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File047 - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism2005-062006-10

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
047 - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism
Duration: 2005-06 - 2006-10
Researcher(s):
Olivier Pascalis, Elizabeth Milne, David Buckley, Laurence Vigon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, The University of Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
1 Article
Journal Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition
Language: eng
Author:
Pascalis, O.
Secondary author(s):
Milne, E., Buckley, D., Vigon, L.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Vision / Biopsychological problems / Childhood and adolescent disorders / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Cognitive processes / Perception

DocumentFinal report - Atypical visual evoked potentials in children with autism generated by both low and high spatial frequency gratings2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
047 - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism
Duration: 2005-06 - 2006-10
Researcher(s):
Olivier Pascalis, Elizabeth Milne, David Buckley, Laurence Vigon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, The University of Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
1 Article
Journal Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition
Language: eng
Author:
Pascalis, O.
Secondary author(s):
Milne, E., Buckley, D., Vigon, L.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Vision / Biopsychological problems / Childhood and adolescent disorders / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Cognitive processes / Perception

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
Final report - Atypical visual evoked potentials in children with autism generated by both low and high spatial frequency gratings
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa%204704.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
There are reports of atypical visual perception in individuals with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) meaning that they perceive the world differently to typical observers. It remains unclear whether atypical perception reflects abnormality in the visual system, i.e. bottom-up processes, or in higher level cognition and information processing biases, i.e. top-down processes. The aim of this study was to investigate basic visual perception in participants with autistic spectrum disorder by measuring the visual evoked potentials elicited by simple visual stimuli in 20 children /adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder and 20 typically developing controls. We predicted, based on existing literature, that low frequencies will be specifically
atypical in autism and that high spatial frequencies may be intact. The VEP elicited by Gabor patches presented at different spatial frequencies was measured (0.5 – 8 cycles/°). We found significant differences in the VEP elicited in the two groups. Specifically, the latency to peak was faster in the children with ASD than in the controls, and the amplitude of the C1 component was reduced in the majority of children with ASD. These data provide evidence of abnormality at a very early stage of visual processing in ASD, possibly at the level of V1. The finding reported here reflects the fact that 61.2% of the participants with autism did not have a negative component in their waveforms. This lack of C1 in some participants does not appear to correlate with age, IQ, severity of symptoms (as measured by the ASQ & CARS) or behavioural performance. It is now crucial to determine if such impairment influences the development of social cognitive functions such as face processing.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Milne, E.
Secondary author(s):
Scope, A., Buckley, D., Vigon, L. , Pascalis, O.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Perception / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

Relatório final - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism

Relatório final - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism

DocumentIndependent component analysis reveals atypical EEG activity during visual perception in individuals with autism2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
047 - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism
Duration: 2005-06 - 2006-10
Researcher(s):
Olivier Pascalis, Elizabeth Milne, David Buckley, Laurence Vigon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, The University of Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
1 Article
Journal Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition
Language: eng
Author:
Pascalis, O.
Secondary author(s):
Milne, E., Buckley, D., Vigon, L.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Vision / Biopsychological problems / Childhood and adolescent disorders / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Cognitive processes / Perception

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
Independent component analysis reveals atypical EEG activity during visual perception in individuals with autism
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.biologicalpsychiatryjournal.com/article/S0006-3223(08)00886-X/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Individuals with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) experience atypical visual perception, yet the etiology of this remains unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the neural correlates of visual perception in individuals with and without ASD by carrying out a detailed analysis of the dynamic brain processes elicited by perception of a simple visual stimulus.
METHODS:
We investigated perception in 20 individuals with ASD and 20 control subjects with electroencephalograph(EEG). Visual evoked potentials elicited by Gabor patches of varying spatial frequency and stimulus-induced changes in a- and ?-frequency bands of independent components were compared in those with and without ASD.
RESULTS:
By decomposing the EEG data into independent components, we identified several processes that contributed to the average event related potential recorded at the scalp. Differences between the ASD and control groups were found only in some of these processes. Specifically, in those components that were in or near the striate or extrastriate cortex, stimulus spatial frequency exerted a smaller effect on induced increases in a- and ?-band power, and time to peak a-band power was reduced, in the participants with ASD. Induced a-band power of components that were in or near the cingulate gyrus was increased in the participants with ASD, and the components that were in or near the parietal cortex did not differ between the two groups.
CONCLUSIONS:
Atypical processing is evident in individuals with ASD during perception of simple visual stimuli. The implications of these data for existing theories of atypical perception in ASD are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Milne, E.
Secondary author(s):
Scope, A., Pascalis, O., Buckley, D., Makeig, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Milne, E., Scope, A., Pascalis, O., Buckley, D., & Makeig, S. (2009). Independent component analysis reveals atypical EEG activity during visual perception in individuals with autism. Biological Psychiatry, 65(1), 22-30. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.07.017
2-year Impact Factor: 8.926|2009
Times cited: 102|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Alpha power / Autism / Cingulate gyrus / Gamma power / Perception / Spatial frequency / Visual cortex

Independent component analysis reveals atypical EEG activity during visual perception in individuals with autism

Independent component analysis reveals atypical EEG activity during visual perception in individuals with autism

DocumentA study of impaired judgment of eye-gaze direction and related face-processing deficits in autism spectrum disorders2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
047 - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism
Duration: 2005-06 - 2006-10
Researcher(s):
Olivier Pascalis, Elizabeth Milne, David Buckley, Laurence Vigon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, The University of Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
1 Article
Journal Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition
Language: eng
Author:
Pascalis, O.
Secondary author(s):
Milne, E., Buckley, D., Vigon, L.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Vision / Biopsychological problems / Childhood and adolescent disorders / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Cognitive processes / Perception

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
A study of impaired judgment of eye-gaze direction and related face-processing deficits in autism spectrum disorders
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://www.perceptionweb.com/abstract.cgi?id=p5442
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The purpose of this study was to examine whether individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) use the same cognitive strategies as typically developing individuals when processing eye-gaze direction. Subjects viewed pictures of whole faces, the eye region alone, and pairs of arrows presented for 40, 70, or 100 ms, and responded according to the direction the eyes were looking or the arrows pointing (left, right, or straight ahead). Experiment 1 demonstrated that typically developing adults (n = 41) were more accurate and showed shorter reaction times when judging direction of averted eye gaze in the context of the whole face than when only the eyes were visible (eye-region-alone condition). Furthermore, in the eye-region-alone condition participants were more accurate and faster at judging direct eye gaze than averted eye gaze. The same task was used in experiment 2 to compare the performance of a group of individuals with ASD (n = 24) with that of a group of IQ-matched typically developing individuals (n = 26). The performance of the control participants was identical to that observed in experiment 1. Individuals with ASD were able to judge eye-gaze direction accurately at short exposure duration; however, they failed to show the typical advantage for judging averted gaze in whole faces and the increased sensitivity to direct gaze in the eye-region-alone condition. The findings are discussed in terms of impairments to discrete gaze-processing and face-processing mechanisms, and the connectivity between these mechanisms.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wallace, S.
Secondary author(s):
Coleman, M., Pascalis, O., Bailey, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Wallace, S., Coleman, M., Pascalis, O., & Bailey, A. (2006). A study of impaired judgment of eye-gaze direction and related face-processing deficits in autism spectrum disorders. Perception, 35(12), 1651-1654. doi: 10.1068/p5442
2-year Impact Factor: 1.585|2006
Times cited: 28|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Perception / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Eye gaze direction

DocumentMotion perception and autistic spectrum disorder: A review2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
047 - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism
Duration: 2005-06 - 2006-10
Researcher(s):
Olivier Pascalis, Elizabeth Milne, David Buckley, Laurence Vigon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, The University of Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
1 Article
Journal Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition
Language: eng
Author:
Pascalis, O.
Secondary author(s):
Milne, E., Buckley, D., Vigon, L.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Vision / Biopsychological problems / Childhood and adolescent disorders / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Cognitive processes / Perception

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
Motion perception and autistic spectrum disorder: A review
Publication year: 2005
URL:
http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/77509/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Recent evidence has indicated that some children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) show reduced ability to detect visual motion. The data suggest that this impairment is present in children with a range of autistic spectrum diagnoses, but not present in all children diagnosed with ASD. The occurrence of abnormal motion perception in children with ASD has led to speculation regarding the root of this impairment. Hypotheses regarding reduced sensitivity of the visual magnocellular system/cortical dorsal stream (Milne et al., 2002; Spencer et al., 2000) and reduced neuronal integration (Bertone et al., 2003), will be discussed. in this review. Clinical implications of the impairment, such as the degree to which motion perception may be related to diagnostic criteria and/or symptom severity in ASD, and the relationship between abnormal motion perception in autistic spectrum, and other, non-autistic spectrum developmental disorders will also be discussed. The conclusion is drawn that more research should be carried out including larger samples of participants, and that in future studies researchers should provide details of the variability of performance in their data, and investigate relationships between motion perception, diagnostic criteria, symptom severity and other potential correlates which, it is hoped will lead to further understanding of the implications of abnormal motion perception in ASD.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Milne, E.
Secondary author(s):
Swettenham, J., Campbell, R.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Milne, E., Swettenham, J., & Campbell, R. (2005). Motion perception and autistic spectrum disorder: A review. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive / Current Psychology of Cognition, 23(1-2), 3-33.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.138|2005
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available after 2006
Times cited: 59|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Motion perception / Visual system / Developmental disorders

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DocumentMotion perception and autistic spectrum disorder: A reply to the commentaries2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
047 - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism
Duration: 2005-06 - 2006-10
Researcher(s):
Olivier Pascalis, Elizabeth Milne, David Buckley, Laurence Vigon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, The University of Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
1 Article
Journal Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition
Language: eng
Author:
Pascalis, O.
Secondary author(s):
Milne, E., Buckley, D., Vigon, L.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Vision / Biopsychological problems / Childhood and adolescent disorders / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Cognitive processes / Perception

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
Motion perception and autistic spectrum disorder: A reply to the commentaries
Publication year: 2005
URL:
https://getinfo.de/app/Motion-perception-and-autistic-spectrum-disorder/id/BLSE%3ARN184696483
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Milne, E.
Secondary author(s):
Swettenham, J., Campbell, R.
Document type:
Editorial material
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Milne, E., Swettenham, J., & Campbell, R. (2005). Motion perception and autistic spectrum disorder: A reply to the commentaries. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive / Current Psychology of Cognition, 23(1-2), 213-226.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.138|2005
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available after 2006
Times cited: 1|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Motion perception / Visual system / Developmental disorders

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Novo ficheiro

DocumentAbnormal N1/P1 responses in children with ASD elicited by both low and high spatial frequency gratings2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
047 - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism
Duration: 2005-06 - 2006-10
Researcher(s):
Olivier Pascalis, Elizabeth Milne, David Buckley, Laurence Vigon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, The University of Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
1 Article
Journal Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition
Language: eng
Author:
Pascalis, O.
Secondary author(s):
Milne, E., Buckley, D., Vigon, L.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Vision / Biopsychological problems / Childhood and adolescent disorders / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Cognitive processes / Perception

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
Abnormal N1/P1 responses in children with ASD elicited by both low and high spatial frequency gratings
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://63.131.128.66/sites/default/files/imfar/abstracts/IMFAR2006_Program.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
It has been suggested that individuals with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) may display abnormalities in low level visual perception.
Objectives: To investigate low level visual perception in ASD by measuring visual evoked potentials elicited by a range of spatial frequency gratings.
METHODS:
High density visual evoked potentials were recorded from children and adolescents (aged between 9 and 18) diagnosed with ASD, and chronological and nonverbal mental age matched typically developing controls in response to sinusoidal gratings presented at 0.5, 1, 4 and 8 cycles per degree (cpd). The stimuli, which measured 7.5º x 7.5º of visual angle, were presented foveally and were visible for 500 msec.
RESULTS:
Analysis of EEG data at occipital leads indicated that the controls exhibited a typical N1 / P1 complex, with a clear N1 emerging between 80 and 95 msec in response to the higher frequency stimuli (4 and 8 cpd), and a P1 which increased in latency and decreased in amplitude with increasing spatial frequency. The ASD group however did not show a clear N1, and showed reduced P1 amplitude compared to the controls, at all four spatial frequencies.
CONCLUSION:
These data suggest that early perceptual mechanisms, across a range of spatial frequencies, are abnormal in children with autistic spectrum disorder.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Milne, E.
Secondary author(s):
Scope, A., Vigon, L., Buckley, D., Pascalis, O.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Milne, E., Scope, A., Vigon, L., Buckley, D., & Pascalis, O. (2006, June). Abnormal N1/P1 responses in children with ASD elicited by both low and high spatial frequency gratings. Poster presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research (IMFAR), Montreal, Canada.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Visual perception / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

Abnormal N1/P1 responses in children with ASD elicited by both low and high spatial frequency gratings

Abnormal N1/P1 responses in children with ASD elicited by both low and high spatial frequency gratings

DocumentA combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
047 - A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism
Duration: 2005-06 - 2006-10
Researcher(s):
Olivier Pascalis, Elizabeth Milne, David Buckley, Laurence Vigon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, The University of Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
1 Article
Journal Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/ Current Psychology of Cognition
Language: eng
Author:
Pascalis, O.
Secondary author(s):
Milne, E., Buckley, D., Vigon, L.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Vision / Biopsychological problems / Childhood and adolescent disorders / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Cognitive processes / Perception

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-047.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2004
Title:
A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Actas_7Simp.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
There are reports of atypical visual perception in individuals with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) yet the aetiology of this remains unknown. It is currently unclear at what stage atypical perception arises in autism; whether it is specific to certain classes of perceptual stimuli; or whether it reflects impairments in low or higher-level mechanisms.
METHOD:
We investigated perception in 20 individuals with ASD and 20 matched controls by measuring visual evoked potentials (VEP) elicited by Gabor patches presented at a range of spatial frequencies.
RESULTS:
The latency to peak of the visual evoked potential, elicited by all spatial frequencies was significantly reduced in the individuals with ASD compared to the typically developing individuals (effect sizes ranged from -.65 - -1.53).
CONCLUSION:
Atypical perception in autism occurs at an early stage of processing. It is apparent at a cortical level within 90 ms of stimulus onset and following presentation of very simple visual stimuli. We argue that autistic spectrum disorder is characterised by a low-level abnormality within the visual system.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pascalis, O.
Secondary author(s):
Milne, E., Buckley, D., Vigon, L.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Pascalis, O., Milne, E., Buckley, D., & Vigon, L. (2008). A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 7th Symposium of Fundação Bial. Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Visual evoked potential (VEP) / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Typically developing (TD) / Electroencephalogram (EEG)

A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism

A combined psychophysiological and electrophysiological approach to investigate low-level visual perception in autism