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File089 - The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine, autonomic and central nervous system variables2009-012012-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
089 - The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine, autonomic and central nervous system variables
Duration: 2009-01 - 2012-03
Researcher(s):
Óscar Filipe Coelho Neves Gonçalves, Patrícia Silva, Ana Pinheiro
Institution(s): Cipsi – Centro de Investigação em Psicologia, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng, por
Author:
Gonçalves, O.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, P., Pinheiro, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Empathy / Assessment tools / Psychoneuroimmunology / Endocrinology / Brain structure and function

DocumentFinal report - The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine; autonomic and central nervous system variables2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
089 - The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine, autonomic and central nervous system variables
Duration: 2009-01 - 2012-03
Researcher(s):
Óscar Filipe Coelho Neves Gonçalves, Patrícia Silva, Ana Pinheiro
Institution(s): Cipsi – Centro de Investigação em Psicologia, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng, por
Author:
Gonçalves, O.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, P., Pinheiro, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Empathy / Assessment tools / Psychoneuroimmunology / Endocrinology / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
Final report - The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine; autonomic and central nervous system variables
Publication year: 2012
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa8908_24042015.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The defined objectives for this project were: (i) to develop and validate a scale of empathy to assess empathy skills, (ii) assess the psychophysiological, neuroendocrine and neuroimagiological correlates related to different empathic responses, and (iii) evaluate different category of stimuli and psychophysiological measures related to emotional modulation. Initially, a large dataset of empathy-eliciting vignettes were developed and validated in order to allow the assessment of the empathy responding ability. This database for research and clinical application is based on three level of empathic response, ranging from less to more empathic. At the peripheral level, we showed that the highest level of empathic response were accompanied by changes in the heart rate, suggesting that the cardiac response is a good candidate for a biomarker of complex human process, such as the empathic response. At the neuroimagiological level, we found that more empathic responses were associated with sustained activation of the default mode network, which has been associated with emotional and cognitive domains of empathy. Additionally, our results also suggest that the medial prefrontal cortex seems to execute a reciprocal modulation of cognitive and emotional regulating functions during an empathic experience. In order to address others of our objectives, results showed that the cognitive component of the event-related potential could not function as a psychophysiological measure of emotional modulation, while the skin conductance and cardiac measures reflect similar processes of sustained attention, representing a good predictor of the attentional resources allocated to demanding tasks.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng / por
Author:
Gonçalves, O.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, P., Pinheiro, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Empathy / Neuropsychophysiology / Neuroimaging / Endocrinology / Neuroendocrinology / Empathy scale

DocumentPsychophysiological correlates of sexually and non-sexually motivated attention to film clips in a workload task2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
089 - The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine, autonomic and central nervous system variables
Duration: 2009-01 - 2012-03
Researcher(s):
Óscar Filipe Coelho Neves Gonçalves, Patrícia Silva, Ana Pinheiro
Institution(s): Cipsi – Centro de Investigação em Psicologia, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng, por
Author:
Gonçalves, O.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, P., Pinheiro, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Empathy / Assessment tools / Psychoneuroimmunology / Endocrinology / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
Psychophysiological correlates of sexually and non-sexually motivated attention to film clips in a workload task
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/73936889/psychophysiological-correlates-sexually-non-sexually-motivated-attention-film-clips-workload-task
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Some authors have speculated that the cognitive component (P3) of the Event-Related Potential (ERP) can function as a psychophysiological measure of sexual interest. The aim of this study was to determine if the P3 ERP component in a workload task can be used as a specific and objective measure of sexual motivation by comparing the neurophysiologic response to stimuli of motivational relevance with different levels of valence and arousal. A total of 30 healthy volunteers watched different films clips with erotic, horror, social-positive and social-negative content, while answering an auditory oddball paradigm. Erotic film clips resulted in larger interference when compared to both the social-positive and auditory alone conditions. Horror film clips resulted in the highest levels of interference with smaller P3 amplitudes than erotic and also than social-positive, social-negative and auditory alone condition. No gender differences were found. Both horror and erotic film clips significantly decreased heart rate (HR) when compared to both social-positive and social-negative films. The erotic film clips significantly increased the skin conductance level (SCL) compared to the social-negative films. The horror film clips significantly increased the SCL compared to both social-positive and social-negative films. Both the highly arousing erotic and non-erotic (horror) movies produced the largest decrease in the P3 amplitude, a decrease in the HR and an increase in the SCL. These data support the notion that this workload task is very sensitive to the attentional resources allocated to the film clip, although they do not act as a specific index of sexual interest. Therefore, the use of this methodology seems to be of questionable utility as a specific measure of sexual interest or as an objective measure of the severity of Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Carvalho, S.
Secondary author(s):
Leite, J., Galdo-Álvarez, S., Gonçalves, O.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
7|2022-03-19
Reference:
Carvalho, S., Leite, J., Galdo-Álvarez, S., & Gonçalves, O. (2011). Psychophysiological correlates of sexually and non-sexually motivated attention to film clips in a workload task. PLoS ONE, 6(12), e29530. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0029530
2-year Impact Factor: 4.092|2011
Times cited: 8|2022-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Psychosomatic disorders / Evoked potentials / Psychophysiology / Electrophysiology / Erotic films / Sexual desire disorders

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Novo ficheiro

DocumentAffective picture modulation: Valence, arousal, attention allocation and motivational significance2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
089 - The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine, autonomic and central nervous system variables
Duration: 2009-01 - 2012-03
Researcher(s):
Óscar Filipe Coelho Neves Gonçalves, Patrícia Silva, Ana Pinheiro
Institution(s): Cipsi – Centro de Investigação em Psicologia, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng, por
Author:
Gonçalves, O.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, P., Pinheiro, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Empathy / Assessment tools / Psychoneuroimmunology / Endocrinology / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
Affective picture modulation: Valence, arousal, attention allocation and motivational significance
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22226675
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The present study analyses the modulatory effects of affective pictures in the early posterior negativity (EPN), the late positive potential (LPP) and the human startle response on both the peripheral (eye blink EMG) and central neurophysiological levels (Probe P3), during passive affective pictures viewing. The affective pictures categories were balanced in terms of valence (pleasant; unpleasant) and arousal (high; low). The data shows that EPN may be sensitive to specific stimulus characteristics (affective relevant pictures versus neutral pictures) associated with early stages of attentional processing. In later stages, the heightened attentional resource allocation as well as the motivated significance of the affective stimuli was found to elicit enhanced amplitudes of slow wave processes thought to be related to enhanced encoding, namely LPP,. Although pleasant low arousing pictures were effective in engaging the resources involved in the slow wave processes, the highly arousing affective stimuli (pleasant and unpleasant) were found to produce the largest enhancement of the LPP, suggesting that high arousing stimuli may are associated with increased motivational significance. Additionally the response to high arousing stimuli may be suggestive of increased motivational attention, given the heightened attentional allocation, as expressed in the P3 probe, especially for the pleasant pictures. The hedonic valence may then serve as a mediator of the attentional inhibition to the affective priming, potentiating or inhibiting a shift towards defensive activation, as measured by the startle reflex.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Leite, J.
Secondary author(s):
Carvalho, S., Galdo-Álvarez, S., Alves, J., Sampaio, A., Gonçalves, O.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
5|2022-03-19
Reference:
Leite, J., Carvalho, S., Galdo-Álvarez, S., Alves, J., Sampaio, A., & Gonçalves, O. (2012). Affective picture modulation: Valence, arousal, attention allocation and motivational significance. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 83(3), 375-381. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2011.12.005
2-year Impact Factor: 2.036|2012
Times cited: 51|2022-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Emotion / Event-related potential (ERP) / International affective picture system / Startle / Early posterior negativity / Late positive potential

DocumentResponding empathically: A question of heart, not a question of skin2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
089 - The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine, autonomic and central nervous system variables
Duration: 2009-01 - 2012-03
Researcher(s):
Óscar Filipe Coelho Neves Gonçalves, Patrícia Silva, Ana Pinheiro
Institution(s): Cipsi – Centro de Investigação em Psicologia, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng, por
Author:
Gonçalves, O.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, P., Pinheiro, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Empathy / Assessment tools / Psychoneuroimmunology / Endocrinology / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
Responding empathically: A question of heart, not a question of skin
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21717221
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Empathy entails the capacities to resonate with another person's emotions, understand his/her thoughts and feelings, separate our own thoughts and emotions from those of the observed and responding with the appropriate prosocial and helpful behavior. While there is abundant research on the neurobiological mechanisms of some components of empathy (e.g., emotional contagion), few studies have considered the neurobiological mechanisms underlying the empathic response. The present study explores psychophysiological correlates (skin conductance level and the interbeat interval) as a function of the empathic response while participants watch and respond to actors portraying emotionally laden vignettes. Forty undergraduate psychology students were each presented with 40 emotional vignettes of positive or negative valence and asked to choose among three different empathic responses while their electrodermal and cardiac responses were measured. Overall, the study shows that higher levels of additive empathy are associated with increased cardiac activity (i.e., decreased Interbeat Interval) but not electrodermal activity.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Oliveira-Silva, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gonçalves, O.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Oliveira-Silva, P., & Gonçalves, O. (2011). Responding empathically: A question of heart, not a question of skin. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 36(3), 201-207. doi: 10.1007/s10484-011-9161-2
2-year Impact Factor: 1.131|2011
Times cited: 26|2022-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Empathy / Electrodermal activity (EDA) / Interbeat interval

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DocumentThe Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine; autonomic and central nervous system variables2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
089 - The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine, autonomic and central nervous system variables
Duration: 2009-01 - 2012-03
Researcher(s):
Óscar Filipe Coelho Neves Gonçalves, Patrícia Silva, Ana Pinheiro
Institution(s): Cipsi – Centro de Investigação em Psicologia, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng, por
Author:
Gonçalves, O.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, P., Pinheiro, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Empathy / Assessment tools / Psychoneuroimmunology / Endocrinology / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine; autonomic and central nervous system variables
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Empathy comprises the ability to understand another person’s thoughts and feelings, separate our
own thoughts and emotions from those of the observed, respond with the appropriate prosocial
and helpful behavior, and resonate with his/her emotions. Some components of the empathic
processes, such as emotional contagion and theory of mind, have been abundantly explored in
several studies, however few studies have considered the neurobiological mechanisms underlying
the empathic response.
Objectives: The present study explores psychophysiological correlates (skin conductance level and
the interbeat interval) as a function of the empathic response while participants watch and
respond to actors portraying emotionally laden vignettes.
Methods: Forty undergraduate psychology students were each presented with 40 emotional
vignettes of positive or negative valence and asked to choose among three different empathic
responses while their electrodermal and cardiac responses were measured.
Results: The study shows that higher levels of empathy are associated with increased cardiac
activity (i.e., decreased Interbeat Interval) but not with electrodermal activity.
Discussion: This finding suggests that the cardiovascular activity appears to be sensitive to the
level of empathic response to emotionally laden vignettes, and in turn, this may represent an
important autonomic biomarker of additive empathic response. Multiple biological subsystems are
known to regulate the cardiovascular activity, making it highly sensitive to many psychological
processes, such as attention, memory, brain reward, etc.
Conclusion: This specific sensitivity makes the cardiac response a good candidate for a biomarker
of more complex and multidimensional processes such as the empathic response. More
consideration will be also given to possible role of cardiac reactivity as a biomarker of the
empathic response.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Gonçalves, O.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, P., Pinheiro, A.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Gonçalves, O., Silva, P., & Pinheiro, A. (2012). The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine; autonomic and central nervous system variables. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 36/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Empathy / Electrodermal activity (EDA) / Interbeat interval

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentEmpathy by default: Correlates in the brain at rest2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
089 - The Neuropsychophysiological Basis of Empathy: The role of neuroendocrine, autonomic and central nervous system variables
Duration: 2009-01 - 2012-03
Researcher(s):
Óscar Filipe Coelho Neves Gonçalves, Patrícia Silva, Ana Pinheiro
Institution(s): Cipsi – Centro de Investigação em Psicologia, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng, por
Author:
Gonçalves, O.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, P., Pinheiro, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Empathy / Assessment tools / Psychoneuroimmunology / Endocrinology / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-089.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Title:
Empathy by default: Correlates in the brain at rest
Publication year: 2018
URL:
http://www.psicothema.com/pdf/4456.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Empathy, defined as the ability to access and respond to the inner world of another person, is a multidimensional construct involving cognitive, emotional and self-regulatory mechanisms. Neuroimaging studies report that empathy recruits brain regions which are part of the social cognition network. Among the different resting state networks, the Default Mode Network (DMN) may be of particular interest for the study of empathy since it has been implicated in social cognition tasks.
METHOD:
The current study compared the cognitive and emotional empathy scores, as measured by the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, with the patterns of activation within the DMN, through the neuroimaging methodology of resting-state functional magnetic resonance.
RESULTS:
Results suggest a significant positive correlation between cognitive empathy and activation of the bilateral superior medial frontal cortex nodes of the DMN. Contrastingly, a negative correlation was found between emotional empathy and the same brain region.
CONCLUSIONS:
Overall, this data highlights a critical role of the medial cortical regions of the DMN, specifically its anterior node, for both cognitive and emotional domains of the empathic process.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2012-087.10
Author: Oliveira-Silva, P.
Secondary author(s):
Maia, L., Coutinho, J., Frank, B., Soares, J. M., Sampaio, A., Gonçalves, O.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
7|2022-03-19
Reference:
Oliveira-Silva, P., Maia, L., Coutinho, J., Frank, B., Soares, J. M., Sampaio, A. & Gonçalves, Ó. F. (2018). Empathy by default: Correlates in the brain at rest. Psicothema, 30(1), 97-103. doi: 10.7334/psicothema2016.366
2-year Impact Factor: 1.551|2018
Times cited: 7|2022-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Emotional empathy / Cognitive empathy / Default mode network

Empathy by default: Correlates in the brain at rest

Empathy by default: Correlates in the brain at rest