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File248 - Using hypnosis to distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive conscious experience2013-102015-05

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-248
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2012
Title:
248 - Using hypnosis to distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive conscious experience
Duration: 2013-10 - 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Pedro Alexandre Magalhães de Saldanha da Gama, Axel Cleeremans, Zoltan Dienes, Amir Raz
Institution(s): Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Article
Progress report
Final report
PhD thesis
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Gama, P.
Secondary author(s):
Cleeremans, A., Dienes, Z., Raz, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Consciousness / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis

DocumentNew frontiers in the rubber hand experiment: when a robotic hand becomes one's own2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-248
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2012
Title:
248 - Using hypnosis to distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive conscious experience
Duration: 2013-10 - 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Pedro Alexandre Magalhães de Saldanha da Gama, Axel Cleeremans, Zoltan Dienes, Amir Raz
Institution(s): Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Article
Progress report
Final report
PhD thesis
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Gama, P.
Secondary author(s):
Cleeremans, A., Dienes, Z., Raz, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Consciousness / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-248.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2012
Title:
New frontiers in the rubber hand experiment: when a robotic hand becomes one's own
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.3758/s13428-014-0498-3
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The rubber hand illusion is an experimental paradigm in which participants consider a fake hand to be part of their body. This paradigm has been used in many domains of psychology (i.e., research on pain, body ownership, agency) and is of clinical importance. The classic rubber hand paradigm nevertheless suffers from limitations, such as the absence of active motion or the reliance on approximate measurements, which makes strict experimental conditions difficult to obtain. Here, we report on the development of a novel technology-a robotic, user- and computer-controllable hand-that addresses many of the limitations associated with the classic rubber hand paradigm. Because participants can actively control the robotic hand, the device affords higher realism and authenticity. Our robotic hand has a comparatively low cost and opens up novel and innovative methods. In order to validate the robotic hand, we have carried out three experiments. The first two studies were based on previous research using the rubber hand, while the third was specific to the robotic hand. We measured both sense of agency and ownership. Overall, results show that participants experienced a "robotic hand illusion" in the baseline conditions. Furthermore, we also replicated previous results about agency and ownership.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Caspar, E. A.
Secondary author(s):
De Beir, A., Gama, P., Yernaux, F., Cleeremans, A., Vanderborght, B.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Caspar, E. A., De Beir, A., Gama, P., Yernaux, F., Cleeremans, A., & Vanderborght, B. (2014). New frontiers in the rubber hand experiment: when a robotic hand becomes one's own. Behavior Research Methods, 47(3), 744-755. doi: 10.3758/s13428-014-0498-3
2-year Impact Factor: 2.928|2014
Times cited: 32|2022-03-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Rubber hand illusion / Volition / Self-awareness / Sense of ownership / Sense of agency / Robotic hand

New frontiers in the rubber hand experiment: when a robotic hand becomes one's own

New frontiers in the rubber hand experiment: when a robotic hand becomes one's own

DocumentThe power of suggestion: Placebo, hypnosis, imaginative suggestion and attention2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-248
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2012
Title:
248 - Using hypnosis to distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive conscious experience
Duration: 2013-10 - 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Pedro Alexandre Magalhães de Saldanha da Gama, Axel Cleeremans, Zoltan Dienes, Amir Raz
Institution(s): Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Article
Progress report
Final report
PhD thesis
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Gama, P.
Secondary author(s):
Cleeremans, A., Dienes, Z., Raz, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Consciousness / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-248.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2012
Title:
The power of suggestion: Placebo, hypnosis, imaginative suggestion and attention
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://theses.ulb.ac.be/ETD-db/collection/available/ULBetd-02152015-111308/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
People have always been fascinated by the extent to which belief or will may influence behavior. Proverbs, like “we tend to get what we expect,” and concepts, such as optimistic thinking or self-fulfilling prophecy, reflect this intuition of an important link between one’s dispositions and subsequent behavior. In other words, one’s predictions directly or indirectly cause them to become true. In a similar manner, every culture, country or religion has their own words for ‘expectation,’ ‘belief,’ ‘disappointment,’ ‘surprise,’ and generally all have the same meaning: under uncertainty, what one expects or believes is the most likely to happen. This relation between what caused a reaction in the past will probably cause it again in the future might not be realistic. If the expected outcome is not confirmed, it may result in a personal ‘disappointment’, and if the outcome fits no expectations, it will be a ‘surprise’. Our brain is hardwired with this heuristic capacity of learning the cause-effect relationship and to project its probability as the basis for much of our behavior, as well as cognitions. This experience-based expectation is a form of learning that helps the brain to bypass an exhaustive search in finding a satisfactory solution. Expectations may thus be considered an innate theory of causality; that is, a set of factors (causes) generating a given phenomenon (effects) influence the way we treat incoming information but also the way we retrieve the stored information. These expectancy templates may well represent one of the basic rules of how the brain processes information, affecting the way we perceive the world, direct our attention and deal with conflicting information. In fact, expectations have been shown to influence our judgments and social interactions, along with our volition to individually decide and commit to a particular course of action. However, people’s expectations may elicit the anticipation of their own automatic reactions to various situations and behaviors cues, and can explain that expecting to feel an increase in alertness after coffee consumption leads to experiencing the consequent physiologic and behavioral states. We call this behavior-response expectancy. This non-volitional form of expectation has been shown to influence cognitions such as memory, pain, visual awareness, implicit learning and attention, through the mediation of phenomena like placebo effects and hypnotic behaviors. Importantly,when talking about expectations, placebo and hypnosis, it is important to note that we are also talking about suggestion and its modulating capability. In other words, suggestion has the power to create response expectancies that activate automatic responses, which will, in turn, influence cognition and behavior so as to shape them congruently with the expected outcome. Accordingly, hypnotic inductions are a systematic manipulation of expectancy, similar to placebo, and therefore they both work in a similar way. Considering such assumptions, the major question we address in this PhD thesis is to know if these expectancy-based mechanisms are capable of modulating more high-level information processing such as cognitive conflict resolution, as is present in the well-known Stroop task. In fact, in a recent series of studies, reduction or elimination of Stroop congruency effects was obtained through suggestion and hypnotic induction. In this PhD thesis, it is asked whether a suggestion reinforced by placebos, operating through response-expectancy mechanisms, is able to induce a top-down cognitive modulation to overcome cognitive conflict in the Stroop task, similar to those results found using suggestion and hypnosis manipulation.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Gama, P.
Document type:
Doctoral thesis
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Gama, P. (2014). The power of suggestion: Placebo, hypnosis, imaginative suggestion and attention (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Université Libre de Bruxelles, Faculté des Sciences Psychologiques et de l’Education, Bélgium.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Placebo effect / Hypnosis / Hypnotic Response / Hypnotizability / Placebo / Alertness / Hypnotic Susceptibility / Object-based Attentional Selection / Eye-Blink, Inhibition / Stroop effect / Waterloo-Stanford Group C (WSGC) scale / Stroop task / Attention / Cognitive Control / Attentional Networks / Dopamine / Suggestion / Stroop / Response expectancy / Expectancy / Expectations / Imagination / Suggestability / Suggestion

DocumentFinal report - Using hypnosis to distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive conscious experience2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-248
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2012
Title:
248 - Using hypnosis to distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive conscious experience
Duration: 2013-10 - 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Pedro Alexandre Magalhães de Saldanha da Gama, Axel Cleeremans, Zoltan Dienes, Amir Raz
Institution(s): Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Article
Progress report
Final report
PhD thesis
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Gama, P.
Secondary author(s):
Cleeremans, A., Dienes, Z., Raz, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Consciousness / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-248.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2012
Title:
Final report - Using hypnosis to distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive conscious experience
Publication year: 2015
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa24812_17072015.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Two studies were conducted to investigate the relationships between objective performance (type I) and subjective judgments (type II or metacognition) by manipulating metacognition through hypnosis and suggestion in an action-based paradigm (i.e., rubber hand illusion). In a first study, we have developed an improved version of the classic rubber hand in the form of a robotic hand. In our initial action paradigm project, the robotic hand would provide the opportunity of refining the modulation of the sense of agency (i.e., type II) through hypnosis. Overall results show that the robotic hand induces both a sense of ownership and a sense of agency. In a second study, we attempted to modulate implicit level of agency (i.e., intentional binding measure from the original Libet clock experiment) through hypnosis by using the robotic hand device. Participants who had previously been screened for hypnotizability passed four experimental conditions. In the two hypnosis conditions (i.e., active and passive), a post-hypnotic suggestion conveyed the information that the robotic hand and the tone were due to their own (participants) movement. In reality, the robotic hand controlled the action. In the two non-hypnotic conditions, no hypnosis or suggestion was induced. Overall, results revealed a main effect of Condition where the binding between action and tone was stronger in the active vs. the passive condition, thus replicating previous studies. However, neither a main effect of Hypnosis, nor the interaction between condition and hypnosis were observed. Several methodological issues can explain these null results therefore we cannot conclude that hypnotic modulation of agency (i.e., type II) has no effect on this paradigm.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Gama, P.
Secondary author(s):
Cleeremans, A., Dienes, Z., Raz, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Robotic hand / Agency / Ownership / Hypnosis / Suggestion

Final report - Using hypnosis to distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive conscious experience

Final report - Using hypnosis to distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive conscious experience