|Reference code: ||PT/FB/BL-2012-225.04|
|Location: ||Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012|
|Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares|
|Publication year: ||2015|
We previously suggested that abnormal sleep behaviors, i.e., as found in parasomnias, may often be the expression of increased activity of the reward system during sleep. Because nightmares and sleepwalking predominate during REM and NREM sleep respectively, we tested here whether exploratory excitability, a waking personality trait reflecting high activity within the mesolimbic dopaminergic (ML-DA) system, may be associated with specific changes in REM and NREM sleep patterns in these two sleep disorders.
Twenty-four unmedicated patients with parasomnia (12 with chronic sleepwalking and 12 with idiopathic nightmares) and no psychiatric comorbidities were studied. Each patient spent one night of sleep monitored by polysomnography. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was administered to all patients and healthy controls from the Geneva population (n = 293).
Sleepwalkers were more anxious than patients with idiopathic nightmares (Spielberger Trait anxiety/STAI-T), but the patient groups did not differ on any personality dimension as estimated by the TCI. Compared to controls, parasomnia patients (sleepwalkers together with patients with idiopathic nightmares) scored higher on the Novelty Seeking (NS) TCI scale and in particular on the exploratory excitability/curiosity (NS1) subscale, and lower on the Self-directedness (SD) TCI scale, suggesting a general increase in reward sensitivity and impulsivity. Furthermore, parasomnia patients tended to worry about social separation persistently, as indicated by greater anticipatory worry (HA1) and dependence on social attachment (RD3). Moreover, exploratory excitability (NS1) correlated positively with the severity of parasomnia (i.e., the frequency of self-reported occurrences of nightmares and sleepwalking), and with time spent in REM sleep in patients with nightmares.
These results suggest that patients with parasomnia might share common waking personality traits associated to reward-related brain functions. They also provide further support to the notion that reward-seeking networks are active during human sleep.
|Accessibility: ||Document exists in file|
|Secondary author(s): |
|Aberg, K., Gex-Fabry, M., Perrig, S., Cloninger, C. R., Schwartz, S.|
|Document type: |
|Number of reproductions: |
|Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Gex-Fabry, M., Perrig, S., Cloninger, C. R., & Schwartz, S. (2015). Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares. PLoS ONE, 10(8): e0134504. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134504|
|2-year Impact Factor: ||3.057|2015|
|Times cited: ||9|2022-03-08|
|Indexed document: ||Yes|
|Keywords: ||Parasomnias / Sleepwalking / Idiopathic nightmare disorder / Reward|
Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares