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File045 - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol2011-042012-12

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
045 - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol
Duration: 2011-04 - 2012-12
Researcher(s):
Adam Rock
Institution(s): Phoenix Institute of Victoria, Prahran (Australia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Assessment tools / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Ganzfeld studies

DocumentFinal report - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
045 - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol
Duration: 2011-04 - 2012-12
Researcher(s):
Adam Rock
Institution(s): Phoenix Institute of Victoria, Prahran (Australia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Assessment tools / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
Final report - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol
Publication year: 2012
Abstract/Results:
RESULTS:
It is pertinent to explore stimulus conditions that might produce psi effects at least as strong as those elicited in the ganzfeld condition, particularly if those stimulus conditions are less complex than the ganzfeld. Consequently, Storm and Rock developed an imagery cultivation (IC) model, which considers shamanic-like techniques to be psi-conducive, and provided some supportive evidence for their claim. The objective of the present study was to determine which component(s) of the shamanic-like journeying stimulus used by Storm and Rock is/are psi-conducive. Since psi-modifying variables should also be investigated in psi research, paranormal belief/experience (measured on Thalbourne’s Australian Sheep-Goat Scale), Transliminality (the tendency for psychological material to cross into or out of consciousness), and Self-Expansiveness (measured on Friedman’s Self- Expansiveness Level Form) were tested in the present study as possible predictors of psi. Nonshamans (N = 200) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: (a) instructions + drumming; (b) instructions only; (c) drumming only; and (d) control condition (i.e., no instructions, no drumming). After these conditions, participants gave mentations, and ranked a randomly selected concealed line-drawing as target. Hit rates were above chance (not significantly) in all three treatment conditions, and below chance in the control condition. Paranormal belief, transliminality, and self- expansiveness did not predict hit rates.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Imagery cultivation / Psi / Shamanism

Final report - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol

Final report - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol

DocumentShamanism, imagery cultivation, and psi-signal detection: A theoretical model, experimental protocol, and preliminary data2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
045 - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol
Duration: 2011-04 - 2012-12
Researcher(s):
Adam Rock
Institution(s): Phoenix Institute of Victoria, Prahran (Australia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Assessment tools / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
Shamanism, imagery cultivation, and psi-signal detection: A theoretical model, experimental protocol, and preliminary data
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.transpersonalstudies.org/ImagesRepository/ijts/Downloads/Rock%20&%20Storm.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Historically, transpersonal experience has been linked to paranormal or anomalous experience (i.e., psi, such as telepathy, psychokinesis, clairvoyance). In parapsychology, the Ganzfeld (i.e., a homogeneous visual and auditory field) is arguably the most widely used ostensibly psiconducive technique. However, one area of shared interest in parapsychology and transpersonal psychology is shamanic experience (see Daniels, 2005). Based on anthropological and parapsychological claims concerning alleged psi effects during shamanic practices, we (Storm & Rock, 2009a) proposed an imagery cultivation (IC) model, which encourages ostensibly psi-conducive cognitive activity during a shamanic-like journeying procedure rather than the mental quietude promoted by the Ganzfeld noise-reduction model. In this paper we outline our IC model and describe an experimental protocol designed to test that model. Our recent empirical tests of the model (Rock, Storm, Harris, & Friedman, 2012; Storm & Rock, 2009b) are also reviewed. Finally, various directions for future research are proposed.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Storm, L.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Rock, A. J., & Storm, L. (2012). Shamanism, imagery cultivation, and psi-signal detection: A theoretical model, experimental protocol, and preliminary data. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 31(2), 91-102.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Ganzfeld / Imagery cultivation / Parapsychology / Psi / Shamanic-like journeying / Shamanism

Shamanism, imagery cultivation, and psi-signal detection: A theoretical model, experimental protocol, and preliminary data

Shamanism, imagery cultivation, and psi-signal detection: A theoretical model, experimental protocol, and preliminary data

DocumentShamanic-like journeying and psi-signal detection: I. In search of the psi-conducive components of a novel experimental protocol2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
045 - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol
Duration: 2011-04 - 2012-12
Researcher(s):
Adam Rock
Institution(s): Phoenix Institute of Victoria, Prahran (Australia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Assessment tools / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
Shamanic-like journeying and psi-signal detection: I. In search of the psi-conducive components of a novel experimental protocol
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.questia.com/library/1G1-320731645/shamanic-like-journeying-and-psi-signal-detection
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
It is pertinent to explore stimulus conditions that might produce psi effects at least as strong as those elicited in the ganzfeld condition, particularly if those stimulus conditions are less complex than the ganzfeld. Consequently, Storm and Rock developed an imagery cultivation (IC) model, which considers shamanic-like techniques to be psi-conducive, and provided some supportive evidence for their claim. The objective of the present study was to determine which component(s) of the shamanic-like journeying stimulus used by Storm and Rock is (are) psi-conducive. Since psi-modifying variables should also be investigated in psi research, paranormal belief/experience (measured on Thalbourne's Australian Sheep-Goat Scale), Transliminality (the tendency for psychological material to cross into or out of consciousness), and Self-Expansiveness (measured on Friedman's Self- Expansiveness Level Form) were tested in the present study as possible predictors of psi. Nonshainans (N= 200) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: (a) instructions + drumming; (b) instructions only; (c) drumming only; and (d) control condition (i.e., no instructions, no drumming). Mter these conditions, participants gave mentations, and ranked a randomly selected concealed line-drawing as target. Hit rates were above chance (not significantly) in all three treatment conditions, and below chance in the control condition. Paranormal belief, transliminality, and self-expansiveness did not predict hit rates.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Storm, L., Harris, K., Friedman, H.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Rock, A. J., Storm, L., Harris, K., & Friedman, H. (2013). Shamanic-like journeying and psi-signal detection: I. In search of the psi-conducive components of a novel experimental protocol. Journal of Parapsychology, 76(2), 321-347.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Imagery cultivation / Shamanic-like journeying / Psi-conductive / Paranormal belief / Transliminality / Self-expansiveness

DocumentShamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
045 - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol
Duration: 2011-04 - 2012-12
Researcher(s):
Adam Rock
Institution(s): Phoenix Institute of Victoria, Prahran (Australia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Assessment tools / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Storm and Rock (2009a) developed an imagery cultivation (IC) model which regards shamanic techniques and, similarly, shamanic-like techniques, as being psi-conducive. In a recent experimental study, Storm and Rock (2009b) obtained preliminary empirical support for the IC
model.
OBJECTIVES:
The aim of the present study was to determine which component/s of the shamaniclike journeying stimulus used by Storm and Rock (2009b) is/are psi-conducive. Since psi-modifying variables should also be investigated in psi research, paranormal belief/experience (as measured on Thalbourne’s, 1995, Australian Sheep-Goat Scale), Transliminality (the tendency for psychological material to cross into or out of consciousness; see Thalbourne & Houran, 2000), and Self-Expansiveness (as measured on Friedman’s, 1983, Self-Expansiveness Level Form) were tested in the present study as possible predictors of psi.
DESIGN AND PROCEDURE:
Two hundred non-shamans were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: (1) instructions with drumming; (2) instructions without drumming; (3) no instructions with drumming; and (4) no instructions and no drumming (control condition). After the stimulus condition, participants were required to describe verbally, and then rank a randomly-selected concealed line-drawing, which they held throughout the condition.
RESULTS:
Hit rates were above chance in the instruction + drumming condition and instruction condition only (not significantly). Self-expansiveness predicted hit-rates.
CONCLUSIONS:
This study provides tentative support for the IC model, which suggests that drumming without imagery cultivation instructions will be associated with hit rates at chance.
DISCUSSION:
This study highlights the importance of the self-expansiveness construct in the context of shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Rock, A. J. (2012). Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 58/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Imagery cultivation / Psi / Shamanism

Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol

Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol