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File141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes2011-04 2015-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

DocumentPredictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00390/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This meta-analysis of 26 reports published between 1978 and 2010 tests an unusual hypothesis: for stimuli of two or more types that are presented in an order designed to be unpredictable and that produce different post-stimulus physiological activity, the direction of pre-stimulus physiological activity reflects the direction of post-stimulus physiological activity, resulting in an unexplained anticipatory effect. The reports we examined used one of two paradigms: (1) randomly ordered presentations of arousing vs. neutral stimuli, or (2) guessing tasks with feedback (correct vs. incorrect). Dependent variables included: electrodermal activity, heart rate, blood volume, pupil dilation, electroencephalographic activity, and blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) activity. To avoid including data hand-picked from multiple different analyses, no post hoc experiments were considered. The results reveal a significant overall effect with a small effect size [fixed effect: overall ES=0.21, 95% CI=0.15–0.27, z=6.9, p<2.7×10-12; random effects: overall (weighted) ES=0.21, 95% CI=0.13–0.29, z=5.3, p<5.7×10-8]. Higher quality experiments produced a quantitatively larger effect size and a greater level of significance than lower quality studies. The number of contrary unpublished reports that would be necessary to reduce the level of significance to chance (p>0.05) was conservatively calculated to be 87 reports. We explore alternative explanations and examine the potential linkage between this unexplained anticipatory activity and other results demonstrating meaningful pre-stimulus activity preceding behaviorally relevant events. We conclude that to further examine this currently unexplained anticipatory activity, multiple replications arising from different laboratories using the same methods are necessary. The cause of this anticipatory activity, which undoubtedly lies within the realm of natural physical processes (as opposed to supernatural or paranormal ones), remains to be determined.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73.03
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Tressoldi, P., Utts, J.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Mossbridge, J., Tressoldi, P., & Utts, J. (2012). Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, 390, 1-18. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00390
2-year Impact Factor: 2.843|2013
Impact factor notes: Impact factor computed since 2013
Times cited: 48|2022-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Prestimulus activity / Anticipatory physiology / Temporal processing / Psychophysiology / Presentiment / Predictive processing

Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis

Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis

DocumentPhysiological activity that seems to anticipate future events2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
Physiological activity that seems to anticipate future events
Publication year: 2014
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Document type:
Book chapter
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Mossbridge, J. (2014). Physiological activity that seems to anticipate future events. In D. Broderick & B. Goertzel (Eds.), Evidence for Psi: Thirteen Empirical Research Reports (pp. 52-63). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Anomalous anticipatory activity / Parapsychology

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentHow to handle expectation bias in presentiment experiments: A recommendation2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
How to handle expectation bias in presentiment experiments: A recommendation
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.parapsych.org/uploaded_files/pdfs/00/00/00/00/39/2013_pa_convention_abstracts_of_presented_papers.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Here we reconsider expectation bias, with focus on how to handle it in experiments attempting to demonstrate presentiment. Presentiment is usually demonstrated by showing that significant physiological differences precede stimuli of different arousal levels, with all stimuli being presented in a randomized order with replacement. Often the direction of these differences suggests that physiological arousal is more likely to precede arousing rather than neutral stimuli. The possibility exists that such reactions can be explained as resulting from expectation bias. Expectation bias is based on the (false) notion that the likelihood of an arousing stimulus being presented grows as the number of consecutive calm stimuli increases (the gambler´s fallacy). Different ways of minimizing or avoiding the bias are discussed.
On the basis of this discussion, our recommendation is to use analysis of variance (ANOVA) to separate the effect of the bias from the hypothetical presentiment effect, preferably at the trial-bytrial level. We also recommend ANOVA to be applied to each participant separately to avoid mixing within- and between- participant pre-stimulus effects, and to use a “counting” method to test for possible presentiment effects at the group level. The favored method is illustrated using both a simulated one-participant example and real, multi-participant data. Finally, we anticipate that ANOVA can be performed to handle not only the expectation bias, but also other similar biases, like the so-called “hot hand” bias, in presentiment experiments as well as in conscious precognition experiments involving feed-back.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (full paper)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Dalkvist, J.
Secondary author(s):
Mossbridge, J., Westerlund, J.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Dalkvist, J., Mossbridge, J., & Westerlund, J. (2013). How to handle expectation bias in presentiment experiments: A recommendation. In M. Biondi & P. Tressoldi (Eds.), Abstracts of Presented Papers of the 56th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (p. 19). Viterbo, Italy: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Presentiment / Expectation bias / ANOVA / Analysis of variance / The gambler's fallacy / Precognition

How to handle expectation bias in presentiment experiments: A recommendation

How to handle expectation bias in presentiment experiments: A recommendation

DocumentPhysiological markers of future outcomes: Three experiments on subconscious psi perception during concurrent performance of a guessing task2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
Physiological markers of future outcomes: Three experiments on subconscious psi perception during concurrent performance of a guessing task
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.parapsych.org/uploaded_files/pdfs/00/00/00/00/24/2011_pa_convention_abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Physiological responses to arousing (vs. calm) stimuli arriving 3-7 seconds in the future have been described in peer-reviewed journals using five different physiological measures in at least four different laboratories. However, only a handful of these have used tasks in which participants must perform conscious guessing at targets. In order to eventually improve performance at intuitive guessing, understanding the mechanisms of physiological presentiment effects during the performance of behavioral guessing tasks is critical.
To address this gap in knowledge, we performed three experiments. Our hypothesis for all three experiments was that two measures of autonomic state, heart pulse period or inter-beat-interval (IBI) and skin conductance (SC), would both show distinct and significantly different patterns associated with future correct vs. incorrect guesses in a guessing task. In the first two experiments we show that at the group level, significant differences in heart period are observed, such that IBI is higher preceding a correct guess than an incorrect guess. However, at least at the group level, there was no SC difference associated with correctness or incorrectness of a future guess in either of the two experiments. The third experiment found no significant anticipatory effects. Finally, an exploratory analysis comparing data from all females to all males across the four experiments showed that while at the group level SC was not responsive to correctness of future guesses in any experiment, a robust sex difference in SC anticipatory responses exists, in which males have increased skin conductance preceding correct vs. incorrect guesses, while females show the reverse pattern.
None of the significant effects in any of the experiments or the post-hoc sex difference analysis could be explained by expectation bias. Reasons for the lack of a significant effect in the third experiment are discussed. Overall, the results support the hypothesis.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (full paper)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73.04
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Grabowecky, M., Suzuki, S.
Document type:
Abstract book-d
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Mossbridge, J., Grabowecky, M., & Suzuki, S. (2011). Physiological markers of future outcomes: Three experiments on subconscious psi perception during concurrent performance of a guessing task. In M. Kittenis (Ed.), Abstracts of Presented Papers of the 54th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (p. 17). Curitiba, Brazil: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Precognition / Anticipatory physiological effects / Presentiment

Physiological markers of future outcomes: Three experiments on subconscious psi perception during concurrent performance of a guessing task

Physiological markers of future outcomes: Three experiments on subconscious psi perception during concurrent performance of a guessing task

DocumentPredicting the unpredictable: critical analysis and practical implications of predictive anticipatory activity2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
Predicting the unpredictable: critical analysis and practical implications of predictive anticipatory activity
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00146/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
A recent meta-analysis of experiments from seven independent laboratories (n = 26) indicates that the human body can apparently detect randomly delivered stimuli occurring 1–10 s in the future (Mossbridge et al., 2012). The key observation in these studies is that human physiology appears to be able to distinguish between unpredictable dichotomous future stimuli, such as emotional vs. neutral images or sound vs. silence. This phenomenon has been called presentiment (as in “feeling the future”). In this paper we call it predictive anticipatory activity (PAA). The phenomenon is “predictive” because it can distinguish between upcoming stimuli; it is “anticipatory” because the physiological changes occur before a future event; and it is an “activity” because it involves changes in the cardiopulmonary, skin, and/or nervous systems. PAA is an unconscious phenomenon that seems to be a time-reversed reflection of the usual physiological response to a stimulus. It appears to resemble precognition (consciously knowing something is going to happen before it does), but PAA specifically refers to unconscious physiological reactions as opposed to conscious premonitions. Though it is possible that PAA underlies the conscious experience of precognition, experiments testing this idea have not produced clear results. The first part of this paper reviews the evidence for PAA and examines the two most difficult challenges for obtaining valid evidence for it: expectation bias and multiple analyses. The second part speculates on possible mechanisms and the theoretical implications of PAA for understanding physiology and consciousness. The third part examines potential practical applications.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Tressoldi, P., Utts, J., Ives, J. A., Radin, D., Jonas, W. B.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Mossbridge, J., Tressoldi, P., Utts, J., Ives, J. A., Radin, D., & Jonas, W. B. (2014). Predicting the unpredictable: Critical analysis and practical implications of predictive anticipatory activity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, 146, 1-10. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00146
2-year Impact Factor: 3.626|2014
Times cited: 17|2022-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Anticipatory activity / Neural prediction / Predictive coding / Presentiment / Temporal processing

Predicting the unpredictable: critical analysis and practical implications of predictive anticipatory activity

Predicting the unpredictable: critical analysis and practical implications of predictive anticipatory activity

DocumentHow to remove the influence of expectations bias in presentimento and similar experiments: A recommended strategy2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
How to remove the influence of expectations bias in presentimento and similar experiments: A recommended strategy
Publication year: 2014
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Here we reconsider expectation bias in so-called presentiment experiments, with focus on how to handle it. In such experiments, presentiment is usually thought to be demonstrated by showing that significant physiological differences precede stimuli presumed to give rise to different arousal levels. Often these differences suggest that physiological arousal is more likely to precede arousing rather than calming stimuli. Conceivably, however, such reactions can be explained as resulting from expectation bias of the gambler’s fallacy type. This bias is based on the (false) notion that the likelihood of an arousing stimulus being presented grows as the number of consecutive calming stimuli increases. Different ways of controlling or avoiding the bias are discussed. Our resulting recommendation is to use analysis of variance (ANOVA) to separate the effect of the bias from the hypothetical presentiment effect, preferably at the trial-by-trial level. We also recommend applying ANOVA to each participant separately and using a “counting” method to test for possible presentiment effects at the group level. Application of ANOVA is illustrated using a simulated example. We anticipate ANOVA can handle not only the gambler’s fallacy bias but also similar biases, in presentiment experiments as well as in some conscious precognition experiments.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Dalkvist, J.
Secondary author(s):
Mossbridge, J., Westerlund, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Dalkvist, J., Mossbridge, J., & Westerlund, J. (2014). How to remove the influence of expectations bias in presentimento and similar experiments: A recommended strategy. Journal of Parapsychology, 78(1), 80–97.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Expectation bias / Gambler's fallacy / Presentiment / Precognition / Analysis of variance

How to remove the influence of expectations bias in presentimento and similar experiments: A recommended strategy

How to remove the influence of expectations bias in presentimento and similar experiments: A recommended strategy

DocumentFinal report -Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
Final report -Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Publication year: 2015
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa14110_18052015.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Distinct physiological changes preceding upcoming randomly selected arousing (vs. calm) stimuli have been analysed statistically, and it appears these effects are replicable (Mossbridge et al. 2012). Here we call these changes “presentiment” or predictive anticipatory activity or “PAA.”
AIMS
1) Investigate how critical factors influence PAA, and 2) Create pattern-classification software that an individual can use to predict a future emotional event.
METHODS & RESULTS:
We completed three sets of experiments addressing these aims. Results from two EEG studies (experiment set 1) indicated that the alpha phase preceding upcoming stimuli predicts the motor response to those stimuli, an effect that seems to be difficult to isolate topographically using scalp electrodes. Results from two single-trial paradigms performed in the laboratory (experiment set 2) indicated that paradigms in which the delay between the onset of the trial and the stimulus is the same across all participants are most likely to show strong presentiment effects and that heart rate may be a better predictor of upcoming events than skin conductance. Finally, using smartphones to record heart activity in 300 people before either winning or losing $2 (experiment set 3) resulted in a replication of a significant gender difference in presentiment responses, similar to that described in Mossbridge et al. (2012).
CONCLUSIONS
Single-trial presentiment experiments facilitated by smartphone apps should help reduce noise sources in presentiment experiments. Gender, age, and arousal level of the reward are factors that we plan to vary to determine how they influence presentiment.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Presentiment / Predictive anticipatory activity / Precognition / Time perception / Anticipation

Final report -Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes

Final report -Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes

DocumentWe did see this coming: Response to “We Should Have Seen This Coming” by D. Sam Schwarzkopf2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
We did see this coming: Response to “We Should Have Seen This Coming” by D. Sam Schwarzkopf
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://arxiv.org/abs/1501.03179
Abstract/Results: We appreciate the effort by Schwarzkopf to examine alternative explanations for predictive anticipatory activity (PAA) or presentiment (for first response, see: Schwarzkopf 2014a; for additional response, see: Schwarzkopf 2014b, for original article, see: Mossbridge et al. 2014). These commentaries are a laudable effort to promote collegial discussion of the controversial claim of presentiment, whereby physiological measures preceding unpredictable emotional events differ from physiological measures preceding calm or neutral events (Mossbridge et al., 2012; Mossbridge et al., 2014). What is called truth at any given time in science has achieved that status through a continuous process of measurement and interpretation based on the current knowledge at hand. Here we address six points in his original commentary (Schwarzkopf 2014a), though our responses are informed by the points he made in his his supplementary commentary (Schwarzkopf 2014b). We hope our responses will help Schwarzkopf and others understand our interpretation of these data.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Tressoldi, P., Utts, J., Radin, D., Ives, J. A., Jonas, W. B.
Document type:
Online paper
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Mossbridge, J., Tressoldi, P., Utts, J., Radin, D., Ives, J. A., & Jonas, W. B. (2015). We did see this coming: Response to “We Should Have Seen This Coming” by D. Sam Schwarzkopf. arXiv:1501.03179. 2015
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Predictive anticipatory activity

We did see this coming: Response to “We Should Have Seen This Coming” by D. Sam Schwarzkopf

We did see this coming: Response to “We Should Have Seen This Coming” by D. Sam Schwarzkopf

DocumentCharacteristic alpha reflects Predictive Anticipatory Activity (PAA) in an auditory-visual task2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.09
Title: Characteristic alpha reflects Predictive Anticipatory Activity (PAA) in an auditory-visual task
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-58628-1_7#citeas
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Several lines of evidence suggest that humans can predict events that seem to be unpredictable through ordinary sensory means. After reviewing the literature in this controversial field, I present an exploratory EEG study that addresses this hypothesis. I used a pattern classification algorithm drawing on EEG data prior to stimulus presentation to successfully predict upcoming motor responses that were constrained by the upcoming stimulus. Both the phase of peak alpha activity and overall amplitude at similar to 550 ms prior to the presentation of the stimulus were useful in predicting the upcoming motor response. Although these results support the idea that brain activity may reflect precognitive processes in certain situations, due to the exploratory nature of this study, additional pre-registered confirmatory experiments are required before the results can be considered solid. Implications for creating a closed-loop predictive system based on human physiology are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Mossbridge J. A. (2017). Characteristic alpha reflects Predictive Anticipatory Activity (PAA) in an auditory-visual task. In D. Schmorrow & C. Fidopiastis (Eds), Augmented Cognition. Neurocognition and Machine Learning. AC 2017. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Vol. 10284, pp. 79-89). Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-58628-1_7
Impact factor notes: N/A
Times cited: 0|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Predictive anticipatory activity / Presentiment / Precognition / Prospection / EEG / Alpha / Auditory-visual

DocumentExamining the nature of retrocausal effects in biology and psychology2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.10
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
Examining the nature of retrocausal effects in biology and psychology
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.4982775
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Multiple laboratories have reported physiological and psychological changes associated with future events that are designed to be unpredictable by normal sensory means. Such phenomena seem to be examples of retrocausality at the macroscopic level. Here I will discuss the characteristics of seemingly retrocausal effects in biology and psychology, specifically examining a biological and a psychological form of precognition, predictive anticipatory activity (PAA) and implicit precognition. The aim of this examination is to offer an analysis of the constraints posed by the characteristics of macroscopic retrocausal effects. Such constraints are critical to assessing any physical theory that purports to explain these effects. Following a brief introduction to recent research on PAA and implicit precognition, I will describe what I believe we have learned so far about the nature of these effects, and conclude with a testable, yet embryonic, model of macroscopic retrocausal phenomena.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Mossbridge, J. (2017). Examining the nature of retrocausal effects in biology and psychology. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1841, 030004. doi: 10.1063/1.4982775
Impact factor notes: N/A
Times cited: 0|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes

Examining the nature of retrocausal effects in biology and psychology

Examining the nature of retrocausal effects in biology and psychology