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File083 - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing2013-052016-11

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
083 - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing
Duration: 2013-05 - 2016-11
Researcher(s):
Erin J. Wamsley, Robert Stickgold, Nam Nguyen
Institution(s): Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
2 Bachelor dissertations
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Secondary author(s):
Stickgold, R., Nguyen, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Cognitive processes / Memory

DocumentThe effect of future relevance on sleep spindles and sleep-dependent memory consolidation2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
083 - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing
Duration: 2013-05 - 2016-11
Researcher(s):
Erin J. Wamsley, Robert Stickgold, Nam Nguyen
Institution(s): Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
2 Bachelor dissertations
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Secondary author(s):
Stickgold, R., Nguyen, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Cognitive processes / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
The effect of future relevance on sleep spindles and sleep-dependent memory consolidation
Publication year: 2015
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
This study investigated the effect of learning information that is to be used in the future on sleep spindle production and on sleep-dependent memory consolidation. Subjects trained on a motor sequence-typing task (MST) and virtual maze task (VMT), and then had a period of sleep or wake before being tested on the two memory tasks again. However, only half of the subjects were informed of the testing and half of the subjects did not expect testing. Subjects in the sleep condition were monitored throughout the night using electroencephalography (EEG) technology to measure number of sleep spindles. The current study found that subjects who expected testing had a significantly greater amount of sleep spindles throughout the night compared to subjects who did not expect testing. However, there was no correlation between sleep spindles and performance improvement on memory tasks. The findings suggest that memories with relevance to the future will be consolidated more during the night, which will lead to an increase in sleep spindle production.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By oermission
Language:
eng
Author:
Hamilton, K.
Document type:
Bachelor dissertation
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Hamilton, K. (2015). The effect of future relevance on sleep spindles and sleep-dependent memory consolidation. Unpublished bachelor thesis. Furman University.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Sleep / Learning and memory

DocumentThe effects of test expectancy and sleep on memory consolidation2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
083 - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing
Duration: 2013-05 - 2016-11
Researcher(s):
Erin J. Wamsley, Robert Stickgold, Nam Nguyen
Institution(s): Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
2 Bachelor dissertations
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Secondary author(s):
Stickgold, R., Nguyen, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Cognitive processes / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
The effects of test expectancy and sleep on memory consolidation
Publication year: 2016
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
How are memories affected after learning? Previous research proposes sleep benefits memory consolidation. However, recent research suggests sleep selectively benefits only memories important for the future, such as being tested on learned information. In the present study, we examined how sleep and the expectation of being tested affect performance on two different memory tasks: a Virtual Maze Task (spatial) and a Motor Sequence Typing Task (procedural). Ninety-six college-aged students were randomly assigned to either sleep overnight in the lab or stay awake during the day. In addition, they were either told they would be tested later or alternatively, not given any information on future testing. We hypothesized that test expectancy would only benefit memory consolidation in participants who slept and not participants who stayed awake. Our results contradicted previous findings, failing to support the idea that sleep is a selective process benefitting memory consolidation. We found that test expectancy positively affected memory performance in both tasks across both wake and sleep.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Manceor, S.
Document type:
Bachelor dissertation
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Manceor, S. (2016). The effects of test expectancy and sleep on memory consolidation. Unpublished bachelor thesis. Furman University.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Memory / Sleep / Expectation / Future relevance / Virtual Maze Task / Motor Sequence Typing Task

DocumentFinal report - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
083 - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing
Duration: 2013-05 - 2016-11
Researcher(s):
Erin J. Wamsley, Robert Stickgold, Nam Nguyen
Institution(s): Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
2 Bachelor dissertations
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Secondary author(s):
Stickgold, R., Nguyen, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Cognitive processes / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
Final report - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa%208312.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Sleep is beneficial for human memory, but in addition to cementing memory for the past, the sleeping brain may process past experiences in order to help us prepare for the future.
AIM OF THE STUDY
The current project tested the hypotheses that learning experiences with particular relevance to the future are 1) preferentially consolidated during post-training sleep and 2) preferentially incorporated into dream content.
METHOD
Participants trained on two learning tasks, and were tested on their memory following either a night of sleep or a day of wakefulness. To test the impact of “future relevance” on dreaming and memory consolidation: 1) Immediately after learning, future relevance of the learning tasks was experimentally manipulated by informing some participants that they would later be tested on what they have learned. 2) During a morning interview, participants rated the degree to which “future projection” was more generally present in their dreams and waking thoughts.
RESULTS
Manipulating the future relevance of the learning tasks significantly enhanced memory at delayed test, across both wake and sleep intervals. Test expectation did not significantly affect the incorporation of the learning tasks into dreaming. However, the morning interview data demonstrated that overall, a full 30% of dream reports were rated as stemming from an impending future occurrence.
CONCLUSIONS
These findings support our hypothesis that future events are a strong contributor to dream content in all sleep stages. At the same time, contrary to our hypotheses, the future relevance of a learning task enhanced its consolidation during wakefulness, as well as during sleep.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Sleep / Memory / Dreaming / Future-relevance / Prospective memory

DocumentTest expectation enhances memory consolidation across both sleep and wake2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
083 - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing
Duration: 2013-05 - 2016-11
Researcher(s):
Erin J. Wamsley, Robert Stickgold, Nam Nguyen
Institution(s): Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
2 Bachelor dissertations
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Secondary author(s):
Stickgold, R., Nguyen, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Cognitive processes / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
Test expectation enhances memory consolidation across both sleep and wake
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0165141
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Memory consolidation benefits from post-training sleep. However, recent studies suggest that sleep does not uniformly benefit all memory, but instead prioritizes information that is important to the individual. Here, we examined the effect of test expectation on memory consolidation across sleep and wakefulness. Following reports that information with strong “future relevance” is preferentially consolidated during sleep, we hypothesized that test expectation would enhance memory consolidation across a period of sleep, but not across wakefulness. To the contrary, we found that expectation of a future test enhanced memory for both spatial and motor learning, but that this effect was equivalent across both wake and sleep retention intervals. These observations differ from those of least two prior studies, and fail to support the hypothesis that the “future relevance” of learned material moderates its consolidation selectively during sleep.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Secondary author(s):
Hamilton, K., Graveline, Y., Manceor, S., Parr, E.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Wamsley, E., Hamilton, K., Graveline, Y., Manceor, S., & Parr, E. (2016). Test expectation enhances memory consolidation across both sleep and wake. PLoS ONE, 11(10): e0165141. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0165141
2-year Impact Factor: 2.806|2016
Times cited: 18|2022-05-23
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Memory / Sleep / Dream recall

Test expectation enhances memory consolidation across both sleep and wake

Test expectation enhances memory consolidation across both sleep and wake

DocumentMemory consolidation during waking rest2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
083 - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing
Duration: 2013-05 - 2016-11
Researcher(s):
Erin J. Wamsley, Robert Stickgold, Nam Nguyen
Institution(s): Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
2 Bachelor dissertations
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Secondary author(s):
Stickgold, R., Nguyen, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Cognitive processes / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
Memory consolidation during waking rest
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364661319300142
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT
Recent studies show that brief periods of rest after learning facilitate consolidation of new memories. This effect is associated with memory-related brain activity during quiet rest and suggests that in our daily lives, moments of unoccupied rest may serve an essential cognitive function.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Wamsley, E. (2019). Memory consolidation during waking rest. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 23(3), 171-173. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2018.12.007
2-year Impact Factor: 15.218|2019
Times cited: 29|2022-05-23
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Declarative memory / Memory consolidation / Mind wandering / Offline processing / Resting state

DocumentDreaming and offline memory consolidation2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
083 - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing
Duration: 2013-05 - 2016-11
Researcher(s):
Erin J. Wamsley, Robert Stickgold, Nam Nguyen
Institution(s): Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
2 Bachelor dissertations
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Secondary author(s):
Stickgold, R., Nguyen, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Cognitive processes / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
Dreaming and offline memory consolidation
Publication year: 2014
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11910-013-0433-5
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Converging evidence suggests that dreaming is influenced by the consolidation of memory during sleep. Following encoding, recently formed memory traces are gradually stabilized and reorganized into a more permanent form of long-term storage. Sleep provides an optimal neurophysiological state to facilitate this process, allowing memory networks to be repeatedly reactivated in the absence of new sensory input. The process of memory reactivation and consolidation in the sleeping brain appears to influence conscious experience during sleep, contributing to dream content recalled on awakening. This article outlines several lines of evidence in support of this hypothesis, and responds to some common objections.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wamsley, E. J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
5|2022-03-19
Reference:
Wamsley, E. J. (2014). Dreaming and offline memory consolidation. Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, 14(3): 433. doi: 10.1007/s11910-013-0433-5
2-year Impact Factor: 3.059|2014
Times cited: 41|2022-05-23
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Sleep / Dreaming / Rapid eye movement / Non-rapid eye movement / Memory consolidation / Offline processing / Memory reactivation / Replay / Consciousness

Dreaming and offline memory consolidation

Dreaming and offline memory consolidation

Document034 Dreaming as constructive episodic future simulation2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
083 - The impact of future relevance on dream content and sleep-dependent memory processing
Duration: 2013-05 - 2016-11
Researcher(s):
Erin J. Wamsley, Robert Stickgold, Nam Nguyen
Institution(s): Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
2 Bachelor dissertations
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Secondary author(s):
Stickgold, R., Nguyen, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Cognitive processes / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-083.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2012
Title:
034 Dreaming as constructive episodic future simulation
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://academic.oup.com/sleep/article-abstract/44/Supplement_2/A15/6260086
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCTION
Memories of the past help us respond to similar situations in the future. The “episodic future simulation” hypothesis proposes that waking thought combines fragments of various past episodes into imagined simulations of events that may occur in the future. We asked whether this framework from waking cognitive neuroscience may be useful for understanding the function of sleep and dreaming. We hypothesized that participants would commonly identify future events as the source of a dream. Further, we expected future-oriented dreams to draw on multiple different waking memories, with fragments of past experience combined into novel scenarios relevant to anticipated events in participants’ personal futures.
METHODS
N=48 students spent the night in the laboratory with polysomnographic recording. During the night, participants were awakened up to 13 times to report on their experiences during sleep onset, REM and NREM sleep. The following morning, participants identified and described waking life sources for each dream reported the previous evening. A total of N=481 reports were analyzed.
RESULTS
While dreams were most commonly traced to past memory (53.5% of reports), more than a quarter (25.7%) were related to specific impending future events. Nearly half of reports with a waking source were traced to multiple different sources (49.7%). Over a third of dreams with a future event source were additionally related to one or more specific past episodic memories (37.4% of all reports with a future episodic source). Future-oriented dreams became proportionally more common later in the night.
CONCLUSION
First, we confirm prior reports that dreams not only reflect past memory, but also anticipate probable future events. Furthermore, these data provide a novel description of how future-oriented dreams draw simultaneously from multiple waking-life sources, utilizing fragments of past experience to construct novel scenarios anticipating future events. The proportional increase of future-oriented dreams later in the night may be driven by temporal proximity to the events of the following day. While these dreams rarely depict future events realistically, the activation and recombination of future-relevant memory fragments may nonetheless serve an adaptive function.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wamsley, E.
Document type:
Abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Wamsley, E. (2021). 034 Dreaming as constructive episodic future simulation. Sleep, 44(Suppl. 2), A15. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsab072.033
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Dreans