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File012 - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators2007-052009-11

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
012 - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators
Duration: 2007-05 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Jose Raul Naranjo
Institution(s): Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Naranjo, J. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Movement / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Self / Body awareness

DocumentFinal report - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short-and long-term meditators2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
012 - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators
Duration: 2007-05 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Jose Raul Naranjo
Institution(s): Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Naranjo, J. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Movement / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Self / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
Final report - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short-and long-term meditators
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa12-06_03012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
BACKGROUND:
Attribution of agency involves the ability to distinguish our own actions and their sensory consequences which are self-generated from those generated by external agents. There are several pathological cases in which motor awareness is dramatically impaired. On the other hand, awareness-enhancement practices like tai-chi and yoga are shown to improve perceptual-motor awareness. Meditation is known to have positive impacts on perception, attention and consciousness itself, but it is still unclear how meditation changes sensorimotor integration processes and awareness of action. The aim of this study was to investigate how visuomotor performance and self-agency is modulated by mindfulness meditation. This was be done by studying meditators’ performance during a conflicting reaching task, where the congruency between actions and their consequences is gradually altered. This task was presented to novices in meditation before and after an intensive 8 weeks mindfulness meditation training (MBSR). The data of this sample was compared to a group of long-term meditators and a group of healthy non-meditators.
RESULTS:
Mindfulness resulted in a significant shift in attribution of self-agency towards the self in both groups. Novices in mindfulness demonstrated a strongly increased sensitivity to detect external influences in the task after the MBSR intervention. Both mindfulness groups demonstrated a speed-accuracy trade-off in comparison to their respective controls. This resulted in slower and more accurate movements.
CONCLUSIONS:
Our results suggest that mindfulness meditation practice is associated with slower body movements which in turn may lead to an increase in monitoring of body states and optimized re-adjustment of movement trajectory, and consequently to better motor performance. This extended conscious monitoring of perceptual and motor cues may explain the reported shift in the attribution of self-agency by an availability of more self-related cues in the memory upon evaluation of the trial. The reduction of detection threshold in the MBSR group is also likely due to the monitoring of these processes. Our findings confirmed our assumptions about the positive effect of mindfulness on perceptual-motor integration processes.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Naranjo, J. R.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Meditation / Motor performance / Agency / Mindfulness meditation / Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) / Electroencephalogram (EEG)

Final report - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators

Final report - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators

DocumentThe impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
012 - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators
Duration: 2007-05 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Jose Raul Naranjo
Institution(s): Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Naranjo, J. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Movement / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Self / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
Awareness of action involves the ability to distinguish ones own actions and their sensory consequences from actions generated by external agents. It is still unclear if and how meditation enhances sensory-motor integration and awareness of action. The aim of this study was to investigate the motor error, the motor awareness and movement time (MT) in mindfulness meditators in a conflicting reaching task.
METHODS:
Participants were given a visual representation of their reaching movement by a video projector but they could not see their own movements directly. In the reaching task a gradually growing fals feedback was introduced by an angular deviation between the actual movement trajectory and the trajectory fed back to the participants. This task was presented to 11 novices in meditation before and after intensive 8 weeks of MBSR training. This sample was compared with a group of 9 long-term meditators and a group of 11 non-meditators. Dependent variables were (i) deviations of the reaching trajectory from a straight line (motor errors). (ii) angle at which participants got aware of the introduced mismatch (threshold) (iii) movement time to reach the target.
RESULTS:
Long-term meditators had lower motor errors (group x angle interaction: p=.08) than non-meditators. This was accompanied by larger movement time (side x group interaction: p=.056). Compared to non-meditators, novices to meditation had lower motor errors after the MBSR intervention (time x group interaction: p=.068), lower angular threshold (p=.06) and larger movement time (p=.016).
CONCLUSIONS:
Mindfulness meditation is associated with decreased behavioral reactivity and slowing down. These changes lead to better motor performance and to detect lower levels of perceptual-motor conflict. We propose that mindfulness meditation entails a behavioral shift towards an ‘expanded tempo’, which facilitates a broader access to sensorimotor and proprioceptive signals. With this ‘inner openness’ to the movement experience, moment-by-moment monitoring of body states could be realized and online re-adjustment of movement trajectory is optimized. These considerations reinforce the positive impact that mindfulness meditation has on perceptual-motor control and awareness of action.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Naranjo, J. R.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Schmidt, S., & Naranjo, J. R. (2010). The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and
awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 196). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Motor awareness / Self-agency / Mindfulness meditation / Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)

The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators

The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators

DocumentIs it me or not me? Modulation of perceptual-motor awareness and visuomotor performance by mindfulness meditation2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
012 - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators
Duration: 2007-05 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Jose Raul Naranjo
Institution(s): Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Naranjo, J. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Movement / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Self / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
Is it me or not me? Modulation of perceptual-motor awareness and visuomotor performance by mindfulness meditation
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22846109
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Attribution of agency involves the ability to distinguish our own actions and their sensory consequences which are self-generated from those generated by external agents. There are several pathological cases in which motor awareness is dramatically impaired. On the other hand, awareness-enhancement practices like tai-chi and yoga are shown to improve perceptual-motor awareness. Meditation is known to have positive impacts on perception, attention and consciousness itself, but it is still unclear how meditation changes sensorimotor integration processes and awareness of action. The aim of this study was to investigate how visuomotor performance and self-agency is modulated by mindfulness meditation. This was done by studying meditators' performance during a conflicting reaching task, where the congruency between actions and their consequences is gradually altered. This task was presented to novices in meditation before and after an intensive 8?weeks mindfulness meditation training (MBSR). The data of this sample was compared to a group of long-term meditators and a group of healthy non-meditators.
RESULTS:
Mindfulness resulted in a significant improvement in motor control during perceptual-motor conflict in both groups. Novices in mindfulness demonstrated a strongly increased sensitivity to detect external perturbation after the MBSR intervention. Both mindfulness groups demonstrated a speed/accuracy trade-off in comparison to their respective controls. This resulted in slower and more accurate movements.
CONCLUSIONS:
Our results suggest that mindfulness meditation practice is associated with slower body movements which in turn may lead to an increase in monitoring of body states and optimized re-adjustment of movement trajectory, and consequently to better motor performance. This extended conscious monitoring of perceptual and motor cues may explain how, while dealing with perceptual-motor conflict, improvement in motor control goes beyond the mere increase of movement time. The reduction of detection threshold in the MBSR group is also likely due to the enhanced monitoring of these processes. Our findings confirmed our assumptions about the positive effect of mindfulness on perceptual-motor integration processes.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Naranjo, J. R.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Naranjo, J. R., & Schmidt, S. (2012). Is it me or not me? Modulation of perceptual-motor awareness and visuomotor performance by mindfulness meditation. BMC Neuroscience, 13: 88. doi: 10.1186/1471-2202-13-88
2-year Impact Factor: 3.000|2012
Times cited: 14|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Self-agency / Perceptual-motor awareness / Speed/accuracy trade-off / Attention / Mindfulness meditation

Is it me or not me? Modulation of perceptual-motor awareness and visuomotor performance by mindfulness meditation

Is it me or not me? Modulation of perceptual-motor awareness and visuomotor performance by mindfulness meditation

DocumentAwareness of Action and the Attribution of Agency are Key Issues in the Neuroscientific Study of Consciousness2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
012 - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators
Duration: 2007-05 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Jose Raul Naranjo
Institution(s): Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Naranjo, J. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Movement / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Self / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
Awareness of Action and the Attribution of Agency are Key Issues in the Neuroscientific Study of Consciousness
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.ecrsh.eu/rsh08/pdf/RSH08%20Free%20Communication.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Attribution of agency involves the ability to distinguish our own actions and their sensory consequences which are self-generated from those generated by external agents. Although we are normally aware of our motor intentions and goals, we do not have conscious access to all our motor commands and every fi ne motor adjustment. Certain components of these internal representations may become available to awareness when the discrepancy between the predicted and the actual sensory consequences of an action is large. The exact threshold above which this perceptual-motor conflict becomes available to awareness is currently a focus of intensive research. Healthy subjects may be poorly aware of their motor performance. In patients with prefrontal lesions, deafferentation and schizophrenia, perceptual-motor awareness is severely impaired. We hypothesize that if there are pathologies with a detrimental effect on the sense of self-agency, then meditation, known to improve self-awareness, might infl uence the cognitive processes related to the implicit and conscious monitoring of actions. In fact, brain areas linked to meditation-related alterations in self-awareness are also known to be associated to the experience of self-agency. This connection offers a pathway for behavioral measurements of spirituality. Mindfulness, the continuous non-judgmental awareness of moment to moment experience, is often used as a spiritually-based clinical intervention for a large set of conditions. But the degree of mindfulness which is important to measure in clinical trials is so far only accessible indirectly via questionnaires. Few studies have shown a positive correlation between visuomotorn performance and bodily self-awareness with meditation practice. Nevertheless, a direct assessment of meditationrelated cortical processes during a sensorimotor integration task remained largely unexplored. We investigate the impact of mindfulness meditation on EEG activity, visuomotor performance and perceptual-motor awareness in meditators during a confl icting sensorimotor task, where the congruency between actions and their sensory consequences is altered. The experimental device consists of a digitizing tablet connected to a video projector via a computer and a “projection tablet”. When tracing a line on the digitizing tablet, the subjects see in the “projection tablet” a projected line coming from the video projector. In order to provide a false feedback, a simple algorithm for introducing an angular bias is used. The task is to draw a straight line between the starting point and the target. Subjects are instructed to move mindfully with moment to moment awareness their hand at a moderate speed. After each trial participants are asked to report their perception of the bias-induced movement distortion. This task is presented to novices in meditation before and after an intensive 8 weeks mindfulness programme (MBSR: mindfulness based stress reduction)
data of this sample is compared to a group of long-term meditators and a group of healthy non-meditators. In this oral presentation the analysis of visuomotor performance and sense of self-agency in short-term meditators before and after the MBSR course will be reported.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Naranjo, J. R.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Naranjo, J.R., & Schmidt, S. (2008). Awareness of Action and the Attribution of Agency are Key Issues in the Neuroscientific Study of Consciousness. Paper presented at the European Conference on Religion, Spirituality and Health, 30.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation / Self-agency / Self-awareness / Consciousness

DocumentEffects of mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) on the EEG power spectrum, coherence and laterality2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
012 - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators
Duration: 2007-05 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Jose Raul Naranjo
Institution(s): Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Naranjo, J. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Movement / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Self / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
Effects of mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) on the EEG power spectrum, coherence and laterality
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/00207594.2008.10108483
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Neuroimaging has deepened our understanding of meditation-related brain processes. As clinical research on mindfulness meditation has proven the efficacy of mindfulness interventions, a quest for the neural mechanisms associated with these benefits is justified. It has been reported EEG changes during mindfulness meditation in the delta, theta, alpha and beta bands. Nevertheless, the gamma band and cortico-cortical coherence during mindfulness meditation has not been investigated so far. Our aim is to investigate with high-resolution EEG (64 channels) both issues in a sample of longterm mindfulness meditators as well as novices undergoing the MBSR health program. Here we report some results.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Naranjo, J. R.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
Naranjo, J. R., & Schmidt, S. (2008). Effects of mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) on the EEG power spectrum, coherence and laterality. International Journal of Psychology, 43(3/4), 29.
2-year Impact Factor: 1.067|2010
Times cited: 0|2019-06-07
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Mindfulness meditation / Stress reduction

Effects of mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) on the EEG power spectrum, coherence and laterality

Effects of mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) on the EEG power spectrum, coherence and laterality

DocumentExperience in long-term meditation reduces the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activity2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
012 - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators
Duration: 2007-05 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Jose Raul Naranjo
Institution(s): Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Naranjo, J. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Movement / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Self / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
Experience in long-term meditation reduces the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activity
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/209314
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
RESEARCH QUESTION:
There is an increasing effort in research to uncover the underlying changes in biological processes that are associated with reported changes in mental and physical health in response to meditation. Moreover, there is evidence that meditation decreases anxiety and increases positive affect. However, the impact of short- and long-term meditation on the HPA axis activity has been poorly investigated so far. To investigate the HPA axis activity is particularly important because aberrant cortisol secretion is associated with depressive disorders.
The aim of the pilot study was to associate the HPA axis activity-dependent cortisol secretion with the duration of meditation in people with long-term expertise, and to compare patterns of cortisol secretion before and after training of novices in meditation.
METHODS:
Eighteen people took part in the study. Nine of them (age (years): M = 49.8, SD = 7.50) had long-term expertise in meditation (duration (months): M = 264; SD = 95.5), and nine were novices (age: M = 40.2, SD = 11.44). Saliva samples to analyze cortisol secretion were gathered before and after the first and the last training session of an 8 week behavioral intervention termed Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) which includes daily meditation practice.
RESULTS:
In people with long-term expertise, duration of meditation highly correlated with decreased cortisol secretion before (r = -0.69, p = 0.04; controlling for age: r = -0.72, p = 0.045) and after training (r = -0.74, p =0.02; controlling for age: r = -0.68, p = 0.06). In novices, no statistically significant differences in mean cortisol secretions before and after the intervention could be observed, although there was a general decrease.
CONCLUSIONS:
Results suggest that long-term experience in meditation has a favorable impact on the HPA axis activity. This result may in part explain why MBSR has a favorable impact on depressive symptoms.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Brand, S.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S., Naranjo, J. R., Holsboer-Trachsler, E.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
Brand, S., Schmidt, S., Naranjo, J. R., & Holsboer-Trachsler, E. (2009). Experience in long-term meditation reduces the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activity. Neuropsychobiology, 59(2), 62–63.
2-year Impact Factor: 2.675|2011
Times cited: 0|2019-06-07
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Meditation / Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity / Cortisol secretion / Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)

Experience in long-term meditation reduces the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activity

Experience in long-term meditation reduces the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis activity

DocumentThe impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG and behavioural study of short- and long-term meditators2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
012 - The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG study of short- and long-term meditators
Duration: 2007-05 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Jose Raul Naranjo
Institution(s): Institute of Environmental Medicine and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Naranjo, J. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Movement / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Self / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-012.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: an EEG and behavioural study of short- and long-term meditators
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://www.upd.unibe.ch/research/symposien/HA14/abstracts_all.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Awareness of action and the attribution of agency are key issues in the neuroscientific study of consciousness. Attribution of agency involves the ability to distinguish our own actions and their sensory consequences which are self-generated from those generated by external agents. The interplay between perceptual awareness and motor awareness may be an important clue towards understanding how the brain distinguishes between self-generated and external events, and towards understanding both the brain processes and the conscious experience of being an agent. Practices like meditation can enhance cognitive processes related to self-agency as e.g. inward-attention and self-awareness. Although several EEG studies have assessed the specific impacts of meditation on brain activity, perceptual processes, and consciousness itself, it is still unclear how meditation changes sensory-motor integration processes and awareness of action. The aim of our research is to investigate not only visuomotor performance and the subjective reports of self-agency, but also the cortical correlates of the control and awareness of actions in mindfulness meditators. This will be done by studying the EEG activation pattern during a conflicting sensory-motor task, where the congruency between actions and their sensory consequences is gradually altered. This task will be presented to novices in meditation before and after an intensive 8 weeks meditation training (MBSR). The data of this sample will be compared to a group of long-term meditators and a group of healthy non-meditators. In this poster presentation only preliminary analysis of data (reaching performance and subjective sense of self-agency) will be reported.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Naranjo, J. R.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Naranjo, J. R., & Schmidt, S. (2007, November). The impact of mindfulness meditation on visuomotor performance and awareness of action: An EEG and behavioural study of short- and long-term meditators. Paper presented at the Theory in Cognitive Neuroscience: 14th Herbstakademie, Bavaria, Germany. Abstract retrieved from http://www.upd.unibe.ch/research/symposien/HA14/abstracts_all.html
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) / Agency / Sensory-motor integration