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File082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting2011-03 2012-07

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

DocumentFinal report - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Final report - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa8210_07022013.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
A survey conducted with a random sample of psychologists, psychotherapists, and counsellors found that 44% (N = 100) of respondents had experienced synchronicity in the clinical setting, 67% (N = 150) of the sample felt that synchronicity events could be useful experiences in therapy, and 31% (N = 51) felt that they might be useful. Explanations that respondents gave for why synchronicity experiences occurred in therapy were significantly different according to professional group membership. For example, psychologists were significantly more likely than both counsellors (F (1, 122) = 4.763, p = .031) and psychotherapists (F (1, 150) = 6.569, p = .011) to agree that chance coincidence was an explanation for synchronicity, whereas, counsellors (F (1, 118) = 8.258, p = .005) and psychotherapists (F (1, 151) = 11.589, p = .001) were significantly more likely than psychologists to agree that a need for unconscious material to be expressed could be an explanation for synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting. This may have an impact on how practitioners respond to clients who report anomalous experiences. Interviews with a subsample of respondents identified three superordinate themes that illuminate how participants interpret and address synchronicity experiences in therapy: 'Sense of connectedness', 'Therapeutic process', and 'Professional issues'. Participants commented on how their experience of synchronicity in the clinical setting was a profound moment that facilitated growth in their clients and resulted in a stronger therapeutic relationship. Synchronicity experiences are perceived to be a useful ‘tool’ for the therapeutic process, which has important implications for training and supervision.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Ridgway, S.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Synchronicity / Meaningful coincidence / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Clinical setting / Psychotherapy / Online survey / Semi-structured in-depth interviews

Final report - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

Final report - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

DocumentAn interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://nectar.northampton.ac.uk/4691/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Attempts to explain synchronicity experiences by mainstream science argue that believers in the paranormal are more prone to seeing meaningful patterns in randomness (Blackmore & Moore, 1994) or underestimate the probability of their occurring by chance (Brugger et al, 1993). However, empirical studies testing these theories have found mixed results. Brugger, Landis, and Regard (1990) found a moderate correlation between belief in the paranormal and subjective frequency of coincidences, whereas others have found no differences between believers and sceptics in terms of probability misjudgement (Blackmore, 1997; Bressan, 2002). Regardless of whether synchronicity experiences are associated with a belief in the paranormal or are indeed random events, a large body of literature exists that claims synchronicity experiences (meaningful coincidence between an inner event and an external event occurring simultaneously or at a future point in time) frequently occur in clinical settings, especially in psychotherapeutic settings, and that they can promote personal growth (Jung, 1952; Keutzer, 1984; Nachman, 2009). For example, there have been occurrences where the therapist has dreamt information about the client that is later verified as correct (Ehrenwald, 1948; Orloff, 1996) or where the therapeutic setting becomes part of the synchronistic event, the most notable being the Scarab beetle scenario (cf. Jung, 1952). However, there has been limited systematic research that has explored the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in different therapeutic settings. This is surprising given that such experiences could have implications for the therapeutic relationship, the clinical outcome, and models of psi.
The study reported in this paper investigated the process and nature of synchronicity experiences from the perspective of the ‘therapist’. A qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA; Smith, 2009) explored the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences by interviewing a purposive sample of ‘therapists’ who report such experiences in their therapeutic sessions. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three counsellors, three psychologists and three psychotherapists and focused on how synchronicity experiences are interpreted, what features influence these interpretations, how participants make sense of these experiences, and whether synchronicity experiences were perceived to be useful in therapy.
Three super-ordinate themes were identified that illuminate how participants interpret, understand, and deal with synchronicity experiences in therapy: ‘Sense of connectedness’, ‘Therapeutic process’, and ‘Professional issues’. Most participants commented on how their experience of synchronicity in the therapeutic setting was a profound moment that facilitated growth in their clients and resulted in a stronger therapeutic relationship. These super-ordinate themes also have nine constituent subthemes which will be reported at the conference alongside participant extracts to demonstrate how they are grounded in the data and as a way of validating interpretations. Anomalous experiences that occur in the clinical setting are an important consideration for mental health professionals and parapsychologists as findings add to our knowledge of a growing area termed ‘clinical parapsychology’ or ‘counselling for anomalous experiences’ and point to the need for a more integrative approach to therapy that acknowledges anomalous experiences as subjectively real for the client and therapist
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C. (2012, September). An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy. Paper presented at the 36th Society for Psychical Research (SPR) International Annual Conference, Northampton, UK. Abstract retrieved from http://nectar.northampton.ac.uk/4691/
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Synchronicity / Meaningful coincidence / Clinical setting / Mental health professionals / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Anomalous experiences

DocumentExploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://bacp.co.uk/research/conf_archive/2012.php#q56
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
AIM/PURPOSE:
There has been limited systematic research that has explored the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in different clinical settings. This study aims to redress this by exploring the process and nature of these experiences from the perspective of the clinician.
DESIGN/METHODOLOGY:
A qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA; Smith, 1996, 2009) explored the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences by interviewing a purposive sample of clinicians who report such experiences in their therapeutic sessions. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three counsellors, three psychologists and three psychotherapists and focused on how synchronicity experiences are interpreted, what features influence these interpretations, how participants make sense of these experiences, and whether synchronicity experiences were perceived to be useful in therapy. Ethical approval was received from the School of Social Sciences Ethics Committee.
RESULTS/FINDINGS:
Three superordinate themes were identified that illuminate how participants interpret, understand, and deal with synchronicity experiences in therapy: 'sense of connectedness', 'therapeutic process', and 'professional issues'. Most participants commented on how their experience of synchronicity in the therapeutic setting was a profound moment that facilitated growth in their clients and resulted in a stronger therapeutic relationship. These superordinate themes also have 10 constituent subthemes which will be reported at the conference alongside participant extracts to demonstrate how they are grounded in the data and as a way of validating interpretations.
RESEARCH LIMITATIONS:
Due to the small sample size inherent in most qualitative research designs, findings cannot be generalised to any great extent, but can provide insights into how some therapists makes sense of synchronicity experiences. Smith and Osborn (2003) point out that IPA research seeks to explore in-depth the lived experience of individuals who are a homogeneous group rather than making generalisations that are applicable to all.
CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS:
Synchronicity experiences are perceived to be a useful ‘tool' for the therapeutic process, which has important implications for training and supervision. Findings support an integrative approach to therapy that acknowledges anomalous experiences, such as synchronicity events, as subjectively real for the client and therapist.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (power point presentation)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Ridgway, S.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C., & Ridgway, S. (2012, May). Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy. Paper presented at the 18th Annual BACP Research Conference ‘Understanding Counselling and Psychotherapy: Preferences, Process and Outcomes’, Edinburgh, UK. Abstract retrieved from http://bacp.co.uk/research/conf_archive/2012.php#q56
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Synchronicity / Meaningful coincidence / Counselors / Psychotherapists / Psychologists

Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy

Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy

DocumentAn investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.parapsych.org/uploaded_files/pdfs/00/00/00/00/24/2011_pa_convention_abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Attempts to explain synchronicity experiences by mainstream science argue believers in the paranormal are more prone to seeing meaningful patterns in randomness (Blackmore & Moore, 1994) or underestimate the probablity of their occuring by chance (Brugger et al, 1993). However, empirical studies testing these theories have found mixed results. Brugger, Landis, and Regard (1990) found a moderate correlation between belief in the paranormal and subjective frequency of coincidences, whereas others have found no differences between believers and sceptics in terms of probablity misjudgement (Blackmore, 1997; Bressan, 2002). Regardless of whether synchronicity experiences are associated with a belief in the paranormal or are indeed random events, a large body of literature exists that claims synchronicity experiences (meaningful coincidence between an inner event and an external event occurring simultaneously or at a future point in time) frequently occur in clinical settings, especially in psychotherapeutic settings, and that they can promote personal growth (Jung, 1952; Keutzer, 1984; Nachman, 2009). For example, there have been occurrences where the therapist has dreamt information about the client that is later verified as correct (Ehrenwald, 1948; Orloff, 1996) or where the therapeutic setting becomes part of the synchronistic event, the most notable being the Scarab beetle scenario (cf. Jung, 1952). It has been proposed that synchronicity may be more likely in the psychotherapy setting given the openness to unconscious communication, the salience of the therapeutic relationship, and the development of symbolic thought (Marlo & Kline, 1998). However, we still know relatively little about how common synchronicity experiences are in different clinical settings or how they are interpreted by clinicians with different therapeutic orientations (i.e. psychotherapists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and counsellors). This is surprising given that such experiences could have implications for the therapeutic relationship, the clinical outcome, and models of psi. Anomalous experiences that occur in the clinical setting are an important consideration for mental health professionals and parapsychologists as research findings will add to our knowledge of a growing area tentatively termed “clinical parapsychology” (Belz, 2009) and may point to the need for a more integrative approach to therapy that acknowledges anomalous experiences as subjectively real for the client.
This research brief outlines two planned studies investigating synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting using a mixed methods approach. Firstly, a quantitative study, involving a nationwide survey, with a representative sample of clinicians (psychiatrists, counsellors, clinical psychologists, and psychotherapists) is under construction to investigate the range and incidence of synchronicity experiences within different clinical settings. For example, how common are synchronicity experiences? Are there any differences between clinicians in terms of occurrences and form of synchronicity experiences? Secondly, a qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA; Smith, 1996) will explore the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences by interviewing a purposive sample of clinicians who report such experiences in their therapeutic sessions. Interviews will focus on how synchronicity experiences are interpreted by different clinicians (e.g. as evidence of psi/anomalous communication, as products of random events to which meaning is attached and/or as useful for the therapeutic process) and what features influence these interpretations. Interviews will also explore how clinicians make sense of these experiences. For example, what do they mean to them? How do they identify a synchronistic experience? As such, the research is not concerned with whether synchronicity is proof of psi phenomena per se; rather it seeks to establish how common these experiences are within different clinical settings and explores the process and nature of these experiences from the perspective of the clinician. The current status of the research will be reported during the presentation
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
Abstract and respective power point presentation in attachment
Author: Roxburgh, E. C.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C. (2011). An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting. In M. Kittenis (Ed.), Parapsychological Association 54th Annual Convention: Abstracts of Presented Papers (pp. 29-30). Curitiba, Brazil: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Synchronicity / Meaningful coincidence / Clinical setting / Mental health professionals / Online survey / Semi-structured in-depth interviews / Interpretative phenomenological analysis

An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

Abstract

Abstract

DocumentAn investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
The purpose of this research was twofold. Firstly, to investigate how common synchronicity experiences are in the clinical setting and whether there are there any differences between clinicians in the reporting, interpretation or explanation of synchronicity experiences. Secondly, to explore the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences, focusing on how clinicians make sense of these experiences.
METHODS:
The research used a mixed-methods design. The first stage of the research involved a nationwide on-line survey which was completed by a representative sample of clinicians. The second stage involved a qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA; Smith, 1996). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of counsellors, psychologists and psychotherapists who reported synchronicity experiences in their therapeutic sessions.
RESULTS:
Preliminary analysis of the closed items from the survey suggests that clinicians are more likely to have experienced a synchronicity event if they are female, if they practise as a psychotherapist and have been working within their profession for ten years or more. Additionally, psychologists are more likely to report that synchronicities are chance coincidences that individuals ascribe meaning to, whereas psychotherapists tend to report that synchronicities occur because the client needs to discuss important unconscious material. A thematic content analysis on the open ended data is in progress and a more sophisticated quantitative analysis will be conducted on the closed item data once the survey has closed. Themes from the IPA study will be reported at the conference alongside participant extracts to illuminate how they are grounded in the data.
CONCLUSION/DISCUSSION:
An overwhelming outcome of the research is that synchronicity experiences are seen as a useful tool for therapy. Therefore, on a therapeutic level, it is necessary to explore what implications any reported synchronicity experiences have on the therapeutic relationship and clinical outcome of the client. Findings may support a more integrative approach to therapy that acknowledges anomalous experiences, such as synchronicity events, as subjectively real for the client. On a parapsychological level findings might shed some light on whether ESP is involved in synchronicity. If so, it would be an example of how psi might operate in a real world setting.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
Abstract and respective power point presentation in attachment
Author: Roxburgh, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Ridgway, S.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C., & Ridgway, S. (2012). An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 60/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Synchronicity / Meaningful coincidence / Clinical setting / Psychotherapy / Online survey / Semi-structured in-depth interviews

An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

DocumentExploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13642537.2015.1027784?journalCode=rejp20
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Synchronicity experiences (SEs) are defined as psychologically meaningful connections between inner events (e.g. thought, dream or vision) and one or more external events occurring simultaneously or at a future point in time. There has been limited systematic research that has investigated the phenomenology of SEs in therapy. This study aimed to redress this by exploring the process and nature of such experiences from the perspective of the practitioner. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of nine practitioners who reported SEs in their therapeutic
sessions (three counsellors, three psychologists and three psychotherapists), and focused on how participants make sense of their experiences of synchronicity in therapy. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to identify three superordinate themes: sense of connectedness, therapeutic process, and professional issues. Findings suggest that SEs can serve to strengthen the therapeutic relationship and are perceived as useful harbingers of information about the therapeutic process, as well as being a means of overcoming communication difficulties, as they are seen to provide insights into the client’s experiencing of themselves and others, regardless of whether or not the SE is acknowledged by the client or disclosed by the therapist.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Ridgway, S., Roe, C. A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C., Ridgway, S., & Roe, C. A. (2015). Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy. European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling, 17(2), 144-161. doi: 10.1080/13642537.2015.1027784
Times cited: 9|2020-03-12
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Meaningful coincidence / Practitioner / Synchronicity / Therapeutic process / Therapeutic relationship

DocumentSynchronicity in the therapeutic setting: A survey of practitioners2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Synchronicity in the therapeutic setting: A survey of practitioners
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/capr.12057/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
AIMS
In this study, we intended to explore whether there are any differences between counsellors, psychologists and psychotherapists in the reporting and interpretation of synchronicity experiences (SEs) in the therapeutic setting. SEs are defined as psychologically meaningful connections between inner events (such as a thought, vision or feeling) and one or more external events occurring simultaneously or at a future point in time.
DESIGN
An online survey link was emailed to a random sample of counsellors, psychologists and psychotherapists drawn from membership lists of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP), British Psychological Society (BPS) and the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). The survey was designed to investigate the following research questions: do practitioners report SEs in the therapeutic setting? Are there any differences between types of practitioners in terms of explanations for SEs? Were SEs believed to be more likely to occur at certain points in therapy?
RESULTS
A total of 226 respondents completed the survey. One hundred respondents (44%) reported that they had experienced synchronicity in the therapeutic setting, of whom 55 were psychotherapists, 21 counsellors and 24 psychologists. The majority of respondents (67%) felt that SEs could be useful for therapy. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences between practitioner types in their interpretation of SEs but no differences in perception of when synchronicity events were likely to occur.
CONCLUSION
Findings have important implications for how practitioners may respond to clients who report SEs and are discussed alongside suggestions for future research.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Ridgway, S., Roe, C. A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C., Ridgway, S., & Roe, C. A. (2016). Synchronicity in the therapeutic setting: A survey of practitioners. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 16(1), 44-53. doi: 10.1002/capr.12057
Times cited: 4|2020-03-12
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Meaningful coincidences / Practitioners / Survey / Synchronicity / Therapeutic setting

Synchronicity in the therapeutic setting: A survey of practitioners

Synchronicity in the therapeutic setting: A survey of practitioners