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File266 - One ear is better than two; but why and when?2013-032015-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratůrios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIALís Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Manís physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between Ä5,000 and Ä50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-266
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
266 - One ear is better than two; but why and when?
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-03
Researcher(s):
Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova
Institution(s): Institute of Psychiatry (IoP), King's College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Language: eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Psychophysiology and Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body structure and function / Audition / Cognitive processes / Attention

DocumentAcoustic prepulse inhibition: one ear is better than two but why and when?2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratůrios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIALís Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Manís physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between Ä5,000 and Ä50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-266
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
266 - One ear is better than two; but why and when?
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-03
Researcher(s):
Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova
Institution(s): Institute of Psychiatry (IoP), King's College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Language: eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Psychophysiology and Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body structure and function / Audition / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-266.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
Acoustic prepulse inhibition: one ear is better than two but why and when?
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/psyp.12391/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We examined whether monaural prepulses produce more prepulse inhibition (PPI) because they might be more attention capturing (unambiguous to locate) than binaural prepulses. Monaural and binaural PPI was tested under normal and verbal and visuospatial attention manipulation conditions in 55 healthy men, including 29 meditators. Attention manipulations abolished monaural PPI superiority, similarly in meditators and meditation-naÔve individuals, and this was most strongly evident for right ear PPI under visuospatial attention manipulation. Meditators performed better than meditation-naÔve individuals on attention tasks (verbal: more targets detected; visuospatial: faster reaction time). Spatial attention processes contribute to monaural PPI, particularly with the right ear. Better attentional performance, with similar attentional modulation of PPI, may indicate a stronger attentional capacity in meditators, relative to meditation-naÔve individuals.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Hamid, A., Brand, A., Antonova, E.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Kumari, V., Hamid, A., Brand, A., & Antonova, E. (2014). Acoustic prepulse inhibition: one ear is better than two but why and when? Psychophysiology, 52(5), 714-721. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12391
2-year Impact Factor: 2.986|2014
Times cited: 5|2022-03-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Human sensorimotor gating / Startle / Attention / Mindfulness

Acoustic prepulse inhibition: one ear is better than two but why and when?

Acoustic prepulse inhibition: one ear is better than two but why and when?

DocumentFinal report - One ear is better than two; but why and when?2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratůrios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIALís Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Manís physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between Ä5,000 and Ä50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-266
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
266 - One ear is better than two; but why and when?
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-03
Researcher(s):
Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova
Institution(s): Institute of Psychiatry (IoP), King's College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Language: eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Psychophysiology and Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body structure and function / Audition / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-266.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
Final report - One ear is better than two; but why and when?
Publication year: 2015
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
The magnitude of the human eye blink reflex to a strong startle-eliciting sensory stimulus, the pulse, is reduced if this is preceded shortly by a weaker stimulus, the prepulse. This effect, known as prepulse inhibition (PPI), is considered to index sensorimotor gating. PPI is stronger with monaural, than binaural, acoustic prepulses. It is presently unknown why monaural prepulses produce more PPI than binaural prepulses.
AIMS OF THE STUDY:
To test the possibility that monaural prepulses produce more PPI because they might be more salient or attention-capturing (unambiguous to locate) than binaural prepulses.
METHOD:
Monaural and binaural PPI was assessed under i) normal and ii) verbal and visuospatial attention manipulation conditions in 60 healthy men, including 30 experienced mindfulness practitioners (meditators) who are considered to have a stronger information processing capacity and be more efficient in allocating attentional resources (final N with usable data = 55, 26 mediation-naÔve individuals and 29 experienced meditators).
RESULTS:
Attention manipulations abolished monaural PPI superiority similarly in meditators and meditation-naÔve individuals, and this was most strongly evident for right ear PPI under visuospatial attention manipulation. Meditators performed better than meditation-naÔve individuals on attention tasks (verbal task: more targets detected; visuospatial task: faster reaction time).
CONCLUSIONS:
Spatial attention processes contribute to monaural PPI superiority, particularly with right ear. Better attentional performance, with similar attentional modulation of PPI, indicates a stronger attentional capacity in meditators, relative to meditation-naÔve individuals.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Human sensorimotor gating / EMG / Attention / Mindfulness

DocumentThe impact of attention and mindfulness meditation on sensory information processing startle modification2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratůrios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIALís Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Manís physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between Ä5,000 and Ä50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-266
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
266 - One ear is better than two; but why and when?
Duration: 2013-03 - 2015-03
Researcher(s):
Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova
Institution(s): Institute of Psychiatry (IoP), King's College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Language: eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Antonova, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Psychophysiology and Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Body structure and function / Audition / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-266.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
The impact of attention and mindfulness meditation on sensory information processing startle modification
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.bacn.co.uk/docs/meetings_127_445439455.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The magnitude of the human eye blink reflex to a strong startle-eliciting sensory stimulus, the pulse, is reduced if this is preceded shortly by a weak prestimulus, the 52 prepulse. This effect is known as prepulse inhibition (PPI) and considered to index sensorimotor gating function. PPI is stronger with monaural, than binaural, acoustic prestimuli in healthy people (1, 2) as well in schizophrenia (2) and related populations (3). It is presently unknown why monaural prepulses produce more PPI than binaural prepulses. Our aim was to investigate the possibility that monaural prepulses are experienced as more salient or attention-capturing (unambiguous to locate and hence engage bottom-up orienting attention network) than binaural prepulses and, if so, this would be expected to result in stronger PPI. The effect of verbal and visuospatial attention manipulations on monaural and binaural PPI was tested in 30 healthy people from the general population, as well as 30 experienced mindfulness meditation practitioners. Attention manipulation similarly reduced PPI in both groups, and this was most strongly evident for PPI with right ear prepulses under visuospatial attention manipulation. Mediators detected more targets than mediation-naÔve individuals during attention tasks. Spatial attention processes contribute to greater monaural PPI, particularly with right ear,prepulses. Similar attentional modulation of PPI despite better performance in meditators, relative to meditation-naÔve individuals, suggests that they may have a stronger information processing capacity.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Kumari, V.
Secondary author(s):
Hamid, A., Brand, A., Antonova, E.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Kumari, V., Hamid, A., Brand, A., & Antonova, E. (2014). The impact of attention and mindfulness meditation on sensory information processing startle modification. Abstract Book of the 2014 British Association for Cognitive Neuroscience Annual Scientific Meeting. The University of York, UK
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Attention / Startle / Meditation / Human sensorimotor gating

The impact of attention and mindfulness meditation on sensory information processing startle modification

The impact of attention and mindfulness meditation on sensory information processing startle modification