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File001 - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls2007-102010-06

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
001 - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-06
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pamela Smart, David Luke
Institution(s): Perrot-Warrick Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles (only three as outcome of this project)
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Luke, D.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Precognition

DocumentFinal report - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
001 - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-06
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pamela Smart, David Luke
Institution(s): Perrot-Warrick Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles (only three as outcome of this project)
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Luke, D.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Precognition

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
Final report - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa0106.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In previous research, we found that many people seem to know who is calling or sending an email or SMS message. Hit rates were above chance in randomized tests.
In this project, we carried out automated tests using emails or telephone calls. Subjects registered online, giving their name, sex and age, the names of three contacts, people they knew well, and email addresses or mobile telephone numbers of all participants.
The computer then selected one of the contacts at random and sent her a message by email or SMS asking her to contact the subject through an email address or telephone number provided on the message. After she had responded, the system contacted the subject asking him to guess from which of his three contacts he was about to receive a message. After the guess was made, the email message was delivered or the telephone call connected. Subjects thus received immediate feedback. After a random time delay this process was repeated until 6 trials had been completed.
In the email telepathy test, in over 400 trials, the hit rate was 41.8%, significantly above the 33.3% level expected by chance (p=.0001). In the telephone telepathy test, in more than 1,900 trials, the hit rate was 43.0%, very significantly above the as 33.3% expected by chance (p <1x10 -9). There was no significant difference between the hit rates with male and female subjects. Both these experiments were also carried out in a precognitive form, in which the sender of the message was selected at random only after the subject had made his guess. In the precognitive email experiment the results were at chance level. In the precognitive telephone experiment the hit rate was 33.8%, only slightly above chance (with 548 trials, p=.03).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Automated tests / Precognition / SMS messages / E-mails / Mobile phone / Hit rate

Final report - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls

Final report - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls

DocumentA rapid online telepathy test2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
001 - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-06
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pamela Smart, David Luke
Institution(s): Perrot-Warrick Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles (only three as outcome of this project)
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Luke, D.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Precognition

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
A rapid online telepathy test
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.amsciepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/pr0.104.3.957-970
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In an automated online telepathy test, each participant had four senders, two actual and two virtual, generated by the computer. In a series of 12 30-sec. trials, the computer selected one of the senders at random and asked him to write a message to the subject. After 30 sec., the participant was asked to guess who had written a message. After the computer had recorded his guess, it sent him the message. In a total of 6,000 trials, there were 1,559 hits (26.7%), significantly above the chance expectation of 25%. In filmed tests, the hit rate was very similar. The hit rate with actual senders was higher than with virtual senders, but there was a strong guessing bias in favour of actual senders. When high-scoring subjects were retested, hit rates generally declined, but one subject repeatedly scored above chance.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Beeharee, A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Sheldrake, R., & Beeharee, A. (2009). A rapid online telepathy test. Psychological Reports, 104(3), 957-970. doi: 10.2466/pr0.104.3.957-970
2-year Impact Factor: 0.346|2009
Times cited: 1|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Automated tests / Hit rate / Online test

A rapid online telepathy test

A rapid online telepathy test

DocumentSensing the sending of SMS messages: An automated test2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
001 - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-06
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pamela Smart, David Luke
Institution(s): Perrot-Warrick Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles (only three as outcome of this project)
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Luke, D.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Precognition

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
Sensing the sending of SMS messages: An automated test
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.explorejournal.com/article/S1550-8307(09)00209-2/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE:
To carry out automated experiments to test for telepathy in connection with text messages.
METHOD:
Subjects, aged from 11 to 72, registered online with the names and mobile telephone numbers of 3 senders. A computer selected a sender at random, and asked him to send an SMS message to the subject via the computer. The computer then asked the subject to guess the sender’s name, and delivered the message after receiving the guess. A test consisted of 9 trials.
Interactions evaluated: The effects of subjects’ sex and age and the effects of delay on guesses.
Main outcome measure: The proportion of correct guesses of the sender’s name, compared with the 33.3% mean chance expectation.
RESULTS:
In 886 trials there were 336 hits (37.9%), significantly above the 33.3% chance level (p = .001). The hit rate in incomplete tests was 38.4% (p = .03) showing that optional stopping could not explain the positive results. Most tests were unsupervised, which left open the possibility of cheating, but high-scoring subjects were retested under filmed conditions, where no cheating was detected, with 19 hits in 43 trials (44.2%; p = 0.09).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Avraamides, L., Novak, M.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Sheldrake, R., Avraamides, L., & Novak, M. (2009). Sensing the sending of SMS messages: An automated test. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, 5(5), 272-276. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2009.06.004
2-year Impact Factor: 0.738|2009
Times cited: 1|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: SMS messages / Telepathy / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Automated tests / Internet experiment

Sensing the sending of SMS messages: An automated test

Sensing the sending of SMS messages: An automated test

DocumentAn automated test for telepathy in connection with emails2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
001 - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-06
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pamela Smart, David Luke
Institution(s): Perrot-Warrick Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles (only three as outcome of this project)
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Luke, D.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Precognition

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
An automated test for telepathy in connection with emails
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://web.a.ebscohost.com/abstract?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=08923310&AN=37796637&h=7bgi8EMypZcrcdNU%2bCUNQ23X1z24B3u3VgFWNCS0nJAmRJSq8KVa3GcAM1PW1JoorKv1TmydC5Nwg%2b%2f%2biyyUWQ%3d%3d&crl=c
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Can people sense telepathically who is sending them an email before they receive it? Subjects, aged from 12 to 66 years, registered online with the names and email addresses of 3 senders. A computer selected a sender at random, and asked him to send an email message to the subject via the computer. The computer then asked the subject to guess the sender’s name, and delivered the message after receiving the guess. A test consisted of 6 or 9 trials. In a total of 419 trials, including data from incomplete tests, there were 175 hits (41.8%), significantly above the 33.3% chance level (p = .0001). Hit rates in incomplete tests were higher than in complete tests. There was no significant difference between hit rates with male and female subjects. The highest hit rates were with subjects in the 20–29-year age group. The effect size in these tests was lower
than in previous telephone and email telepathy tests, in spite of the fact that they were unsupervised. One reason may be that subjects were being asked to guess who had sent them a message several minutes earlier, rather than thinking about them simultaneously.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Avraamides, L.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Sheldrake, R., & Avraamides, L. (2009). An automated test for telepathy in connection with emails. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 23(1), 29-36.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: E-mails / Telepathy / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Automated tests

An automated test for telepathy in connection with emails

An automated test for telepathy in connection with emails

DocumentAutomated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
001 - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-06
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pamela Smart, David Luke
Institution(s): Perrot-Warrick Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles (only three as outcome of this project)
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Luke, D.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Precognition

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
The purpose of this project was to develop automated tests using emails, SMS messages and telephone calls to find out if subjects could guess at levels above chance who, out of three people, was contacting them.
METHODS:
Subjects registered online giving the names and email addresses or mobile phone numbers of three contacts. In each trial the computer picked one of the three contacts at random and sent her an email or text message asking her to contact the subject through the computer system. The subject was then informed by email, SMS message or phone call that one of the contacts was getting in touch with him, and he had to guess which of the three it was. After guessing he received the message or phone call, and thus received immediate feedback. All details of the trials were automatically recorded and stored in an online database.
RESULTS:
In the automated email telepathy tests, in a total of 419 trials there were 175 hits (41.8%), significantly above the chance level of 33.3% (p = 0.0001). There was no significant difference in hit rates with male and female subjects. The highest hit rates were with subjects in the 20-29 age group. In the automated SMS test, in 886 trials there were 336 hits (37.9%), significantly above the chance level (p = 0.001). High-scoring subjects were re-tested in filmed trials, with a hit rate of 44.2%. In the automated telephone telepathy test, in 1917 trials there were 827 hits (43.0%). This figure was very significantly above chance (p <1x10 -9). Again there was no significant difference between male and female subjects. The automated SMS and telephone test were also carried out in a precognitive form, in which subjects had to guess who was about to text or call them before the text or call was made. The random selection of contacts occurred only after they had made their guess. With SMS messages the hit rate was 110 out of 339 trials, 32.4%; and with telephone
calls 240 out of 722, 33.2%, not significantly different from the chance level of 33.3%.
DISCUSSSION:
The contrast between the positive results in telepathy tests and non-significant results in the precognition tests shows that the positive effects cannot be explained in terms of precognition. These automated tests provide a simple, replicable way in which telepathy can be tested in real-life conditions. A new automated version of the telephone telepathy test with two contacts rather than three is now available online on my web site www.sheldrake.org
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Luke, D.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Sheldrake, R., Smart, P., & Luke, D. (2012). Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 2/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Telepathy / Automated tests / Precognition / SMS messages / E-mails / Mobile phone

Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls

Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls

DocumentTelepathy in connection with telephone calls, text messages and emails2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
001 - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-06
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pamela Smart, David Luke
Institution(s): Perrot-Warrick Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles (only three as outcome of this project)
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Luke, D.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Precognition

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
Telepathy in connection with telephone calls, text messages and emails
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.islis.a-iri.org/en/journalE/abst321E.htm
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Telepathy in connection with telephone calls is the commonest kind of apparent telepathy in the modern world. It usually occurs between people who have strong bonds or emotional connections with each other, such as parents and children, husbands and wives, and good friends. In experimental tests in which subjects had to identify who, out of four callers, was calling, the average scores were very significantly above the 25% hit rate expected by chance. The callers were selected at random, and the subjects made their guesses before answering the call. These positive results were replicated independently at the universities of Amsterdam, Holland, and Freiburg, Germany. Similar telepathic phenomena seem occur in connection with emails and SMS messages. Experimental tests using all these methods gave significantly above-chance results. Versions of telephone and SMS tests designed to detect precognition, as opposed to telepathy, gave results at the chance level, suggesting that the positive results in the telepathy tests were indeed a result of telepathy rather than precognition. Automated telepathy tests using mobile telephones now enable anyone to participate in this research. These forms of telepathy have evolved in connection with modern communication technologies and probably occur because people’s intention to call or send a message can be detected telepathically before the call has been made or the message sent.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Sheldrake, R. (2014). Telepathy in connection with telephone calls, text messages and emails. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science (ISLIS), 32(1), 7-10.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Telepathy / Telephone calls / E-mails / SMS / Short message service

Telepathy in connection with telephone calls, text messages and emails

Telepathy in connection with telephone calls, text messages and emails