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File178 - A study of the relationship between mindfulness, distraction and brain stimulation2015-062019-07

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-178
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
178 - A study of the relationship between mindfulness, distraction and brain stimulation
Duration: 2015-06 - 2019-07
Researcher(s):
Fabrice Parmentier, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Margalida Gili-Planas, Mauro García-Toro, Pilar Andrés
Institution(s): University of the Balearic Islands, Palma (Spain); Hospital Universitario Miguelñ Servet, Zaragoza (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
Language: eng
Author:
Parmentier, F.
Secondary author(s):
Garcia-Campayo, J., Gili-Planas, M., García-Toro, M., Andrés, P.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Attention / Mindfulness / tDCS / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

DocumentFinal report - A study of the relationship between mindfulness, distraction and brain stimulation2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-178
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
178 - A study of the relationship between mindfulness, distraction and brain stimulation
Duration: 2015-06 - 2019-07
Researcher(s):
Fabrice Parmentier, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Margalida Gili-Planas, Mauro García-Toro, Pilar Andrés
Institution(s): University of the Balearic Islands, Palma (Spain); Hospital Universitario Miguelñ Servet, Zaragoza (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
Language: eng
Author:
Parmentier, F.
Secondary author(s):
Garcia-Campayo, J., Gili-Planas, M., García-Toro, M., Andrés, P.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Attention / Mindfulness / tDCS / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-178.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - A study of the relationship between mindfulness, distraction and brain stimulation
Publication year: 2019
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Mindfulness can be measured as a trait (dispositional mindfulness, DM) and be cultivated through meditation or training. While meditation enhances attention and reduce intrusive thoughts, it is unclear whether DM does so.
AIMS
We aimed to examine (1) the relationship between DM, meditation, distractive thoughts, emotional regulation, depression and anxiety; (2) the relationship between DM and self-reported and task-measured attention; and (3) whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can modulate the relationship between DM and attention.
METHOD
We carried out (1) a large online survey measuring DM, emotional regulation, attentional control, ruminations, worry, mind wandering, depression and anxiety; (2) cognitive tasks in online and laboratory samples; and an experiment on the effect of tDCS on sustained attention in high vs low DM participants.
RESULTS
Mindfulness reduced depression and anxiety, in part by reducing negative thinking. While our data indicate a correlation between DM and self-reported attentional control, we found no corroborating evidence in cognitive tasks. Finally, the stimulation of the right prefrontal cortex enhanced sustained attention in participants with low DM but had the opposite effect on participants with high DM.
CONCLUSIONS
Our data suggest that DM reduces the incidence of intrusive thoughts and contributes to reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety. DM increases self-reported attentional control but does not appear to modulate attentional performance in cognitive tasks. The data nevertheless suggest that individuals with low DM may present with less efficient prefrontal functioning and benefit from tDCS in a sustained attention task.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Parmentier, F.
Secondary author(s):
Andrés, P., Gili-Planas, M., García-Toro, M., Garcia-Campayo, J.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Parmentier, F., Andrés, P., Gili-Planas, M., García-Toro, M., & Garcia-Campayo, J. (2019). Final report - A study of the relationship between mindfulness, distraction and brain stimulation.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Mindfulness / Attention / Depression / Transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS)

Final report - A study of the relationship between mindfulness, distraction and brain stimulation

Final report - A study of the relationship between mindfulness, distraction and brain stimulation

DocumentMindfulness and symptoms of depression and anxiety in the general population: The mediating roles of worry, rumination, reappraisal and suppression2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-178
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
178 - A study of the relationship between mindfulness, distraction and brain stimulation
Duration: 2015-06 - 2019-07
Researcher(s):
Fabrice Parmentier, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Margalida Gili-Planas, Mauro García-Toro, Pilar Andrés
Institution(s): University of the Balearic Islands, Palma (Spain); Hospital Universitario Miguelñ Servet, Zaragoza (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
Language: eng
Author:
Parmentier, F.
Secondary author(s):
Garcia-Campayo, J., Gili-Planas, M., García-Toro, M., Andrés, P.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Attention / Mindfulness / tDCS / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-178.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Mindfulness and symptoms of depression and anxiety in the general population: The mediating roles of worry, rumination, reappraisal and suppression
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00506/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The present study examined the effects of mindfulness on depression and anxiety, both direct and indirect through the mediation of four mechanisms of emotional regulation: worry, rumination, reappraisal and suppression. Path analysis was applied to data collected from an international and non-clinical sample of 1151 adults, including both meditators and non-meditators, who completed an online questionnaire battery. Our results show that mindfulness are related to lower levels of depression and anxiety both directly and indirectly. Suppression, reappraisal, worry and rumination all acted as significant mediators of the relationship between mindfulness and depression. A similar picture emerged for the relationship between mindfulness and anxiety, with the difference that suppression was not a mediator. Our data also revealed that the estimated number of hours of mindfulness meditation practice did not affect depression or anxiety directly but did reduce these indirectly by increasing mindfulness. Worry and rumination proved to be the most potent mediating variables. Altogether, our results confirm that emotional regulation plays a significant mediating role between mindfulness and symptoms of depression and anxiety in the general population and suggest that meditation focusing on reducing worry and rumination may be especially useful in reducing the risk of developing clinical depression.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Parmentier, F.
Secondary author(s):
Mauro-García, M., García-Campayo, J., Yañez, A. M., Andrés, P., Gili-Planas, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Parmentier, F., Mauro-García, M., García-Campayo, J., Yañez, A. M., Andrés, P., & Gili-Planas, M. (2019). Mindfulness and symptoms of depression and anxiety in the general population: The mediating roles of worry, rumination, reappraisal and suppression. Frontiers in Psychology, 10:506. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00506
2-year Impact Factor: 2.067|2019
Times cited: 9|2021-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Anxiety / Depression / Emotional regulation / Meditation / Mindfulness / Rumination

Mindfulness and symptoms of depression and anxiety in the general population: The mediating roles of worry, rumination, reappraisal and suppression

Mindfulness and symptoms of depression and anxiety in the general population: The mediating roles of worry, rumination, reappraisal and suppression

DocumentOpposite effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tCDS) on sustained attention in individuals with high and low levels of dispositional Mindfulness2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-178
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
178 - A study of the relationship between mindfulness, distraction and brain stimulation
Duration: 2015-06 - 2019-07
Researcher(s):
Fabrice Parmentier, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Margalida Gili-Planas, Mauro García-Toro, Pilar Andrés
Institution(s): University of the Balearic Islands, Palma (Spain); Hospital Universitario Miguelñ Servet, Zaragoza (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
Language: eng
Author:
Parmentier, F.
Secondary author(s):
Garcia-Campayo, J., Gili-Planas, M., García-Toro, M., Andrés, P.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Attention / Mindfulness / tDCS / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-178.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Opposite effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tCDS) on sustained attention in individuals with high and low levels of dispositional Mindfulness
Publication year: 2019
Institution(s):
https://granada-en.congresoseci.com/psychobiology/iiiinternationalcongresspsychobiologypreliminary_abstractbook/!
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Some studies suggest a link between mindfulness and attentional functioning. We tested the hypothesis that mindfulness might improve vigilance through enhanced prefrontal functioning. We compared the performance of 10 individuals with low and 10 individuals with high dispositional mindfulness (LDM vs HDM) under anodal direct-current stimulation of the right prefrontal region and in a sham condition. The stimulation improved vigilance performance in the LDMgroup and reduced it in the HDMgroup. No difference was found between the groups in the sham condition. The results fit with the view that lower mindfulness is associated with lower attentional functioning, such that individuals with low mindfulness benefit from the anodal stimulation of the right prefrontal region in a vigilance task. We hypothesize that individuals with high dispositional mindfulness might have directed more attention to the physical discomfort produced by the stimulation (e.g., itching), thereby reducing the attention directed to the task (and, consequently, performance in this task). In sum, our results suggest a positive link between dispositional mindfulness, prefrontal functioning and vigilance performance.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Molina, E.
Secondary author(s):
Fernández-Prieto, I., Leiva, A., Parmentier, F.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Molina, E., Fernández-Prieto, I., Leiva, A., & Parmentier, F. (2019). Opposite effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tCDS) on sustained attention in individuals with high and low levels of dispositional Mindfulness. Abstract book of the III International Congress of Psychobiology (p. 183). Granada, Spain.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Mindfulness / Vigilance / Transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS)

Opposite effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tCDS) on sustained attention in individuals with high and low levels of dispositional Mindfulness

Opposite effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tCDS) on sustained attention in individuals with high and low levels of dispositional Mindfulness