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File195 - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming2007-052011-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
195 - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming
Duration: 2007-05 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Jonathan Wolf Schooler, Merill McSpadden
Institution(s): University of California Santa Barbara (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
1 Newspaper article
Language: eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Secondary author(s):
McSpadden, M.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK) / Retrocausality

DocumentFinal report - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
195 - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming
Duration: 2007-05 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Jonathan Wolf Schooler, Merill McSpadden
Institution(s): University of California Santa Barbara (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
1 Newspaper article
Language: eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Secondary author(s):
McSpadden, M.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK) / Retrocausality

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
Final report - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa19506_21022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The first part of our research efforts were aimed towards exploring an implicit precognition paradigm in which participants attempted to detect or identify images that were sometimes re-presented in the future. In the original paradigm, with seven out of nine prior variations of this procedure (with over 700 participants total), we found evidence that the perception of images is enhanced if they were going to be re-represented in the future (p. < 001). Since receiving the Bial grant we carried out the TRIPP paradigm with an additional 1400 participants, and 14 experiments. These studies were geared primarily towards trying to identify the procedure that produced the most reliable results. In all of these studies participants viewed an image, made a judgment about the perceptibility of the image, and then a prime either was or was not presented. Unfortunately, assorted variations to the procedure failed to produce more reliable effects, and although several studies have produced significant findings, the overall TRIPP effect has not proven reliable across these new studies. Despite negative results, the systematic decline in effect size seen in these studies could have important implications for this type of work and these findings have already generated significant discussion. The other strand of research on retrocausal practice effects has resulted in a promising paradigm that has been developed to predict meaningful real-world events. Results suggest that it is possible to use this paradigm to predict the outcome of a roulette spin (Black vs. Red) greater than chance (57%, N=151,p<.05).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Precognition / Retrocausality

Final report - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming

Final report - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming

DocumentReconsidering the metaphysics of science from the inside out2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
195 - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming
Duration: 2007-05 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Jonathan Wolf Schooler, Merill McSpadden
Institution(s): University of California Santa Barbara (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
1 Newspaper article
Language: eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Secondary author(s):
McSpadden, M.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK) / Retrocausality

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
Reconsidering the metaphysics of science from the inside out
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-94-007-2079-4_11
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Material reductionism – the prevailing metaphysical view that reality can be understood entirely in terms of non-conscious physical stuff – is at odds with the existence of experience, the flow of time, and the privileged present. We propose an alternative scientifically-grounded metaphysical perspective that posits: (1) Consciousness represents a fundamental aspect of reality such that all material things enjoy some varying degree of consciousness (panpsychism); (2) nervous systems entail a nested hierarchy of distinct conscious observers; (3) both experience and the flow of time suggest the reality of a subjective realm of existence; (4) the flow of time suggests a process by which all observers collectively sample segments of continuous space/time at different rates, creating a composite of experienced moments of varying thickness; (5) the possibility that consciousness can influence the duration and selection of experienced moments affords a possible opportunity for genuine free will. Although speculative, these conjectures illustrate the type of alternative metaphysics that may be able to accommodate scientific observations without abandoning the self-evident facts that experience exists and time flows.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Secondary author(s):
Hunt, T., Schooler, J. N.
Document type:
Book chapter
Reference:
Schooler, J. W., Hunt, T., & Schooler, J. N. (2011). Reconsidering the metaphysics of science from the inside out. In H. Wallach, S. Schmidt, & W. B. Jonas (Eds.), Neuroscience consciousness and spirituality (pp. 157-194). New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-2079-4_11
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Precognition / Consciousness / Panpsychism / Flow of time

Reconsidering the metaphysics of science from the inside out

Reconsidering the metaphysics of science from the inside out

DocumentUnpublished results hide the decline effect2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
195 - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming
Duration: 2007-05 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Jonathan Wolf Schooler, Merill McSpadden
Institution(s): University of California Santa Barbara (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
1 Newspaper article
Language: eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Secondary author(s):
McSpadden, M.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK) / Retrocausality

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
Unpublished results hide the decline effect
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110223/pdf/470437a.pdf
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Document type:
Editorial material
Reference:
Schooler, J. W. (2011). Unpublished results hide the decline effect. Nature, 470(7335), 437-437. doi: 10.1038/470437a
2-year Impact Factor: 36.280|2011
Times cited: 156|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Parapsychology / Decline effect / Publication bias / Open repositories

Unpublished results hide the decline effect

Unpublished results hide the decline effect

DocumentAddressing the bias problem2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
195 - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming
Duration: 2007-05 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Jonathan Wolf Schooler, Merill McSpadden
Institution(s): University of California Santa Barbara (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
1 Newspaper article
Language: eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Secondary author(s):
McSpadden, M.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK) / Retrocausality

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
Addressing the bias problem
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2011/01/06/the-esp-study-when-science-goes-psychic/addressing-the-systemic-bias-problem
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Document type:
Newspaper article
Reference:
Schooler, J. W. (2011, January 7). Addressing the bias problem. The New York Times: The Opinion Pages. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2011/01/06/the-esp-study-when-science-goes-psychic/addressing-the-systemic-bias-problem
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Precognition / Publication bias / Open repositories

DocumentUsing retrocausal practice effects to predict random binary events in an applied setting2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
195 - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming
Duration: 2007-05 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Jonathan Wolf Schooler, Merill McSpadden
Institution(s): University of California Santa Barbara (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
1 Newspaper article
Language: eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Secondary author(s):
McSpadden, M.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK) / Retrocausality

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
Using retrocausal practice effects to predict random binary events in an applied setting
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.consciousness.arizona.edu/documents/FullProgramandAbstractsTSC2011Stockholm.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Modern physics suggest that time may be symmetric, thus allowing for backward in time effects, also referred to as retrocausality. Likewise, there is experimental work consistent with the notion that information about a future event, unknowable through inference alone, could be obtained before the event actually occurs. Despite this body of work, there has yet to be an experimental paradigm that has convinced the scientific community at large that retrocausality can influence human behavior. The particular paradigm we will be presenting stands apart from other work on this topic through its potential to demonstrate tangible, realworld applications based on the effect (e.g., successful prediction of the spin of a roulette wheel (black vs. red) or the up/down fluctuations of the market). In this experiment subjects see four different shapes (Shape A, B, C, and D) that randomly appear one at a time in the center of the computer screen. In phase 1, all subjects are simply told to press a button if they see Shape A or Shape B, otherwise they should not respond. Therefore, in phase 1, all subjects respond to both Shape A and Shape B. In phase 2, subjects are randomly divided into two groups. One group only responds to Shape A, while another group only responds to Shape B. In phase 2, therefore, subjects are getting practice with either Shape A or Shape B. Here we can test whether performance in phase 1, where all subjects are doing the exact same task, responding to both Shape A and B, is influenced by future practice with just one of the two shapes. The data from nearly 800 subjects collected at the University of Michigan and UCSB shows that there are reliable effects found in the paradigm, where future practice with a given shape (i.e., in phase 2) significantly affects prior performance (i.e., in phase 1; p = 0.0002). Ultimately, we realized that the most convincing demonstration of this phenomenon would be to show tangible effects applied in real-world settings. Importantly, this particular paradigm offers a way to test for retrocausal effects in an applied manner because what these results actually show is that performance in phase 1 gives a better than chance prediction of an unknown random binary event (i.e., whether the subject will be assigned Shape A or Shape B in phase 2). Therefore, this same logic can be used to predict other random binary events (e.g., a coin flip) at greater than chance levels. We will present work done
thus far in which we have been succesful at predicting the outcome of a roulette spin (black vs. red) better than chance (n=204, hit rate 57%, p<.05).
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Franklin, M.
Secondary author(s):
Schooler, J. W.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Franklin, M., & Schooler, J. W. (2011). Using retrocausal practice effects to predict random binary events in an applied setting. In Abstract book of the 18th Towards a Science of Consciousness (pp. 176-177). Stockholm, Sweden: Center for Consciousness Studies.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Retrocausality / Precognition

Using retrocausal practice effects to predict random binary events in an applied setting

Using retrocausal practice effects to predict random binary events in an applied setting

DocumentThe decline effect: Exploring why effects sizes often decline following repeated replications2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
195 - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming
Duration: 2007-05 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Jonathan Wolf Schooler, Merill McSpadden
Institution(s): University of California Santa Barbara (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
1 Newspaper article
Language: eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Secondary author(s):
McSpadden, M.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK) / Retrocausality

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
The decline effect: Exploring why effects sizes often decline following repeated replications
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.google.pt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CC0QFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.asha.org%2FEvents%2Fconvention%2Fhandouts%2F2011%2FSchooler%2F&ei=ohs3Utf4J-f07Ab7yoHQAw&usg=AFQjCNHyp2leedING3t3hxpGKCJ3K_iMGg&sig2=pVTS8CGRfoOo2vZl-51WIg&bvm=bv.52164340,d.ZGU
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Although researchers in parapsychology have long acknowledged the peculiar observation that effect sizes tend to decrease with repeated replication of the same or similar paradigms, the more general observation of decline effects across broad swaths of science has yet to receive adequate attention. This talk will review decline effects in parapsychology, biology, and medicine, and consider alternative factors that may underpin this surprisingly broad and currently unexplained phenomenon. Ways to scientifically address this issue will be considered including the development of open repositories for scientific findings in which scientists log study designs before their implementation, and then subsequently report all findings regardless of outcome.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Notes:
Abstract and respective power point presentation in attachment
Author: Schooler, J. W.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Schooler, J. W. (2011). The decline effect: Exploring why effects sizes often decline following repeated replications. In Abstract book of the 30th Annual Meeting of the Society for Scientific Exploration. Boulder, CO: SSE.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Decline effect / Publication bias / Open repositories

Power point presentation

Power point presentation

Abstract

Abstract

DocumentThe decline effect reveals why science needs to systematically document unpublished scientific findings2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
195 - Seeing into the future: Temporally reversed implicit perceptual priming
Duration: 2007-05 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Jonathan Wolf Schooler, Merill McSpadden
Institution(s): University of California Santa Barbara (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
1 Newspaper article
Language: eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Secondary author(s):
McSpadden, M.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Psychokinesis (PK) / Retrocausality

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-195.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
The decline effect reveals why science needs to systematically document unpublished scientific findings
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.sarmac.org/images/upload/downloads/SARMAC_IX_2011.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Why do many published scientific effects appear to diminish with time? This so called "decline effect" has been observed both in individual labs (including my own) and in metaanalyses of findings across research in biology and medicine. Although some scientists dismiss the decline effect as simple statistical self-correction of initially exaggerated outcomes the truth is that we cannot be sure until we have better access to unpublished scientific work. In this talk I will review a variety of artifactual explanations for the decline effect including regression to the mean, publication bias, and gradual deterioration in experimental methods with replication. I will also consider the possibility that it may reflect genuine changes in scientific phenomena stemming either from conventional accounts or more unconventional possibilities. In order to resolve the source of the decline effect I suggest the introduction of an open access repository for all research findings, which would enable researchers to fully log their hypotheses and methodologies ahead of time, and their results afterwards, regardless of outcome. Such a database would not only shine light on the decline effect, it could make the scientific process itself more transparent.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schooler, J. W.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Schooler, J. W. (2011). The decline effect reveals why science needs to systematically document unpublished scientific findings. In Conference program of the IX Annual meeting of the Society for Applied Research in Memory and Cognition (p. 1). New York, NY.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Decline effect / Publication bias / Open repositories

The decline effect reveals why science needs to systematically document unpublished scientific findings

The decline effect reveals why science needs to systematically document unpublished scientific findings