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File072 - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling2017-092019-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-072
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
072 - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling
Duration: 2017-09 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Helané Wahbeh, Arnaud Delorme
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Wahbeh, H.
Keywords:
Channeling / Physiology / Mechanism / Mediumship / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

DocumentFinal report - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-072
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
072 - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling
Duration: 2017-09 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Helané Wahbeh, Arnaud Delorme
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Wahbeh, H.
Keywords:
Channeling / Physiology / Mechanism / Mediumship / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-072.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling
Publication year: 2018
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Numerous world cultures believe channeling provides genuine information, and channeling rituals in various forms are regularly conducted in both religious and non-religious contexts. Little is known about the physiological correlates of the subjective experience of channeling.
AIMS
This study’s objective is to evaluate neurophysiological measures in full-trance channels when channeling and not channeling.
METHOD
We conducted a prospective within-subject design study with 13 healthy adult trance channels at the Institute of Noetic Sciences laboratory. Participants alternated between 5 minutes of channeling and 5 minutes of no-channeling on two separate days while EEG, ECG, galvanic skin response, and respiration were collected. They also read the same story in a channeling and no-channeling states.
RESULTS
Participants pre-laboratory visit survey data reflected similar responses about channels characteristics, perception of source, purpose and utilization to previous reports. Most channels were aware of their experience (rather than in a full trance) and had varying levels of perceived incorporation. Four EEG channels in the theta band were different during channeling compared to no-channeling (although not significantly when corrected for multiple comparisons). While correlation across Day 1 and Day 2 was high (except for the Gamma frequency band), values were most often different on the two days. Arousal in the voice was higher when reading during the channeling state versus no-channeling. Despite subjective perceptions of distinctly different states, no substantive differences were seen in EEG frequency power, ECG measures, galvanic skin response and respiration. The voice measure of arousal was higher in the channeling state while reading. This study has moved channeling research forward by evaluating physiological measure differences between the channeling and no-channeling states using rigorous controlled methods.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wahbeh, H.
Secondary author(s):
Delorme, A.
Document type:
Final report
Reference:
Wahbeh, H., & Delorme, A. (2018). Final report - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Full-trance channeling / Anomalous information receptiony

Final report - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling

Final report - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling

DocumentA physiological examination of perceived incorporation during trance2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-072
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
072 - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling
Duration: 2017-09 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Helané Wahbeh, Arnaud Delorme
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Wahbeh, H.
Keywords:
Channeling / Physiology / Mechanism / Mediumship / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-072.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
A physiological examination of perceived incorporation during trance
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://f1000research.com/articles/8-67/v2
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Numerous world cultures believe channeling provides genuine information, and channeling rituals in various forms are regularly conducted in both religious and non-religious contexts. Little is known about the physiological correlates of the subjective experience of channeling.
METHODS
We conducted a prospective within-subject design study with 13 healthy adult trance channels. Participants alternated between 5-minute blocks of channeling and no-channeling three times while electroencephalography (EEG), electrocardiography (ECG), galvanic skin response (GSR), and respiration were collected on two separate days. Voice recordings of the same story read in channeling and no-channeling states were also analyzed.
RESULTS
The pre-laboratory survey data about demographics, perception of the source, purpose and utility of channeled information reflected previous reports. Most participants were aware of their experience (rather than in a full trance) and had varying levels of perceived incorporation (i.e. control of their body). Voice analysis showed an increase in voice arousal and power (dB/Hz) differences in the 125 Hz bins between 0 and 625 Hz, and 3625 and 3875 Hz when reading during the channeling state versus control. Despite subjective perceptions of distinctly different states, no substantive differences were seen in EEG frequency power, ECG measures, GSR and respiration.
CONCLUSIONS
Voice parameters were different between channeling and no-channeling states using rigorous controlled methods, but other physiology measure collected were not. Considering the subjective and phenomenological differences observed, future studies should include other measures such as EEG connectivity analyses, fMRI and biomarkers.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wahbeh, H.
Secondary author(s):
Cannard, C., Okonsky, J., Delorme, A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Wahbeh, H., Cannard, C., Okonsky, J., & Delorme, A. (2019). A physiological examination of perceived incorporation during trance [version 2; referees: 2 approved]. F1000Research, 8: 67. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.17157.2
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Trance channeling / Mediumship / Anomalous information reception / Mediumship / Electroencephalography / Electrocardiography / Galvanic skin response / Voice analysis / Spirit possession

A physiological examination of perceived incorporation during trance

A physiological examination of perceived incorporation during trance

DocumentA qualitative exploratory analysis of content channeled during a quantitative study of trance channeling2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-072
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
072 - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling
Duration: 2017-09 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Helané Wahbeh, Arnaud Delorme
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Wahbeh, H.
Keywords:
Channeling / Physiology / Mechanism / Mediumship / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-072.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
A qualitative exploratory analysis of content channeled during a quantitative study of trance channeling
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1550830720300896
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Throughout history, within numerous multicultural contexts across the globe, channeling has been expressed, practiced, revered and shunned. Broadly defined, channeling is “communication of information to or through a physically embodied human being, from a source that is said to exist on some other level or dimension of reality than the physical as we know it, and that is not from the normal mind…of the channel” (Klimo, 1998, p.2). Despite its persistence and presence across time, the enigmatic, speculative nature of channeling creates a unique research challenge. Historically, scientific channeling research tends to minimize attention on the actual channeled material, in part due to validation constraints. The focus of this qualitative exploration was to categorize and thematically analyze content channeled during the final segment of a trance channeling study. Recorded over two days, 13 healthy adult trance channels responded to the question, "Do you have any suggestions/messages regarding the current or future channeling experiments?" Transcribed content analysis revealed seven common themes under three categories – Scientific Methodology: 1) Constraints of the current quantitative study, 2) Advancing channeling research; Channeling Processes: 3) 'How-to' of channeling, 4) Experienced processes described from the “non-physical being's” point-of-view; Open-Ended Information: 5) Philosophical - personal to global to universal, 6) Gratitude and Collaborative spirit, and 7) Personal messages for healing/growth. Themes 2 and 6 were the most represented content of messages delivered. This analysis was designed to present the experiences of the channelers, how that might be interpreted and to provide global access to the potentially valuable content.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Anastasia, J.
Secondary author(s):
Delorme, A., Okonsky, J., Wahbeh, H.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Anastasia, J., Delorme, A., Okonsky, J., Wahbeh, H. (2020). A qualitative exploratory analysis of channeled content. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2020.02.008
2-year Impact Factor: 1.485|2019
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2020
Times cited: 0|2020-07-30
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Research channelers / Trance channeling / Channeled content / Thematic analysis

DocumentCharacteristics of English-Speaking Trance Channelers2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-072
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
072 - A physiological examination of full-trance channeling
Duration: 2017-09 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Helané Wahbeh, Arnaud Delorme
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Wahbeh, H.
Keywords:
Channeling / Physiology / Mechanism / Mediumship / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-072.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Characteristics of English-Speaking Trance Channelers
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1550830720300835
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Historical records suggest that channeling has existed globally, in a variety of cultures, for thousands of years, and recent research suggests that channeling is more prevalent than most people realize. The present study used an online survey to explore mental health factors, personality characteristics, subjective experiences and the impact of channeling on 83 participants who self-identified as trance channelers. Most participants endorsed being spiritual but not religious as adults, and on average the channeling experiences began at middle age. The majority of participants did not report pathological levels of dissociative or psychotic symptoms, anxiety or depression. Compared to relevant norms, participants reported similar scores on most personality factors, psychological absorption and empathy. Participants’ average scores on emotional and environmental sensitivity corresponded to being designated as sensory-processing sensitives. Participants reported high levels of noetic beliefs and experiences, particularly beliefs in life after death, non-local consciousness and telepathy. Most participants reported that their channeling process is willful and consensual, and that they are consciously aware of the channeling state while it occurs. The majority of participants also reported a positive impact of channeling on their lives. Lower psychotic symptoms, older age when the trance channeling experiences began, and higher sensitivity scores predicted a greater positive impact of trance on participants’ lives. Given that trance channeling has played a role in religious and spiritual traditions around the world throughout history, the present study provides an important exploration of the trance channeling phenomenon.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wahbeh, H.
Secondary author(s):
Butzer, B.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Wahbeh, H., & Butzer, B. (2020). Characteristics of English-Speaking Trance Channelers. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2020.02.002
2-year Impact Factor: 1.485|2019
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2020
Times cited: 0|2020-04-07
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Trance channeling / Mediumship / Anomalous information reception / Spirit possession