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File044 - Inducing and measuring plasticity in response control mechanisms in the human brain2017-10

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-044
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
044 - Inducing and measuring plasticity in response control mechanisms in the human brain
Duration: 2017-10
Researcher(s):
Alejandra Sel de Felipe, Matthew Rushworth
Institution(s): Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Sel, A.
Secondary author(s):
Rushworth, M.
Keywords:
Cognitive control / Response inhibition / Cortical plasticity / Neurostimulation / Psychophysiology

DocumentAffective interoceptive inference: Evidence from heart-beat evoked brain potentials2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-044
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
044 - Inducing and measuring plasticity in response control mechanisms in the human brain
Duration: 2017-10
Researcher(s):
Alejandra Sel de Felipe, Matthew Rushworth
Institution(s): Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Sel, A.
Secondary author(s):
Rushworth, M.
Keywords:
Cognitive control / Response inhibition / Cortical plasticity / Neurostimulation / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-044.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Affective interoceptive inference: Evidence from heart-beat evoked brain potentials
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/hbm.24352
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The perception of internal bodily signals (interoception) is central to many theories of emotion and embodied cognition. According to recent theoretical views, the sensory processing of visceral signals such as one's own heartbeat is determined by top-down predictions about the expected interoceptive state of the body (interoceptive inference). In this EEG study we examined neural responses to heartbeats following expected and unexpected emotional stimuli. We used a modified stimulus repetition task in which pairs of facial expressions were presented with repeating or alternating emotional content, and we manipulated the emotional valence and the likelihood of stimulus repetition. We found that affective predictions of external socially relevant information modulated the heartbeat-evoked potential, a marker of cardiac interoception. Crucially, the HEP changes highly relied on the expected emotional content of the facial expression. Thus, expected negative faces led to a decreased HEP amplitude, whereas such an effect was not observed after an expected neutral face. These results suggest that valence-specific affective predictions, and their uniquely associated predicted bodily sensory state, can reduce or amplify cardiac interoceptive responses. In addition, the affective repetition effects were dependent on repetition probability, highlighting the influence of top-down exteroceptive predictions on interoception. Our results are in line with recent models of interoception supporting the idea that predicted bodily states influence sensory processing of salient external information.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Gentsch, A.
Secondary author(s):
Sel, A., Marshall, A. C., Schütz-Bosbach, S.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Gentsch, A., Sel, A., Marshall, A. C., Schütz-Bosbach, S. (2019). Affective interoceptive inference: Evidence from heart-beat evoked brain potentials. Human Brain Mapping, 40(1), 20-33. doi: 10.1002/hbm.24352
2-year Impact Factor: 4.421|2019
Times cited: 6|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: HEP / Emotion / Heartbeat-evoked potential / Interoception / Prediction

DocumentFinal report - Inducing and measuring plasticity in response control mechanisms in the human brain2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-044
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
044 - Inducing and measuring plasticity in response control mechanisms in the human brain
Duration: 2017-10
Researcher(s):
Alejandra Sel de Felipe, Matthew Rushworth
Institution(s): Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Sel, A.
Secondary author(s):
Rushworth, M.
Keywords:
Cognitive control / Response inhibition / Cortical plasticity / Neurostimulation / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-044.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Inducing and measuring plasticity in response control mechanisms in the human brain
Publication year: 2019
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
In our day-to-day experiences consecutive courses of actions and thoughts need to be controlled to allow the execution of goal-directed actions. Action control is exerted through cortical action selection mechanisms in the prefrontal cortex that allow the selection or suppression of actions according to the environmental demands. The right inferior frontal cortex (rIFC) plays a pre-eminent and crucial role in action selection and inhibition in humans. The aim of the project was to investigate how the rIFC exerts its influence over action responses and whether this influence can be changed by inducing plasticity of the corticocortical pathways mediating response inhibition in the human brain. We performed 4 studies in which we investigated the influence of repetitive paired associative transcranial magnetic stimulation (repetitive ppTMS) on the corticocortical excitability and oscillatory dynamics of the rIFC-M1 pathway. In all four studies, participants performed a Go/Nogo task in two task blocks, baseline and expression. Between the baseline and the expression blocks, we applied the same paired associative stimulation (PAS) protocol at 0.1Hz for 15minutes, which is known to strengthen connectivity between pre-motor and motor cortex. The results of the studies 1 and 2 confirmed state-dependent changes in the motor-evoked potentials after the plasticity induction phase. In the go trials the paired PMv-M1 stimulation led to a facilitatory influence of PMv over M1. Additionally, the plasticity effect was dependent on stimulation order: repeated stimulation of PMv before M1 led to strengthening of the PMv–M1 pathway, while these effects were not present when M1 was stimulated before PMv. In parallel, the results of the studies 3 and 4 showed state-dependent changes in cortical oscillatory dynamics in the beta and theta frequencies, that were also dependent on stimulation order: repeated stimulation of PMv before M1 led to decreases in the beta band and increases in the theta band, whereas the opposite was true when stimulation of M1 preceded PMv stimulation.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Sel, A.
Document type:
Final report
Reference:
Sel, A. (2018). Final report - Inducing and measuring plasticity in response control mechanisms in the human brain.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Cognitive control / Response inhibition / Cortical plasticity / Neurostimulation

Final report - Inducing and measuring plasticity in response control mechanisms in the human brain

Final report - Inducing and measuring plasticity in response control mechanisms in the human brain

DocumentThe somatotopy of observed emotions2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-044
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
044 - Inducing and measuring plasticity in response control mechanisms in the human brain
Duration: 2017-10
Researcher(s):
Alejandra Sel de Felipe, Matthew Rushworth
Institution(s): Department of Experimental Psychology, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Sel, A.
Secondary author(s):
Rushworth, M.
Keywords:
Cognitive control / Response inhibition / Cortical plasticity / Neurostimulation / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-044.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The somatotopy of observed emotions
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0010945220301386
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The ability to experience others' emotional states is a key component in social interactions. Uniquely among sensorimotor regions, the somatosensory cortex (SCx) plays an especially important role in human emotion understanding. While distinct emotions are experienced in specific parts of the body, it remains unknown whether the SCx exhibits somatotopic activations to different emotional expressions. In the current study, we investigated if the affective response triggered by observing others' emotional face expressions leads to differential activations in SCx. Participants performed a visual facial emotion discrimination task while we measured changes in SCx topographic EEG activity by tactually stimulating two body-parts representative of the upper and lower limbs, the finger and the toe respectively. The results of the study showed an emotion specific response in the finger SCx when observing angry as opposed to sad emotional expressions, after controlling for carry-over effects of visual evoked activity. This dissociation to observed emotions was not present in toe somatosensory responses. Our results suggest that somatotopic activations of the SCx to discrete emotions might play a crucial role in understanding others’ emotions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sel, A.
Secondary author(s):
Calvo-Merino, B., Tsakiris, M., Forster, B.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Sel, A., Calvo-Merino, B., Tsakiris, M., & Forster, B. (2020). The somatotopy of observed emotions. Cortex, 129, 11-22. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2020.04.002
2-year Impact Factor: 4.009|2019
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2020
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Emotions / Somatosensory cortex / Embodiment / EEG / Somatotopic responses