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File111 - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy2017-032020-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
111 - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy
Duration: 2017-03 - 2020-02
Researcher(s):
Helena Rutherford, Linda Mayes, Catherine Monk, Elizabeth Meins, Brianna Francis
Institution(s): Child Study Center – CSC, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rutherford, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mayes, L., Monk, C., Meins, E., Francis, B,
Keywords:
Pregnancy / Mind-mindedness / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Event-related potential (ERP) / Parent-fetal responding / Psychophysiology

DocumentThe potential utility for massage therapy during pregnancy to decrease stress and tobacco use2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
111 - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy
Duration: 2017-03 - 2020-02
Researcher(s):
Helena Rutherford, Linda Mayes, Catherine Monk, Elizabeth Meins, Brianna Francis
Institution(s): Child Study Center – CSC, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rutherford, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mayes, L., Monk, C., Meins, E., Francis, B,
Keywords:
Pregnancy / Mind-mindedness / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Event-related potential (ERP) / Parent-fetal responding / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The potential utility for massage therapy during pregnancy to decrease stress and tobacco use
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6087659/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
A significant number of women continue to smoke tobacco during pregnancy despite the increased risk of complications to fetal and infant development. Therefore, effective interventions are needed to assist pregnant women with the process of tobacco cessation. Traditional counseling programs have demonstrated some success; however, novel approaches that target stress as a mechanism in the maintenance of addiction would be valuable.
OBJECTIVE
To examine the role of stress in addiction and the utility of massage therapy to decrease stress during pregnancy.
CONCLUSION
Preliminary evidence suggests massage therapy may be beneficial to decreasing tobacco use, and research in pregnant populations is needed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
O’Hair, C.
Secondary author(s):
Armstrong, K., Rutherford, H.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
O’Hair, C., Armstrong, K., & Rutherford, H. (2018). The potential utility for massage therapy during pregnancy to decrease stress and tobacco use. International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork, 11(3), 15-19. PMC6087659
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Massage therapy / Addiction / Tobacco / Nicotine

The potential utility for massage therapy during pregnancy to decrease stress and tobacco use

The potential utility for massage therapy during pregnancy to decrease stress and tobacco use

DocumentParity and neural responses to social and nonsocial stimuli in pregnancy2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
111 - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy
Duration: 2017-03 - 2020-02
Researcher(s):
Helena Rutherford, Linda Mayes, Catherine Monk, Elizabeth Meins, Brianna Francis
Institution(s): Child Study Center – CSC, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rutherford, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mayes, L., Monk, C., Meins, E., Francis, B,
Keywords:
Pregnancy / Mind-mindedness / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Event-related potential (ERP) / Parent-fetal responding / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Parity and neural responses to social and nonsocial stimuli in pregnancy
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17470919.2018.1518833
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT
Prior reproductive experience, or parity, may contribute to differential neural responses to infant stimuli during pregnancy. We examined the P300 elicited by viewing infant and adult faces, as well as houses, in women pregnant with their first child and compared their neural responses to women who had at least one child prior to their current pregnancy. We found the P300 amplitude was larger in women pregnant with their first child as compared to pregnant women who had previously had children. This larger P300 was observed in response to all visual stimuli and was not specific to infant faces. Taken together, these findings indicate increased sensitivity toward social and non-social stimuli in pregnancy and indicate the importance of measuring parity in social neuroscience studies of pregnancy and motherhood.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Rutherford, H.
Secondary author(s):
Maupin, A., Mayes, L.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Rutherford, H., Maupin, A., & Mayes, L. (2018). Parity and neural responses to social and nonsocial stimuli in pregnancy. Social Neuroscience, 14(5), 545-548. doi: 10.1080/17470919.2018.1518833
2-year Impact Factor: 2.154|2018
Times cited: 0|2020-04-03
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: EEG/ERP / Parity / Infant faces / Social stimuli

DocumentPrenatal neural responses to infant faces predict postpartum reflective functioning2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
111 - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy
Duration: 2017-03 - 2020-02
Researcher(s):
Helena Rutherford, Linda Mayes, Catherine Monk, Elizabeth Meins, Brianna Francis
Institution(s): Child Study Center – CSC, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rutherford, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mayes, L., Monk, C., Meins, E., Francis, B,
Keywords:
Pregnancy / Mind-mindedness / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Event-related potential (ERP) / Parent-fetal responding / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Prenatal neural responses to infant faces predict postpartum reflective functioning
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0163638318301000?via%3Dihub
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Pregnancy is shaped by unfolding psychological and biological changes in preparation for parenthood. A growing literature has examined the postpartum maternal brain. However, few studies examine the maternal brain during pregnancy, and whether brain function in pregnancy may have implications for postpartum caregiving. Using event-related potentials, we examined the late positive potential (LPP) elicited by infant distress and neutral faces in 35 women during their third trimester of pregnancy. Then, at 3 months postpartum, mothers completed a measure of parental reflective functioning to capture how they regarded their capacity to consider their child's thoughts and feelings. We found that in the third trimester, infant distress faces elicited larger LPPs compared to infant neutral faces. Moreover, the LPP elicited by infant neutral faces predicted levels of postpartum reflective functioning. Specifically, a larger LPP elicited by neutral infant faces predicted greater maternal self-reported difficulty recognizing and understanding their own infant's thoughts and feelings. Our findings suggest that studying the pregnant brain may have predictive value for facets of postpartum caregiving and may inform clinical interventions with new mothers.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Rutherford, H.
Secondary author(s):
Crowley, M. J., Gao, L., Francis, B., Schultheis, A., Mayes, L.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Rutherford, H., Crowley, M. J., Gao, L., Francis, B., Schultheis, A., & Mayes, L. (2018). Prenatal neural responses to infant faces predict postpartum reflective functioning. Infant Behavior and Development, 53, 43-48. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2018.09.003
2-year Impact Factor: 1.353|2018
Times cited: 3|2020-04-03
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Pregnancy / EEG/ERP / Reflective functioning / Parenting / Mentalization

DocumentGradient theories of brain activation: A novel application to studying the parental brain2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
111 - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy
Duration: 2017-03 - 2020-02
Researcher(s):
Helena Rutherford, Linda Mayes, Catherine Monk, Elizabeth Meins, Brianna Francis
Institution(s): Child Study Center – CSC, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rutherford, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mayes, L., Monk, C., Meins, E., Francis, B,
Keywords:
Pregnancy / Mind-mindedness / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Event-related potential (ERP) / Parent-fetal responding / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Gradient theories of brain activation: A novel application to studying the parental brain
Publication year: 2019
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Purpose of Review
Parental brain research primarily employs general linear model–based (GLM-based) analyses to assess blood oxygenation level–dependent responses to infant auditory and visual cues, reporting common responses in shared cortical and subcortical structures. However, this approach does not reveal intermixed neural substrates related to different sensory modalities. We consider this notion in studying the parental brain.
Recent Findings
Spatial independent component analysis (sICA) has been used to separate mixed source signals from overlapping functional networks. We explore relative differences between GLM-based analysis and sICA as applied to an fMRI dataset acquired from women while they listened to infant cries or viewed infant sad faces.
Summary
There is growing appreciation for the value of moving beyond GLM-based analyses to consider brain functional organization as continuous, distributive, and overlapping gradients of neural substrates related to different sensory modalities. Preliminary findings suggest sICA can be applied to the study of the parental brain.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Rutherford, H. J.
Secondary author(s):
Xu, J., Worhunsky, P., Zhang, R., Yip, S. W., Morie, K. P., Calhoun, V. D., Kim, S., Strathearn, L., Mayes, L., Potenza, M. N.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Rutherford, H. J., Yip, S. W., Worhunsky, P., Zhang, R., Yip, S. W., Morie, K. P., ... Potenza, M. N. (2019). Gradient theories of brain activation: A novel application to studying the parental brain. Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports, 6(3), 119.125. doi: 10.1007/s40473-019-00182-5
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Neuroimaging / Balanced excitation/inhibition / Independent component analysis / Parental brain / Infant cue  / General linear model 

DocumentFinal report - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
111 - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy
Duration: 2017-03 - 2020-02
Researcher(s):
Helena Rutherford, Linda Mayes, Catherine Monk, Elizabeth Meins, Brianna Francis
Institution(s): Child Study Center – CSC, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rutherford, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mayes, L., Monk, C., Meins, E., Francis, B,
Keywords:
Pregnancy / Mind-mindedness / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Event-related potential (ERP) / Parent-fetal responding / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-111.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3227/a-psychophysiological-perspective-of-the-transformative-experience-of-pregnancy.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Pregnancy may be conceptualized as a period of psychophysiological reorganization to facilitate later caregiving for women and men. In understanding the perinatal origins of parenting, studies have begun to examine parental, specifically maternal, neural responsiveness to infant affective cues during pregnancy, and their potential implications for caregiving postpartum. However, while relations between psychological measures of parenting and caregiving postpartum have been examined, the associations between neural and psychological measures of parenting in pregnancy are yet to be established. Further, the relative strength of and differences in observed relations for expectant mothers and fathers is unknown.
AIMS
In expectant parents, our aims were to examine (1) the P300 elicited by photographs of distress and neutral infant faces; (2) levels of prenatal mind-mindedness as a psychological construct important for later parenting; and (3) whether the P300 would be associated with prenatal mind-mindedness.
METHOD
Expectant mothers (n=38) and fathers (n=30) during the third trimester of pregnancy viewed infant distress and neutral faces while electroencephalography was recorded. Following pre-processing, the P300 amplitude was measured for each participant. Parents also completed an assessment of prenatal mind-mindedness towards their unborn child.
RESULTS
Expectant fathers evidenced a greater P300 response to infant faces as compared to expectant mothers, specifically for infant distress. P300 reactivity to infant distress, relative to neutral, faces was associated with prenatal mind-mindedness in expectant fathers but not expectant mothers.
CONCLUSIONS
Although extension and replication of these findings are warranted, they raise important insight into sex differences in the experience of pregnancy. They also speak to the neural and psychological preparedness of expectant fathers, which has not previously been considered.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Rutherford, H.
Document type:
Final report
Reference:
Rutherford, H. (2020). Final report - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy.
Keywords: Expectant parents / Parental brain / ERP/EEG / Infant faces / Mind-mindedness

Final report - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy

Final report - A psychophysiological perspective of the transformative experience of pregnancy