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File034 - Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study2009-012011-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
034 - Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-02
Researcher(s):
Julie Beischel, Adam Rock, Mark E. Boccuzzi, Michael Biuso
Institution(s): The Windbridge Institute for Applied Research in Human Potential, Tucson (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship

DocumentFinal report - Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
034 - Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-02
Researcher(s):
Julie Beischel, Adam Rock, Mark E. Boccuzzi, Michael Biuso
Institution(s): The Windbridge Institute for Applied Research in Human Potential, Tucson (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Final report - Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa3408_27022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Part I of 34/08 addressed the potential correlation between the mediums’ phenomenology and the accuracy of their readings. Directly after each of two test readings for paired discarnates, 19 claimant mediums completed the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI). The dimensions of Anger, Sadness, and Negative Affect were significantly positively correlated with Accuracy Scores. In addition, Sadness and Altered Time Sense were significantly positively correlated with the Global Difference Score (a measure of specificity). Conversely, Self-Awareness was significantly negatively correlated with the Global Difference Score. Part II of the study addressed the following hypothesis: Windbridge Certified Research Mediums (WCRMs) can report accurate and specific information about discarnates using anomalous information reception (AIR); that is, without any prior knowledge about the discarnates or sitters, in the absence of any sensory feedback, and without using deceptive means. Each of eight WCRMs performed two quintuple-blind readings for two blinded and absent sitters. In 11 of 12 returned readings, sitters chose the intended vs. control reading as their own (p=.003; one-tailed). The mean Global and Percent Accuracy scores given by sitters for whom readings were intended were significantly higher than those scores given by sitters for whom the readings were not intended (3.4 and 54% vs. 2.0 and 33%, respectively; F(2, 21) = 4.52, p=.02). The effect sizes determined for whole-reading and item-by-item scores were both large (d=1.07 and 1.20, respectively).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Mediumship / Anomalous information reception / Survival of consciousness

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentProcess- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
034 - Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-02
Researcher(s):
Julie Beischel, Adam Rock, Mark E. Boccuzzi, Michael Biuso
Institution(s): The Windbridge Institute for Applied Research in Human Potential, Tucson (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
For Grant 34/08, Part II of the study addressed the following hypothesis: Windbridge Certified
Research Mediums (WCRMs) can report accurate and specific information about the deceased
loved ones (termed discarnates) of living people (termed sitters) using anomalous information
reception (AIR); that is, without any prior knowledge about the discarnates or sitters, in the
absence of any sensory feedback, and without using deceptive means.
Objectives: The research question this study addressed was: Is there a difference between
accuracy scores given to readings by the sitters for whom the readings were intended and the
scores given to those readings by sitters for whom the readings were not intended?
Methods: Each of eight WCRMs performed two quintuple-blind readings for two absent sitters.
The associated sitters then scored each of the readings for accuracy without knowing which was
which.
Results: Twelve of the eight WCRMs’ 16 readings were returned by the sitter-raters for analysis.
Eleven of 12 sitters chose the intended vs. control reading as their own when asked to make a
choice (p = 0.003; one-tailed). The mean Global and Percent Accuracy scores given by sitters for
whom readings were intended were significantly higher than those scores given by sitters for
whom the readings were not intended (3.4 and 54% vs. 2.0 and 33%, respectively; F(2, 21) = 4.52,
p = 0.02). In addition, the effect sizes determined for whole-reading and item-by-item scores were
both large (Cohen’s d = 1.07 and 1.20, respectively). Finally, the statistic prep (the probability of
replicating the direction of the effect) was found to be high for both types of accuracy scores (0.84
and 0.87, respectively).
Conclusions: These data demonstrate that WCRMs can report accurate and specific information
about discarnates using AIR.
Discussion: The results from this study begin to address the question at the root of mediumship
research: Does consciousness survive physical death?
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Beischel, J., Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M. (2012). Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 18/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Mediums / Anomalous information reception / Survival of consciousness

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentAnomalous information reception by research mediums under quintuple-blind conditions2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
034 - Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-02
Researcher(s):
Julie Beischel, Adam Rock, Mark E. Boccuzzi, Michael Biuso
Institution(s): The Windbridge Institute for Applied Research in Human Potential, Tucson (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Anomalous information reception by research mediums under quintuple-blind conditions
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.scientificexploration.org/meetings/program_30th_annual_ed.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Continued investigations regarding the survival of consciousness beyond physical death are critical for our understanding of consciousness, the potential of the mind, and the nature of life in general. One of the main survival research methods involves studying mediums-individuals who report regular communication with the deceased. The current ongoing study addresses the research question at the heart of mediumship research: Can mediums report accurate and specific information about the deceased loved ones (termed discarnates) of living people (termed sitters) using anomalous information reception; that is, without any prior knowledge about the discarnates or sitters, in the absence of any feedback, and without using deceptive means? In order to control for all traditional, local, and sensory explanations for the accuracy of the mediums' statements (e.g., cold-reading, cueing, generality, rater bias, fraud), Windbridge Certified Research Mediums (WCRMs) answer specific questions about discarnates during readings performed under quintuple-blind conditions which involve the blinding of the mediums, the sitter-raters, and three experimenters interacting with the participants at various stages of the study. In addition, the WCRMs are not provided with feedback about the scores sitter-raters give the readings in order to address precognition as an explanation for positive results. The item-byitem
and whole reading scoring data collected to date as well as the implications of the findings regarding the relationship between the mind and the body will be discussed.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Biuso, M., Boccuzzi, M., Rock, A. J.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Beischel, J., Biuso, M., Boccuzzi, M., Rock, A. J. (2011, June). Anomalous information reception by research mediums under quintuple-blind conditions: Can the mind exist without the body?. Paper presented at the 30th Annual Meeting of the Society for Scientific Exploration, Boulder, Colorado, USA.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Mediumship / Survival of consciousness / Deceased persons

DocumentDiscarnate readings by claimant mediums: Assessing phenomenology and accuracy under beyond double-blind conditions2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
034 - Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-02
Researcher(s):
Julie Beischel, Adam Rock, Mark E. Boccuzzi, Michael Biuso
Institution(s): The Windbridge Institute for Applied Research in Human Potential, Tucson (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Discarnate readings by claimant mediums: Assessing phenomenology and accuracy under beyond double-blind conditions
Publication year: 2014
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Certain mediums are able to report accurate and specific information about the deceased loved ones (termed discarnates) of living people (termed sitters) even without any prior knowledge about the sitters or the discarnates and in the complete absence of any sensory feedback. This study aimed to investigate the phenomenology associated with, and accuracy of, readings for discarnates by claimant mediums under beyond double-blind conditions. At baseline, directly after a counterbalanced control condition, and after each of two identically formatted, scheduled phone readings for paired discarnates, 19 claimant mediums completed the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (PCI). The two readings were then given global accuracy scores by the blinded sitters associated with the two discarnates. A significant anomalous information reception effect was demonstrated. However, this study did not identify any phenomenological variables that were correlates of mediums’ abilities. It would be prudent for future researchers to focus on the development of a quantitative measure specifically designed to investigate the phenomenology of mediumistic experience.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Beischel, J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Rock, A. J., Beischel, J., Boccuzzi, M., & Biuso, M. (2014). Discarnate readings by claimant mediums: Assessing phenomenology and accuracy under beyond double-blind conditions. Journal of Parapsychology, 78(2), 183–194.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Mediums / Phenomenology / Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory

DocumentAnomalous information reception by research mediums under blinded conditions II: Replication and extension2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
034 - Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-02
Researcher(s):
Julie Beischel, Adam Rock, Mark E. Boccuzzi, Michael Biuso
Institution(s): The Windbridge Institute for Applied Research in Human Potential, Tucson (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Anomalous information reception by research mediums under blinded conditions II: Replication and extension
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://www.explorejournal.com/article/S1550-8307(15)00006-3/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
CONTEXT
The examination of the accuracy and specificity of information reported by mediums addresses the existence of non-local information transfer.
OBJECTIVE
This study was designed to replicate and extend a previous methodology achieving positive findings regarding the anomalous reception of information about deceased individuals by research mediums under experimental conditions that eliminate conventional explanations, including cold reading, rater bias, experimenter cueing, and fraud.
DESIGN
Mediumship readings were performed over the phone under blinded conditions in which mediums, raters, and experimenters were all blinded.
PARTICIPANTS
A total of 20 Windbridge Certified Research Mediums WCRMs participated in 86 readings.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Accuracy and specificity were assessed through item scores, global reading scores, and forced-choice selections provided by blinded sitters.
RESULTS
(1) Comparisons between blinded target and decoy readings regarding the estimated percentage accuracy of reading items (n = 27, P = .05, d = 0.49), (2) comparisons regarding the calculated percentage accuracy of reading items (n = 31, P = .002, d = 0.75), (3) comparisons regarding hits vs. misses (n = 31, P < .0001 and P = .002 for different reading sections), (4) comparisons regarding global scores (n = 58, P = .001, d = 0.57), and (5) forced-choice reading selections between blinded target and decoy readings (n = 58, P = .01) successfully replicate and extend previous findings demonstrating the phenomenon of anomalous information reception (AIR), the reporting of accurate and specific information without prior knowledge, in the absence of sensory feedback, and without using deceptive means. Because the experimental conditions of this study eliminated normal, sensory sources for the information mediums report, a non-local source (however controversial) remains the most likely explanation for the accuracy and specificity of their statements.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M., Rock, A. J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Beischel, J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M., & Rock, A. J. (2015). Anomalous information reception by research mediums under blinded conditions II: Replication and extension. EXPLORE: The Journal of Science & Healing, 11(2), 136-142. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2015.01.001
2-year Impact Factor: 1.012|2015
Times cited: 11|2022-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Mediums / Mediumship / Anomalous information reception / Blinding / Non-local / Replication

DocumentProcess- and proof-focused investigation of anomalous information reception by mediums: A two-part quantitative study2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
034 - Process- and Proof-focused Investigation of Anomalous Information Reception by Mediums: A Two-Part Quantitative Study
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-02
Researcher(s):
Julie Beischel, Adam Rock, Mark E. Boccuzzi, Michael Biuso
Institution(s): The Windbridge Institute for Applied Research in Human Potential, Tucson (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-034.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Process- and proof-focused investigation of anomalous information reception by mediums: A two-part quantitative study
Publication year: 2012
URL:
https://www.bial.com/download.php?f=91&key=6ad57028234b9b8f3ad4cbbd8bd252df
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Research Mediums (WCRMs) can report accurate and specific information about the deceased loved ones (termed discarnates) of living people (termed sitters) using anomalous information reception (AIR); that is, without any prior knowledge about the discarnates or sitters, in the absence of any sensory feedback, and without using deceptive means.
OBJECTIVES:
The research question this study addressed was: Is there a difference between accuracy scores given to readings by the sitters for whom the readings were intended and the scores given to those readings by sitters for whom the readings were not intended?
METHODS:
Each of eight WCRMs performed two quintuple-blind readings for two absent sitters. The associated sitters then scored each of the readings for accuracy without knowing which was which.
RESULTS:
Twelve of the eight WCRMs’ 16 readings were returned by the sitter-raters for analysis. Eleven of 12 sitters chose the intended vs. control reading as their own when asked to make a choice (p = 0.003; one-tailed). The mean Global and Percent Accuracy scores given by sitters for whom readings were intended were significantly higher than those scores given by sitters for whom the readings were not intended (3.4 and 54% vs. 2.0 and 33%, respectively; F(2, 21) = 4.52,
p = 0.02). In addition, the effect sizes determined for whole-reading and item-by-item scores were both large (Cohen’s d = 1.07 and 1.20, respectively). Finally, the statistic prep (the probability of replicating the direction of the effect) was found to be high for both types of accuracy scores (0.84 and 0.87, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS:
These data demonstrate that WCRMs can report accurate and specific information about discarnates using AIR.
DISCUSSION:
The results from this study begin to address the question at the root of mediumship research: Does consciousness survive physical death?
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Beischel, J.
Secondary author(s):
Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Beischel, J., Rock, A. J., Boccuzzi, M., & Biuso, M. (2012). Process- and proof-focused investigation of anomalous information reception by mediums: A two-part quantitative study. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 18/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Mediums / Anomalous information reception / Survival of consciousness

Process- and proof-focused investigation of anomalous information reception by mediums: A two-part quantitative study

Process- and proof-focused investigation of anomalous information reception by mediums: A two-part quantitative study