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File121 - Maternal Brain Gain: Changes in neural representations and body perception during pregnancy2015-112019-06

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-121
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
121 - Maternal Brain Gain: Changes in neural representations and body perception during pregnancy
Duration: 2015-11 - 2019-06
Researcher(s):
Jane Aspell, Flavia Cardini
Institution(s): Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Aspell, J. E.
Secondary author(s):
Cardini, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Pregnancy / Peripersonal space / Interoception / Tactile perception / Psychophysiology

DocumentEnlarged representation of peripersonal space in pregnancy2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-121
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
121 - Maternal Brain Gain: Changes in neural representations and body perception during pregnancy
Duration: 2015-11 - 2019-06
Researcher(s):
Jane Aspell, Flavia Cardini
Institution(s): Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Aspell, J. E.
Secondary author(s):
Cardini, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Pregnancy / Peripersonal space / Interoception / Tactile perception / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-121.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Enlarged representation of peripersonal space in pregnancy
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6565702/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Our ability to maintain a coherent bodily self despite continuous changes within and outside our body relies on the highly flexible multisensory representation of the body, and of the space surrounding it: the peripersonal space (PPS). The aim of our study was to investigate whether during pregnancy - when extremely rapid changes in body size and shape occur - a likewise rapid plastic reorganization of the neural representation of the PPS occurs. We used an audio-tactile integration task to measure the PPS boundary at different stages of pregnancy. We found that in the second trimester of pregnancy and postpartum women did not show differences in their PPS size as compared to the control group (non-pregnant women). However, in the third trimester the PPS was larger than the controls' PPS and the shift between representation of near and far space was more gradual. We therefore conclude that during pregnancy the brain adapts to the sudden bodily changes, by expanding the representation of the space around the body. This may represent a mechanism to protect the vulnerable abdomen from injury from surrounding objects.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardini, F.
Secondary author(s):
Fatemi-Ghomi, N., Gajewska-Knapik, K., Gooch, V., Aspell, J. E.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Cardini, F., Fatemi-Ghomi, N., Gajewska-Knapik, K., Gooch, V., & Aspell, J. E. (2019). Enlarged representation of peripersonal space in pregnancy. Scientific Reports, 9:8606. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-45224-w
2-year Impact Factor: 3.998|2019
Times cited: 6|2022-03-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Pregnancy / Peripersonal space / Interoception

Enlarged representation of peripersonal space in pregnancy

Enlarged representation of peripersonal space in pregnancy

DocumentFinal report - Maternal Brain Gain: Changes in neural representations and body perception during pregnancy2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-121
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
121 - Maternal Brain Gain: Changes in neural representations and body perception during pregnancy
Duration: 2015-11 - 2019-06
Researcher(s):
Jane Aspell, Flavia Cardini
Institution(s): Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Aspell, J. E.
Secondary author(s):
Cardini, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Pregnancy / Peripersonal space / Interoception / Tactile perception / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-121.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Maternal Brain Gain: Changes in neural representations and body perception during pregnancy
Publication year: 2019
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND
The space immediately surrounding our body – i.e. ‘peripersonal space’ (PPS; Rizzolatti et al., 1997) - is important, as it is where we interact with stimuli in the external world. Recent studies have shown that the PPS boundaries are malleable. For example, it has been found that being in proximity to an individual we have previously co-operated with induces an expansion of our PPS towards that person.
AIMS
With our study we aimed at investigating whether the PPS changes during pregnancy, a critical stage in life, when extremely rapid changes occur in the body size and shape. As pregnancy advances, the PPS should expand, reflecting an updated mental representation of one’s body that makes external stimuli, initially perceived as being outside of the PPS, to be perceived closer, within the PPS.
METHODS
To this aim, we tested 37 pregnant women and 19 non-pregnant women three times: at the 20th and at 34th week of the gestational period and 8 weeks postpartum (and at the same time intervals in the control group). To assess the PPS boundaries we used a well-established audiotactile task (Canzoneri et al., 2012) whereby participants’ reaction times (RTs) to a tactile stimulus on the abdomen, were measured while listening to a dynamic sound that seems to start at a location far from the participant and progressively approach the participant’s body. When touches occurred at short temporal delays the sound was perceived far and gradually closer to the participant’s body as the delays increase. As sounds facilitate tactile RTs only when presented close to the body (Serino et al., 2007), we expected RTs to progressively decrease as the sound was approaching. The critical distance where the sound speeds up tactile RTs can be taken as a proxy of the PPS boundary.
RESULTS
By comparing this critical distance across the three time periods we found that whereas at the first and the third testing period no differences in the PPS size were observed between the groups, in the second period, the pregnant participants’ PPS was larger than the controls’.
CONCLUSIONS
We conclude that during pregnancy our brain adapts to the sudden change in body size, by expanding the representation of the space around us, possibly in order to protect the vulnerable abdomen from bumping against objects.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Aspell, J. E.
Secondary author(s):
Cardini, F.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Aspell, J. E., & Cardini, F. (2019). Final report - Maternal Brain Gain: Changes in neural representations and body perception during pregnancy.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Pregnancy / Plasticity / Interoception / Exteroception / Peripersonal Space

Final report - Maternal Brain Gain: Changes in neural representations and body perception during pregnancy

Final report - Maternal Brain Gain: Changes in neural representations and body perception during pregnancy