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BIAL Foundation
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File040 - Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval2011-052012-10

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-040
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
040 - Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval
Duration: 2011-05 - 2012-10
Researcher(s):
Edward Wilding, Damian Cruse
Institution(s): Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC), School of Psychology, Cardiff (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Wilding, E.
Secondary author(s):
Cruse, D.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Memory

DocumentFinal report - Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-040
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
040 - Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval
Duration: 2011-05 - 2012-10
Researcher(s):
Edward Wilding, Damian Cruse
Institution(s): Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC), School of Psychology, Cardiff (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Wilding, E.
Secondary author(s):
Cruse, D.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-040.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
Final report - Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa4010_28012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
The objective of this experiment was to investigate changes in neural activity over the course of a memory retrieval task. The assumption was that the demands placed on monitoring the contents of retrieval would increase as the numbers of stimuli to which memory judgments were required also increased. We tested this by measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) during the test phase of a retrieval task, because ERPs index processes related to retrieval monitoring.
Participants (N = 16) first studied words in one of two colours. Studied and unstudied (new) words were then presented in a neutral colour. ERPs were acquired while people made old/new and then study colour judgments to the test words. The differences between ERPs associated with correct judgments to new words (correct rejections) and correct colour judgments to old words were compared for the first and the second halves of the retrieval task. The rationale for this first/second half separation was that the demands on monitoring would increase during the task and would be revealed by differences between ERP indices of retrieval monitoring over the course of the task.
The critical ERP indices differed qualitatively from approximately 1000ms post-stimulus, indicating that not entirely the same retrieval processes were operating in support of accurate memory judgments over the retrieval task. In combination with the absence of evidence for this change in another experiment where auditory rather than visual contexts were used at study, these findings suggest the outcome is not simply an effect of time on task. It is possible that the effects specific to the second half of the retrieval task index additional processes engaged as the demands placed on distinguishing between similar memory representations increase. Irrespective of the accuracy of this account, however, the findings indicate there are circumstances where making functional inferences about patterns of neural activity in brain imaging experiments based on data averaged over the entirety of retrieval tasks might lead to inaccurate functional characterisations.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilding, E.
Secondary author(s):
Sykes, L.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Retrieval monitoring / Episodic memory / Event-related potential (ERP)

Final report - Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval

Final report - Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval

DocumentQualitatively distinct memory processes during the course of an episodic retrieval task2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-040
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
040 - Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval
Duration: 2011-05 - 2012-10
Researcher(s):
Edward Wilding, Damian Cruse
Institution(s): Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC), School of Psychology, Cardiff (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Wilding, E.
Secondary author(s):
Cruse, D.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-040.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
Qualitatively distinct memory processes during the course of an episodic retrieval task
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.cogneurosociety.org/wordpress/wp-content/themes/CNStheme/downloads/CNS2012_Program.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We investigated changes in neural activity over the course of a memory retrieval task, assuming that the demands placed on monitoring the contents of retrieval would increase as the numbers of stimuli to which memory judgments were required also increased. Participants first studied words in one of two colours. Studied and new words were then presented in a neutral colour. Event-related potentials (ERPs) were acquired while people made old/new and then study colour judgments to the test words. The differences between ERPs associated with correct judgments to new words (correct rejections) and correct colour judgments to old words were compared for the first and the second halves of the retrieval task. These ERP old/new effects differed qualitatively from approximately 1000ms post-stimulus, indicating that not entirely the same retrieval processes were operating in support of accurate memory judgments over the retrieval task. The absence of evidence for this change in another experiment where auditory rather than visual contexts were used at study suggests the outcome is not simply an effect of time on task. It is possible that the effects specific to the second half of the retrieval task index additional processes engaged as the demands placed on distinguishing between similar memory representations increase. Irrespective of the accuracy of this account, the findings indicate there are circumstances where making functional inferences about patterns of neural activity in brain imaging experiments based on data averaged over the entirety of retrieval tasks might lead to inaccurate functional characterisations.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sykes, L.
Secondary author(s):
Evans, L., Cruse, D., Wilding, E.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Sykes, L., Evans, L., Cruse, D., & Wilding, E. (2012). Qualitatively distinct memory processes during the course of an episodic retrieval task. In Cognitive Neuroscience Society - 2012 Annual Meeting Program (p. 175). Chicago, IL, USA.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Retrieval monitoring / Episodic memory / Event-related potential (ERP)

Qualitatively distinct memory processes during the course of an episodic retrieval task

Qualitatively distinct memory processes during the course of an episodic retrieval task

DocumentPsychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-040
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
040 - Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval
Duration: 2011-05 - 2012-10
Researcher(s):
Edward Wilding, Damian Cruse
Institution(s): Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC), School of Psychology, Cardiff (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Wilding, E.
Secondary author(s):
Cruse, D.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-040.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
This experiment was designed to investigate changes in neural activity during a retrieval task, assuming that the demands placed on monitoring the contents of retrieval increase as the numbers of stimuli to which memory judgments are required also increase.
METHODS:
We measured event-related potentials (ERPs) because they index processes related to retrieval monitoring. Participants first studied words in one of two colours. Studied and unstudied (new) words were then presented in a neutral colour. ERPs were acquired while people made old/new and then study colour judgments to the words.
RESULTS:
ERPs associated with correct judgments to new words (correct rejections) and correct colour judgments to old words were compared for the first and the second halves of the retrieval task. The differences between these two classes of ERPs were not the same over the task from 1000ms post-stimulus. Response accuracy did not vary, and reaction times were slower in the second half.
CONCLUSIONS:
These ERP differences occurred in a time period where ERPs have been shown to index retrieval monitoring operations. The findings indicate, therefore, that not entirely the same retrieval processes were engaged over the complete retrieval task. Alongside the absence of evidence for this change in an experiment where auditory rather than visual contexts were used at study, these findings suggest the outcome is not simply an effect of time on task. It is possible that the changes across halves index additional processes engaged as the demands placed on distinguishing between similar memory representations increase. Irrespective of the accuracy of this account, however, these findings indicate there are circumstances where making functional
inferences about patterns of neural activity in brain imaging experiments based on data averaged over the entirety of retrieval tasks can lead to inaccurate functional characterisations.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilding, E.
Secondary author(s):
Cruse, D.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Wilding, E., & Cruse, D. (2012). Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 57/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Retrieval monitoring / Episodic memory / Event-related potential (ERP)

Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval

Psychophysiological investigations of interference resolution during memory retrieval