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File162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being 2007-012009-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

DocumentFinal report - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Final report - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa16206_21022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Study 1 was a partially-blinded randomized controlled clinical trial of distance healing with 60 arthritis sufferers. The results suggest that although generalized belief in healing seems to have little effect on self-reported pain, health and well-being, knowledge that one is receiving distance healing appears to be associated with improved outcomes for those who are in the healing group. Participants unaware that they were receiving healing showed no evidence of improved outcomes, thus not supporting the hypothesis that there can be health gains through distance healing alone.
Study 2 consisted of a questionnaire survey of 130 distance healers. Respondents displayed extremely high levels of spiritual connectedness, extremely permeable boundaries, frequent experience of exceptional phenomena, high levels of agreeableness and openness, and regarded themselves as driven by a compassionate desire to help others.
Study 3 used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to develop an in-depth understanding of how healees experience and attribute meaning to their distance healing encounter. Interviews were conducted with fifteen Sri Lankan healees. Five themes emerged as a result of the IPA analysis: difficulty with the concept of “telepathic” or “distance” healing; tension between traditional Buddhist healing, and modernizing Western influences; subversion of doctor/patient relationship for experienced healees; a fluid notion of time; and varieties of healing experiences. Overall, the experience of healing seemed to be almost uniformly positive for the participants in this study, even when there was no physical improvement in health.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Distant healing / Healers

Final report - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being

Final report - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being

DocumentIt's good to know: How treatment knowledge and belief affect the outcome of distant healing intentionality for arthritis sufferers2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
It's good to know: How treatment knowledge and belief affect the outcome of distant healing intentionality for arthritis sufferers
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(11)00053-5/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE:
This small-scale study explores the role of expectancy in response to distant healing by testing two hypotheses: 1) Participants aware of placement in the healing condition will report greater relief than those aware they are not receiving distant healing; 2) Participants who express belief in distant healing will report greater relief than those expressing disbelief.
METHODS:
Sixty patients were recruited from a rheumatology outpatient clinic, and through online support networks and blogs. Participants were randomly allocated to one of four conditions, those in the healing condition received distant healing from self-reported healers, while participants in the control condition received no intervention. Half of the participants knew their treatment allocation and half were blinded. The primary outcome measures were the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire. The Paranormal Belief Scale and a measure designed to assess belief in distant healing were given to determine if belief was correlated with healing outcomes.
RESULTS:
Awareness of being a recipient of distant healing appeared to be associated with improved outcomes for those in the healing group. Medium to large improvements in GHQ scores (d=.76) and McGill Pain scores (d=.45) were calculated for the groups aware of their condition. Participants unaware that they were receiving healing showed no evidence of improved outcomes. Belief in healing did not have an effect on self-reported outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS:
Improvements in reported pain and well-being appear to have been caused by knowledge of allocation in the distant healing condition rather than distant healing alone.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Easter, A.
Secondary author(s):
Watt, C.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Easter, A., & Watt, C. (2011). It's good to know: How treatment knowledge and belief affect the outcome of distant healing intentionality for arthritis sufferers. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 71(2), 86-89. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2011.02.003
2-year Impact Factor: 3.296|2011
Times cited: 4|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Arthritis / Belief / Complementary therapies / Distant healing / Expectancy / Psychic healing

It's good to know: How treatment knowledge and belief affect the outcome of distant healing intentionality for arthritis sufferers

It's good to know: How treatment knowledge and belief affect the outcome of distant healing intentionality for arthritis sufferers

DocumentParanormal healing , paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Paranormal healing , paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers
Publication year: 2008
Accessibility:
Document exists in file (in the attachments of the final report)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Easter, A.
Secondary author(s):
Watt, C.
Document type:
Conference paper
Reference:
Easter, A., & Watt, C. (2008). Paranormal healing , paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers In S. Sherwood (Ed.), Proceedings of presented papers: The Parapsychological Association 51st Annual Convention (pp. 338-340). Winchester, UK: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Arthritis / Distant healing / Paranormal belief

Paranormal healing , paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers

Paranormal healing , paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers

DocumentTowards a model of distant healing2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Towards a model of distant healing
Publication year: 2010
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Easter, A.
Document type:
Doctoral thesis
Reference:
Easter, A. (2010). Towards a model of distant healing (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh, UK.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Distant healing / Healer characteristics / Paranormal belief / Expectancy / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Mixed methods approach

Towards a model of distant healing

Towards a model of distant healing

DocumentParanormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers: A small scale clinical trial2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers: A small scale clinical trial
Publication year: 2009
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:
Although a number of studies have tested different healing techniques in controlled settings, few have investigated the role of the patient’s or “healee’s” belief and expectancy in their response to the healing intervention. This small-scale randomized controlled clinical trial of distance healing with arthritis sufferers aimed to address this question by using a semi-masked design in which half of the participants were aware of whether or not they were receiving distance healing.
PARTICIPANTS:
Sixty patients were recruited from a rheumatology outpatient clinic, through online support networks and blogs and via word of mouth.
INTERVENTION:
Healers from various backgrounds were self-referred and chosen based on their self-reported experience (four were members of the National Federation of Spiritual Healers and two were certified Reiki masters). Healers were expected to practice healing for each participant at least once a week and to keep a log of the frequency and duration of healing. Although healing frequency and duration varied, each participant received between 30 minutes and an hour of healing each week.
OUTCOMES:
The primary outcome measures were the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire. In addition, the Paranormal Belief Questionnaire and a measure designed to assess belief in distance healing were given in an effort to determine if this had an effect on self-reported change of physical and mental health. In addition to primary outcome measures, the IPIP personality scale, Spiritual Connection Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale and a brief index of dietary habits were administered as exploratory measures.
RESULTS:
The study results found no significant main effects of healing or of knowledge of condition placement, and no significant interactions between the two. Results suggest that although generalized belief in healing seems to have little effect on self-reported pain, health and well-being, specific knowledge about whether or not one is receiving distance healing appears to be associated with improved outcomes for those who are in the healing group. This point is shown in the effect size of GHQ change scores for the healing and no-healing groups not-masked to their condition (d = 0.76). The effect size suggests that the expectancy or knowledge of receiving distance healing may have a positive effect on participant’s general health. However, due to the low statistical power of this study, this difference was not statistically significant in the ANCOVA. For those who were unaware of whether or not they were receiving healing, there was no evidence of improved outcomes for the healing group.
CONCLUSIONS:
The hypothesis that there can be health gains through distance healing alone was not supported. One area identified for future research concerns individual differences in healer efficacy. In this study healer allocation added significance to the statistical model but due to small sample size this point calls for further investigation.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Easter, A.
Secondary author(s):
Watt, C.
Document type:
Conference paper
Reference:
Easter, A., & Watt, C. (2009). Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers: A small scale clinical trial. In J. Palmer (Ed.), Proceedings of presented papers: The Parapsychological Association 52nd Annual Convention. Seattle, WA: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Arthritis / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Expectancy

DocumentParanormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
Study 1 aimed to assess the role of healing belief and expectancy in the outcome of distance healing in arthritis patients. Study 2 aimed to profile the psychological characteristics of individuals practicing distance healing. Study 3 aimed to uncover key aspects of the phenomenology of distance healing in a supportive culture.
METHODS:
Study 1 was a randomized controlled trial. Sixty arthritis patients received distance healing, using a semi-masked design to assess the effects of expectancy. Healing outcome was measured through self-reported pain, health and well-being questionnaires. Study 2 administered questionnaires on personality, spirituality, and boundary thinness to 130 distance healers. Study 3 used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis to analyse transcripts of in-depth interviews with fifteen healees based in Sri Lanka.
RESULTS:
Study 1 found no evidence for the efficacy of distance healing for arthritis sufferers, and found that generalized belief in distance healing had little effect on health and well-being. Knowledge about condition allocation was related to outcome, suggesting that expectancy plays an important role in perceived healing. Study 2 found that, compared to general population norms, distance healers had extremely high levels of
spiritual connectedness, permeable boundaries, frequent experience of exceptional phenomena, high levels of agreeableness and openness, and were driven by a compassionate desire to help others. Study 3 found five themes emerged as a result of the IPA analysis, with these themes being linked by the overall concept of ‘empowerment’.
CONCLUSIONS:
In addition to the findings already described, Study 1 suggested further investigation of individual differences in healer efficacy. Study 2 raised the question of whether distance healers are less ego-driven than has been suggested for those who practice laying-on-of-hands. Study 3 suggested that the experience of healing in a
supportive cultural context may be quite different to that found in a Western context where healing is regarded as an alternative to orthodox medicine.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Watt, C., & Easter, A. (2010). Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 240). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Distant healing / Remote healing / Paranormal healing

Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being

Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being