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File102 - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour2018-012020-01

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
102 - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour
Duration: 2018-01 - 2020-01
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Thomas Strandberg, Amir Raz, Petter Johansson
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University & Montreal Neurological Institute (Canada); Choice Blindness Laboratory, Lund University Cognitive Science (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Olson, J. A.
Secondary author(s):
Strandberg, T., Raz, A.
Keywords:
Suggestion / Hypnosis / Magic / Deception / Parapsychology

DocumentDepolarizing american voters: Democrats and Republicans are equally susceptible to false attitude feedback2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
102 - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour
Duration: 2018-01 - 2020-01
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Thomas Strandberg, Amir Raz, Petter Johansson
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University & Montreal Neurological Institute (Canada); Choice Blindness Laboratory, Lund University Cognitive Science (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Olson, J. A.
Secondary author(s):
Strandberg, T., Raz, A.
Keywords:
Suggestion / Hypnosis / Magic / Deception / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Depolarizing american voters: Democrats and Republicans are equally susceptible to false attitude feedback
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0226799
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
American politics is becoming increasingly polarized, which biases decision-making and reduces open-minded debate. In two experiments, we demonstrate that despite this polarization, a simple manipulation can make people express and endorse less polarized views about competing political candidates. In Study 1, we approached 136 participants at the first 2016 presidential debate and on the streets of New York City. Participants completed a survey evaluating Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump on various personality traits; 72% gave responses favoring a single candidate. We then covertly manipulated their surveys so that the majority of their responses became moderate instead. Participants only noticed and corrected a few of these manipulations. When asked to explain their responses, 94% accepted the manipulated responses as their own and rationalized this neutral position accordingly, even though they reported more polarized views moments earlier. In Study 2, we replicated the experiment online with a more politically diverse sample of 498 participants. Both Clinton and Trump supporters showed nearly identical rates of acceptance and rationalization of their manipulated-to-neutral positions. These studies demonstrate how false feedback can powerfully shape the expression of political views. More generally, our findings reveal the potential for open-minded discussion even in a fundamentally divided political climate.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Strandberg, T.
Secondary author(s):
Olson, J. A., Hall, L., Woods, A., Johansson, P.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Strandberg, T., Olson, J. A., Hall, L., Woods, A., & Johansson, P. (2020) Depolarizing american voters: Democrats and Republicans are equally susceptible to false attitude feedback. PLoS ONE, 15(2): e0226799. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0226799
2-year Impact Factor: 2.740|2019
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2020
Times cited: 0|2020-04-06
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2

Depolarizing american voters: Democrats and Republicans are equally susceptible to false attitude feedback

Depolarizing american voters: Democrats and Republicans are equally susceptible to false attitude feedback

DocumentFinal report - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
102 - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour
Duration: 2018-01 - 2020-01
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Thomas Strandberg, Amir Raz, Petter Johansson
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University & Montreal Neurological Institute (Canada); Choice Blindness Laboratory, Lund University Cognitive Science (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Olson, J. A.
Secondary author(s):
Strandberg, T., Raz, A.
Keywords:
Suggestion / Hypnosis / Magic / Deception / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3226/using-suggestion-to-influence-attitudes-and-behaviour.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND AND AIMS
Although researchers have explored hypnosis for decades, psychologists have relatively neglected one of its core components: suggestion. We tested two paradigms to assess how suggestion outside of the context of hypnosis can affect attitudes and behaviour. In both paradigms, we used the choice blindness method, in which participants receive false feedback about the outcome of a recent decision.
METHOD AND RESULTS
In Study 1, we ran 65 participants through a lab study in which we used false feedback from a sham brain scanner, as well as various subtle suggestions, to affect participants’ attitudes and behaviour. We saw a large change in self-reported attitudes consistent with the feedback, but no behavioural change. In Study 2, we explored a reduced suggestion paradigm outside of the lab during the United States presidential debates. We gave 136 participants false feedback about their political affiliation, making them seem more open-minded than they initially reported. The large majority of participants endorsed this false feedback and readily offered rationalisations for it. We replicated these results in two additional online samples totalling 955 participants and found similar results across the political spectrum.
CONCLUSIONS
Combined, these studies demonstrate that using suggestion in the context of choice blindness can be a practical method to study attitude change.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Strandberg, T., Raz, A.
Document type:
Final report
Reference:
Olson, J., Strandberg, T., & Raz, A. (2020). Final report - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour.
Keywords: Suggestion / Choice blindness / Deception / Attitudes

Final report - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour

Final report - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour

DocumentApplying insights from magic to improve deception in research: The Swiss cheese model2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
102 - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour
Duration: 2018-01 - 2020-01
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Thomas Strandberg, Amir Raz, Petter Johansson
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University & Montreal Neurological Institute (Canada); Choice Blindness Laboratory, Lund University Cognitive Science (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Olson, J. A.
Secondary author(s):
Strandberg, T., Raz, A.
Keywords:
Suggestion / Hypnosis / Magic / Deception / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Applying insights from magic to improve deception in research: The Swiss cheese model
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022103120303930?dgcid=rss_sd_all
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Social psychologists, placebo scientists, and consumer researchers often require deception in their studies, yet they receive little training on how to deceive effectively. Ineffective deception, however, can lead to suspicion and compromise the validity of research. The field of magic offers a potential solution; magicians have deceived audiences for millennia using a variety of robust techniques. As former professional magicians, we propose the Swiss cheese model of deception and argue that deception should be subtle yet elaborate. Subtle deception involves techniques such as fake mistakes, planted assumptions, and convincers. Elaborate deception involves layering many of these techniques rather than relying on a single cover story. We have demonstrated the potency of these principles by making participants believe implausible ideas, such as that a machine is controlling their mind or that the placebo they consumed was a psychedelic drug. These principles can help researchers reduce demand characteristics, improve blinding, and increase the generalisability of studies that require deception.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Olson, J. A.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Olson, J. A., & Raz, A. (2021). Applying insights from magic to improve deception in research: The Swiss cheese model. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 92: 104053. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2020.104053
Keywords: Deception / Suspicion / Magic / Placebo / Blinding / Ethics