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File052 - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation2013-052015-01

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
052 - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation
Duration: 2013-05 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marc Christoph Wittmann, Karin Meissner, Stefan Schmidt
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Munich - LMU (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Meissner, K., Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception / Attention / Self / Body awareness / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

DocumentThe readiness potential reflects intentional binding2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
052 - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation
Duration: 2013-05 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marc Christoph Wittmann, Karin Meissner, Stefan Schmidt
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Munich - LMU (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Meissner, K., Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception / Attention / Self / Body awareness / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
The readiness potential reflects intentional binding
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00421/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
When a voluntary action is causally linked with a sensory outcome, the action and its consequent effect are perceived as being closer together in time. This effect is called intentional binding. Although many experiments were conducted on this phenomenon, the underlying neural mechanisms are not well understood. While intentional binding is specific to voluntary action, we presumed that preconscious brain activity (the readiness potential, RP), which occurs before an action is made, might play an important role in this binding effect. In this study, the brain dynamics were recorded with electroencephalography (EEG) and analyzed in single-trials in order to estimate whether intentional binding is correlated with the early neural processes. Moreover, we were interested in different behavioral performance between meditators and non-meditators since meditators are expected to be able to keep attention more consistently on a task. Thus, we performed the intentional binding paradigm with 20 mindfulness meditators and compared them to matched controls. Although, we did not observe a group effect on either behavioral data or EEG recordings, we found that self-initiated movements following ongoing negative deflections of slow cortical potentials (SCPs) result in a stronger binding effect compared to positive potentials, especially regarding the perceived time of the consequent effect. Our results provide the first direct evidence that the early neural activity within the range of SCPs affects perceived time of a sensory outcome that is caused by intentional action.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2012-053.02
Author: Jo, H. -G.
Secondary author(s):
Wittmann, M., Hinterberger, T., Schmidt, S.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Jo, H. -G., Wittmann, M., Hinterberger, T., & Schmidt, S. (2014). The readiness potential reflects intentional binding. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8: 421. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00421
2-year Impact Factor: 3.626|2014
Times cited: 37|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Sense of agency / Intentional binding / Readiness potential / Slow cortical potential / Meditation

The readiness potential reflects intentional binding

The readiness potential reflects intentional binding

DocumentThe readiness potential is associated with temporal attraction in intentional binding2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
052 - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation
Duration: 2013-05 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marc Christoph Wittmann, Karin Meissner, Stefan Schmidt
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Munich - LMU (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Meissner, K., Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception / Attention / Self / Body awareness / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
The readiness potential is associated with temporal attraction in intentional binding
Publication year: 2014
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2012-053.03
Author: Jo, H. -G.
Secondary author(s):
Wittmann, M., Hinterberger, T., Schmidt, S.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Jo, H. -G., Wittmann, M., Hinterberger, T., & Schmidt, S. (April, 2014). The readiness potential is associated with temporal attraction in intentional binding. Poster presented at the International Conference on Timing and Time Perception, Corfu, Greece.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Intentional binding / Readiness potential / Meditation

The readiness potential is associated with temporal attraction in intentional binding

The readiness potential is associated with temporal attraction in intentional binding

DocumentSubjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
052 - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation
Duration: 2013-05 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marc Christoph Wittmann, Karin Meissner, Stefan Schmidt
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Munich - LMU (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Meissner, K., Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception / Attention / Self / Body awareness / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01586/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Experienced meditators typically report that they experience time slowing down in meditation practice as well as in everyday life. Conceptually this phenomenon may be understood through functional states of mindfulness, i.e., by attention regulation, body awareness, emotion regulation, and enhanced memory. However, hardly any systematic empirical work exists regarding the experience of time in meditators. In the current cross-sectional study, we investigated whether 42 experienced mindfulness meditation practitioners (with on average 10 years of experience) showed differences in the experience of time as compared to 42 controls without any meditation experience matched for age, sex, and education. The perception of time was assessed with a battery of psychophysical tasks assessing the accuracy of prospective time judgments in duration discrimination, duration reproduction, and time estimation in the milliseconds to minutes range as well with several psychometric instruments related to subjective time such as the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, the Barratt Impulsivity Scale and the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory. In addition, subjective time judgments on the current passage of time and retrospective time ranges were assessed. While subjective judgements of time were found to be significantly different between the two groups on several scales, no differences in duration estimates in the psychophysical tasks were detected. Regarding subjective time, mindfulness meditators experienced less time pressure, more time dilation, and a general slower passage of time. Moreover, they felt that the last week and the last month passed more slowly. Overall, although no intergroup differences in psychophysical tasks were detected, the reported findings demonstrate a close association between mindfulness meditation and the subjective feeling of the passage of time captured by psychometric instruments.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Otten, S., Schötz, E., Sarikaya, A., Lehnen, H., Jo, H. -G., Kohls, N., Schmidt, S., Meissner, K.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
4|2022-03-19
Reference:
Wittmann, M., Otten, S., Schötz, E., Sarikaya, A., Lehnen, H., Jo, H. -G., Kohls, N., Schmidt, S., & Meissner, K. (2015). Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators. Frontiers in Psychology, 5: 1586. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01586
2-year Impact Factor: 2.463|2015
Times cited: 43|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Mindfulness meditation / Time perception / Passage of time / Time perspective / Impulsiveness

Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators

Subjective expansion of extended time-spans in experienced meditators

DocumentFinal report - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
052 - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation
Duration: 2013-05 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marc Christoph Wittmann, Karin Meissner, Stefan Schmidt
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Munich - LMU (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Meissner, K., Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception / Attention / Self / Body awareness / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
Final report - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation
Publication year: 2014
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa5212_25032015.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Experienced meditators typically report that they experience time slowing down in meditation practice as well as in everyday life. Conceptually this phenomenon may be understood through functional states of mindfulness, i.e. by more efficient attention regulation and enhanced body awareness.
In this cross-sectional study, we investigated whether 42 experienced mindfulness meditators (on average 10 years of experience) showed differences in the experience of time as compared to 42 controls without any meditation experience. In a subgroup of 22 meditators and matched controls heart rate and skin conductance during duration reproduction tasks were assessed. Participants also performed in a heart-beat perception task.
While meditators experienced a significantly slower passage of time and felt that past time intervals were expanded, no differences in duration estimates in the psychophysical tasks were detected. Psychophysiological results revealed hardly any differences between meditators and controls with respect to psychophysiological correlates of duration reproduction performance. Correlational analyses revealed positive associations between heart-beat perception scores and the slope of the heart-rate with duration reproduction accuracy across all subjects.
Overall, although no intergroup differences in psychophysical tasks and hardly any in psychophysiological indices were detected, the reported findings demonstrate a close association between mindfulness meditation and the subjective feeling of the passage of time captured by psychometric instruments. Moreover, the results across all subjects support the notion that bodily processes and the experience of time are related.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Meissner, K., Schmidt, S.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Time perception / Mindfulness meditation / Body awareness / Heart-beat

DocumentPsychophysiology of duration estimation in experienced mindfulness meditators and matched controls2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
052 - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation
Duration: 2013-05 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marc Christoph Wittmann, Karin Meissner, Stefan Schmidt
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Munich - LMU (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Meissner, K., Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception / Attention / Self / Body awareness / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
Psychophysiology of duration estimation in experienced mindfulness meditators and matched controls
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01215/full#h7
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Recent research suggests that bodily signals and interoception are strongly related to our sense of time. Mindfulness meditators train to be aware of their body states and therefore could be more accurate at interval timing. In this study, n = 22 experienced mindfulness meditators and n = 22 matched controls performed both, an acoustic and a visual duration reproduction task of 8, 14, and 20 s intervals, while heart rate and skin conductance were continuously assessed. In addition, participants accomplished a heart beat perception task and two selective attention tasks. Results revealed no differences between meditators and controls with respect to performance in duration reproduction or attentional capacities. Additionally no group difference in heart beat perception scores was found. Across all subjects, correlational analyses revealed several associations between performance in the duration reproduction tasks and psychophysiological changes, the latter being also related to heart beat perception scores. Furthermore, former findings of linearly increasing cardiac periods and decreasing skin conductance levels during the auditory duration estimation task (Meissner and Wittmann, 2011) could be replicated, and these changes could also be observed during a visual duration reproduction task. In contrast to our earlier findings, the heart beat perception test was not related with timing performance. Overall, although experienced meditators did not differ from matched controls with respect to duration reproduction and interoceptive awareness, this study adds significantly to the emerging view that time perception is related to autonomic regulation and awareness of body states.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Otten, S.
Secondary author(s):
Schötz, E., Wittmann, M., Kohls, N., Schmidt, S., Meissner, K.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Otten, S., Schötz, E., Wittmann, M., Kohls, N., Schmidt, S., & Meissner, K. (2015). Psychophysiology of duration estimation in experienced mindfulness meditators and matched controls. Frontiers in Psychology, 6: 1215. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01215
2-year Impact Factor: 2.463|2015
Times cited: 22|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Mindfulness meditation / Time perception / Interoceptive awareness / Autonomic regulation / Attention

Psychophysiology of duration estimation in experienced mindfulness meditators and matched controls

Psychophysiology of duration estimation in experienced mindfulness meditators and matched controls

DocumentTime perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
052 - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation
Duration: 2013-05 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marc Christoph Wittmann, Karin Meissner, Stefan Schmidt
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Munich - LMU (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Meissner, K., Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception / Attention / Self / Body awareness / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886915006571
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Only a few studies have investigated the sense of time in experienced meditators. In the current case–control study, we investigated whether 20 practitioners in transcendental meditation (TM) showed differences in the perception of time as compared to 20 matched controls. Perception of time was assessed with a battery of psychophysical tasks including duration reproduction and time estimation tasks in the milliseconds-to-minutes range as well as with psychometric instruments related to subjective time and assessments concerning the subjective passage of time. Attentional capacities were measured with the Attention Network Test. Trait-mindfulness was assessed with the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory. Results indicate that the TM meditators performed more consistently in the duration reproduction tasks in the multiple seconds' range and responded more accurately in the time estimation tasks in the minutes' range as well as in the duration discrimination task than controls. Self-rated mindfulness was more pronounced in meditators, while attentional capacities did not differ. In conclusion, experts in TM performed more accurately in psychophysical time perception tasks and had higher mindfulness than non-meditating controls. Whether these differences are causally related to the practice of meditation should be investigated in future studies.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schötz, E.
Secondary author(s):
Otten, S., Wittmann, M., Schmidt, S., Kohls, N., Meissner, K.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Schötz, E., Otten, S., Wittmann, M., Schmidt, S., Kohls, N., & Meissner, K. (2016). Time perception, mindfulness and attentional capacities in transcendental meditators and matched controls. Personality and Individual Differences, 93, 16-21. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.10.023
2-year Impact Factor: 2.005|2016
Times cited: 21|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Transcendental meditation / Time perception / Attention / Mindfulness / Psychophysics

DocumentModulations of the experience of self and time2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
052 - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation
Duration: 2013-05 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marc Christoph Wittmann, Karin Meissner, Stefan Schmidt
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Munich - LMU (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Meissner, K., Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception / Attention / Self / Body awareness / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
Modulations of the experience of self and time
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810015001452
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Empirical findings in the Cognitive Sciences on the relationship between feeling states and subjective time have led to the assumption that time perception entails emotional and interoceptive states. The perception of time would thereafter be embodied; the bodily self, the continuous input from the body is the functional anchor of phenomenal experience and the mental self. Subjective time emerges through the existence of the self across time as an enduring and embodied entity. This relation is prominently disclosed in studies on altered states of consciousness such as in meditative states, under the influence of hallucinogens as well as in many psychiatric and neurological conditions. An increased awareness of oneself coincides with an increased awareness of time. Conversely, a decreased awareness of the self is associated with diminished awareness of time. The body of empirical work within different conceptual frameworks on the intricate relationship between self and time is presented and discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
4|2022-03-19
Reference:
Wittmann, M. (2015). Modulations of the experience of self and time. Consciousness and Cognition, 38, 172–181. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2015.06.008
2-year Impact Factor: 2.182|2015
Times cited: 67|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Time perception / Interoception / Embodiment / Self / Altered states of consciousness / Timelessness

DocumentAltered states of conscious self and time during meditation2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
052 - The embodied experience of time: modulations of mindfulness meditation
Duration: 2013-05 - 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Marc Christoph Wittmann, Karin Meissner, Stefan Schmidt
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Institute of Medical Psychology, University of Munich - LMU (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Meissner, K., Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception / Attention / Self / Body awareness / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-052.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2012
Title:
Altered states of conscious self and time during meditation
Publication year: 2020
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Subjective time emerges through the existence of the self across time as an enduring and embodied entity. This relation is prominently disclosed in studies on altered states of consciousness such as in meditative states but also in everyday states of consciousness such as transiently being in states of boredom or flow. Mindfulness meditation, as the most frequently studied meditation technique in the West, stems from the Buddhist Theravada tradition, practiced traditionally as Vipassana meditation and conceptualized in Western and secular contexts. Empirical research on meditation practice reveals quantitatively measured changes in the senses of self and time. Being mindful in every-day life is equivalent to being conscious of one’s body states and feelings at a particular moment in time. Because the feeling of time is created through the embodied self, being mindful slows down the passage of time and it expands present moment awareness. A peak experience as reached in meditation states by experienced meditators can occur as culminating in ‘selflessness’ and ‘timelessness’ – a reported universal spiritual experience where time is not experienced at all and the self becomes one with the world.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Wittmann, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Wittmann, M. (2020). Altered states of conscious self and time during meditation. International Journal for the Study of Chan Buddhism and Human Civilization, 7, 27-39.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Time perception / Self / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Timelessness