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File055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity2011-032014-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

DocumentDisturbed dreaming and sleep quality: Altered sleep architecture in subjects with frequent nightmares2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Disturbed dreaming and sleep quality: Altered sleep architecture in subjects with frequent nightmares
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00406-012-0318-7
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Nightmares are intense, emotionally negative mental experiences that usually occur during late-night sleep and result in abrupt awakenings. Questionnaire-based studies have shown that nightmares are related to impaired sleep quality; however, the polysomnographic profile of nightmare subjects has been only scarcely investigated. We investigated the sleep architecture of 17 individuals with frequent nightmares and 23 control subjects based on polysomnographic recordings of a second night spent in the laboratory after an adaptation night. Nightmare subjects in comparison with control subjects were characterized by impaired sleep architecture, as reflected by reduced sleep efficiency, increased wakefulness, a reduced amount of slow wave sleep, and increased nocturnal awakenings, especially from Stage 2 sleep. While these differences were independent of the effects of waking psychopathology, nightmare subjects also exhibited longer durations of REM sleep that was mediated by heightened negative affect. Our results support that nightmares are related to altered sleep architecture, showing impaired sleep continuity and emotion-related increase in REM propensity.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Simor, P.
Secondary author(s):
Horváth, K., Gombos, F., Takács, K., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Simor, P., Horváth, K., Gombos, F., Takács, K., & Bódizs, R. (2012). Disturbed dreaming and sleep quality: Altered sleep architecture in subjects with frequent nightmares. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 262(8), 687-696. doi: 10.1007/s00406-012-0318-7
2-year Impact Factor: 3.200|2012
Times cited: 34|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Nightmares / Sleep / Dreaming / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Polysomnography / Sleep quality

Disturbed dreaming and sleep quality: Altered sleep architecture in subjects with frequent nightmares

Disturbed dreaming and sleep quality: Altered sleep architecture in subjects with frequent nightmares

DocumentDisturbed dreaming and the instability of sleep: Altered nonrapid eye movement sleep microstructure in individuals with frequent nightmares as revealed by the cyclic alternating pattern2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Disturbed dreaming and the instability of sleep: Altered nonrapid eye movement sleep microstructure in individuals with frequent nightmares as revealed by the cyclic alternating pattern
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23449753
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
STUDY OBJECTIVES:
Nightmares are disturbing mental experiences during sleep that usually result in abrupt awakenings. Frequent nightmares are associated with poor subjective sleep quality, and recent polysomnographic data suggest that nightmare sufferers exhibit impaired sleep continuity during nonrapid eye movement (NREM) sleep. Because disrupted sleep might be related to abnormal arousal processes, the goal of this study was to examine polysomnographic arousal-related activities in a group of nightmare sufferers and a healthy control group.
DESIGN:
Sleep microstructure analysis was carried out by scoring the cyclic alternating pattern (CAP) in NREM sleep and the arousal index in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep on the second night of the polysomnographic examination.
SETTING:
Hospital-based sleep research laboratory.
PARTICIPANTS:
There were 17 in the nightmare (NMs) group and 23 in the healthy control (CTLs) group.
INTERVENTIONS:
N/A.
MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:
The NMs group exhibited reduced amounts of CAP A1 subtype and increased CAP A2 and A3 subtypes, as well as longer duration of CAP A phases in comparison with CTLs. Moreover, these differences remained significant after controlling for the confounding factors of anxious and depressive symptoms. The absolute number and frequency of REM arousals did not differ significantly between the two groups.
CONCLUSIONS:
The results of our study indicate that NREM sleep microstructure is altered during nonsymptomatic nights of nightmares. Disrupted sleep in the NMs group seems to be related to abnormal arousal processes, specifically an imbalance in sleep-promoting and arousing mechanisms during sleep.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Simor, P.
Secondary author(s):
Bódizs, R., Horváth, K., Ferri, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Simor, P., Bódizs, R., Horváth, K., & Ferri, R. (2013). Disturbed dreaming and the instability of sleep: Altered nonrapid eye movement sleep microstructure in individuals with frequent nightmares as revealed by the cyclic alternating pattern. Sleep, 36(3), 413-419. doi: 10.5665/sleep.2462
2-year Impact Factor: 5.062|2013
Times cited: 20|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Arousal / Cyclic alternating pattern (CAP) / Dreaming / Nightmares / Sleep microstructure

Disturbed dreaming and the instability of sleep: Altered nonrapid eye movement sleep microstructure in individuals with frequent nightmares as revealed by the cyclic alternating pattern

Disturbed dreaming and the instability of sleep: Altered nonrapid eye movement sleep microstructure in individuals with frequent nightmares as revealed by the cyclic alternating pattern

DocumentFluctuations between sleep and wakefulness: Wake-like features indicated by increased EEG alpha power during different sleep stages in nightmare disorder2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Fluctuations between sleep and wakefulness: Wake-like features indicated by increased EEG alpha power during different sleep stages in nightmare disorder
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301051113001609
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Although a growing body of research indicates that frequent nightmares are related to impaired sleep regulation, the pathophysiology of nightmare disorder is far from being fully understood. We examined the relative spectral power values for NREM and REM sleep separately in 19 individuals with nightmare disorder and 21 healthy controls, based on polysomnographic recordings of the second nights’ laboratory sleep. Nightmare subjects compared to controls exhibited increased relative high alpha (10–14.5 Hz) and fronto-central increases in high delta (3–4 Hz) power during REM sleep, and a trend of increased fronto-central low alpha (7.75–9 Hz) power in NREM sleep. These differences were independent of the confounding effects of waking emotional distress. High REM alpha and low NREM alpha powers were strongly related in nightmare but not in control subjects. The topographical distribution and spectral components of REM alpha activity suggest that nightmare disordered subjects are characterized by wake-like electroencephalographic features during REM sleep.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Simor, P.
Secondary author(s):
Horváth, K., Ujma, P., Gombos, F., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Simor, P., Horváth, K., Ujma, P., Gombos, F., & Bódizs, R. (2013). Fluctuations between sleep and wakefulness: Wake-like features indicated by increased EEG alpha power during different sleep stages in nightmare disorder. Biological Psychology, 94(3), 592-600. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.05.022
2-year Impact Factor: 3.473|2013
Times cited: 15|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Alpha oscillations / Nightmares / Power spectral analysis / REM parasomnia / Sleep

Fluctuations between sleep and wakefulness: Wake-like features indicated by increased EEG alpha power during different sleep stages in nightmare disorder

Fluctuations between sleep and wakefulness: Wake-like features indicated by increased EEG alpha power during different sleep stages in nightmare disorder

DocumentObjective and subjective components of the first-night effect in young nightmare sufferers and healthy participants2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Objective and subjective components of the first-night effect in young nightmare sufferers and healthy participants
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15402002.2013.829062#.UsGhgdGYYq4
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The first-night effect—marked differences between the first- and the second-night sleep spent in a laboratory—is a widely known phenomenon that accounts for the common practice of excluding the first-night sleep from any polysomnographic analysis. The extent to which the first-night effect is present in a participant, as well as its duration (1 or more nights), might have diagnostic value and should account for different protocols used for distinct patient groups. This study investigated the first-night effect on nightmare sufferers (NM; N = 12) and healthy controls (N = 15) using both objective (2-night-long polysomnography) and subjective (Groningen Sleep Quality Scale for the 2 nights spent in the laboratory and 1 regular night spent at home) methods. Differences were found in both the objective (sleep efficiency, wakefulness after sleep onset, sleep latency, Stage-1 duration, Stage-2 duration, slow-wave sleep duration, and REM duration) and subjective (self-rating) variables between the 2 nights and the 2 groups, with a more pronounced first-night effect in the case of the NM group. Furthermore, subjective sleep quality was strongly related to polysomnographic variables and did not differ among 1 regular night spent at home and the second night spent in the laboratory. The importance of these results is discussed from a diagnostic point of view.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Kis, A.
Secondary author(s):
Szakadát, S., Simor, P., Gombos, F., Horváth, K., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Kis, A., Szakadát, S., Simor, P., Gombos, F., Horváth, K., & Bódizs, R. (2013). Objective and subjective components of the first-night effect in young nightmare sufferers and healthy participants. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 12, 1-12. doi: 10.1080/15402002.2013.829062
2-year Impact Factor: 1.744|2013
Times cited: 11|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: First-night effect / Polysomnography / Nightmares / Sleep

Objective and subjective components of the first-night effect in young nightmare

Objective and subjective components of the first-night effect in young nightmare

DocumentImpaired executive functions in subjects with frequent nightmares as reflected by performance in different neuropsychological tasks2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Impaired executive functions in subjects with frequent nightmares as reflected by performance in different neuropsychological tasks
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278262612000139
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Nightmare disorder is a prevalent parasomnia characterized by vivid and highly unpleasant dream experiences during night time sleep. The neural background of disturbed dreaming was proposed to be associated with impaired prefrontal and fronto-limbic functioning during REM sleep. We hypothesized that the impaired prefrontal and fronto-limbic functioning in subjects with frequent nightmares would be reflected at the behavioral level during waking tasks as well. 35–35 Subjects with frequent nightmares and matched controls participated in Study 1, involving an Emotional Go/NoGo, an Emotional Stroop task, and a Verbal Fluency task. Nightmare subjects exhibited longer reaction times in the Emotional Go/NoGo and Emotional Stroop tasks. Moreover, they committed more perseveration errors and showed less fluent word generation in the Verbal Fluency task. Nightmare subjects showed an overall slowing irrespective of the valence of the stimuli. While the effects of sleep quality and waking anxiety were associated to these deficits in some cases, these factors could not solely explain the difference between the two groups. In Study 2, 17 subjects with frequent nightmares and 18 controls were compared by a Color-word and an Emotional, block design Stroop task in order to avoid the slow effects of emotional interference potentially caused by previous items. Nightmare subjects were characterized by an overall slowing in the Emotional Stroop task, irrespective of the valence of the stimuli. In the Color-word Stroop task, nightmare subjects were not significantly slower in comparison with controls. Our results suggest that individuals with frequent nightmares are impaired in executive tasks involving the suppression of task-irrelevant semantic representations.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Simor, P.
Secondary author(s):
Pajkossy, P., Horváth, K., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Simor, P., Pajkossy, P., Horváth, K., & Bódizs, R. (2012). Impaired executive functions in subjects with frequent nightmares as reflected by performance in different neuropsychological tasks. Brain and Cognition, 78(3), 274-283. doi: 10.1016/j.bandc.2012.01.006
2-year Impact Factor: 2.823|2012
Times cited: 18|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Nightmares / Dreaming / Emotional regulation / Executive function / Stroop task

Impaired executive functions in subjects with frequent nightmares as reflected by performance in different neuropsychological tasks

Impaired executive functions in subjects with frequent nightmares as reflected by performance in different neuropsychological tasks

DocumentREM sleep EEG theta activity is a negative correlate of attachment anxiety2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
REM sleep EEG theta activity is a negative correlate of attachment anxiety
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.frontiersin.org/alerts/pdf/behavioral_neuroscience/EBBS2011_abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCTION:
Several behavioural correlates of EEG theta activity were reported previously. Some of these correlates
were shown to be trait-like in nature belonging to the affective domain. Frontal theta activity measured during wakeful resting conditions was found to be a negative correlate of anxiety-related measures mainly. However, knowledge on the trait-like affective correlates of REM sleep theta activity is sparse. Based on the intimate relationship between REM sleep and attachment, as well as on the neurobiology of this sleep state we hypothesize that REM sleep frontal theta activity is negatively correlated with measures of attachment anxiety (AAn). As Heart Rate Variability (HRV) as an indicator of the sympatovagal balance was shown to be related to theta activity, we also hypothesized that REM sleep HRV is related to both theta activity and AAn.
METHODS:
35 subjects (20 men, Mage=31.6 years) slept two consecutive nights in the sleep laboratory. Polysomnography covered EEG, EOG, and ECG. Power spectra of whole second night NREM and REM sleep
EEG as well as spectral HRV measures of the ECG in NREM and REM sleep were calculated. Subjects filled
the Relationship Scales Questionnaire measuring adult attachment along the dimensions of AA and attachment avoidance (AAv). Pearson correlations between log-normalized 0.25 Hz wide EEG power bins and attachment, between log-normalized EEG power and HRV, as well as between HRV and attachment were calculated.
RESULTS:
Significant negative correlations between REM sleep EEG power and AAn were observed at frequencies pertaining to the theta range (4.75-7.5 Hz) in the fronto-central and temporal regions. These correlations were specific to REM sleep as NREM sleep theta EEG power was found to be uncorrelated with AAn. The hypothesized correlations between REM sleep theta EEG power and HRV, or AAn and HRV were not supported by our data. Unpredicted correlations were negative between AAn and REM sleep frontal beta (12.25-20.25 Hz) power, and positive between AAv and NREM sleep alpha/sigma (8-13 Hz) power.
DISCUSSION:
Frontal theta activity and HRV are unrelated, perhaps physiologically uncoupled during REM sleep. REM sleep theta EEG, but not HRV is negatively associated with questionnaire measures of AAn.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Körmendi, J., Csóka, S., Ujma, P., Sándor, P., Horváth, K., Harmat, L.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Bódizs, R., Simor, P., Körmendi, J., Csóka, S., Ujma, P., Sándor, P., Horváth, K., & Harmat, L. (2011). REM sleep EEG theta activity is a negative correlate of attachment anxiety. In Abstracts of the 43rd European Brain and Behaviour Society Meeting (p. 69). Seville, Spain: EBBS.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Attachment anxiety / Polysomnography / REM sleep / EEG theta activity

REM sleep EEG theta activity is a negative correlate of attachment anxiety

REM sleep EEG theta activity is a negative correlate of attachment anxiety

DocumentSpectral sleep EEG features of nightmare sufferers: evidence for a NREM disorder?2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Spectral sleep EEG features of nightmare sufferers: evidence for a NREM disorder?
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.cecog.eu/ducog_2011_abstractbook.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Nightmare disorder characterised by recurrent vivid, dysphoric dreams charged with negative emotions is one of the most common sleep problems. While there are two studies about the sleep architecture of nightmare sufferers (NS), as far as we know, the sleep EEG characteristics of them have not been investigated yet. Psychological (Beck Depression and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) and two-night polysomnographic testing were conducted on 21 university students (10 NS, 11 control) without any prior history of mental or chronic somatic disease. EEG spectra were obtained by using Fast-Fourier Transformation on the second night recordings for REM and NREM separately. We examined the group differences by ANCOVA controlling for the BDI and STAI score. In the nightmare group higher NREM theta (4,25-7,5 Hz) and high sigma (12,75-15 Hz) activities were found mainly at the centroparietal region and the frontal area, respectively. The frontal high sigma activity was correlated significantly with poor sleep assessed by the Groningen Sleep Quality Scale. No
significant differences in REM spectra have been observed. The results suggest that NS differ from controls more in NREM than in REM sleep. The covert REM sleep phenomena might explain the higher theta activity in NS.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Horváth, K.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Vida, R., Lihi, R., Sulyok, Z., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Horváth, K., Simor, P., Sándor, P., Vida, R., Lihi, R., Sulyok, Z., & Bódizs, R. (2011). Spectral sleep EEG features of nightmare sufferers: evidence for a NREM disorder? In Central European Cognitive Science Association (CECOG) (Ed.), Abstract book of the 3rd Dubrovnik Conference on Cognitive Science - DuCog III: Implicit processes across the life span (p. 23). Dubrovnik, Croatia.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Nightmares / Sleep / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Dreaming / Covert REM sleep / Sigma activity / Sleep quality

Spectral sleep EEG features of nightmare sufferers: evidence for a NREM disorder?

Spectral sleep EEG features of nightmare sufferers: evidence for a NREM disorder?

DocumentAttachment anxiety as reflected in dreams2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.10
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Attachment anxiety as reflected in dreams
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.r-bup.no/cms/cmsmm.nsf/lupgraphics/Symposium%20Abstract%20IAC%202011.pdf/$file/Symposium%20Abstract%20IAC%202011.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Aspects of attachment insecurity have gained interest in association of sleep parameters, especially sleep disorders. Most studies are carried out on children using subjective measures of sleep assessed by parents. Little attention is given to REM sleep and dreams in relation to attachment security, which could provide a reasonable association considering the presumed role of REM sleep and dreams in emotion regulation and offline emotional reprocessing. According to some studies, daytime distress and trait anxiety measures are directly associated with sleep features and dream emotions, especially nightmare frequency. If attachment
insecurity is related to dream affects and negative dream frequency is investigated in this study. Results showed significant connections between negative dream affect and attachment categories, which was especially true for preoccupied and fearful attachment, both characterized by high attachment anxiety. According to post hoc testing attachment groups with high attachment anxiety differed significantly from the groups with low attachment anxiety. Attachment anxiety turned out to be connected to nightmare frequency and the intensity of dream affect’s impact on daytime mood. As attachment insecurity is associated with less effective emotional and behavioral responses to stress, poorer coping mechanisms and altered illness behavior, results can be interpreted as the appearance of these qualities in nighttime symptoms. Diminished coping with negative emotions or enhanced negativity in subjects with high attachment anxiety could emerge in form of negative dreaming and higher nightmare frequency. As a consequence, negative dream emotions turn down daytime mood, which is less likely to be regulated by compensatory coping mechanisms. Early traumatization might be a mediator between attachment and nightmares, as both nightmares and insecure attachment are often connected to early trauma of the child. Another possible explanation of the connection between attachment anxiety and negative dreams is rooted in McNamara’s attachment theory of REM sleep, which describes diversified evidence to support the essential role of REM sleep in the conformation and subsistence of attachment behavior.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sándor, P.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Sándor, P. (2011). Attachment anxiety as reflected in dreams. In Abstract book of the 5th International Attachment Conference (p. 8). Oslo, Norway: IAC.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: REM sleep / Dreams / Attachment anxiety / Nightmares

Attachment anxiety as reflected in dreams

Attachment anxiety as reflected in dreams

DocumentSpectral electroencephalographic sleep alterations in subjects with frequent nightmares2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.11
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Spectral electroencephalographic sleep alterations in subjects with frequent nightmares
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2012.01044.x/pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
Idiopathic nightmare disorder, which affects 2–8% of the population, is a distinct diagnostic category in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (2nd edition) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders as well. However, the characteristic sleep profile of nightmare subjects (NMs) has rather
been under-researched. Our goal is to obtain a comprehensive picture of the sleep of NMs by means of spectral electroencephalographic (EEG) analyses which can provide valuable insights into the underlying pathophysiology.
METHODS:
Thirty-five university students without any prior history of mental or chronic somatic disease (17 NMs and 18 controls) went through standard two-night polysomnographic examination (with 19 EEG channels) in our sleep laboratory. Psychometric testing was also conducted including the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). EEG spectra were obtained by using Fast-Fourier Transformation of the second night recordings for rapid-eye movement (REM) and non-rapid eye-movement (NREM) sleep separately. We also computed the spectra of the first 4 sleep cycles distinctly in order to understand better sleep dynamics. To control the individual differences in the amplitude of power spectral
density, relative EEG spectra were calculated for 6 frequency bands (delta, theta, alpha, sigma, beta, gamma).
RESULTS:
Regarding all night data we compared the two groups by covariance analysis with STAI and BDI as covariates. The nightmare group was characterised by marginally (P < 0.10) lower frontal delta (1.25–4 Hz), as well as significantly (P < 0.05) higher fronto-central theta (4.25–7.5 Hz) and alpha (7.75–10.25 Hz) NREM activity compared to controls. The separate analysis of sleep cycles revealed that the reduced delta activity is characteristic for the 1st, while the increased theta for the 1st and the 4th sleep periods in NMs. Higher alpha activity was found mainly in the 4th sleep cycle.
CONCLUSIONS:
Our results provide evidence that NMs, even if they did not experience negative dreams, differ from controls in their sleep EEG spectra, mostly regarding NREM sleep. Lower delta activity indicates disrupted sleep which may be associated with impaired executive functions in NMs, whereas higher alpha activity in the 4th sleep cycle may be the sign of hyperarousal later in the night. Moreover, the covert REM sleep phenomena might explain the higher theta activity in NMs.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Horváth, K.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Gombos, F., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
Horváth, K., Simor, P., Gombos, F., & Bódizs, R. (2012). Spectral electroencephalographic sleep alterations in subjects with frequent nightmares. Journal of Sleep Research, 21(Suppl. 1), 362. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2869.2012.01044.x
2-year Impact Factor: 3.347|2014
Times cited: 0|2019-06-07
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Idiopathic nightmare disorder / Polysomnography / Anxiety / Depression / Covert REM sleep

Spectral electroencephalographic sleep alterations in subjects with frequent nightmares

Spectral electroencephalographic sleep alterations in subjects with frequent nightmares

DocumentIs dreaming merely a cognitive performance? Analysis of the content and narrative structure of children’s dreams2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.12
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Is dreaming merely a cognitive performance? Analysis of the content and narrative structure of children’s dreams
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.cecog.eu/absbook_ducog2012.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Inspired mainly by the longitudinal studies of Foulkes the mainstream of developmental psychology considers dreaming a cognitive performance deriving it solely from children’s cognitive abilities. In contrast, the current neurocognitive approaches see the function of REM sleep and dreaming in the consolidation of
emotional memories and in affective regulation.
This study investigates the ontogeny of dreaming, evaluates the frequency, content and narrative structure of dreams together with the cognitive and affective development in children.
In our content analysis we followed the rules described by Foulkes, but the method of dream collection was fundamentally different: instead of interviews after awakening from sleep in the laboratory, over 6 weeks children would report their dreams at home to their pre-trained parents in the form of tape-recorded dream-diaries based on provided questionnaires.
The initial content analysis (n=12, age=4-8 years) revealed differences to earlier results: dreams are longer in every age group compared to the previous findings, selfrepresentation is more frequent (79%), movement (84%) and living emotions (43%) are common in the dream experience; furthermore the number of dream reports does not change significantly with age (one dream per week in all age groups).
The current study is a part of a bigger research project, which aims to widen our knowledge about this seldom investigated field of developmental studies and dream science - evaluating it in a new, emotional development-centered context and using different methodology.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Szakadát, S.
Secondary author(s):
Sándor, P., Péntek, O., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Szakadát, S., Sándor, P., Péntek, O., & Bódizs, R. (2012). Is dreaming merely a cognitive performance? Analysis of the content and narrative structure of children’s dreams. In In Central European Cognitive Science Association (CECOG) (Ed.), Abstract book of the 4th Dubrovnik Conference on Cognitive Science - DuCog IV: Memory control and retrieval (p. 44). Dubrovnik, Croatia.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Infant / Dreaming / Cognitive / Affective

Is dreaming merely a cognitive performance? Analysis of the content and narrative structure of children’s dreams

Is dreaming merely a cognitive performance? Analysis of the content and narrative structure of children’s dreams

DocumentOntogeny of dreaming: A review of empirical studies2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.13
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Ontogeny of dreaming: A review of empirical studies
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1087079214000173
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The examination of children’s sleep-related mental experiences presents many significant challenges for researchers investigating the developmental trajectories of human dreaming. In contrast to the well-explored developmental patterns of human sleep, data from dream research are strikingly divergent with highly ambiguous results and conclusions, even though there is plenty of indirect evidence suggesting parallel patterns of development between neural maturation and dreaming. Thus results from studies of children’s dreaming are of essential importance not only to enlighten us on the nature and role of dreaming but to also add to our knowledge of consciousness and cognitive and emotional development. This review summarizes research results related to the ontogeny of dreaming: we critically reconsider the field, systematically compare the findings based on different methodologies, and highlight the advantages and disadvantages of methods, arguing in favor of methodological pluralism. Since most contradictory results emerge in connection with descriptive as well as content related characteristics of young children’s dreams, we emphasize the importance of carefully selected dream collection methods. In contrast nightmare-related studies yield surprisingly convergent results thus provide strong basis for inferences about the connections between dreaming and cognitive emotional functioning. Potential directions for dream research are discussed, aiming to explore the as yet unraveled correlations between the maturation of neural organization, sleep architecture and dreaming patterns.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sándor, P.
Secondary author(s):
Szakadát, S., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Sándor, P., Szakadát, S., & Bódizs, R. (2014). Ontogeny of dreaming: A review of empirical studies. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 18(5), 435-449. doi: 10.1016/j.smrv.2014.02.001
2-year Impact Factor: 8.513|2014
Times cited: 7|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Developmental dream research / Children's dreams / Mental development / Child / Ontogeny of dreaming / Nightmares

The ontogeny of dreaming: A review of empirical studies

The ontogeny of dreaming: A review of empirical studies

DocumentFinal report - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Final report - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa5510_27022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
We aimed to characterize sleep and to test the frontal dysfunction hypothesis of nightmares, as well as to bridge the relationship between the ontogeny of frontal-executive and emotion regulation functions with age-related peculiarities of dreams and nightmares. Nightmare sufferers (NS) were characterized by performance decreases in several executive tasks (Emotional Go/NoGo, Emotional Stroop, Verbal Fluency). Alterations in the sleep architecture (decreases: sleep efficiency, slow wave sleep; increases: wakefulness, arousals, REM sleep), microstructure (increases in A2-microarousals of the cyclic alternating pattern), and qEEG (increased REM sleep 10–14 Hz power and synchronization) were paralleled by a more pronounced first-night effect of NS. Children are more accomplished dreamers with dream narratives closer to adult dream reports than authors of previous laboratory findings described. 4–8 years old children were characterized by a positive correlation of dream report length with slow wave sleep and with performance in the Emotional Stroop test. Negative correlation between the developmental level of executive functioning and dream recall frequency was also established. Our results suggest that NS are characterized by impairments in executive tasks involving the suppression of task-irrelevant semantic representations. Moreover, nightmare-related alterations in sleep architecture and microstructure are characterized by wake-like intrusions disturbing the neurocognitive function of sleep, as well as by emotion-related increases in REM propensity. Children’s dreams should be collected by novel methods, involving their parents. Children’s dreams depend on the maturation of emotion regulation and executive functions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Horváth, K., Sándor, P., Csóka, S.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Nightmares / Sleep / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Dreaming / Children

Final report - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity

Final report - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity

DocumentContent analysis of 4 to 8 year-old children’s dream report2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.14
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Content analysis of 4 to 8 year-old children’s dream report
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00534/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The role of dreaming in childhood and in adulthood are still equally enigmatic fields yet to be fully explored. However, while there is a consensus at least about the typical content and formal characteristics of adult dream reports, these features are still a matter of debate in the case of young children. Longitudinal developmental laboratory studies concluded that preschoolers' dreams usually depict static images about mostly animals and body states of the dreamer but they basically lack the active representation of the self, human characters, social interactions, dream emotions and motion imagery. Due to methodological arguments these results became the reference points in the literature of developmental dream research, in spite of the significantly different results of numerous recent and relevant studies using extra-laboratory settings. This study aims to establish a methodologically well-controlled and valid way to collect children's dreams for a representative period of time in a familiar home setting to serve as a comparison to the laboratory method. Pre trained parents acted as interviewers in the course of a 6 week-period of dream collection upon morning awakenings. Our results suggest that even preschoolers are likely to represent their own self in an active role (70%) in their mostly kinematic (82%) dream narratives. Their dream reports contain more human, than animal characters (70 and 7% of all dream characters respectively), and social interactions, self-initiated actions, and emotions are usual part of these dreams. These results are rather similar to those of recent extra-laboratory studies, suggesting that methodological issues may strongly interfere with research outcomes especially in the case of preschoolers' dream narratives. We suggest that nighttime awakenings in the laboratory setting could be crucial in understanding the contradictory results of dream studies in case of young children.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Sándor, P.
Secondary author(s):
Szakadát, S., Kertész, K., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Sándor, P., Szakadát, S., Kertész, K., Bódizs, R. (2015). Content analysis of 4 to 8 year-old children’s dream reports. Frontiers in Psychology, 6: 534, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00534
2-year Impact Factor: 2.463|2015
Times cited: 7|2020-03-12
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Children's dreams / Development / Dream research / Content analysis / Dream characteristics / Dream interview / Active self-representation / Sleep mentation

Content analysis of 4 to 8 year-old children’s dream report

Content analysis of 4 to 8 year-old children’s dream report

DocumentEmotion regulation as reflected in children’s dreams – A developmental test of the neurocognitive dream theory2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.15
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Emotion regulation as reflected in children’s dreams – A developmental test of the neurocognitive dream theory
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://akademiai.com/doi/abs/10.1556/0406.17.2016.2.5
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCTION
Although REM sleep plays an important role in neural maturation, developmental aspects of dream research are relatively neglected compared to studies focusing on adults. Adult research found that REM sleep and dreams take certain roles in emotional adaptation, including the processing of emotional events, consolidation of emotional memories and the downregulation of reactions to dysphoric stimuli. These findings, however, are rarely discussed in a developmental perspective.
AIMS
We aim to test the neurocognitive dream theory developed by Nielsen and Levine (2007) by investigating the associations among abilities of waking emotional processing, behavioral manifestations of emotional problems and the emotional aspects of dreaming in children.
METHODS
We analyzed 349 dream reports of 40 children between the ages of 4 to 8 years. Dream emotions, emotional dream quality and the dreams’ effect on daytime’s mood were self-reported by the children. Wakeful emotional processing is measured by the Emotional Stroop Test for children, and emotional–behavioral problems were assessed by the parent version of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ).
RESULTS
Results show that negative dream quality and the dreams’ effect on daytime mood are associated with negative emotional adaptation measured by the SDQ (t = .25, p = .031, t = .24, p = .041 respectively). Children with more emotional problems reported more dreams (t = .32, p = .004). Interestingly, we could not find relationship between dream emotions and waking emotional development measures.
CONCLUSION
Results support psychological models of dreaming assuming a role of dreams in emotional regulation and provide partial support for the plausibility of Levin and Nielsen’s neurocognitive theory in a developmental context. Further studies on emotional development and dreaming are needed to gain more insight in the generalizability of the connection between emotional processing during wakeful functioning and REM sleep.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sándor, P.
Secondary author(s):
Szakadát, S., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Sándor, P., Szakadát, S., & Bódizs, R. (2016). Emotion regulation as reflected in children’s dreams – a developmental test of the neurocognitive dream theory. Mentálhigiéné és Pszichoszomatika, 17(2), 167-190. doi: 10.1556/0406.17.2016.2.5
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Dreams / Child / Emotional development / Emotional Stroop / Dream emotions / Neurocognitive dream-theory

DocumentSleep spindles and intelligence in early childhood – Developmental and trait-dependent aspects2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.16
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Sleep spindles and intelligence in early childhood – Developmental and trait-dependent aspects
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2016-56613-007
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Sleep spindles act as a powerful marker of individual differences in cognitive ability. Sleep spindle parameters correlate with both age-related changes in cognitive abilities and with the age-independent concept of IQ. While some studies have specifically demonstrated the relationship between sleep spindles and intelligence in young children, our previous work in older subjects revealed sex differences in the sleep spindle correlates of IQ, which was never investigated in small children before. We investigated the relationship between age, Raven Colored Progressive Matrices (CPM) scores and sleep spindles in 28 young children (age 4-8 years, 15 girls). We specifically investigated sex differences in the psychometric correlates of sleep spindles. We also aimed to separate the correlates of sleep spindles that are because of age-related maturation from other effects that reflect an age-independent relationship between sleep spindles and general intelligence. Our results revealed a modest positive correlation between fast spindle amplitude and age. Raven CPM scores positively correlated with both slow and fast spindle amplitude, but this effect remained a tendency in males and vanished after correcting for the effects of age. Age-corrected correlations between Raven CPM scores and both slow and fast spindle amplitude were only significant in females. Overall, our results show that in male children sleep spindles are a maturational marker, but in female children they indicate trait-like intelligence, in line with previous studies in adolescent and adult subjects. Thalamocortical white matter connectivity may be the underlying mechanism behind both higher spindle amplitude and higher intelligence in female, but not male subjects.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Ujma, P. P.,
Secondary author(s):
Sándor, P., Gombos, F., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Ujma, P. P., Sándor, P., Gombos, F., & Bódizs, R. (2016). Sleep spindles and intelligence in early childhood – Developmental and trait-dependent aspects. Developmental Psychology, 52(12), 2118-2129. doi: 10.1037/dev0000233
2-year Impact Factor: 3.342|2018
Times cited: 19|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Sleep spindles / Raven Colored Progressive Matrices / Maturation / Childhood / Sex differences

DocumentThe development of cognitive and emotional processing as reflected in children’s dreams: Active self in an eventful dream signals better neuropsychological skills2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2010
Title:
055 - The developmental and psychophysiological emergence of dreams and nightmares: state-dependent and state-independent fronto-cortical disconnectivity
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-02
Researcher(s):
Róbert Bódizs, Peter Daniel Simor, Piroska Sándor, Szilvia Csóka, Klára Horváth
Institution(s): Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University, Budapest (Hungary)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final reports
7 Articles ( published or submittedr publication)
5 Conference abstracts
Language: eng
Author:
Bódizs, R.
Secondary author(s):
Simor, P., Sándor, P., Csóka, S., Horváth, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Brain structure and function / Developmental psychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-055.17
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
The development of cognitive and emotional processing as reflected in children’s dreams: Active self in an eventful dream signals better neuropsychological skills
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2016-13720-006
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The development of dreaming and its association with brain maturation and cognitive development are rarely studied in spite of adult studies showing a close relationship between dreaming and cognitive functioning. In order to bridge this gap in the literature we aimed to depict the associations between individual differences in neurocognitive maturation and the formal and content related characteristics of children’s dream reports. We analyzed the dream reports of 40 children between the ages of 4 to 8 years. Specific dream content categories, found to change significantly throughout development, were correlated with cognitive performance. To measure the latter we used neuropsychological tests (a modified version of the Fruit Stroop Test and Emotional Stroop Test for Children, and the Attention Network Test [ANT]) and intelligence tests (subscales of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children [WISC–IV], and the Raven’s Colored Progressive Matrices [CPM]). Results suggest that the dreamer’s presence in their dreams (manifested in activities, interactions, self-effectiveness, willful effort, and cognitive reflections) indicates more effective executive control in waking life. The quality and content of these activities and interactions are correlated with the child’s capacities of emotional processing. Contrary to previous findings dream bizarreness and dream recall frequency were not associated with any cognitive indicators. Although in adult dream research the continuity of waking and dreaming cognition has been well-studied, our work is 1 of the first to explore the connection between children’s cognitive maturation and dreaming.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sándor, P.
Secondary author(s):
Szakadát, S., Bódizs, R.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Sándor, P., Szakadát, S., & Bódizs, R. (2016). The development of cognitive and emotional processing as reflected in children’s dreams: Active self in an eventful dream signals better neuropsychological skills. Dreaming, 26(1), 58-78. doi: 10.1037/drm0000022
2-year Impact Factor: 0.867|2016
Times cited: 4|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Dreams / Cognitive development / Maturation / Intelligence / Executive functions