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File147 - Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study2007-032009-09

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-147
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2006
Title:
147 - Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study
Duration: 2007-03 - 2009-09
Researcher(s):
Ulrike Halsband, Susanne Müller
Institution(s): Department of Psychology/Neuropsychology, University of Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Halsband, U.
Secondary author(s):
Müller, S.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Intervention / Cognitive processes / Attention / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

DocumentFinal report - Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-147
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2006
Title:
147 - Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study
Duration: 2007-03 - 2009-09
Researcher(s):
Ulrike Halsband, Susanne Müller
Institution(s): Department of Psychology/Neuropsychology, University of Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Halsband, U.
Secondary author(s):
Müller, S.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Intervention / Cognitive processes / Attention / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-147.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2006
Title:
Final report - Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa14706_07022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
We tried to bridge the gap between the two main study types concerning meditation by conducting a longitudinal study on meditation training with different types of assessment strategies including brain imaging techniques (fMRI) using the paradigm of "binocular rivalry" by testing the effects of attentional training on the switching rate during several measures. Eighteen healthy right-handed volunteers (5 males, 13 females, ages 20-57, M = 32.8) participated in the first (baseline; t0) measures. After the first measures and after participating in the meditation training for a few times eleven participants left the study and were not available for further measures. Seven participants (1 male, 6 females, ages 20-57, M = 37.2) remained in the study and took part in all the subsequent measures (t1, t2, t3). Behavioural measurements indicate that the ability to focus on the desired percept while suppressing the undesired one improved during the course of the meditation training. We found clear cut effects after six months of training in all participants concerning their attentional abilities (“attending to the stimulus“ vs. "passively viewing“), differences were observed and characterized by activations in the left and right superior frontal and middle gyrus, suggesting an enhanced capacity for selective attention. No clear cut effects were found concerning our hypotheses about binocular rivalry. On a single-subject level remarkable changes were found in some subjects concerning mindfulness, well-being, clarity to and repair of their own feelings and also in the ability to improve in the paradigm of binocular rivalry.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng / ger
Author:
Halsband, U.
Secondary author(s):
Müller, S.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Meditation / Brain plasticity / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Zen meditation / Binocular rivalry

Final report - Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study

Final report - Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study

DocumentPlasticity changes in the brain in hypnosis and meditation2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-147
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2006
Title:
147 - Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study
Duration: 2007-03 - 2009-09
Researcher(s):
Ulrike Halsband, Susanne Müller
Institution(s): Department of Psychology/Neuropsychology, University of Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Halsband, U.
Secondary author(s):
Müller, S.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Intervention / Cognitive processes / Attention / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-147.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2006
Title:
Plasticity changes in the brain in hypnosis and meditation
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ch.386/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Neuroscientific evidence interprets both hypnotic trance induction and different meditation traditions as modified states of consciousness that emphasize attention, concentration and the letting go of thoughts, but they differ in terms of sensory input, processing, memory, and the sense of time. Furthermore, hypnosis is based on the suggestibility of a person and meditation on mindfulness; therefore it is not surprising to find differential brain plasticity changes. We analysed shared and non-shared neural substrates using electroencephalography (EEG), positron emission tomography (PET), and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Most pronounced EEG changes were in deep as compared to light hypnosis (step-by-step induction) and in arm levitation where suggested movement was perceived as external. In a within-subject-design changes in brain activity during hypnosis and Tibetan Buddhist meditation were compared. High amplitudes in alpha frequency bands were most pronounced with meditation at frontal positions and with hypnosis in central and temporal locations. Significantly greater activity in theta 2 band was observed only with hypnosis in both hemispheres. PET cerebral activation patterns of imagery-mediated learning were analysed in hypnosis in a within-subject-design. Compared with baseline the learning of high-imagery words was associated with (i) more pronounced bilateral activation in the occipital cortex and prefrontal areas and (ii) improved memory performance. Visual illusion in hypnosis was studied with fMRI, analysed with Granger Causality Mapping, showing changes in the effective connectivity relations of fusiform gyrus, anterior cingulate cortex and intraparietal sulcus. Little is known about the neurobiological basis of the process of enhancing cognitive and emotional traits in meditation. In a longitudinal fMRI study attention abilities through intensive Soto-Zen meditation were investigated before (baseline), after training (6 months) and at follow-up (9 months). After six months differences were observed in the left inferior and left superior frontal gyrus; after 9 months activations in the left precuneus. Taken together, the findings advance understanding of the neural mechanisms that underlie hypnosis and meditation. Further studies with a greater sample size are needed to explore the differences and commonalities of hypnosis and different meditation techniques.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Halsband, U.
Secondary author(s):
Müeller, S., Hinterberger, T., Strickner, S.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Halsband, U., Müeller, S., Hinterberger, T., & Strickner, S. (2009). Plasticity changes in the brain in hypnosis and meditation. Contemporary Hypnosis, 26(4), 194–215. doi: 10.1002/ch.386
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Brain plasticity / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Hypnosis / Meditation / Positron emission tomography (PET)

DocumentCognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-147
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2006
Title:
147 - Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study
Duration: 2007-03 - 2009-09
Researcher(s):
Ulrike Halsband, Susanne Müller
Institution(s): Department of Psychology/Neuropsychology, University of Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Halsband, U.
Secondary author(s):
Müller, S.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Intervention / Cognitive processes / Attention / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-147.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2006
Title:
Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
That meditation and relaxation training may be highly effective in promoting effective emotion regulation capacities could be indicated by previous (health) research. But in spite of a huge amount of empirical studies on meditation little is known about the process that leads to such positive changes and its impact on the brain. The considerable discrepancy among results is thereby most likely due to the heterogenity of meditation practices studied and the difficulty in controlling the degree of practitioners´ expertise. Concerning the participants there have been two different approaches in meditation research: (i) studies on advanced and highly skilled meditators and (ii) studies on novices which start meditation training usually in a
clinical setting as adjuvant therapy.
The present study was one of the first fMRI studies to examine longitudinal meditation effects in a within-subject design. 17 persons started with an intensive meditation training in the tradition of Soto-Zen. The assessments (psychological, neurophysiological) were conducted before (baseline), during (3 months), after the training (6 months) and in a follow-up (9 months). Due to a drop out rate of almost fifty percent we kept on systematically evaluating the remaining seven persons during 9 months. Our main focus concerning the study group was on the process of enhancing sustained attention abilities through meditation as well as developing a mindful attitude. By studying the neural mechanisms underlying attention we analyzed their relation to changes of emotional and socio-behavioural traits. The experimental paradigm used in combination with brain-imaging by fMRI was the one of „binocular rivalry“, which has recently gained wider prominence as a tool for studying (visual) consciousness and focused attention.
After six months clear affects could be found in all participants, marked by activations in frontal brain regions indicating enhanced capacities for selective attention after an intensive meditation training. On the single subject level it became clear that there were remarkable changes in some of the subjects concerning mindfulness, well-being, clarity to and repair of their own feelings and even in the paradigm of binocular rivalry.
Taken together, the findings advance our understanding of the neural mechanisms that underlie meditation effects. Further studies with a greater sample size as well as qualitative studies that would bring a lot more insight in the psychological mechanisms that accompany intensive meditation trainings are strongly recommended.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Halsband, U.
Secondary author(s):
Müller, S.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Halsband, U., & Müller, S. (2010). Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 235). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Brain plasticity / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Zen meditation / Binocular rivalry

Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study

Cognitive and affective trait effects of meditation-training on brain and behaviour. An event-related longitudinal fMRI study