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File161 - Individual differences in infants' stress reactivity2015-042018-06

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-161
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
161 - Individual differences in infants' stress reactivity
Duration: 2015-04 - 2018-06
Researcher(s):
Edward Charles Tronick, Erin Duffy, Jennifer A. DiCorcia
Institution(s): University of Massachusetts Boston, Child Development Unit, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Tronick, E.
Secondary author(s):
Duffy, E., DiCorcia, J. A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Stress psychophysiology / Individual differences / Still-Face / Cortisol / Psychophysiology

DocumentFinal report - Individual differences in infants' stress reactivity2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-161
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
161 - Individual differences in infants' stress reactivity
Duration: 2015-04 - 2018-06
Researcher(s):
Edward Charles Tronick, Erin Duffy, Jennifer A. DiCorcia
Institution(s): University of Massachusetts Boston, Child Development Unit, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Tronick, E.
Secondary author(s):
Duffy, E., DiCorcia, J. A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Stress psychophysiology / Individual differences / Still-Face / Cortisol / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-161.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Individual differences in infants' stress reactivity
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant_16114.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Individual differences in infant stress reactivity may have a lasting effect on development. The goal of this project was to explore individual differences in infants’ reactivity to a repeated standard stressor, the Face to Face Still Face (FFSF) in which periods of face-to-face play are alternated with periods in which the mother maintains a “poker” face and does not engage the infant. The play and FFSF were repeated until either the infant became distressed (crying for 30 seconds) or the infant completed three SF-Play repetitions. Two baseline salivary samples were followed by three post-distressed samples to allow tracking of response and recovery. This design resulted in two stress categories, infants who exhibited distress and did not complete the paradigm and infants who did complete the paradigm. There were no differences in salivary cortisol or sAA between the two groups. However, a positive relationship was found between baseline cortisol levels and the peak post-stress levels suggesting that the Law of Initial Values may not need to be considered when analysing salivary cortisol changes in infants. The findings also highlight the importance of considering baseline values in stress reactivity. A statistical trend showed that infants who dropped out had greater baseline cortisol and sAA levels. In conclusion, the findings question the use of salivary cortisol and salivary alpha-amylase as measures of social stress in early infancy. The results also suggest that we have yet to identify appropriate measures of individual differences in infants’ stress reactivity. The finding of a relation between cortisol baseline levels and reactivity suggests that there are indeed individual differences in cortisol functioning.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Tronick, E.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Infant / Individual differences / Emotional development / Stress psychophysiology

Final report - Individual differences in infants' stress reactivity

Final report - Individual differences in infants' stress reactivity

DocumentA caretaker acute stress paradigm: Effects on behavior and physiology of caretaker and infant2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-161
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
161 - Individual differences in infants' stress reactivity
Duration: 2015-04 - 2018-06
Researcher(s):
Edward Charles Tronick, Erin Duffy, Jennifer A. DiCorcia
Institution(s): University of Massachusetts Boston, Child Development Unit, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Tronick, E.
Secondary author(s):
Duffy, E., DiCorcia, J. A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Stress psychophysiology / Individual differences / Still-Face / Cortisol / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-161.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
A caretaker acute stress paradigm: Effects on behavior and physiology of caretaker and infant
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1002/dev.21974
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
While experimental stress paradigms of infants (arm restraint; the Still-Face) are powerful tools for infant research, no study has experimentally stressed mothers to observe its independent effects on infant stress regulation. Extant caretaker/maternal stress studies essentially are correlational and confounded by other conditions (e.g., depression). Here, we present a standard procedure, the Caregiver Acute Stress Paradigm (CASP), for stressing mothers during en face interactions with their infants. We hypothesized that infants of the stressed mothers would be more distressed than infants of non-stressed mothers. A total of 106 four-month-old infants and their mothers were randomly assigned to the experimental stress or non-stress manipulation. Confirming our hypothesis, infants of the stressed mothers were significantly more likely to become distressed and require terminating the procedure. While objective ratings of maternal behavior showed no difference between groups, mother in the stress condition self-rated the episode following the caretaker stress significantly lower than mothers in the non-stress group. The self-ratings in the maternal stress-group were reflected in infant cortisol. The findings indicate that CASP is an effective experimental paradigm for exploring the independent effects of an acute stress on caretakers, including effects of conditions, such as poverty or mental illness.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Tronick, E.
Secondary author(s):
Mueller, I., DiCorcia, J., Hunter, R., Snidman, N.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Tronick, E., Mueller, I., DiCorcia, J., Hunter, R., & Snidman, N. (2020). A caretaker acute stress paradigm: Effects on behavior and physiology of caretaker and infant. Developmental Psychobiology. doi: 10.1002/dev.21974
2-year Impact Factor: 3.038|2020
Times cited: 3|2022-03-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Still-Face Paradigm / Acute caretaker stress / Infant stress reactivity / Maternal stress / Mother-infant relations

DocumentAcute maternal stress disrupts infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior: A CASP study2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-161
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
161 - Individual differences in infants' stress reactivity
Duration: 2015-04 - 2018-06
Researcher(s):
Edward Charles Tronick, Erin Duffy, Jennifer A. DiCorcia
Institution(s): University of Massachusetts Boston, Child Development Unit, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Tronick, E.
Secondary author(s):
Duffy, E., DiCorcia, J. A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Stress psychophysiology / Individual differences / Still-Face / Cortisol / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-161.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Acute maternal stress disrupts infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior: A CASP study
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.714664/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Exposure to maternal stress is assumed to influence infant health and development across the lifespan. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is especially sensitive to the effects of the early caregiving environment and linked to predictors of later mental health. Understanding how exposure to maternal stress adversely affects the developing ANS could inform prevention. However, there is no agreed upon definition of maternal stress making its study difficult. Here we use the Caretaker Acute Stress Paradigm (CASP) to study the effects of maternal stress in an experimentally controlled laboratory setting. The CASP has 5 episodes, a natural play, followed by a caretaker stressor (or control) condition, another play, a classic still face episode, followed by another play. A total of 104 4-months-old infants and their mothers were randomly assigned to either the caretaker-stress or caretaker-control condition. Changes in behavior, heart rate (HR), and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) before and after the introduction of the stressor (or control condition) were recorded and compared. Infants in the maternal stress condition showed significantly more behavioral distress [X-2 = (1, N = 104) = 4.662, p = 0.031]. Moreover, infants whose mothers were in the stress condition showed an significant increase in heart rate after the caretaker condition [F-(1,F- 102) = 9.81, p = 0.002]. Finally we observed a trend to faster RSA recovery in infants of the control condition [F-(1,F- 75) = 3.539, p = 0.064]. Results indicate that exposure to acute maternal stress affects infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Mueller, I.,
Secondary author(s):
Snidman, N., DiCorcia, J. A., Tronick, E.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Mueller, I., Snidman, N., DiCorcia, J. A., & Tronick, E. (2021). Acute maternal stress disrupts infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior: A CASP study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, 714664. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.714664
2-year Impact Factor: 4.157|2020
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2021
Times cited: 0|2022-03-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Maternal stress / Infant regulation / Autonomic nervous system / Infant stress reactivity / Caretaker acute stress paradigm / Still face paradigm

Acute maternal stress disrupts infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior: A CASP study

Acute maternal stress disrupts infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior: A CASP study