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File066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality 2011-042013/02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013/02
Researcher(s):
Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Cosimo Urgesi, Franco Fabbro, Matteo Candidi, Fabio Campanella
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Candidi, M., Campanella, F.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Spiritualism / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Self / Developmental psychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body awareness

DocumentFinal report - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013/02
Researcher(s):
Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Cosimo Urgesi, Franco Fabbro, Matteo Candidi, Fabio Campanella
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Candidi, M., Campanella, F.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Spiritualism / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Self / Developmental psychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Final report - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa6610.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The project aimed at characterizing the neurocognitive basis of religiousness/spirituality (RS) and its links with the bodily self. First, by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), we down-regulated neural activity of the inferior parietal (IPL) and prefrontal areas to test possible modifications of implicit RS in healthy subjects. We found that TMS of the IPL increased participants’ implicit RS. Given the role of the parietal cortex in self-awareness and body schema representation, the results suggest that altered parietal activity is a neurophysiological substrate of self-transcendence. Preliminary results on 12 patients with lesion to either parietal or frontal brain regions confirmed the role of the parietal cortex in RS. The links between self-transcendence and bodily self were also investigated in 96 children. We explored how personality traits influence the development of the abilities to mentally rotate bodies and external objects. We found that mental body rotation is acquired later than mental object rotation (from 8-9 vs. 7 years of age) and that personality traits such as cooperativeness and self-transcendence importantly influence the development of these abilities. Finally, we assessed whether training in mindfulness meditation (MM) promotes congruency between implicit and explicit RS and their general increase in healthy subjects. Of note, for MM participants (vs. no MM controls), we found increased implicit RS after MM. Moreover, explicit and implicit RS were correlated, especially after MM. By using different approaches, the present project fostered our knowledge of the neurocognitive processes that allow humans to transcend the spatiotemporal constraints of the physical body increasing their RS.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Crescentini, C.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Parapsychology / Spirituality / Religiousness / Self-transcendence / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Body schema representation / Personality traits / Mindfulness meditation

Final report - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality

Final report - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality

DocumentMental spatial transformations of objects and bodies: Different developmental trajectories in children from 7 to 11 years of age2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013/02
Researcher(s):
Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Cosimo Urgesi, Franco Fabbro, Matteo Candidi, Fabio Campanella
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Candidi, M., Campanella, F.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Spiritualism / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Self / Developmental psychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Mental spatial transformations of objects and bodies: Different developmental trajectories in children from 7 to 11 years of age
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2013-23502-001/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Despite the large body of knowledge on adults suggesting that 2 basic types of mental spatial transformation-namely, object-based and egocentric perspective transformations-are dissociable and specialized for different situations, there is much less research investigating the developmental aspects of such spatial transformation systems. Here, an "own body transformation" paradigm and a letter transformation task were employed in a group of children ranging from 7 to 11 years of age to respectively investigate the development of egocentric perspective transformations and object-related transformations. A group of 30 young adults was also administered the 2 experimental tasks. Moreover, the Temperament and Character Inventory (Cloninger, Przybeck, Svrakic, & Wetzel, 1994) was also administered to children and adults with the goal of testing for possible influences of personality traits on imagined perspective transformation abilities. We found that egocentric perspective transformations develop later than object-based transformations-namely, from 8 rather than 7 years of age. We also found that high scores on temperament and character scales reflecting the acceptance of others (i.e., cooperativeness) were positively related to the ability to engage in imagined perspective transformations, especially when such ability first appears (i.e., at 8 years of age). These findings were held to support the view that the 2 mental spatial transformation systems are separated in that they follow 2 different developmental trajectories and are differentially influenced by personality traits in children.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Crescentini, C.
Secondary author(s):
Fabbro, F., Urgesi, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
7|2022-03-19
Reference:
Crescentini, C., Fabbro, F., & Urgesi, C. (2014). Mental spatial transformations of objects and bodies: Different developmental trajectories in children from 7 to 11 years of age. Developmental Psychology, 50(2), 370-383. doi: 10.1037/a0033627
2-year Impact Factor: 4.141|2014
Times cited: 18|2022-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Mental rotation / Egocentric perspective transformation / Temperament and character inventory / Child development / Left-right judgment

Mental spatial transformations of objects and bodies: Different developmental trajectories in children from 7 to 11 years of age

Mental spatial transformations of objects and bodies: Different developmental trajectories in children from 7 to 11 years of age

DocumentP 140. Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal and prefrontal cortex alter implicit religiousness and spirituality in healthy individuals2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013/02
Researcher(s):
Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Cosimo Urgesi, Franco Fabbro, Matteo Candidi, Fabio Campanella
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Candidi, M., Campanella, F.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Spiritualism / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Self / Developmental psychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
P 140. Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal and prefrontal cortex alter implicit religiousness and spirituality in healthy individuals
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1388245713005191
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCTION:
Belief in a higher power constitutes a core feature of religiousness and spirituality (RS), two ubiquitous aspects of human experience and behaviour that have long been considered impervious to scientific investigation. Recently, however, cognitive neuroscience studies have shown an association between RS experiences and neural activity in fronto-parietal regions. Much less is known on whether activity in the above areas is causally involved in modulating RS experiences or just epiphenomenal to them.
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS:
Here we combined two-pulse (10 Hz) transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with a novel, ad hoc developed RS-related, implicit Association Test (IAT) to investigate whether implicit RS representations, although supposedly rather stable, can be modified in the short-term by a virtual lesion of inferior parietal lobe (IPL) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). A self-esteem (SE) IAT, focused on self-concepts non related to RS representations, was developed as control.
RESULTS:
The results show that inhibiting the IPL induced a specific increase in RS. In contrast, interfering with the left DLPFC induced a marginal increase of difficulty in controlling automatic associations of the self with both RS and SE dimensions.
CONCLUSIONS:
Thus, suppression of neural activity in parietal regions seems causally involved in the specific induction of fast RS increase. Conversely, the DLPFC appears to contribute to RS in relation to attentional processes or activation of self-related concepts.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Crescentini, C.
Secondary author(s):
Aglioti, S., Fabbro, F., Urgesi, C.
Document type:
Abstract
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Crescentini, C., Aglioti, S., Fabbro, F., & Urgesi, C. (2013). P 140. Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal and prefrontal cortex alter implicit religiousness and spirituality in healthy individuals. Clinical Neurophysiology, 124(10), e130. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2013.04.217
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Religiousness / Spirituality / Inferior parietal lobe / Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex / Implicit association test (IAT)

DocumentVirtual lesions of the inferior parietal cortex induce fast changes of implicit religiousness/spirituality2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013/02
Researcher(s):
Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Cosimo Urgesi, Franco Fabbro, Matteo Candidi, Fabio Campanella
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Candidi, M., Campanella, F.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Spiritualism / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Self / Developmental psychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal cortex induce fast changes of implicit religiousness/spirituality
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010945214000392
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Religiousness and spirituality (RS) are two ubiquitous aspects of human experience typically considered impervious to scientific investigation. Nevertheless, associations between RS and frontoparietal neural activity have been recently reported. However, much less is known about whether such activity is causally involved in modulating RS or just epiphenomenal to them. Here we combined two-pulse (10 Hz) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) with a novel, ad-hoc developed RS-related, Implicit Association Test (IAT) to investigate whether implicit RS representations, although supposedly rather stable, can be rapidly modified by a virtual lesion of inferior parietal lobe (IPL) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). A self-esteem (SE) IAT, focused on self-concepts nonrelated to RS representations, was developed as control. A specific increase of RS followed inhibition of IPL demonstrating its causative role in inducing fast plastic changes of religiousness/spirituality. In contrast, DLPFC inhibition had more widespread effects probably reflecting a general role in the acquisition or maintenance of task-rules or in controlling the expression of self-related representations not specific to RS.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Crescentini, C.
Secondary author(s):
Aglioti, S., Fabbro, F., Urgesi, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
5|2022-03-19
Reference:
Crescentini, C., Aglioti, S., Fabbro, F., & Urgesi, C. (2014). Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal cortex induce fast changes of implicit religiousness/spirituality. Cortex, 54, 1–15. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2014.01.023
2-year Impact Factor: 5.128|2014
Times cited: 42|2022-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Religiousness / Spirituality / Inferior parietal lobe / Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Implicit association test (IAT)

Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal and prefrontal cortex induce fast changes of implicit religiousness/spirituality

Virtual lesions of the inferior parietal and prefrontal cortex induce fast changes of implicit religiousness/spirituality

DocumentMagnetic stimulation of fronto-parietal areas alters religious-spiritual self-representations in healthy
individuals
2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013/02
Researcher(s):
Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Cosimo Urgesi, Franco Fabbro, Matteo Candidi, Fabio Campanella
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Candidi, M., Campanella, F.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Spiritualism / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Self / Developmental psychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Magnetic stimulation of fronto-parietal areas alters religious-spiritual self-representations in healthy individuals
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.sinp-web.org/site/uploads/Congresso%20SiNP%202012%20-%20Abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Religiousness and spirituality (RS) are ubiquitous in people's lives, but only recently have been considered
susceptible to scientific investigation. While recent studies have shown that a large set of brain areas is
activated during RS experiences, their specific causative role in underpinning stable RS remains to be
determined. In this study, we combined two-pulse (10 Hz) transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with an
Implicit Association Test (IAT) for RS to investigate the role of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and
inferior parietal lobe (IPL) in implicit RS representations. A self-esteem IAT which still focused on selfconcepts
but not on RS-related representations was used as control. The results showed that delivering TMS over the IPL specifically heightened participants' RS, as they found more difficult to associate the self with not-RS dimensions relative to RS dimensions. Moreover, TMS over the left DLPFC marginally increased response times in the incongruent trials of both IATs. Thus, altered neural activity in parietal regions determines fast, reversible changes of self-referential RS representations in healthy individuals, showing the causal role of these brain systems in RS. Conversely, the DLPFC appears to more generally contribute to RS in terms of attentional processes or activation of self-related concepts.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Crescentini, C.
Secondary author(s):
Aglioti, S., Fabbro, F., Urgesi, C.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Crescentini, C., Aglioti, S., Fabbro, F., & Urgesi, C. (2012). Magnetic stimulation of fronto-parietal areas alters religious-spiritual self-representations in healthy individuals. In Abstract book of the Societá Italiana di Neuropsicologia SINP - Congresso Annuale (pp. 8-9). Roma, Italy: SINP.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Religiousness / Spirituality / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Implicit association test (IAT) / Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex / Inferior parietal lobe

Magnetic stimulation of fronto-parietal areas alters religious-spiritual self-representations in healthy individuals

Magnetic stimulation of fronto-parietal areas alters religious-spiritual self-representations in healthy individuals

DocumentExcitatory stimulation of the right inferior parietal cortex lessens implicit religiousness/spirituality2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013/02
Researcher(s):
Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Cosimo Urgesi, Franco Fabbro, Matteo Candidi, Fabio Campanella
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Candidi, M., Campanella, F.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Spiritualism / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Self / Developmental psychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Excitatory stimulation of the right inferior parietal cortex lessens implicit religiousness/spirituality
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393215000779
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Although religiousness and spirituality (RS) are considered two fundamental constituents of human life, neuroscientific investigation has long avoided the study of their neurocognitive basis. Nevertheless, recent investigations with brain imaging and brain damaged patients, and more recently with brain stimulation methods, have documented important associations between RS beliefs and experiences and frontoparietal neural activity. In this study, we further investigated how individuals' implicit RS self-representations can be modulated by changes in right inferior parietal lobe (IPL) excitability, a key region associated to RS. To this end, we combined continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS), intermittent TBS (iTBS), and sham TBS with RS-related, Implicit Association Test (IAT) and with a control self-esteem (SE) IAT in a group of fourteen healthy adult individuals. A specific decrease of implicit RS, as measured with the IAT effect, was induced by increasing IPL excitability with iTBS; conversely cTBS, which is supposedly inhibitory, left participants' implicit RS unchanged. The performance in the control SE-IAT was left unchanged by any TBS stimulation. These data showed the causative role of right IPL functional state in mediating plastic changes of implicit RS. Implications of these results are also discussed in the light of the variability of behavioral effects associated with TBS.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Crescentini, C.
Secondary author(s):
Di Bucchianicom M., Fabbro, F., Urgesi, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
5|2022-03-19
Reference:
Crescentini, C., Di Bucchianico, Fabbro, F., & Urgesi, C. (2015). Excitatory stimulation of the right inferior parietal cortex lessens implicit religiousness/spirituality. Neuropsychologia, 70, 71-79. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2015.02.016
2-year Impact Factor: 2.989|2015
Times cited: 26|2022-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Religiousness-spirituality / Self-esteem / Right parietal lobe / Theta-burst TMS / IAT

DocumentEffects of an 8-week meditation program on the implicit and explicit attitudes toward religious/spiritual self-representations2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013/02
Researcher(s):
Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Cosimo Urgesi, Franco Fabbro, Matteo Candidi, Fabio Campanella
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Candidi, M., Campanella, F.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Spiritualism / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Self / Developmental psychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Effects of an 8-week meditation program on the implicit and explicit attitudes toward religious/spiritual self-representations
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810014001743
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Explicit self-representations often conflict with implicit and intuitive self-representations, with such discrepancies being seen as a source of psychological tension. Most of previous research on the psychological effects of mindfulness-meditation has assessed people’s self-attitudes at an explicit level, leaving unknown whether mindfulness-meditation promotes changes on implicit self-representations. Here, we assessed the changes in implicit and explicit self-related religious/spiritual (RS) representations in healthy participants following an 8-week mindfulness-oriented meditation (MOM) program. Before and after meditation, participants were administered implicit (implicit association test) and explicit (self-reported questionnaires) RS measures. Relative to control condition, MOM led to increases of implicit RS in individuals whit low pre-existing implicit RS and to more widespread increases in explicit RS. On the assumption that MOM practice may enhance the clarity of one’s transcendental thoughts and feelings, we argued that MOM allows people to transform their intuitive feelings of implicit RS as well as their explicit RS attitudes.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Crescentini, C.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Campanella, F., Eleopra, R., Fabbro, F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
5|2022-03-19
Reference:
Crescentini, C., Urgesi, C., Campanella, F., Eleopra, R., & Fabbro, F. (2014). Effects of an 8-week meditation program on the implicit and explicit attitudes toward religious/spiritual self-representations. Consciousness and Cognition, 30, 266-280. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2014.09.013
2-year Impact Factor: 1.941|2014
Times cited: 38|2022-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Mindfulness meditation / Religiousness–Spirituality / Implicit association test

DocumentCognitive and brain reserve for mind-body therapeutic approaches in multiple sclerosis: a review2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013/02
Researcher(s):
Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Cosimo Urgesi, Franco Fabbro, Matteo Candidi, Fabio Campanella
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Candidi, M., Campanella, F.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Spiritualism / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Self / Developmental psychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Cognitive and brain reserve for mind-body therapeutic approaches in multiple sclerosis: a review
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://content.iospress.com/articles/restorative-neurology-and-neuroscience/rnn130364
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Purpose:
Cognitive impairment is one of the most disabling symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), affecting a large proportion of patients and having a severe impact on their quality of life. Nevertheless, there exists a large variability in the neuropsychological profiles of MS patients and some of them appear to withstand better than others the MS-related brain pathology before showing cognitive decline. In recent years, many studies have made use of concepts such as cognitive reserve and brain reserve to take account of the inter-individual discrepancy between cognitive impairment and MS pathology. Critically, these studies have left open the fundamental issue of the clinical implications of this research for the treatment of cognitive dysfunction in MS.
Methods and Results:
We provide an updated and extensive overview of the studies that have explored cognitive and brain reserve in MS and discuss their implications for non-pharmacological therapeutic strategies aimed at potentiating patients' reserve. In particular, the possible utility of integrated approaches based on mind-body techniques such as mindfulness-meditation is considered.
Conclusions: We conclude that these techniques represent challenging mental enriching activities that may help cultivating cognitive reserve and more systematic research on their efficacy to protect against cognitive degradation in MS is encouraged.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Crescentini, C.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Eleopra, R.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Crescentini, C., Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F, Eleopra, R. (2014). Cognitive and brain reserve for mind-body therapeutic approaches in multiple sclerosis: a review. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 32(5), 575-595. doi: 10.3233/RNN-130364
2-year Impact Factor: 2.490|2014
Times cited: 12|2022-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Multiple sclerosis / Cognitive reserve / Brain reserve / Cognitive impairment / Mind-body medicine / Yoga / Mindfulness-meditation

DocumentMindfulness-oriented meditation improves self-related character scales in healthy individuals2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
066 - The spiritual brain: Neuropsychological and neurophysiologic investigations of self-transcendence and spirituality
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013/02
Researcher(s):
Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Cosimo Urgesi, Franco Fabbro, Matteo Candidi, Fabio Campanella
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Roma (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Aglioti, S.
Secondary author(s):
Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F., Candidi, M., Campanella, F.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Spiritualism / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Self / Developmental psychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body awareness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-066.09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Mindfulness-oriented meditation improves self-related character scales in healthy individuals
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010440X14000583
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Previous studies have shown that mindfulness meditation may improve well-being in healthy individuals and be effective in the treatment of mental and neurological disorders. Here, we investigated the effects of an 8-week mindfulness-mediation program on the personality profiles of three groups of healthy individuals with no previous experience with meditation as compared to a control group not enrolled in any training. Personality profiles were obtained through the Temperament and Character Inventory (Cloninger et al., 1993). In the experimental groups, significant increments after the training were obtained in all the three character scales describing the levels of self maturity at the intrapersonal (Self-Directedness), interpersonal (Cooperativeness), and transpersonal (Self-Transcendence) levels. No changes were found in the control group. Strikingly, these effects were significant only in those groups who were engaged in consistent daily meditation practice but not in the group who attended the meditation training but were less consistent in home practice. Since higher scores in the character scales are associated to a lower risk of personality disorder, we propose that the increase of self maturity after the training may be an important mechanism for the effectiveness of mindfulness-oriented meditation in psychotherapeutic contexts.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Campanella, F.
Secondary author(s):
Crescentini, C., Urgesi, C., Fabbro, F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
4|2022-03-19
Reference:
Campanella, F., Crescentini, C., Urgesi, C., & Fabbro, F. (2014). Mindfulness-oriented meditation improves self-related character scales in healthy individuals. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 55(5), 1269-1278. doi: 10.1016/j.comppsych.2014.03.009
2-year Impact Factor: 2.252|2014
Times cited: 51|2022-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Mindfulness meditation