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File122 - Mindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings2009-102012-11

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-122
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
122 - Mindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings
Duration: 2009-10 - 2012-11
Researcher(s):
Henk Barendregt, Stephen Whitmarsh, Eva Lobach, Dick J. Bierman, Fabio Giommi
Institution(s): Mind Brain Mindfulness research group (MBM) of the Institute of Computing and Information Sciences (ICIS), Nijmegen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Barendregt, H.
Secondary author(s):
Whitmarsh, S., Lobach, E., Bierman, D., Giommi, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Cognitive processes / Learning / Decision-making

DocumentFinal report - Mindfulness reduces habitual responding based on implicit knowledge: Evidence from artificial grammar learning2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-122
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
122 - Mindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings
Duration: 2009-10 - 2012-11
Researcher(s):
Henk Barendregt, Stephen Whitmarsh, Eva Lobach, Dick J. Bierman, Fabio Giommi
Institution(s): Mind Brain Mindfulness research group (MBM) of the Institute of Computing and Information Sciences (ICIS), Nijmegen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Barendregt, H.
Secondary author(s):
Whitmarsh, S., Lobach, E., Bierman, D., Giommi, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Cognitive processes / Learning / Decision-making

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-122.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
Final report - Mindfulness reduces habitual responding based on implicit knowledge: Evidence from artificial grammar learning
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa12208_21022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Participants were unknowingly exposed to complex regularities in a working memory task. The existence of implicit knowledge was subsequently inferred from a preference for stimuli with similar grammatical regularities. Several affective traits have been shown to influence AGL performance positively, many of which are related to a tendency for automatic responding. We therefore tested whether the mindfulness trait predicted a reduction of grammatically congruent preferences, and used emotional primes to explore the influence of affect. Mindfulness was shown to correlate negatively with grammatically congruent responses. Negative primes were shown to result in faster and more negative evaluations. We conclude that grammatically congruent preference ratings rely on habitual responses, and that our findings provide empirical evidence for the non-reactive disposition of the mindfulness trait.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
The final report is presented as article
Author: Whitmarsh, S.
Secondary author(s):
Udden, J., Barendregt, H., Petersson, K.
Document type:
Article. Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Whitmarsh, S., Udden, J., Barendregt, H., & Petersson, K. (2013). Mindfulness reduces habitual responding based on implicit knowledge: Evidence from artificial grammar learning. Consciousness and Cognition, 22(3), 833-845. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2013.05.007
2-year Impact Factor: 2.235|2013
Times cited: 19|2021-05-18
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Artificial grammar / Implicit learning / Mindfulness / Meditation

Final report - Mindfulness reduces habitual responding based on implicit knowledge: Evidence from artificial grammar learning

Final report - Mindfulness reduces habitual responding based on implicit knowledge: Evidence from artificial grammar learning

DocumentMindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-122
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
122 - Mindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings
Duration: 2009-10 - 2012-11
Researcher(s):
Henk Barendregt, Stephen Whitmarsh, Eva Lobach, Dick J. Bierman, Fabio Giommi
Institution(s): Mind Brain Mindfulness research group (MBM) of the Institute of Computing and Information Sciences (ICIS), Nijmegen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Barendregt, H.
Secondary author(s):
Whitmarsh, S., Lobach, E., Bierman, D., Giommi, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Cognitive processes / Learning / Decision-making

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-122.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
Mindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objective: To contribute to the understanding of intuitive decision-making through investigating
the effectiveness and psycho-physiologically basis of the “gut-feeling”.
Method: For five consecutive days participants conducted a working memory (WM) experiment
where apparently random consonant-sequences had to be retained and reproduced.
Unbeknownst to the subjects these were generated by a complex artificial grammar. To study the
gradual acquisition of a preference for this grammar, subjects conducted a preference task at day
one, two and five. While evaluations were being made Galvanic Skin Response, heart rate and
pupil dilation were measured. Finally, subjects where debriefed about the grammaticality of the
WM sequences and explicitly asked to judge a series of sequences on their grammaticality, under
similar psycho-physiological measurements. To investigate the causal role of affective processes in
intuitive decision-making, every presentation in the preference (and final evaluation-) task was
preceded by very short (~30ms) and thereby unconsciously perceived, emotional images. Since we
hypothesized that intuitive decision-making partly relies upon accurate reading of one's affective
('gut-feeling') state, and that such skills vary within the population, we also measured mindfulness
skills through questionnaires.
Results: Subjects where shown to implicitly extract complex grammatical regularities while being
unable to verbally report these. According to the Somatic Marker Theory (SMT) we expected the
sympathetic system to provide emotionally coded information about the learned implicit
associations. Results suggest that the somatic responses indeed paralleled the acquisition of
implicit knowledge, as shown previously with the Ohio Gambling Task (OGT). Further
measurements and analysis of priming effects and individual differences are in progress.
Discussion and conclusion: The simplicity of the OGT has been one of the main concerns of the
paradigm and the SMT (Maia & McClelland (2004), Trends Cogn Sci). Another concern has been the
fact that a reversal of the reward/punishment scheme has been shown to reverse the anticipatory GSR
(Tomb et al. 2002, Nat Neurosci). Our replication in a complex task without any reward/punishment schemes
contributes to the understanding of the psycho-physiologically basis of the intuitive decision-making in terms
of the SMT.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Barendregt, H.
Secondary author(s):
Whitmarsh, S., Lobach, E., Bierman, D., Giommi, F.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Barendregt, H., Whitmarsh, S., Lobach, E., Bierman, D., & Giommi, F. (2012). Mindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 39/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Intuition / Mindfulness / Learning / Priming

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