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File071 - Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition2009-022011-04

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
071 - Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition
Duration: 2009-02 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Paul Stevens
Institution(s): Bournemouth University, Poole (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Spiritualism / Stress and health / Well-being

DocumentFinal report - Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
071 - Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition
Duration: 2009-02 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Paul Stevens
Institution(s): Bournemouth University, Poole (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Spiritualism / Stress and health / Well-being

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
Final report - Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa7108.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
This study aimed to (1) determine if fractal dimension represented a cue which maps onto some basic human desires: a healthy environment, the presence of water, and a sense of spirituality; (2) understand relationships between the fractal dimension of visual scenes, human physiological responses to such scenes and self-reported preference for a visual environment.
Phase 1 showed no significant difference between sites classed as “sacred” vs “secular” and the fractal dimension of the dominant edges in visual images of those sites (W=174, N=40, p=0.25). However, differences for hydrogeological sites were close to significance (shallow vs deep water table: W=23, N=18, p=0.07) and for biodiversity sites were significant (high vs low: W=25, N=40, p=1.34x10-7).
Phase 2 showed a significant negative relationship (r = -0.11, p = 0.03) between the skin conductance magnitude and the fractal dimension of the dominant visual edge, suggesting that visual complexity relates to our level of arousal upon seeing that site. A relationship between expressed preference and fractal dimension was also supported ( = 0.61, p= 0.03).
In combination, this supports the idea that humans have an inherent ability to recognise and prefer environments that are ecologically healthy. Given the change in physiological arousal, this suggests that visual response during dowsing might be a useful area to be pursued by interested researchers (as depth of water table showed a possible negative correlation to fractal dimension, which showed a negative correlation related to skin conductance response, therefore near-to-surface water should show a relaxation response that could be expressed via ideomotor action).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Spirituality / Ecopsychology / Environment / Fractal dimensions

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentEcopsychological connections2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
071 - Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition
Duration: 2009-02 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Paul Stevens
Institution(s): Bournemouth University, Poole (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Spiritualism / Stress and health / Well-being

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
Ecopsychological connections
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/18335/
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Stevens, P. (2010). Ecopsychological connections. In: Forum for the Future symposium "Ubuntu: Exploring connectivity in local government in times of change", December 2010, London.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Ecopsychology / Environment / Well-being

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentHealthy, happy, hippy: Sustainability as an emergent property of wellbeing2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
071 - Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition
Duration: 2009-02 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Paul Stevens
Institution(s): Bournemouth University, Poole (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Spiritualism / Stress and health / Well-being

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
Healthy, happy, hippy: Sustainability as an emergent property of wellbeing
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://oro.open.ac.uk/36402/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Wellbeing and sustainability are often presented as separate issues. At best, sustainable practises might have some beneficial side-effects on wellbeing (e.g., less air pollution means less respiratory ailments); at worst, the two are presented as mutually exclusive (i.e., sustainability necessarily means a lower standard of living). But I think the argument can be made for an opposite view: that if we focus on being well, we will find that sustainability emerges from that state. While there is still debate over definitions of wellbeing, it can be generally seen as a state in which our basic, universal needs are met (objective wellbeing), where we experience a predominance of positive mood in our lives (subjective or hedonic wellbeing) and, perhaps most important of the three aspects, where we feel autonomously purposeful, part of something greater that offers meaning to our lives (eudaimonic wellbeing). Drawing on ecopsychological research and theory – including the author's own experimental studies linking personal and environmental health via perceptual pathways – this paper shows how a garden designed to promote these three aspects of wellbeing (a “restorative environment”) would also be a microcosm model for sustainable practise.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Stevens, P. (2011). Healthy, happy, hippy: sustainability as an emergent property of wellbeing. In: Well-being 2011: The First International Conference Exploring the Multi-dimensions of Well-being , 18-19 July 2011, Birmingham, UK.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Sustainability / Environment / Emergent / Embedment

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentEmergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
071 - Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition
Duration: 2009-02 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Paul Stevens
Institution(s): Bournemouth University, Poole (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Spiritualism / Stress and health / Well-being

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objectives: This study aimed to (1) determine if fractal dimension represented a cue which maps
onto some basic human desires: a healthy environment, the presence of water, and a sense of
spirituality; (2) understand relationships between the fractal dimension of visual scenes, human
physiological responses to such scenes and self-reported preference for a visual environment.
Method: In Phase 1, fractal dimension of the treeline/sky silhouette was calculated for images in 3
categories: depth of underground water levels, (ii) perception of the site as being sacred or
secular, and (iii) the surveyed biodiversity (species richness) of the areas within which an image
was taken. In Phase 2, 50 unselected participants viewed and preference-ranked sets of images
from the 3 categories while their skin conductance responses (SCR) were recorded.
Results: Phase 1 showed no significant difference between “sacred” vs “secular” sites and fractal
dimension (W=174, N=40, p=0.25). Differences for water-depth were close to significance (shallow
vs deep : W=23, N=18, p=0.07) and for biodiversity sites were significant (high vs low: W=25, N=40,
p=1.34x10-7). Phase 2 showed a significant negative relationship (r = -0.11, p = 0.03) between
participant SCR magnitude and fractal dimension, and a positive correlation between expressed
preference and fractal dimension (rho = 0.61, p= 0.03).
Conclusions: Results support the idea that visual complexity of a scene (known to influence
preference) relates both to useful information about a site (water depth and biodiversity) and to
our level of arousal upon seeing that site.
Discussion: This study gives the first supporting evidence for the idea that humans have an ability
to recognise and prefer environments that are ecologically healthy (biodiverse and having a nearto-
surface water table). As water depth showed a negative correlation to fractal dimension, which
showed a negative correlation related to skin conductance response, near-to-surface water should
show a relaxation response that could be expressed via ideomotor action, suggesting that visual
factors in dowsing studies might be a useful area to pursue.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Stevens, P. (2012). Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 28/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Visual perception / Evolutionary psychology / Fractals / Dowsing

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DocumentFractal dimension links responses to a visual scene to its biodiversity2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
071 - Emergent information in the visual environment: the role of fractal dimension in anomalous information acquisition
Duration: 2009-02 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Paul Stevens
Institution(s): Bournemouth University, Poole (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Spiritualism / Stress and health / Well-being

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-071.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
Fractal dimension links responses to a visual scene to its biodiversity
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/eco.2017.0049
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Humans appear to have an innate, beneficial response and preference for natural over urban scenes, yet “natural” is an ambiguous concept that varies from culture to culture. In looking for a commonality to natural scenes that tends to be lacking in built scenes, many researchers have turned to fractal geometry, finding that fractal dimension can predict preference. Here, I calculated the fractal dimension of the dominant land-sky edge at a variety of sites having varying depths of water table and levels of biodiversity (specifically, “species richness”). I then investigated changes in human physiological arousal (magnitude of skin conductance responses) in response to images of those scenes. Sites with high biodiversity were shown to have a significantly higher associated fractal dimension than low-biodiversity sites, whereas shallow versus deep water-table sites showed no significant difference. When shown the images, the magnitude of skin conductance responses for human viewers showed a negative correlation with fractal dimension. Replicating earlier findings, ranked preference for a scene showed a positive correlation with fractal dimension. Taken together, these findings suggest an evolved response to stimuli associated with a healthy ecosystem: Patterns of healthy vegetative growth determine visual fractal dimension, which reduces physiological arousal upon observation, this being experienced as a positive emotional state and expressed as a preference for that environment.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Stevens, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
7|2022-03-19
Reference:
Stevens, P. (2018). Fractal dimension links responses to a visual scene to its biodiversity. Ecopsychology, 10(2). doi: 10.1089/eco.2017.0049
Times cited: 0|2022-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Fractal / Natural environment / Biodiversity / Restorative environment / Skin conductance response