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File076 - Transcendental meditation (TM) or hypnotherapy for the treatment of children with tension-type headache: A multi-centre randomized controlled clinicaI trial in the Netherlands2011-102017-09

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-076
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2010
Title:
076 - Transcendental meditation (TM) or hypnotherapy for the treatment of children with tension-type headache: A multi-centre randomized controlled clinicaI trial in the Netherlands
Duration: 2011-10 - 2017-09
Researcher(s):
Miek C. Jong, E.P. van Wijk, I. Boers, A. M. Vlieger
Institution(s): The Louis Bolk Institute, La Driebergen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Pamphlet
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Jong, M.
Secondary author(s):
Van Wijk, E., Boers, I., Vlieger, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Hypnosis / Intervention / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries

DocumentFinal report - Transcendental meditation (TM) or hypnotherapy for the treatment of children with tension-type headache: A multi-centre randomized controlled clinicaI trial in the Netherlands2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-076
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2010
Title:
076 - Transcendental meditation (TM) or hypnotherapy for the treatment of children with tension-type headache: A multi-centre randomized controlled clinicaI trial in the Netherlands
Duration: 2011-10 - 2017-09
Researcher(s):
Miek C. Jong, E.P. van Wijk, I. Boers, A. M. Vlieger
Institution(s): The Louis Bolk Institute, La Driebergen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Pamphlet
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Jong, M.
Secondary author(s):
Van Wijk, E., Boers, I., Vlieger, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Hypnosis / Intervention / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-076.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2010
Title:
Final report - Transcendental meditation (TM) or hypnotherapy for the treatment of children with tension-type headache: A multi-centre randomized controlled clinicaI trial in the Netherlands
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant_7610.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Primary headache has a high prevalence in children. Worldwide, 57-82% of children and adolescents suffer from recurrent headaches by the age of 15 years. Tension type headache and migraine are the most important primary headache syndromes in children and adolescents. In the Netherlands half of all children between 4 and 18 years of age suffer from headache once or more per month. This can have significant impact on children’s quality of life and emotional state, often continuing into adulthood. It can result in missed school days, disturbed peer and family relationships and emotional stress. Because the exact pathogenesis of tension type headache and migraine is unknown, several different therapies have been described. Some symptomatic and prophylactic drugs have proven to be effective in children with primary headaches. However these medications are often associated with several unwanted side effects . In recent reviews, inconclusive findings have been reported with respect to the efficacy of relaxation and cognitive behavioural therapy in reducing the severity and frequency of chronic headache in children. Therefore, there is an urgent need for further research to evaluate non-pharmacological treatment options with minimal or no adverse effects. Because stress is an important factor in the pathophysiology of headaches, therapies that are capable of stress reduction may be a promising treatment option for this group of patients.
AIM
The aim of the current study is to determine the effectiveness of two relaxation techniques, e.g. Transcendental Medication or hypnotherapy added to the standard medical treatment of paediatric primary headaches in comparison to relaxation exercises as part of standard medical treatment.
METHODS
This pragmatic, randomized controlled trial with three parallel groups was executed between March 2012 and April 2017 in six hospitals in de Netherlands. All participating children received the usual treatment for headaches and were also randomized to either Transcendental Meditation or hypnotherapy or regular relaxation exercises (as part of the 'standard treatment'). Measurements were taken before the start of the intervention and directly after the intervention (after three months) and a long-term follow up (after nine months). Primary outcome variables were mean frequency of primary headache attacks, as well as the clinically relevant reduction (=50%) in headache frequency. Secondary outcome variables were subjective improvement in symptoms (adequate relief), coping with pain (PCQ), anxiety and depressive symptoms (RCADS-25), somatization (CSI), sense of coherence (SOC-K) and satisfaction with treatment. Furthermore, information was gathered on the implementation of hypnotherapy and meditation in the everyday paediatric clinical practice.
RESULTS
A total of 131 children were randomized into the study, 45 children in the HT group, 42 in the TM group and 44 children in the usual care plus exercise group. The mean age of the total group was 13.3 years and 77% was female. The headache frequency was significantly reduced after 3 months for all groups from 19 days to 13 days at three months and 11 days at nine months with headache per 4 weeks (P < 0.001). However, no significant differences were found between the intervention groups (p = 0,85 three months, p = 0,57 nine months). The percentage of children with clinically relevant reduction in mean frequency of headache attacks was 41% at three months and 47% at nine months and did not significantly differ between the three groups. Besides headache-related effects, other positive experiences were reported by parents in all three intervention groups: children were more relaxed, slept better and were more aware of their own influence on their headache. No adverse events were reported. Concerning feasibility and parental satisfaction with the intervention in a clinical setting the following things were indicated as important: The intervention should fit a child’s personality, the patient-therapist relation is important and the travel distance to a therapist should not be too far.
CONCLUSION
Relaxation techniques effectively reduce primary headache in children and are safe. This study shows that it does not matter whether that applies to hypnotherapy, meditation or other relaxation techniques. It is recommended that, when choosing a specific form of relaxation technique, to choose the form that best suits the child or the form that is best organized in the hospital (availability, travel distance, costs and waiting lists) to achieve the best result.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Jong, M.
Document type:
Final report
Keywords:
Hypnotherapy / Meditation / Headache / Relaxation / Pain

DocumentHypnotherapy or transcendental meditation versus progressive muscle relaxation exercises in the treatment of children with primary headaches: a multi-centre, pragmatic, randomised clinical study2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-076
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2010
Title:
076 - Transcendental meditation (TM) or hypnotherapy for the treatment of children with tension-type headache: A multi-centre randomized controlled clinicaI trial in the Netherlands
Duration: 2011-10 - 2017-09
Researcher(s):
Miek C. Jong, E.P. van Wijk, I. Boers, A. M. Vlieger
Institution(s): The Louis Bolk Institute, La Driebergen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Pamphlet
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Jong, M.
Secondary author(s):
Van Wijk, E., Boers, I., Vlieger, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Hypnosis / Intervention / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-076.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2010
Title:
Hypnotherapy or transcendental meditation versus progressive muscle relaxation exercises in the treatment of children with primary headaches: a multi-centre, pragmatic, randomised clinical study
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6339662/pdf/431_2018_Article_3270.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Many children suffer from headaches. Since stress may trigger headaches, effective techniques to cope with stress are needed. We investigated the effectiveness of two mind-body techniques, transcendental meditation (TM) or hypnotherapy (HT), and compared them with progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) exercises (active control group). Children (9-18 years) suffering from primary headaches more than two times per month received either TM (N?=?42), HT (N?=?45) or PMR (N?=?44) for 3 months. Primary outcomes were frequency of headaches and =?50% reduction in headaches at 3 and 9 months. Secondary outcomes were adequate relief, pain coping, anxiety and depressive symptoms, somatisation and safety of treatment. Groups were comparable at baseline. Headache frequency was significantly reduced in all groups from 18.9 days per month to 12.5 and 10.5 at respectively 3 and 9 months (p?<?0.001), with no significant differences between the groups. Clinically relevant headache reduction (=?50%) was observed in 41% and 47% of children at 3 and 9 months respectively, with no significant differences between the groups. No differences were observed in secondary outcome measures between the intervention groups. No adverse events were reported.Conclusion: All three techniques reduced primary headache in children and appeared to be safe.Trial registration: NTR 2955, 28 June 2011 ( www.trialregister.nl ).
What is Known: • Stress may be an important trigger for both tension type headache and migraine in children. • Good data are lacking on the effect of transcendental meditation, hypnotherapy or progressive muscle relaxation as possible stress-reducing therapies in children with primary headaches.
What is New: • Three non-pharmacological techniques, i.e., transcendental meditation, hypnotherapy and progressive muscle relaxation exercises, all result in a clinically significant reduction of headaches and use of pain medication. • No large differences between the three techniques were found, suggesting that children can choose either one of the three techniques based on personal preferences.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Jong, M. C.
Secondary author(s):
Boers, I., van Wietmarschen, H. A., Tromp, E., Busari, J. O., Wennekes, R., Snoeck, I., Bekhof, J., Vlieger, A. M.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Jong, M. C., Boers, I., van Wietmarschen, H. A., Tromp, E., Busari, J. O., Wennekes, R., Snoeck, I., Bekhof, J., & Vlieger, A. M. (2019). Hypnotherapy or transcendental meditation versus progressive muscle relaxation exercises in the treatment of children with primary headaches: a multi-centre, pragmatic, randomised clinical study. European Journal of Pediatrics, 178(2), 147-154. doi: 10.1007/s00431-018-3270-3
2-year Impact Factor: 2.305|2019
Times cited: 2|2020-07-30
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Children / Headache / Hypnotherapy / Meditation / Pain / Relaxation

Hypnotherapy or transcendental meditation versus progressive muscle relaxation exercises in the treatment of children with primary headaches: a multi-centre, pragmatic, randomised clinical study

Hypnotherapy or transcendental meditation versus progressive muscle relaxation exercises in the treatment of children with primary headaches: a multi-centre, pragmatic, randomised clinical study

DocumentHypnotherapy or transcendental meditation versus regular relaxation exercises in the treatment of children with primary headaches: A multi-centre, pragmatic, randomized clinical study2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-076
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2010
Title:
076 - Transcendental meditation (TM) or hypnotherapy for the treatment of children with tension-type headache: A multi-centre randomized controlled clinicaI trial in the Netherlands
Duration: 2011-10 - 2017-09
Researcher(s):
Miek C. Jong, E.P. van Wijk, I. Boers, A. M. Vlieger
Institution(s): The Louis Bolk Institute, La Driebergen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Pamphlet
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Jong, M.
Secondary author(s):
Van Wijk, E., Boers, I., Vlieger, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Hypnosis / Intervention / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-076.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2010
Title:
Hypnotherapy or transcendental meditation versus regular relaxation exercises in the treatment of children with primary headaches: A multi-centre, pragmatic, randomized clinical study
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5498855/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
QUESTIONS:
To investigate the effectiveness of hypnotherapy or transcendental meditation (TM) versus regular relaxation exercises added to usual medical treatment of paediatric primary headaches.
METHODS:
A pragmatic, randomized controlled trial was carried out in six hospitals in de Netherlands. Children (age 9-18 years) with primary headache and headache attack frequency of =2 times per month were randomized to receive either hypnotherapy or TM or regular relaxation exercises (control group), in addition to usual medical treatment. Primary outcome were mean frequency of primary headache attacks and clinically relevant (>50%) reduction in headache frequency, after three months of intervention. Secondary outcome was subjective improvement in symptoms (adequate relief).
RESULTS:
112 children were included: hypnotherapy (N?=?39), TM group (N?=?36) and control group (N?=?37). Mean age was 13.3 years and 77% was female. Preliminary analysis were performed and showed that headache frequency was significantly reduced after 3 months for all groups from 18 to 13 days with headache per month (p?=?0.0001). No significant differences were found between the groups (p?=?0.95). The percentage of children with clinically relevant reduction in headache attacks was 38% and did not significantly differ between the three groups. Subjective improvement after intervention (adequate relief) was reported by 30% of children, with no significant difference between groups, although there was a positive trend for hypnotherapy (38,5% versus 25% in TM and control group, p?=?0.34). No adverse events were reported.
CONCLUSIONS:
Final analysis and conclusions with respect to the effects of hypnotherapy or meditation versus regular relaxation techniques on primary headaches in children will be completed before the start of the conference and presented there.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Boers, I.
Secondary author(s):
Vlieger, A., Jong, M.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
Boers, I., Vlieger, A., & Jong, M. (2017). Hypnotherapy or transcendental meditation versus regular relaxation exercises in the treatment of children with primary headaches: A multi-centre, pragmatic, randomized clinical study. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 17(Suppl 1): 322, 26-27. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-1782-4
2-year Impact Factor: 2.109|2017
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Hypnotherapy / Meditation / Headache / Relaxation / Pain

Hypnotherapy or transcendental meditation versus regular relaxation exercises in the treatment of children with primary headaches: A multi-centre, pragmatic, randomized clinical study

Hypnotherapy or transcendental meditation versus regular relaxation exercises in the treatment of children with primary headaches: A multi-centre, pragmatic, randomized clinical study