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File073 - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks2009-012011-04

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
073 - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge
Institution(s): Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Unpublished documents
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Cognitive processes / Learning

DocumentFinal report - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
073 - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge
Institution(s): Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Unpublished documents
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
Final report - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/73-08-20131212.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Results from a series of training experiments suggest that measurable improvements in behavioral performance on psi tasks cannot be trained using the 15-day regimen used here, nor using a longer-term (23-211 day) regimen. Moving on to a series of experiments in untrained participants, we examined heart pulse period and skin conductance (SC) during remote stare detection and precognition tasks. In the first of three remote stare detection experiments, we found a significant increase in pulse period when participants were covertly observed versus when they were not observed; this was not replicated in the remaining two experiments. We also performed five precognition experiments (using a guess-the-future-target task); behavioral performance was at chance. In the first and second experiments, we found a significant increase in pulse period during the ten seconds preceding feedback indicating the guess was correct, but this was not replicated in the third experiment. In a fourth experiment, we found a significant SC difference preceding correct vs. incorrect feedback for one task but not another task, and no heart rate difference for either task. The fifth experiment showed no significant heart rate difference, but a near-significant SC difference in the two feedback conditions. A post-hoc analysis of data from all precognition experiments taken only from the first trial performed (to rule out expectation and other order effects) revealed a large, statistically significant anticipatory SC effect in men, a trend toward an opposing effect in women, and a statistically significant sex x feedback interaction. Based on these results, we reached several conclusions that will influence future examinations of these phenomena.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Precognition / Precognition task / Skin conductance

Final report - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks

Final report - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks

DocumentEvidence for subconscious but not conscious psi in remote stare detection and precognition tasks2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
073 - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge
Institution(s): Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Unpublished documents
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
Evidence for subconscious but not conscious psi in remote stare detection and precognition tasks
Publication year: 2009
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Grabowecky, M., Suzuki, S.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Precognition / Staring / Physiology / Psi / Anomalous perception

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentPredictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
073 - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge
Institution(s): Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Unpublished documents
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3478568/pdf/fpsyg-03-00390.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This meta-analysis of 26 reports published between 1978 and 2010 tests an unusual hypothesis: for stimuli of two or more types that are presented in an order designed to be unpredictable and that produce different post-stimulus physiological activity, the direction of pre-stimulus physiological activity reflects the direction of post-stimulus physiological activity, resulting in an unexplained anticipatory effect. The reports we examined used one of two paradigms: (1) randomly ordered presentations of arousing vs. neutral stimuli, or (2) guessing tasks with feedback (correct vs. incorrect). Dependent variables included: electrodermal activity, heart rate, blood volume, pupil dilation, electroencephalographic activity, and blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) activity. To avoid including data hand-picked from multiple different analyses, no post hoc experiments were considered. The results reveal a significant overall effect with a small effect size [fixed effect: overall ES=0.21, 95% CI=0.15–0.27, z=6.9, p<2.7×10-12; random effects: overall (weighted) ES=0.21, 95% CI=0.13–0.29, z=5.3, p<5.7×10-8]. Higher quality experiments produced a quantitatively larger effect size and a greater level of significance than lower quality studies. The number of contrary unpublished reports that would be necessary to reduce the level of significance to chance (p>0.05) was conservatively calculated to be 87 reports. We explore alternative explanations and examine the potential linkage between this unexplained anticipatory activity and other results demonstrating meaningful pre-stimulus activity preceding behaviorally relevant events. We conclude that to further examine this currently unexplained anticipatory activity, multiple replications arising from different laboratories using the same methods are necessary. The cause of this anticipatory activity, which undoubtedly lies within the realm of natural physical processes (as opposed to supernatural or paranormal ones), remains to be determined.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2010-141.02
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Tressoldi, P., Utts, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
4|2022-03-19
Reference:
Mossbridge, J., Tressoldi, P., & Utts, J. (2012). Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 390, 1-18. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00390
2-year Impact Factor: 2.843|2013
Impact factor notes: Impact factor computed since 2013
Times cited: 48|2022-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Prestimulus activity / Anticipatory physiology / Temporal processing / Psychophysiology / Presentiment / Predictive processing

Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis

Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis

DocumentPhysiological markers of future outcomes: Three experiements on subconsciouspsi perception during concurrent performance of a guessing task2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
073 - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge
Institution(s): Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Unpublished documents
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
Physiological markers of future outcomes: Three experiements on subconsciouspsi perception during concurrent performance of a guessing task
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.parapsych.org/uploaded_files/pdfs/00/00/00/00/24/2011_pa_convention_abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Physiological responses to arousing (vs. calm) stimuli arriving 3-7 seconds in the future have been described in peer-reviewed journals using five different physiological measures in at least four different laboratories. However, only a handful of these have used tasks in which participants must perform conscious guessing at targets. In order to eventually improve performance at intuitive guessing, understanding the mechanisms of physiological presentiment effects during the performance of behavioral guessing tasks is critical.
To address this gap in knowledge, we performed three experiments. Our hypothesis for all three experiments was that two measures of autonomic state, heart pulse period or inter-beat-interval (IBI) and skin conductance (SC), would both show distinct and significantly different patterns associated with future correct vs. incorrect guesses in a guessing task. In the first two experiments we show that at the group level, significant differences in heart period are observed, such that IBI is higher preceding a correct guess than an incorrect guess. However, at least at the group level, there was no SC difference associated with correctness or incorrectness of a future guess in either of the two experiments. The third experiment found no significant anticipatory effects. Finally, an exploratory analysis comparing data from all females to all males across the four experiments showed that while at the group level SC was not responsive to correctness of future guesses in any experiment, a robust sex difference in SC anticipatory responses exists, in which males have increased skin conductance preceding correct vs. incorrect guesses, while females show the reverse pattern.
None of the significant effects in any of the experiments or the post-hoc sex difference analysis could be explained by expectation bias. Reasons for the lack of a significant effect in the third experiment are discussed. Overall, the results support the hypothesis.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (full paper)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2010-141.05
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Grabowecky, M., Suzuki, S.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Mossbridge, J., Grabowecky, M., & Suzuki, S. (2011). Physiological markers of future outcomes: Three experiments on subconscious psi perception during concurrent performance of a guessing task. In M. Kittenis (Ed.), Abstracts of Presented Papers of the 54th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (p. 17). Curitiba, Brazil: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Precognition / Anticipatory physiological effects / Presentiment

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentLearning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
073 - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge
Institution(s): Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Unpublished documents
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objective: First we aimed determine whether conscious awareness of future events could be
trained. Next we used physiological markers to determine whether humans have subconscious
awareness of future events.
Methods: In the training experiment, participants were placed into 1 of 3 groups: trained on a
precognition task (N=3), trained on a biofeedback program (N=9), and no training (N=3). The two
training groups received fifteen 30-min training sessions over 2-3 months.
On each of 25 trials in the physiology experiments, participants were presented with 4 photos and
were asked to select a “target” image. The software then used a hardware random number
generator to randomly choose one of the four photos as the target image and a full-screen version
of this image was displayed. The dependent variables were the mean normalized heart rate and
skin conductance during the 10 seconds preceding the presentation of feedback.
Results: In the training experiments, measurable improvements in precognition were not found for
either of the training regimens we used.
For the physiology experiments, results were inconsistent. In a first (N=39) and second (N=15)
precognition experiment, skin conductance data revealed no effect, but mean heart rate
decreased significantly prior to correct (vs. incorrect) responses. However, a third (N=30) and
fourth (N=29) experiment did not reveal any significant results.
To address across-gender variability as well as potential influences from previous trials, in a posthoc
analysis we combined physiology data only from the first trials of each session in the four
experiments, separately for the two genders. There were no heart rate effects. Data from men
revealed a significant increase in skin conductance preceding correct vs. incorrect trials. Data from
women showed an opposing trend (sex x correctness interaction: p<0.007).
Conclusion and Discussion: Conscious awareness of future events is not learnable using the
training regimens used here. Subconscious awareness of future events in guessing tasks seems to
be a weak phenomenon that can be masked by both inter-individual and inter-trial variability.
Future work investigating the mechanisms of precognition should focus on subconscious
awareness, examine male and female performance separately (Radin and Lobach 2007), and
account for effects of previous trials.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Mossbridge, J. (2012). Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 29-30/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Temporal processing / Prestimulus physiological measures / Anticipatory responses

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentReview of 'The spiritual anatomy of emotion: How feelings link the brain, the body, and the sixth sense'2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
073 - Learning and Generalization on Psi Perceptual Tasks
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge
Institution(s): Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Unpublished documents
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-073.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
Review of 'The spiritual anatomy of emotion: How feelings link the brain, the body, and the sixth sense'
Publication year: 2010
Accessibility:
Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Mossbridge, J. (2010). Review of 'The spiritual anatomy of emotion: How feelings link the brain, the body, and the sixth sense'. Journal of Parapsychology, 74(2), 394-398.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Precognition / Emotion