Our aim was to study the differences between preterm and term parents, considering their symptomatology, such as anxiety and depression, as well as their relationship with their newborn and their spouse.
60 mothers of pre-term babies were recruited at the Neonatal Care Unit in a Maternity Hospital in Oporto, Portugal. Later, these mothers were paired with mothers of 60 term babies, recruited in the same hospital after delivery, considering their level of education and their baby’s sex as pairing variables. The fathers were also included in the study (n=107).
-EPDS - Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale
-STAI - Stait Trait Anxiety Inventory
Both groups were assessed when the baby was clinically stable and able their parents able to participate and answer the questionnaires included in this study. The sample was recruited during July 2007 and July 2008.
Our purpose was to assess the differences between the pre-term and term group regarding STAI, EPDS and RQ sub-scales. There are significant differences in the STAI [F(3,985) = 37,15 and 34,24, p = .047] and the negative sub-scale of the RQ [F(4,054) = 1,96 and 2,03, p = .045].
We can also observe that there are statistical differences in the STAI [F(9,537) = 37,70 and 33,44, p = .002] and EPDS [F(17,133] = 6,79 and 4,42, p = .000] when mothers and fathers are compared. However, this does happen with the RQ in the positive [F(0,663) = 3,62 and 2,05, p = .42] and negative sub-scale [F(0,300] = 2,01 and 2,05, p = .58]
The second aim was to see if there were differences between the mothers in the pre-term and the term group as well as the fathers. Comparing the mothers, there are significant differences in the STAI [F(5,856] = 40,08 and 35,19, p = 0,017] and EPDS [F(3,789) = 5,96 and 7,58, p = 0,054). There were on the other hand no significant differences regarding the positive [F(0,205) = 3,64 and 3,60, p = .651] and negative [F(1,751) = 1,95 ad 2,08, p = .188] sub-scale of the RQ.
However, there were no statistically significant differences in any of the father’s variables, showing that they behave alike whether they are in the pre-term or term group.
|Figueiredo, B., & Bianchi Aguiar, M. (2010, March). Term and pre-term parents - Why are they different? Poster presented at the XVIIth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies, Baltimore, MD, USA. Abstract retrieved from http://icis2010.isisweb.org/schedule/searchview2.cfm?author=10512|