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File234 - Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals2013-062015-06

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
234 - Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals
Duration: 2013-06 - 2015-06
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin
Institution(s): Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, Toulouse (France) and Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship / Brain structure and function

DocumentVisual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
234 - Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals
Duration: 2013-06 - 2015-06
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin
Institution(s): Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, Toulouse (France) and Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.parapsych.org/uploaded_files/pdfs/00/00/00/00/52/2014_pa_convention_abstracts_of_presented_papers.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
After over a century of personal reports and research, the process and interpretation of evidence from mediumship studies remains unclear. This research project seeks to further our understanding of behavioral and electrocortical correlates associated with mediumistic abilities. In the experiment, participants view and classify photographs of people according to whether they think the depicted person is currently alive or dead. The first part of the experiment is performed online and the second part is performed in our laboratory with 12 individuals while EEG measures are taken. We have set up a database of photographs of 200 individuals, half of which were deceased. We balanced sets of features for the two groups of alive and dead individuals (including gender, age, gaze direction, glasses, head position, smile, hair color, and picture resolution). The same images were used for both the online and the laboratory experiment.
For both the online and the laboratory experiment, the participants’ task is to indicate if they think/feel that a given individual is alive or dead. Participants see pictures of individuals one by one on a computer screen and indicate if they think/feel they are alive or not by clicking on the corresponding buttons below the photograph. We have obtained preliminary results for the online experiment on 100 individuals (recruited from a private mailing list of individuals interested in mediumship). The average image classification rate was 50.9% with a 95% confidence interval of 50.6% to 51.3%. We also had robots (i.e. computers) performing the task. The robot’s performance was 49.7% with 95% confidence interval of 49.4% to 50%. The odds of obtaining such a result are 1 out of 150 in the direction of the hypothesis. These results suggest that people might be able to sense whether the person depicted in a given image is alive or dead.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Pierce, A., Michel, L., Radin, D.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Delorme, A., Pierce, A., Michel, L., & Radin, D. (2014). Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals. In Abstracts of presented papers of the 57th Annual Parapsychological Association Convention (pp. 14-15). Concord, California, USA.
Indexed document: No

Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals

Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals

DocumentFinal report - Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
234 - Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals
Duration: 2013-06 - 2015-06
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin
Institution(s): Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, Toulouse (France) and Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
Final report - Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals
Publication year: 2015
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Recent studies have shown that characteristics of the face contain a wealth of information about health, age and chronic clinical conditions. Such studies involve objective measurement of facial features correlated with historical health information. But some individuals also claim to be adept at gauging mortality based on a glance at a person’s photograph. To test this claim, we invited 12 such individuals to see if they could determine if a person was alive or dead based solely on a brief examination of facial photographs. All photos used in the experiment were transformed into a uniform gray scale and then counterbalanced across eight categories: gender, age, gaze direction, glasses, head position, smile, hair color, and image resolution. Participants examined 404 photographs displayed on a computer monitor, one photo at a time, each shown for a maximum of 8 s. Half of the individuals in the photos were deceased, and half were alive at the time the experiment was conducted. Participants were asked to press a button if they thought the person in a photo was living or deceased. Overall mean accuracy on this task was 53.8%, where 50% was expected by chance (p < 0.004, two-tail). Statistically significant accuracy was independently obtained in 5 of the 12 participants. We also collected 32-channel electrophysiological recordings and observed a robust difference between images of deceased individuals correctly vs. incorrectly classified in the early event related potential (ERP) at 100 ms post-stimulus onset. Our results support claims of individuals who report that some as-yet unknown features of the face predict mortality. The results are also compatible with claims about clairvoyance warrants further investigation.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Mediumship / Intuition / Visual categorization / Face

DocumentVisual categorization of images of facial photographs by intuitive individuals [PA]2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
234 - Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals
Duration: 2013-06 - 2015-06
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin
Institution(s): Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, Toulouse (France) and Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
Visual categorization of images of facial photographs by intuitive individuals [PA]
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.google.pt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwjp2uTJ6r7PAhWCkh4KHZIWCMgQFgggMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.fmbr.org%2FSSE-abstracts%2F2016%2FSSE-PA-2016Abstracts.pdf&usg=AFQjCNETdPi0OzKNfdNdKP_AK36nLoKEFw&sig2=-uBF3Cn5iEFhFxtNAd2W2A&bvm=bv.134495766,d.d24
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Some individuals claim to be adept at gauging mortality based on a glance at a person’s photograph. To test this claim, we invited 12 such individuals to see if they could determine if a person was alive or dead based solely on a brief examination of photos of faces. All photos used in the experiment were transformed into a uniform gray scale and then counterbalanced across eight categories: gender, age, gaze direction, glasses, head position, smile, hair color, and image resolution. Participants examined 404 photographs displayed on a computer monitor, one photo at a time, each shown for a maximum of 8 seconds. Half of the individuals in the photos were deceased, and half were alive at the time the experiment was conducted. Participants were asked to press a button if they thought the person in a photo was alive or deceased. Overall mean accuracy on this task was 53.8%, where 50% was expected by chance (p < 0.004, two-tail). Statistically significant accuracy was independently obtained in 5 of the 12 participants. We also collected 32-channel electrophysiological recordings and observed a robust difference between images of deceased individuals correctly vs. incorrectly classified in the early event related potential at 100 ms post-stimulus onset. Our results support claims of individuals who report that some as-yet unknown features of the face predict mortality. The results are also compatible with claims about clairvoyance.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Pierce, A., Michel, L., Radin, D.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Delorme, A., Pierce, A., Michel, L., & Radin, D. (2016). Visual categorization of images of facial photographs by intuitive individuals [PA]. Abstracts of Presented Papers of 59th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association and 35th Annual Conference of the Society for Scientific Exploration: Accessing the Exceptional, Experiencing the Extraordinary (p. 18). Boulder, Colorado, USA.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Mediumship / Intuition / Visual categorization / Face

Visual categorization of images of facial photographs by intuitive individuals [PA]

Visual categorization of images of facial photographs by intuitive individuals [PA]

DocumentIntuitive assessment of mortality based on facial characteristics: Behavioral, electrocortical, and machine learning analyses2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
234 - Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals
Duration: 2013-06 - 2015-06
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin
Institution(s): Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, Toulouse (France) and Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
Intuitive assessment of mortality based on facial characteristics: Behavioral, electrocortical, and machine learning analyses
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1550830717303397
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Studies of various characteristics of the human face indicate that it contains a wealth of information about health status. Most studies involve objective measurement of facial features as correlated with historical health information. But some individuals also claim to be adept at intuitively gauging mortality based solely upon a quick glance at a person's photograph. To test this claim, we invited 12 such individuals to see if they could tell if a person was alive or dead based solely on a brief examination of his or her photograph. All photos used in the experiment were transformed into a uniform gray scale and counterbalanced across eight categories: gender, age, gaze direction, glasses, head position, smile, hair color, and image resolution. Participants examined 404 photographs displayed on a computer monitor, one photo at a time, each shown for a maximum of 8 seconds. Half of the individuals in the photos were deceased, and half were alive at the time the experiment was conducted. Participants were asked to indicate if they thought the person in a photo was living or deceased by pressing an appropriate button. Overall mean accuracy on this task was 53.6%, where 50% was expected by chance (p = 0.005, two-tail). Statistically significant accuracy was independently obtained in 5 of the 12 participants. We also collected 32-channel electrocortical recordings and observed a robust difference between images of deceased individuals correctly vs. incorrectly classified in the early event related potential at 100 ms post-stimulus onset. We then applied machine learning techniques to classify the photographs based on 11 image characteristics; both random forest and logistic regression machine learning approaches were used, and both classifiers failed to achieve accuracy above chance level. Our results suggest that some individuals can intuitively assess mortality based on some as-yet unknown features of the face.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Pierce, A., Michel, L., Radin, D.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Delorme, A., Pierce, A., Michel, L., & Radin, D. (2018). Intuitive assessment of mortality based on facial characteristics: Behavioral, electrocortical, and machine learning analyses. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, 14(4), 262-267. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2017.10.011
2-year Impact Factor: 1.037|2018
Times cited: 7|2022-03-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Face / Mortality / Intuition / EEG / Reading

DocumentAbility of alleged mediums to assess mortality from facial photographs2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
234 - Visual categorization of images of live and deceased individuals
Duration: 2013-06 - 2015-06
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin
Institution(s): Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, Toulouse (France) and Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Survival after bodily death / Mediumship / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-234.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2012
Title:
Ability of alleged mediums to assess mortality from facial photographs
Publication year: 2018
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT
Studies of characteristics of the human face indicate that it contains a wealth of information about health status. Most studies involve objective measurement of facial features as correlated with historical health information. But some individuals (labeled psychics or mediums) also claim to be adept at intuitively gauging mortality based solely upon a quick glance at a person’s photograph. To test this claim, we invited 12 such individuals to see if they could tell if a person was presently alive or dead based solely on a brief examination of his or her photograph. All photos used in the experiment were transformed into a uniform gray scale and counterbalanced across eight categories: gender, age, gaze direction, glasses, head position, smile, hair color, and image resolution. Participants examined 404 photographs displayed on a computer monitor, one at a time, with each shown for a maximum of 8 seconds. Half of the individuals in the photos were deceased, and half were alive at the time the experiment was conducted. Participants were asked to indicate if they thought the person in a photo was living or deceased by pressing an appropriate button. Overall mean accuracy on this task was 53.6%, where 50% was expected by chance (p = 0.005, two-tail), and statistically significant accuracy was independently obtained in 5 of the 12 participants. We also collected 32-channel electrocortical recordings and observed a robust difference in the early event-related potential at 100 ms post-stimulus onset between images of deceased individuals who were correctly vs. incorrectly classified. Then, to see if machine learning techniques could classify the photographs as good as or better than humans, both random forest and logistic regression machine learning approaches were used. Both classifiers failed to achieve accuracy above chance level. These results suggest that some individuals can intuitively assess mortality based on some as-yet-unknown features of the face. In this report, we also outline a
follow up experiment where we asked participants to classify the cause of death from photos of now-deceased individuals. Preliminary results on this experiment will be presented at the Parapsychological Convention.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2016-188.02
Author: Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Canard, C., Wahbeh, H., Radin, D.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Delorme, A., Canard, C., Wahbeh, H., & Radin, D. (2018). Ability of alleged mediums to assess mortality from facial photographs. Abstracts of Presented Papers of the 61st Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (p. 13). Petaluma, USA: Parapsychological Association
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Mediumship / Intuition / Visual categorization / Face

Ability of alleged mediums to assess mortality from facial photographs

Ability of alleged mediums to assess mortality from facial photographs