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File041 - The Body beyond the body2013-032015-01

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
041 - The Body beyond the body
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marcello Costantini, Francesca Ferri
Institution(s): Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Secondary author(s):
Ferri, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Somatosensory system / Self / Body awareness / Brain structure and function

DocumentThe body beyond the body: Expectation of a sensory event is enough to induce ownership over a fake hand2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
041 - The Body beyond the body
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marcello Costantini, Francesca Ferri
Institution(s): Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Secondary author(s):
Ferri, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Somatosensory system / Self / Body awareness / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
The body beyond the body: Expectation of a sensory event is enough to induce ownership over a fake hand
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/280/1765/20131140.short
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
More than 100 papers have been published on the rubber hand illusion since its discovery 14 years ago. The illusion has been proposed as a demonstration that the body is distinguished from other objects by its participation in specific forms of intermodal perceptual correlation. Here, we radically challenge this view by claiming that perceptual correlation is not necessary to produce the experience of this body as mine. Each of 15 participants was seated with his/her right arm resting upon a table just below another smaller table. Thus, the real hand was hidden from the participant's view and a life-sized rubber model of a right hand was placed on the small table in front of the participant. The participant observed the experimenter's hand while approaching—without touching—the rubber hand. Phenomenology of the illusion was measured by means of skin conductance response and questionnaire. Both measures indicated that participants experienced the illusion that the experimenter's hand was about to touch their hidden hand rather than the rubber hand, as if the latter replaced their own hand. This did not occur when the rubber hand was rotated by 180° or replaced by a piece of wood. This illusion indicates that our brain does not build a sense of self in a merely reactive way, via perceptual correlations; rather it generates predictions on what may or may not belong to itself.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Ferri, F.
Secondary author(s):
Chiarelli, A. M., Merla, A., Gallese, V., Costantini, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
5|2022-03-19
Reference:
Ferri, F., Chiarelli, A. M., Merla, A., Gallese, V., & Costantini, M. (2013). The body beyond the body: expectation of a sensory event is enough to induce ownership over a fake hand. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280(1765). doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.1140
2-year Impact Factor: 5.292|2013
Times cited: 58|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Predictive brain / Tactile expectation / Rubber hand illusion / Self

The body beyond the body: Expectation of a sensory event is enough to induce ownership over a fake hand

The body beyond the body: Expectation of a sensory event is enough to induce ownership over a fake hand

DocumentExpectation of tactile events is enough to induce crossmodal congruency effect (CCE)2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
041 - The Body beyond the body
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marcello Costantini, Francesca Ferri
Institution(s): Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Secondary author(s):
Ferri, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Somatosensory system / Self / Body awareness / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
Expectation of tactile events is enough to induce crossmodal congruency effect (CCE)
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/journals/10.1163/22134808-000s0109
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
New approaches understand sensory processing as constructive and active in nature. Expectations about upcoming sensory events can be utilized to prepare sensory cortices by instantiating a neural context that allows for enhanced processing of the forthcoming event. But, how deeply is expectation involved in sensory processing? One of the most useful ability of our brain is to integrate input from different sensory modalities in order to create a coherent representation of the environment. Does expectation have a role to play in basic crossmodal integration? In this study we tackled this issue by taking advantage of a Crossmodal Congruency Task.
Participants were stimulated at the index or thumb of the right hand, using solenoids mounted on a foam cube. Simultaneously they received a visual stimulus adjacent to the active solenoid (congruent) or adjacent to the inactive solenoid (incongruent). The task was to respond to the elevation of the visual stimulus while ignoring the tactile distractor. To induce expectation over the tactile stimulus, in 80% of the trials either a high or a low pitched tone preceded the stimulation of the index and thumb finger, respectively. In the remaining 20% of the trials the tactile stimulus was not delivered.
Results fully replicated basic CCE. Strikingly, CCE was observed, though at a less degree, also when the tactile stimulus was not delivered but merely expected.
Our findings suggest that a coherent representation of the environment, as achieved by crossmodal integration, does not require real stimuli. Expected stimuli are enough to this aim.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Iezzi, F.
Secondary author(s):
Cadellicchio, P., Ambrosini, E., Ferri, F., Costantini, M.
Document type:
Abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Iezzi, F., Cadellicchio, P., Ambrosini, E., Ferri, F., & Costantini, M. (2013). Expectation of tactile events is enough to induce crossmodal congruency effect (CCE). Multisensory Research, 26(Supp. 1), 146-147. doi: 10.1163/22134808-000S0109
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Cross-modal congruency task / Predictive coding / Tactile expectation

Expectation of tactile events is enough to induce crossmodal congruency effect (CCE)

Expectation of tactile events is enough to induce crossmodal congruency effect (CCE)

DocumentBody perception, awareness, and illusions2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
041 - The Body beyond the body
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marcello Costantini, Francesca Ferri
Institution(s): Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Secondary author(s):
Ferri, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Somatosensory system / Self / Body awareness / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
Body perception, awareness, and illusions
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcs.1309/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Perceiving a body is a phenomenal experience completely different from experiencing a body as one's own body. Visual presentation of bodies or body parts recruits several occipitotemporal regions in the brain. Are these activations sufficient in order to change the phenomenal status of a body in one's own body? In this paper, I will review consolidated experimental evidence showing that the feeling of owning a body is not limited to the vision of a body, rather it is the result of a complex interaction between interoception, exteroception, and pre-existing body templates. To illustrate this complex interplay, I will take advantage of the so-called bodily illusions, referring to controlled illusory generation of unusual bodily feeling. These feelings include having a supernumerary limb, or lacking an arm, or feeling like you do not really have a body, or feeling that you do not really control a certain part of your body, or that your body is not really yours. In the last 15 years more than 150 empirical studies on body illusions have been published (Source: Pubmed, June 2014). These studies, using different technologies, are largely responsible for contributed our current understanding of bodily self-consciousness.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Costantini, M. (2014). Body perception, awareness, and illusions. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 5(5), 551–560. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1309
2-year Impact Factor: 1.869|2014
Times cited: 25|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Body perception / Bodily illusions / Exteroception / Interoception

Body perception, awareness, and illusions

Body perception, awareness, and illusions

DocumentFinal report - The Body beyond the body2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
041 - The Body beyond the body
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marcello Costantini, Francesca Ferri
Institution(s): Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Secondary author(s):
Ferri, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Somatosensory system / Self / Body awareness / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
Final report - The Body beyond the body
Publication year: 2014
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant4112.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
More than 100 papers have been published on the rubber hand illusion since its discovery 14 years ago. The illusion has been proposed as a demonstration that the body is distinguished from other objects by its participation in specific forms of intermodal perceptual correlation. Here, we radically challenge this view by claiming that actual perceptual correlation is not necessary to produce the experience of this body as mine, as expectations about what could be my body are sufficient.
AIM OF THE STUDY
The aim of this project was to empirically provide support to the idea that peripersonal space (PPS) is not a region surrounding the body that acts as an interface between the body and the environment; rather it is actually a part of our body. To this aim we proposed to test whether it is possible to induce a sense of body ownership over a rubber hand when tactile stimuli were neither delivered over a seen rubber hand nor over the hidden participants’ hand.
METHOD
Participants were submitted to an experimental set-up similar to that employed during the standard Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI). In our case, however, instead of receiving congruent visuo-tactile stimulation, participants observe an object merely entering their own PPS and approaching the rubber hand.
RESULTS
The Project was successful in demonstrating that participants did experience a full-blown illusion. At the neural level we demonstrated that the parietal lobe, a cortical region encoding PPS, is activated by the sight of an object entering participants’ PPS.
CONCLUSION
Our results suggest that expectations about forthcoming sensory events are sufficient to induce a sense of body ownership.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Body ownership / Rubber hand illusion / Expectation / Bodily self

Final report - The Body beyond the body

Final report - The Body beyond the body

DocumentEmotion-inducing approaching sounds shape the boundaries of multisensory peripersonal space2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
041 - The Body beyond the body
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marcello Costantini, Francesca Ferri
Institution(s): Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Secondary author(s):
Ferri, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Somatosensory system / Self / Body awareness / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
Emotion-inducing approaching sounds shape the boundaries of multisensory peripersonal space
Publication year: 2015
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0028393215001062
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In order to survive in a complex environment, inhabited by potentially threatening and noxious objects or living beings, we need to constantly monitor our surrounding space, especially in the vicinity of our body. Such a space has been commonly referred to as one's 'peripersonal space' (PPS). In this study we investigated whether emotion-inducing approaching sound sources impact the boundaries of PPS. Previous studies have indeed showed that the boundaries of PPS are not fixed but modulate according to properties of stimuli in the surrounding environment. In Experiment 1, participants performed a simple tactile detection task of targets presented to their right hand. Concurrently, they were presented with intensity-changing task-irrelevant artificial sound sources perceived as approaching toward their body. The physical properties of the sound elicited emotional responses of either neutral or negative valence. Results showed larger PPS when the approaching stimulus had negative as compared to neutral emotional valence. In Experiment 2, we used ecological sounds which content (i.e., psychological associations to the sound producing source), rather than physical properties, elicited emotional responses of negative, positive or neutral valence. In agreement with results from experiment 1, we found larger PPS when the approaching stimuli had negative emotional valence as compared to both neutral and positive ones. Results are discussed within the theoretical framework that conceives PPS as a safety zone around one's body.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Ferri, F.
Secondary author(s):
Tajadura-Jiménez, A., Väljamäe, A., Vastano, R., Costantini, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
4|2022-03-19
Reference:
Ferri, F., Tajadura-Jiménez, A., Väljamäe, A., Vastano, R., & Costantini, M. (2015). Emotion-inducing approaching sounds shape the boundaries of multisensory peripersonal space. Neuropsychologia, 70:4 768-75. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2015.03.001
2-year Impact Factor: 2.989|2015
Times cited: 55|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Peripersonal space / Multisensory integration / Emotion / Auditory sources / Approaching / Looming sounds

DocumentMultisensory body representation in autoimmune diseases2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
041 - The Body beyond the body
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marcello Costantini, Francesca Ferri
Institution(s): Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Secondary author(s):
Ferri, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Somatosensory system / Self / Body awareness / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
Multisensory body representation in autoimmune diseases
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://www.nature.com/articles/srep21074
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Body representation has been linked to the processing and integration of multisensory signals. An outstanding example of the pivotal role played by multisensory mechanisms in body representation is the Rubber Hand Illusion (RHI). In this paradigm, multisensory stimulation induces a sense of ownership over a fake limb. Previous work has shown high interindividual differences in the susceptibility to the RHI. The origin of this variability remains largely unknown. Given the tight and bidirectional communication between the brain and the immune system, we predicted that the origin of this variability could be traced, in part, to the immune system's functioning, which is altered by several clinical conditions, including Coeliac Disease (CD). Consistent with this prediction, we found that the Rubber Hand Illusion is stronger in CD patients as compared to healthy controls. We propose a biochemical mechanism accounting for the dependency of multisensory body representation upon the Immune system. Our finding has direct implications for a range of neurological, psychiatric and immunological conditions where alterations of multisensory integration, body representation and dysfunction of the immune system co-exist.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Finotti, G.
Secondary author(s):
Costantini, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Finotti, G., & Costantini, M. (2016). Multisensory body representation in autoimmune diseases. Scientific Reports, 6: 21074. doi: 10.1038/srep21074
2-year Impact Factor: 4.259|2016
Times cited: 11|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1

Multisensory body representation in autoimmune diseases

Multisensory body representation in autoimmune diseases

DocumentThe role of expectation in multisensory body representation - neural evidence2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
041 - The Body beyond the body
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marcello Costantini, Francesca Ferri
Institution(s): Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Secondary author(s):
Ferri, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Somatosensory system / Self / Body awareness / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
The role of expectation in multisensory body representation - neural evidence
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ejn.13629
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Sensory events contribute to body ownership, the feeling that the body belongs to me. However, the encoding of sensory events is not only reactive, but also proactive in that our brain generates prediction about forthcoming stimuli. In previous studies, we have shown that prediction of sensory events is a sufficient condition to induce the sense of body ownership. In this study, we investigated the underlying neural mechanisms. Participants were seated with their right arm resting upon a table just below another smaller table. Hence, the real hand was hidden from the participant's view and a life-sized rubber model of a right hand was placed on the small table in front of them. Participants observed a wooden plank while approaching - without touching - the rubber hand. We measured the phenomenology of the illusion by means of questionnaire. Neural activity was recorded by means of near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). Results showed higher activation of multisensory parietal cortices in the rubber hand illusion induced by touch expectation. Furthermore, such activity was correlated with the subjective feeling of owning the rubber hand. Our results enrich current models of body ownership suggesting that our multisensory brain regions generate prediction on what could be my body and what could not. This finding might have interesting implications in all those cases in which body representation is altered, anorexia, bulimia nervosa and obesity, among others.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Ferri, F.
Secondary author(s):
Ambrosini, E., Pinti, P., Merla, A., Costantini, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Ferri, F., Ambrosini, E., Pinti, P., Merla, A., & Costantini, M. (2017). The role of expectation in multisensory body representation - neural evidence. European Journal of Neuroscience, 46(3), 1897-1905. doi: 10.1111/ejn.13629
2-year Impact Factor: 2.832|2018
Times cited: 9|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: fNIRS / Multisensory integration / Rubber hand illusion / Sensory prediction / Sensory processes

DocumentWhen a laser pen becomes a stick: Remapping of space by tool-use observation in hemispatial neglect2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
041 - The Body beyond the body
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marcello Costantini, Francesca Ferri
Institution(s): Department of Neuroscience and Imaging, University "G. d'Annunzio", Chieti (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Secondary author(s):
Ferri, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Somatosensory system / Self / Body awareness / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-041.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2012
Title:
When a laser pen becomes a stick: Remapping of space by tool-use observation in hemispatial neglect
Publication year: 2014
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00221-014-4012-z
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The role of active tool use in the remapping of space in hemispatial neglect patients has been extensively investigated. To date, however, there is no evidence that observing tool use can play a role in the remapping of space in hemispatial neglect patients. In this study, a patient with a severe hemispatial neglect in near but not far space and twelve healthy controls were asked to bisect near and far lines using a laser pen. The task was performed both before and immediately after sessions in which they merely observed the experimenter bisecting near and far lines with a stick. During the observation session, participants were either holding an identical stick or empty-handed. Results, in both the neglect patient and healthy controls, showed that observing the experimenter bisecting line while holding the same tool, produces a remapping of the far space into the near space. This result was particularly evident in the neglect patient where observing line-bisection task extended the spatial deficit from the near to the far space. Our results provide new empirical support to the idea that the space around us is not mapped in merely metrical terms, rather it seems to be deeply impacted by both action observation and execution.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Costantini, M.
Secondary author(s):
Frassinetti, F., Maini, M., Ambrosini, E., Gallese, V., Sinigaglia, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Costantini, M., Frassinetti, F., Maini, M., Ambrosini, E., Gallese, V., & Sinigaglia, C. (2014). When a laser pen becomes a stick: remapping of space by tool-use observation in hemispatial neglect. Experimental Brain Research, 232, 3233–3241. doi: 10.1007/s00221-014-4012-z
2-year Impact Factor: 2.036|2014
Times cited: 12|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Neglect / Peripersonal space / Tool-use

When a laser pen becomes a stick: Remapping of space by tool-use observation in hemispatial neglect

When a laser pen becomes a stick: Remapping of space by tool-use observation in hemispatial neglect