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File098 - The meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system2007-072009-07

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-098
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
098 - The meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system
Duration: 2007-07 - 2009-07
Researcher(s):
Walter von Lucadou, Matthias Braeunig, Tilmann Faul
Institution(s): T.REG Systems Research Labs, Staufen (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report (2 copies)
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Lucadou, W. v.
Secondary author(s):
Braeunig, M., Faul, T.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK)

DocumentFinal report - The meaning-switch: Investigation of precognition in an operationally closed system2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-098
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
098 - The meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system
Duration: 2007-07 - 2009-07
Researcher(s):
Walter von Lucadou, Matthias Braeunig, Tilmann Faul
Institution(s): T.REG Systems Research Labs, Staufen (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report (2 copies)
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Lucadou, W. v.
Secondary author(s):
Braeunig, M., Faul, T.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK)

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-098.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Final report - The meaning-switch: Investigation of precognition in an operationally closed system
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa98-06_03012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
We investigated the effect of a human operator intention on the sampling of random bits from a Triggered Random Event Generator (T.REG). The device that has been constructed in a previous study (see 74/04) allows for the local environment to be coupled with the process. Binary events are triggered samples from an electronic random stream of states and acoustic feedback is given on the cumulative hit rate by rising and falling tones. The triggers are derived from an EEG recorded at the subjects forehead. A case is being made for operational closure: The subject can – in principle – direct the course of events, if there is intrinsic knowledge about the random stream. This knowledge is considered a systemic property of the arrangement giving rise to memory and self-organization that cannot be accessed or controlled from the outside.
In an intention task experiment a sample of 22 self-selected subjects are instructed to generate sequences of rising feedback tones. By using a special push button, called Meaning- or M-switch, the participant can decide on the meaning of hits and misses by inverting up/down-runs that are pre-cognitively intuited and create a mean shift, while the null hypothesis of random sampling is still maintained.
We extract the statistical properties of the bit sequences and compare the results with their theoretical expectation, as well as with a pseudo random generator also built into the system. Application of M-switch creates a gain with respect to the reconstructed un-inverted sequence of scores. The M-switch application is investigated in terms of psychological variables capturing the distinctive switching behavior of the participant. Finally, a matrix of physical and psychological measures is checked for excess correlation.
In the final and most conservative variable set we found 17 significant (at 5% level) correlations in a matrix of 24x9 variables, while simulations suggested an expectation of only 10 (median). This result was significant in a one-sided hypothesis test (P=0.031), supporting the hypothesis of 'generalized entanglement'. A previous hypothesis (from 74/04) on anomalous sampling could not be replicated.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Braeunig, M.
Secondary author(s):
Faul, T.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Triggered REG / Precognition / Operational closure / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Systems theory

Final report - The meaning-switch: Investigation of precognition in an operationally closed system

Final report - The meaning-switch: Investigation of precognition in an operationally closed system

DocumentThe meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-098
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
098 - The meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system
Duration: 2007-07 - 2009-07
Researcher(s):
Walter von Lucadou, Matthias Braeunig, Tilmann Faul
Institution(s): T.REG Systems Research Labs, Staufen (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report (2 copies)
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Lucadou, W. v.
Secondary author(s):
Braeunig, M., Faul, T.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK)

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-098.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
The meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
We investigated a Triggered Random Event Generator (T.REG) for excursions from randomness during an intention task experiment and the effect of a so-called Meaning- or M-switch, whereby subjects can partly invert sequences of the output bit stream. We tested for hypotheses on mean and variance of scores, and correlation of gain with trial and participant numbers, indicative of individual and "morphogenetic" learning.
Excess correlation between physical and psychological variables as a test for the Model of Pragmatic Information (MPI) was analyzed.
METHODS:
The T.REG is an electronic device for sampling bits from a binary stream of states, triggered by the subjects physiology. Brain electrical activity is measured at the forehead with one-channel differential EEG. Acoustic feedback is given for cumulative score deviations from theoretical expectation. 22 subjects performed in ten trials of approximately 5 min. duration and generated 3 Mbits each. In the last (tenth) trial the true physical REG was replaced by a similarly triggered but deterministic single-seeded Pseudo-REG (PREG) without people knowing. The instruction was to generate increasing pitch in the feedback tones.
RESULTS:
Without any subject the T.REG performs as a good random number generator. In PREG trials a clear mean shift was observed and gain showed positive but non-significant correlation with the participant sequence numbers. Individual learning in non-PREG was negative. M-switch activity, consistent within subjects, revealed five distinct clusters. Psychological variables deduced from M-switch and event timing correlated with physical variables significantly higher, showing 17 instead of 10 expected significant correlations (P=.03).
CONCLUSIONS:
There is no evidence that operational closure, thus conceived, is capable of enhancing precognitive performance. However, subjects seem to be able to discern between PREG and non-PREG conditions, which should be investigated in a follow-up experiment. A result from a previous study concerning increased variance could not be replicated. The M-switch proves as a promising and simple tool in psycho-physical REG experiments leading to many psychologically interesting results.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Lucadou, W. v.
Secondary author(s):
Braeunig, M., Faul, T.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Lucadou, W. v., Braeunig, M., & Faul, T. (2010). The meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 224). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Triggered REG / Precognition / Operational closure / Electroencephalogram (EEG)

The meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system

The meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system

DocumentVerfahren und Anordnung zur Erzeugung einer Daten-Bitfolge durch Abtasten eines digitalisierten Rauschsignals [Method and Arrangement for Producing a Data Bit Sequence by Scanning a Digitised Noise Signal]2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-098
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
098 - The meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system
Duration: 2007-07 - 2009-07
Researcher(s):
Walter von Lucadou, Matthias Braeunig, Tilmann Faul
Institution(s): T.REG Systems Research Labs, Staufen (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report (2 copies)
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Lucadou, W. v.
Secondary author(s):
Braeunig, M., Faul, T.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK)

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-098.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Verfahren und Anordnung zur Erzeugung einer Daten-Bitfolge durch Abtasten eines digitalisierten Rauschsignals [Method and Arrangement for Producing a Data Bit Sequence by Scanning a Digitised Noise Signal]
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/WO2006092221
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The invention relates to a method and an arrangement for carrying out said method, whereby a data bit sequence is produced by scanning a digitised noise signal. Said digitised noise signal is scanned by means of a non-deterministic, temporally variable trigger pulse in such a way that the degree of dependence of the noise signal and the trigger pulses is embodied as at least one static characteristic of the data bit sequence.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
ger
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2004-74.05
Author: Braeunig, M.
Secondary author(s):
Faul, T.
Document type:
Patent-d
Reference:
Braeunig M., & Faul T. (2006). Verfahren und Anordnung zur Erzeugung einer Daten-Bitfolge durch Abtasten eines digitalisierten Rauschsignals [Method and Arrangement for Producing a Data Bit Sequence by Scanning a Digitised Noise Signal]. Patent DE102005009190 / WO2006092221(A1). DPMA.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Random event generator (REG)

DocumentOperational closure and PSI: Experimenting with the Triggered Random Event Generator (T.REG)2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-098
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
098 - The meaning-switch: Investigation of pre-cognition in an operationally closed system
Duration: 2007-07 - 2009-07
Researcher(s):
Walter von Lucadou, Matthias Braeunig, Tilmann Faul
Institution(s): T.REG Systems Research Labs, Staufen (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report (2 copies)
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Lucadou, W. v.
Secondary author(s):
Braeunig, M., Faul, T.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK)

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-098.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Operational closure and PSI: Experimenting with the Triggered Random Event Generator (T.REG)
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://archived.parapsych.org/convention/2010_PA_Convention_Abstracts_and_Program.pdf#12
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We are reporting here for the first time the results of a series of experiments obtained with the Triggered Random Event Generator (T.REG), an electronic device that was conceived to fully integrate the observer-participant in the generation of binary events. What sounds contradictory at first to random data generation is an attempt to “close the loop” between the subject and the environment. The operational closure (OC) is present in a trigger-feedback-loop, where the trigger is controlled by the subject's physiological response to the outcome. Furthermore, a 'Meaning-switch' (M-switch) allows the participant to willfully invert parts of the binary sequence. The idea behind this explicit loop structure is that anomalous sampling may be the result of self-organization of extra-sensory information (psi). Thus the special arrangement provides a playground for psi, while the null hypothesis of 'un-informed' sampling is preserved.
Experiments have been conducted with 22 participants who performed in ten trials of approximately five-minute duration each. Triggers were generated with variable frequency around 1KHz modulated by the subjects' EEG voltage measured at the forehead. Participants were asked to increase the pitch in an acoustic feedback of the cumulative deviation scores. Three independent hypotheses about the endpoints of the sequences were tested: 1) The outcome in mean and variance is compatible with chance expectation (H0); 2) M-switch gain correlates positively with trial number, indicative of individual learning (HL); 3) M-switch gain correlates positively with participant number, indicative of 'morphogenetic' learning (HM). Further, the frequency and duration of M-switch application was analyzed to extract useful psychological variables. These were correlated with the physical outcome variables to test a hypothesis put forward by the Model of Pragmatic Information about the expected number of significant correlations (HMPI).
Results did not show any indication of anomalous sampling or learning. However, subjects appeared to be generally more successful with a built-in pseudo random event generator than with the sampling from the true random states. This may be explained by the finite length of the sequences and expectancy about the outcome. Psychological reaction to up- and down- runs of the feedback was observed in M-switch behavior. The observed statistically significant increase in correlation between physical and psychological variables has to be taken with caution as it is sensitive to the choice of variables.
We discuss the results in the light of the concept of operational closure and think that it is still valuable to explore this approach further. It may be important to improve the closure on the side of the feedback providing a higher degree of integration combined with a lower sampling rate to make the loop tighter and more appealing to the subject.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Braeunig, M.
Secondary author(s):
Faul, T.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Braeunig, M., & Faul, T. (2010). Operational closure and PSI: Experimenting with the Triggered Random Event Generator (T.REG). In N. J. Holt (Chair), 53rd Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association: Abstracts of presented papers (p. ). Paris.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Triggered REG / Operational closure

Operational closure and PSI: Experimenting with the Triggered Random Event Generator (T.REG)

Operational closure and PSI: Experimenting with the Triggered Random Event Generator (T.REG)