmentation theory

DocumentPrestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Actas_7Simp.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The objective of this study was twofold: (1) to observe prestimulus response effects using heart rate as in indicator of the autonomic nervous system and (2) to ascertain which of two potential models of the functioning best fit the data. Are the data indicative of a precognitive response to a future stimuli or an experimenter effect via Decision Augmentation Theory (DAT). Using a 3-point electrode system, we monitored heart rate continuously for approximately 45 minutes. At random intervals of 30±10 s, we consulted a predefined list of counter balanced stimuli of either 1 s of 95 dB white noise or a silent data marker as a control. The prestimulus region was defined as - 4.7 to -1.2 s prior to stimulus onset and the heart rate data for each stimulus was referenced to that at -4.7s (i.e., clamped at that point). The dependent variable was the area between the average heart rate prior a future acoustic stimulus and a future control. A statistical assessment for this area was determined using a traditional non-parametric permutation technique. A DAT test required either 8 (condition A) or 24 (condition B) stimuli, respectively. Combining the two conditions we found essentially no effect (z = -0.29, p = 0.6, ES =-0.01, n = 518 stimuli). So also there appeared to be no observable effect in either of the two conditions: Condition A (z = -0.46, p = 0.68, ES = - 0.043, n = 121 stimuli) and Condition B (z = -0.12, p = 0.54, ES = -0.006, n = 397 stimuli). It is difficult to ascribe a meaning to a null result; however, we do consider a number of potential explanations. (1) Heart rate may not be subject to prestimulus response effects. (2) This study was plagued with difficulties. The result was that we had to restart the study a number of times. This had two important side effects. The first is that it sharply reduced the available participant pool from which we could draw, and secondly and most importantly it had a demoralizing effect on the researchers. This last point requires further discussion. It is a well established effect that set and setting play an important role in experimental psychology and perhaps a determining role in parapsychological experiments. One of the strongest effects in the PSI literature is the so-called sheep/goat effect which may be a strong manifestation of this effect.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E. C. (2008). Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 7th Symposium of Fundação Bial. Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Prestimulus response / Decision augmentation theory / Heart rate / Autonomic nervous system

Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

DocumentAnticipatory skin conductance responses: A possible example of decision augmentation theory 2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.05
Title: Anticipatory skin conductance responses: A possible example of decision augmentation theory
Publication year: 2005
Accessibility:
Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Document type:
Abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E. C. (2004). Anticipatory skin conductance responses: A possible example of decision augmentation theory. Journal of Parapsychology, 69(1), 32-33.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Telepathy / Skin conductance response (SCR)

DocumentPrecognition: The only form of psi? 2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Precognition: The only form of psi?
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/imp/jcs/2016/00000023/F0020003/art00004
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2000-036.08; BL-2002-109.08
Author: Marwaha, S.
Secondary author(s):
May, E. C.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
7|2022-03-19
Reference:
Marwaha, S. B., & May, E. C. (2016). Precognition: The only form of psi? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 23(3-4), 76-100.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.681|2016
Times cited: 3|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3