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File150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences2005-112007-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-02
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, Dietrich Lehmann, Mark Winkel
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Brain structure and function

DocumentFinal report - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-02
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, Dietrich Lehmann, Mark Winkel
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
Final report - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa15004.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
We followed a neurophenomenological approach by analyzing in parallel experience and brain processes of individuals with high, medium, and low hypnotizability. Hypnotizability was measured with the original instrument in English, and we found that although there was a small decrement in comparison with the instrument administered in Swedish, the English version was both valid and reliable. We also found that women seemed to be slightly more hypnotizable than men. There was also a significant correlation between hypnotizability and emotional contagion (the propensity to behavioral and subjective imitation of somebody else’s emotion). With respect to experience and EEG activity, while the participants’ EEG was evaluated, their responses to a baseline sitting down with eyes closed and then lifting an arm was compared to the same behaviors after a hypnotic induction; their spontaneous mentation during baseline and various prompts after an induction and a suggestion to go into their “deepest” state was also measured. A between-subjects factor (level of hypnotizabity) and a within subject factor (baseline or other stages of the session) both had significant effects, as did their interaction. While the experience of low hypnotizables was characterized by “normal” mentation, that of “medium” hypnotizables was centered more on vestibular and other bodily sensations, and that of “highs” was characterized by positive affect and “exceptional” mystic-like phenomena. Spectral and source location EEG analyses corroborated various patterns of brain functioning differences. Among them, there was a significant correlation between cortical activity functioning (omega complexity) and hypnotizability, and also with specific subjective experiences (imagery experiences and highly emotional and mystic-like experiences). The induction of hypnosis had a differential effect on highs and lows, whereas the former tended to have their EEG activity become more posterior, the lows exhibited the opposite effect, becoming more frontal.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Jönsson, P., Terhune, D. B., Faber, P.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Parapsychology / Hypnosis / Psi

Final report - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences

Final report - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences

DocumentThe neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-02
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, Dietrich Lehmann, Mark Winkel
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
The neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010945212001074
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCTION:
After a hypnotic induction, medium and highly hypnotizable individuals often report spontaneous alterations in various dimensions of consciousness. Few studies investigating these experiences have controlled for the inherent demands of specific hypnotic suggestions and fewer still have considered their dynamic properties and neural correlates.
METHODS:
We adopted a neurophenomenological approach to investigate neutral hypnosis, which involves no specific suggestion other than to go into hypnosis, with 37 individuals of high, medium, and low hypnotizability (Highs, Mediums, and Lows). Their reports of depth and spontaneous experience at baseline, following a hypnotic induction, and then after multiple rest periods were analyzed and related to EEG frequency band power and global functional connectivity.
RESULTS:
Hypnotizability was marginally associated with lower global functional connectivity during hypnosis. Perceived hypnotic depth increased substantially after the induction especially among Highs and then Mediums, but remained almost unchanged among Lows. In the sample as a whole, depth correlated moderately to strongly with power and/or power heterogeneity for the fast EEG frequencies of beta2, beta3, and gamma, but independently only among Highs. The spontaneous phenomenology of Lows referred primarily to the ongoing experiment and everyday concerns, those of Mediums to vestibular and other bodily experiences, and those of Highs to imagery and positive affect/exceptional experiences. The latter two phenomena were associated with lower global functional connectivity during hypnosis. Imagery correlated positively with gamma power heterogeneity and negatively with alpha1 power heterogeneity. Generally, the pattern of correlations for the Highs was the opposite of that for the Lows.
CONCLUSIONS:
Experienced hypnotic depth and spontaneous phenomena following a neutral hypnotic induction vary as a function of hypnotizability and are related to global functional connectivity and EEG band wave activity.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Jönsson, P., Terhune, D. B., Marcusson-Clavertz, D.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
4|2022-03-19
Reference:
Cardeña, E., Jönsson, P., Terhune, D. B., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2013). The neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis. Cortex, 49(2), 375-85. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.04.001
2-year Impact Factor: 6.042|2013
Times cited: 59|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Hypnosis / Functional connectivity / Hypnotizability / Neurophenomenology / Electroencephalogram (EEG)

The neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis

The neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis

DocumentEEG sLORETA functional imaging during hypnotic arm levitation and voluntary arm lifting2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-02
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, Dietrich Lehmann, Mark Winkel
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
EEG sLORETA functional imaging during hypnotic arm levitation and voluntary arm lifting
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00207144.2011.622184?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3Dpubmed#.Ue_ximxdYq4
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This study (N?=?37 with high, medium, and low hypnotizables) evaluated depth reports and EEG activity during both voluntary and hypnotically induced left-arm lifting with sLORETA functional neuroimaging. The hypnotic condition was associated with higher activity in fast EEG frequencies in anterior regions and slow EEG frequencies in central-parietal regions, all left-sided. The voluntary condition was associated with fast frequency activity in right-hemisphere central-parietal regions and slow frequency activity in left anterior regions. Hypnotizability did not have a significant effect on EEG activity, but hypnotic depth correlated with left hemisphere increased anterior slow EEG and decreased central fast EEG activity. Hypnosis had a minimal effect on depth reports among lows, a moderate one among mediums, and a large one among highs. Because only left-arm data were available, the full role of the hemispheres remains to be clarified.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Faber, P., Jönsson, P., Milz, P., Pascual-Marqui, R., Kochi, K.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
7|2022-03-19
Reference:
Cardeña, E., Lehmann, D., Faber, P., Jönsson, P., Milz, P., Pascual-Marqui, R., & Kochi, K. (2012). EEG sLORETA functional imaging during hypnotic arm levitation and voluntary arm lifting. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 60(1), 31-53. doi: 10.1080/00207144.2011.622184
2-year Impact Factor: 1.382|2013
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not computed for 2012
Times cited: 16|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Parapsychology / Hypnosis / Psi

EEG sLORETA functional imaging during hypnotic arm levitation and voluntary arm lifting

EEG sLORETA functional imaging during hypnotic arm levitation and voluntary arm lifting

DocumentHypnotic experience is related to emotional contagion2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-02
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, Dietrich Lehmann, Mark Winkel
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
Hypnotic experience is related to emotional contagion
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00207140802463500?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3Dpubmed#.Ue_zUGxdYq4
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The authors conducted 2 studies to evaluate whether emotional contagion, the propensity to automatically imitate the emotional expressions of others and experience the corresponding emotions, is related to behavioral and experiential indices of hypnotizability and whether such a relationship is influenced by administration context. In Study 1, behavioral and subjective measures of hypnotizability were measured alongside emotional contagion in the same context. In Study 2, different measures of hypnotizability and hypnotic depth were administered, whereas emotional contagion was independently measured in a different (nonhypnotic) context. Emotional contagion correlated with behavioral and experiential indices of hypnotizability in Study 1 but only with the latter in Study 2. The authors interpret the results as reflecting a positive relationship between emotional contagion and, at least, experiential features of hypnotizability and strengthening the case for the importance of affectivity in hypnotic responsiveness.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Terhune, D. B., Lööf, A., Buratti, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Cardeña, E., Terhune, D. B., Lööf, A., & Buratti, S. (2008). Hypnotic experience is related to emotional contagion. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 57(1), 33-46. doi: 10.1080/00207140802463500
2-year Impact Factor: 2.068|2008
Times cited: 28|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Parapsychology / Hypnosis / Psi / Emotional contagion

DocumentThe effect of translation and sex on hypnotizability testing2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-02
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, Dietrich Lehmann, Mark Winkel
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
The effect of translation and sex on hypnotizability testing
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/229640198_The_effects_of_translation_and_sex_on_hypnotizability_testing
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We compared hypnotizability between two samples from different universities in Sweden. One test was administered in Swedish (University of Skövde) using a translated Swedish version of the HGSHS: A (Bergman, Trenter and Kallio, 2003). At Lund University, the original English version of the HGSHS?:?A (Shor and Orne, 1962) was used and participants also completed the Inventory Scale of Hypnotic Depth (ISHD; Field, 1965). The results suggest that administering the HGSHS?:?A in English to Swedish University students may only slightly reduce hypnotizability scores. Because the HGSHS: A was designed to be used for the initial screening of hypnotic suggestibility, for most practical purposes the original version seems a valid choice among non-English groups fluent in English. The data also support some recent findings about females exhibiting higher objective and subjective hypnotizability scores than male volunteers.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Kallio, S., Terhune, D. B., Buratti, S., Lööf, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Cardeña, E., Kallio, S., Terhune, D. B., Buratti, S., & Lööf, A. (2007). The effect of translation and sex on hypnotizability testing. Contemporary Hypnosis, 24(4), 154-160. doi: 10.1002/ch.340
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Gender effect / Hypnotizability / Translation

The effect of translation and sex on hypnotizability testing

The effect of translation and sex on hypnotizability testing

DocumentThe neurophenomenology of hypnosis2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-02
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, Dietrich Lehmann, Mark Winkel
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
The neurophenomenology of hypnosis
Publication year: 2007
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Highly hypnotizable individuals commonly report a variety of anomalous experiences following a hypnotic induction and there is some evidence to indicate that hypnosis may be psi-conducive. This study adopted a neurophenomenological approach and analyzed brain process and consciousness in tandem during hypnosis with a stratified sample (N = 40) of high, medium, and low hypnotizable participants. In session 1, cortical activity was measured using qEEG during an eyes-closed sitting-quietly period and while voluntarily lifting an arm prior to and following a hypnotic induction. In session 2, participants’ spontaneous mentation was obtained in reference to a baseline period and to multiple prompts following a hypnotic induction, which consisted of the single suggestion for participants to go into their “deepest” state (‘neutral hypnosis’). In addition, participants completed the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI) in reference to baseline and hypnosis periods. Verbal (numerical) reports of hypnotic depth were obtained in reference to different periods in both sessions. Results showed main effects of hypnotizability level (low, medium, and high), condition (baseline and hypnosis) and an interaction between the two variables. Although the groups did not exhibit differential hypnotic depth reports at baseline, hypnotic depth was found to increase in medium and high hypnotizables during hypnosis. With regard to the PCI, hypnotizability was related to having an altered experience, alterations in state, body image, and various other dimensions. Participants’ deepest
hypnotic state, relative to baseline, was associated with altered experience, alterations in body image, time sense, perception, and various other dimensions. Interactions between hypnotizability and condition were found for altered experience, body image, perception, meaning, love, sadness, imagery, and state of awareness. Overall, reported alterations in consciousness were more common among medium and especially high hypnotizables than lows, especially after hypnosis induction. Spontaneous verbal reports were content analyzed by two judges who derived phenomenological categories. While the experience of low hypnotizables was characterized by “normal” mentation, that of medium hypnotizables was centered more on vestibular and other bodily sensations, and that of high hypnotizables was characterized by positive affect and mystical-like phenomena. Spectral and source localization EEG analyses corroborated various patterns of differential brain functioning across levels of hypnotizability and during different conditions. Among the most salient findings were a positive correlation between a global measure of brain functioning complexity (omega complexity) and hypnotizability and a positive correlation between omega complexity and two types of experiences: positive affect/mystical-like phenomena, and imagery. The induction of hypnosis had different effects on low and high hypnotizables: whereas frontal cortical activity increased from baseline to hypnosis in the former, it decreased in the latter. Thus, the results show clear correspondences between phenomenological reports and electrocortical activity, and show the usefulness of a neuophenomenological perspective.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Jönsson, P., Terhune, D. B., Faber, P.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Cardeña, E., Lehmann, D., Jönsson, P., Terhune, D. B., & Faber, P. (2007). The neurophenomenology of hypnosis. Proceedings of the 50th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (pp. 17-30). The Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Parapsychology / Hypnosis / Psi / Electroencephalogram (EEG)

DocumentElectrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-02
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, Dietrich Lehmann, Mark Winkel
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Actas_7Simp.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
Very hypnotizable individuals commonly report a variety of anomalous experiences after a hypnotic induction, however, there has been no previous research on the neurophenomenology of spontaneous hypnotic experiences, which this research focused on.
METHODS:
We used a stratified sample (N = 40) of high, medium, and low hypnotizable participants. In session 1, cortical activity was measured using qEEG during an eyes-closed sitting-quietly period and while voluntarily lifting an arm prior to and following a hypnotic induction. In session 2, participants’ spontaneous mentation was obtained in reference to a baseline period and multiple prompts following a hypnotic induction, which consisted of the suggestion for participants to go into their “deepest” state. Participants also completed the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI) for baseline and hypnosis periods, and gave reports of hypnotic depth for different periods.
RESULTS:
There were main effects of hypnotizability, condition (baseline and hypnosis) and an interaction between
them. Although the groups did not exhibit different hypnotic depth reports at baseline, hypnotic depth was found to increase in medium and high hypnotizables during hypnosis. With regard to the PCI, hypnotizability was related to having an altered experience, and various other alterations. Participants’ deepest hypnotic state, relative to baseline, was also associated with altered experience and various other alterations, and there was a significant interaction between these variables. Alterations in consciousness were more common in medium and high hypnotizables than lows, especially after hypnosis. Verbal reports were content analyzed according to experiential categories. The experience of low hypnotizables was characterized by “normal” mentation, that of medium hypnotizables was centered more on vestibular and similar sensations, and that of high hypnotizables contained imagery, positive affect and mystical-like phenomena. Spectral and source localization EEG analyses corroborated various patterns of differential brain functioning across levels of hypnotizability and during different conditions. Among the most salient findings were a positive correlation between a global measure of brain functioning complexity (omega complexity) and hypnotizability, and a positive correlation between omega complexity and 2 types of experiences: positive affect/mystical-like phenomena, and imagery. The induction of hypnosis had different effects on low and high hypnotizables: whereas frontal cortical activity increased from baseline to hypnosis in the former, it decreased in the latter.
CONCLUSIONS:
Results suggest that a hypnotic procedure can effect significant alterations in consciousness, and it show a clear correspondence between phenomenological reports and EEG activity.
PUBLICATIONS:
Cardeña, E., Lehmann, D., Jönsson, P, Terhune, D., & Farber, P. (2007). The neurophenomenology of hypnosis. Proceedings of the 50th Annual Conventions of the Parapsychological Association, 17-30. Cardeña, E., Kallio, S., Terhune, D., Buratti, S., & Lööf, A. (2007). The effect of translation and sex on hypnotizability testing. Contemporary Hypnosis, http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/116840768/PDFSTART. Cardeña, E., Terhune, D., Lööf, A., & Buratti, S. (in press). Hypnotic experience is related to emotional contagion. International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Cardeña, E., Lehmann, D., & Winkel, M. (2008). Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 7th Symposium of Fundação Bial. Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Hypnosis / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Neurophenomenology / Depth

Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences

Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences

DocumentHypnotizability, personality traits, and the propensity to experience alterations of consciousness2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-02
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, Dietrich Lehmann, Mark Winkel
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150.09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
Hypnotizability, personality traits, and the propensity to experience alterations of consciousness
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/cns/1/3/292/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
How hypnotizability relates to personality traits other than absorption has received scant attention even though hypnotizability exhibits clear and stable individual differences. Two personality constructs particularly germane to hypnotizability are mental boundaries and self-transcendence, because they seem to index the propensity to experience alterations in consciousness. We conducted 2 studies to evaluate their relations with behavioral and experiential measures of hypnotizability, and with absorption. In Study 1 (N = 112 U.S. participants), experiential, but not behavioral, measures of hypnotizability, correlated with the personal (e.g., porosity in interpersonal relations or in states of consciousness), but not the world (e.g., opinions of others), subscale of boundary thinness and with absorption. In Study 2 (N = 84 Swedish participants), self-transcendence as a whole, as well as 2 of its 3 subscales (self-forgetfulness and transpersonal identification) related to hypnotizability, especially as measured experientially. Absorption correlated with an index of experiential hypnotizability in both studies, but was not reliably related to behavioral hypnotizability. Women scored significantly higher than men in self-transcendence, and indeterminately so in experiential measures of hypnotizability. Our studies suggest that although hypnotizability may not be subsumed under traditional personality traits, it relates to traits involving a propensity to have nonconceptual, self-transcendent modes of experiencing. They also highlight the importance of supplementing behavioral indices of hypnotizability with experiential ones.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2006-054.13
Author: Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Terhune, D. B.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Cardeña, E., & Terhune, D. B. (2014). Hypnotizability, personality traits, and the propensity to experience alterations of consciousness. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 1(3), 292-307. doi: 10.1037/cns0000026
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Hypnotizability / Absorption / Self-transcendence / Mental boundaries / Personality traits

Hypnotizability, personality traits, and the propensity to experience alterations of consciousness

Hypnotizability, personality traits, and the propensity to experience alterations of consciousness