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File159 - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices2009-012011-01

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
159 - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-01
Researcher(s):
José M. Pérez Navarro
Institution(s): University of Greenwich, Eltham, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Assessment tools / Ganzfeld studies

DocumentFinal report - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
159 - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-01
Researcher(s):
José M. Pérez Navarro
Institution(s): University of Greenwich, Eltham, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Assessment tools / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
Final report - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa15908_21022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
One hundred individuals took part in a free-response ESP experiment. Half of them were tested using a standard Ganzfeld condition while the other half were through a modified experimental condition that integrated a series of psi-conducive practices recommended by researchers in the area in a previous phase of research. Participants in the modified experimental condition (15 direct hits, 30%, z=0.82, p=0.21) were more successful than in the Ganzfeld (11 direct hits, 22%, z=-0.49, p=0.31). However, this difference did not reach significance (z=0.92, p=0.18). The mean z-score for the sample was not significant either (z=0.19, p=0.42).
Among the measures that could be quantified in the modified condition only the degree of success of the target stimulus in previous studies correlated positively with the session outcome at an alpha level below 0.01 (0.39, p=0.004). Two other variables: feedback to the sender participant and post-session review showed correlation indices in the expected direction with p-values below 0.05 (0.36, p=0.01 and 0.32, p=0.02, respectively). Variables male-female pairing and personalised setting showed small, non-significant coefficients (0.11, p=0.44 and 0.10, p=0.47, respectively).
In a multiple regression analysis only the variable post-session review contributed to the prediction of performance by participants in this condition with a significant coefficient of 0.15 (p=0.006). Feedback to the sender participant showed a marginally significant coefficient of 0.06 (p=0.05). The set of predictors accounted for 26.4% of the criterion.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Extrasensory perception (ESP) experiments / Ganzfeld / Psi-conductive practices

Final report - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices

Final report - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices

DocumentAn Empirical Evaluation of a Set of Recommendations for Extrasensory Perception Experimental Research2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
159 - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-01
Researcher(s):
José M. Pérez Navarro
Institution(s): University of Greenwich, Eltham, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Assessment tools / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
An Empirical Evaluation of a Set of Recommendations for Extrasensory Perception Experimental Research
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://ejop.psychopen.eu/article/view/297
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
One of the main criticisms of extrasensory perception (ESP) research is the lack of replication of positive results across laboratories. In this paper we report a study (N=100) where we tested a set of practices recommended by researchers in the area in order to develop a robust 'recipe' for ESP experimental research. In an experimental condition that included these practices we observed a 30% rate of correct guesses (z=0.82, p=0.21, one-tailed) compared to a 22% rate observed in a control condition (z=-0.49, p=0.31, one-tailed). It is discussed how results obtained so far, with free-response protocols, are not strong enough to fully satisfy mainstream science.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Martinez-Guerra, X.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Pérez Navarro, J. M., & Martinez-Guerra, X. (2012). An Empirical Evaluation of a Set of Recommendations for Extrasensory Perception Experimental Research. Europe's Journal of Psychology, 8(1), 32-48. doi: 10.5964/ejop.v8i1.297
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Ganzfeld / Sensory attenuation / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Parapsychology

DocumentDeveloping a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
159 - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-01
Researcher(s):
José M. Pérez Navarro
Institution(s): University of Greenwich, Eltham, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Assessment tools / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Aims: The aim of this study was to integrate a series of recommendations, gathered via survey
from the research community in a previous piece of work (Pérez-Navarro, 2005), in a freeresponse
protocol and compare its efficacy with the standard Ganzfeld procedure.
Method: We used two experimental conditions: a standard Ganzfeld condition (N=50), and an
experimental condition integrating the researchers' recommended practices (N=50). These
included, among others, using successful target sets from previous studies, holding a preexperiment
informal chat, providing feedback to the sender, reviewing the individual’s comments
after the session, etc.
Results: Participants were more successful in the experimental condition that integrated the
researchers' recommendations (15 hits, 30%, z=0.82, p=0.21 vs. 11 hits, 22%, z=-0.49, p=0.31). This
difference did not reach statistical significance (z=0.92, p=0.18). Degree of success of the target
stimulus in previous studies was a strong predictor of the session outcome (rxy=0.39, p=0.004). In
a multiple lineal regression analysis post-session review contributed to the prediction of
performance with a significant coefficient of 0.15 (p=0.006).
Conclusions: Although the results obtained with the integration of the researcher's
recommendations in the experimental protocol was in the hypothesised direction, it did not reach
statistical significance at alpha=0.01. Therefore, we must be either far from understanding the
underlying mechanisms of ESP that would help us to unfold a fully visible version of the
phenomenon in the laboratory or, we must be, simply, dealing with a very weak effect.
Discussion: The Ganzfeld has been the result of long efforts towards the development of an
experimental protocol to replicate ESP. However, even if we assume that Ganzfeld meta-analyses
have proven ESP, there is still a problem of visibility, nowadays the main obstacle in this area in
terms of financial support, interdisciplinary co-operation, and effective dissemination and
acceptance of findings.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Pérez Navarro, J. M. (2012). Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 49/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Ganzfeld / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Parapsychology / Perception

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentPersonality, cognition, and morbidity in the understanding of paranormal belief2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
159 - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-01
Researcher(s):
José M. Pérez Navarro
Institution(s): University of Greenwich, Eltham, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Assessment tools / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
Personality, cognition, and morbidity in the understanding of paranormal belief
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/pchj.295
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
A large number of theories about the development and maintenance of paranormal beliefs have been raised in the literature. There is, however, a lack of studies designed to integrate the different perspectives. We reviewed the literature and explored a series of factors in a sample of 180 individuals. Seven variables showed significant correlation indices at a = .01. A regression analysis revealed subjective paranormal experience as the variable that contributed the most to the explanation of paranormal belief, z = .43, 95% confidence interval (CI) [.24, .56]. Need for achievement (z = .31, 95% CI [.11, to .46]), conditional reasoning (z = .10, 95% CI [.09, .28]), and schizotypy (z = .29, 95% CI [.09, .45]) also contributed significantly in the equation. The associations found between the subscales of the Needs Questionnaire and belief in the paranormal support the hipothesis that paranormal belief may serve basic psychological needs. Similarly, the association found in the case of schizotypy suggests that paranormal belief might be held within the context of psychopathology. There was no evidence, however, supporting the hypothesis of a reasoning deficit in believers. It was concluded that, once paranormal beliefs develop, there is an interaction between belief and experience that strongly contributes towards its maintenance.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Guerra, X. M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
7|2022-03-19
Reference:
Pérez Navarro, J. M., & Guerra, X. M. (2019). Personality, cognition, and morbidity in the understanding of paranormal belief. PsyCh Journal. doi: 10.1002/pchj.295
2-year Impact Factor: 0.785|2019
Times cited: 1|2022-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Cognitive bias / Paranormal belief / Personality / Schizotypy