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File225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories2013-102016-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

DocumentSleep and Emotional Functions2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Sleep and Emotional Functions
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F7854_2013_271
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In this chapter, we review studies investigating the role of sleep in emotional functions. In particular, evidence has recently accumulated to show that brain regions involved in the processing of emotional and reward-related information are activated during sleep. We suggest that such activation of emotional and reward systems during sleep underlies the reprocessing and consolidation of memories with a high affective and motivational relevance for the organism. We also propose that these mechanisms occurring during sleep promote adapted cognitive and emotional responses in the waking state, including overnight performance improvement, creativity, and sexual functions. Activation across emotional-limbic circuits during sleep also appears to promote emotional maturation and the emergence of consciousness in the developing brain.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Perogamvros, L.
Secondary author(s):
Schwartz, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Perogamvros, L., & Schwartz, S. (2014). Sleep and Emotional Functions. Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences, 25, 411-431. doi: 10.1007/7854_2013_271
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Sleep / Sleep deprivation / Dreaming / Emotion / Cognition / Reward / Sexual function / Creativity / Memory consolidation / Brain development / Amygdala / Prefrontal cortex / Hippocampus / Ventral tegmental area / Striatum / Nucleus accumbens / Dopamine / Limbic / Mesolimbic

Sleep and Emotional Functions

Sleep and Emotional Functions

DocumentSleep and dreaming are for important matters2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Sleep and dreaming are for important matters
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3722492/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Recent studies in sleep and dreaming have described an activation of emotional and reward systems, as well as the processing of internal information during these states. Specifically, increased activity in the amygdala and across mesolimbic dopaminergic regions during REM sleep is likely to promote the consolidation of memory traces with high emotional/motivational value. Moreover, coordinated hippocampal-striatal replay during NREM sleep may contribute to the selective strengthening of memories for important events. In this review, we suggest that, via the activation of emotional/motivational circuits, sleep and dreaming may offer a neurobehavioral substrate for the offline reprocessing of emotions, associative learning, and exploratory behaviors, resulting in improved memory organization, waking emotion regulation, social skills, and creativity. Dysregulation of such motivational/emotional processes due to sleep disturbances (e.g., insomnia, sleep deprivation) would predispose to reward-related disorders, such as mood disorders, increased risk-taking and compulsive behaviors, and may have major health implications, especially in vulnerable populations.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Perogamvros, L.
Secondary author(s):
Dang-Vu, T., Desseilles, M., Schwartz, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Perogamvros, L., Dang-Vu, T., Desseilles, M., & Schwartz, S. (2013). Sleep and dreaming are for important matters. Frontiers in Psychology, 4: 474. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00474
2-year Impact Factor: 2.843|2013
Times cited: 39|2022-03-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Sleep / Dreaming / Emotion / Memory / Learning / Reward system / Creativity

Sleep and dreaming are for important matters

Sleep and dreaming are for important matters

DocumentFinal report - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Final report - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant22512.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES
We previously suggested that abnormal sleep behaviors, as found in parasomnias, may relate to an increased activity of the dopaminergic-reward system during sleep. Because nightmares and sleepwalking predominate during REM and NREM sleep respectively, here we tested whether exploratory excitability, a waking personality trait reflecting high activity within the mesolimbic dopaminergic system, is associated with changes in REM and NREM sleep in these two sleep disorders.
METHODS
24 unmedicated patients with parasomnia (12 with idiopathic nightmares, 12 sleepwalkers) were studied. Each patient spent one night of sleep monitored by polysomnography. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was administered to all patients and healthy controls from the Geneva population (n = 293).
RESULTS
Sleepwalkers were more anxious than patients with idiopathic nightmares (Spielberger Trait anxiety/STAI-T), but the patient groups did not differ on any personality dimension as estimated by the TCI. Compared to controls, all parasomnia patients scored higher on the Novelty Seeking (NS) TCI scale and in particular on the exploratory excitability/curiosity (NS1) subscale, and lower on the Self-directedness (SD) TCI scale, suggesting a general increase in reward sensitivity and impulsivity. Moreover, exploratory excitability (NS1) correlated with the severity of parasomnia, and time spent in REM sleep in patients with nightmares.
CONCLUSIONS
These results support the hypothesis that reward networks are activated during human sleep. By showing that patients with parasomnia share common waking personality traits associated to reward-related brain functions, these findings may inspire targeted therapeutic strategies.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Sleep / Dreaming / Reward / Dopamine / Parasomnia

DocumentIncreased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0134504
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
We previously suggested that abnormal sleep behaviors, i.e., as found in parasomnias, may often be the expression of increased activity of the reward system during sleep. Because nightmares and sleepwalking predominate during REM and NREM sleep respectively, we tested here whether exploratory excitability, a waking personality trait reflecting high activity within the mesolimbic dopaminergic (ML-DA) system, may be associated with specific changes in REM and NREM sleep patterns in these two sleep disorders.
METHODS
Twenty-four unmedicated patients with parasomnia (12 with chronic sleepwalking and 12 with idiopathic nightmares) and no psychiatric comorbidities were studied. Each patient spent one night of sleep monitored by polysomnography. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was administered to all patients and healthy controls from the Geneva population (n = 293).
RESULTS
Sleepwalkers were more anxious than patients with idiopathic nightmares (Spielberger Trait anxiety/STAI-T), but the patient groups did not differ on any personality dimension as estimated by the TCI. Compared to controls, parasomnia patients (sleepwalkers together with patients with idiopathic nightmares) scored higher on the Novelty Seeking (NS) TCI scale and in particular on the exploratory excitability/curiosity (NS1) subscale, and lower on the Self-directedness (SD) TCI scale, suggesting a general increase in reward sensitivity and impulsivity. Furthermore, parasomnia patients tended to worry about social separation persistently, as indicated by greater anticipatory worry (HA1) and dependence on social attachment (RD3). Moreover, exploratory excitability (NS1) correlated positively with the severity of parasomnia (i.e., the frequency of self-reported occurrences of nightmares and sleepwalking), and with time spent in REM sleep in patients with nightmares.
CONCLUSIONS
These results suggest that patients with parasomnia might share common waking personality traits associated to reward-related brain functions. They also provide further support to the notion that reward-seeking networks are active during human sleep.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Perogamvros, L.
Secondary author(s):
Aberg, K., Gex-Fabry, M., Perrig, S., Cloninger, C. R., Schwartz, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Gex-Fabry, M., Perrig, S., Cloninger, C. R., & Schwartz, S. (2015). Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares. PLoS ONE, 10(8): e0134504. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134504
2-year Impact Factor: 3.057|2015
Times cited: 9|2022-03-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Parasomnias / Sleepwalking / Idiopathic nightmare disorder / Reward

Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares

Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares

DocumentEmotion, motivation, and reward in relation to dreaming2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Emotion, motivation, and reward in relation to dreaming
Publication year: 2015
Accessibility:
Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L.
Document type:
Book chapter
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Schwartz, S., & Perogamvros, L. (2015). Emotion, motivation, and reward in relation to dreaming. In M. H. Kryger, T. Roth, W. C. Dement (Ed.), Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine (6th ed., pp. 567-570). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Emotion / Reward / Dreams

DocumentSleep, emotion, and brain plasticity2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Sleep, emotion, and brain plasticity
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.affective-sciences.org/events/talk-schwartz-graduate-seminars
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In recent years, experimental evidence has accumulated to show that sleep affects learning and cognition. However, whether and how sleep (or lack of thereof) may also influence waking emotional functions is still poorly understood. Yet, a variety of clinical observations suggests intimate links between emotion and sleep functions: sleep disorders are frequently associated with affective symptoms; patients with emotion disorders often have major sleep disturbances. In the first part of my presentation, I discuss recent research investigating the brain mechanisms that underlie the interaction between sleep and emotional processes.
Emotions also have a major adaptive function because they signal information that is particularly relevant for the individual’s survival. In the second part of my talk, I develop the idea that the affective value associated with some waking events or stimuli is a determinant factor in the competition of memories for subsequent consolidation during sleep. I show that this hypothesis is supported by some of our latest neuroimaging work.
Finally, I suggest that these findings also raise the question of whether the interaction between sleep and emotions may influence subjective experience during sleep, such as emotions in dreams.
Specifically, I report data showing that emotions experienced in a simulated world during sleep (i.e. in dreams) may relate to individual waking emotional functions.
These data converge to demonstrate that sleep and emotion fulfill vital functions by fostering adapted responses to past and future psychological (or physical) challenges. This emerging view is promising for fundamental and clinical research, as well as for concrete applications towards promoting public health, particularly because sleep curtailment is ubiquitous in today’s fast-paced society.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Schwartz, S. (2013, September). Sleep, emotion, and brain plasticity. Paper presented at the Centre Interfacultaire en Sciences Affectives (CISA) Conference, Geneve. Abstract retrieved at http://www.affective-sciences.org/events/talk-schwartz-graduate-seminars
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Sleep / Emotions

Sleep, emotion, and brain plasticity

Sleep, emotion, and brain plasticity

DocumentIncreased heartbeat-evoked potential during REM sleep in nightmare disorder2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Increased heartbeat-evoked potential during REM sleep in nightmare disorder
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6370851/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT
Nightmares are characterized by the experience of strong negative emotions occurring mainly during REM sleep. Some people suffer from nightmare disorder, which is defined by the repeated occurrence of nightmares and by significant distress in wakefulness. Yet, whether frequent nightmares relate to a general increase in emotional reactivity or arousal during sleep remains unclear. To address this question, we recorded heartbeat-evoked potentials (HEPs) during wakefulness, NREM and REM sleep in patients with nightmare disorder and healthy participants. The HEP represents a cortical (EEG) response to the heartbeat and indexes brain-body interactions, such as interoceptive processing and intrinsic levels of arousal. HEP amplitude is typically increased during states of high emotional arousal and motivation, and is decreased in depression. Here we compared the amplitude of HEPs between nightmare patients and healthy controls separately during AWAKE, NREM, REM periods, and found higher HEP amplitude in nightmare patients compared to healthy controls over a cluster of frontal regions only during REM sleep. This effect was not paralleled by any group difference in cardiac control measures (e.g. heart rate variability, interbeat interval). These findings corroborate the notion that nightmares are essentially a REM pathology and suggest that increased emotional arousal during REM sleep, as measured by HEP, is a physiological condition responsible for frequent nightmares. This result also supports that HEP may be used as a biomarker of increased emotional and sensory processing during REM sleep in these patients.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Perogamvros, L.
Secondary author(s):
Park, H.-D., Bayer, L., Perrault, A., Blanke, O., Schwartz, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Perogamvros, L., Park, H.-D., Bayer, L., Perrault, A., Blanke, O., & Schwartz, S. (2019). Increased heartbeat-evoked potential during REM sleep in nightmare disorder. NeuroImage Clinical, 22: 101701. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2019.101701
2-year Impact Factor: 4.350|2019
Times cited: 21|2022-03-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Nightmares / REM sleep / Heartbeat-evoked potential / EEG / Emotional arousal

Increased heartbeat-evoked potential during REM sleep in nightmare disorder

Increased heartbeat-evoked potential during REM sleep in nightmare disorder