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File188 - Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls2017-10

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-188
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
188 - Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls
Duration: 2017-10
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin, Helane Wahbeh
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D., Wahbeh, H.
Keywords:
Intuition / Electroencephalography / Mediumship / Behavior / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

DocumentAbility of alleged mediums to assess mortality from facial photographs2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-188
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
188 - Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls
Duration: 2017-10
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin, Helane Wahbeh
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D., Wahbeh, H.
Keywords:
Intuition / Electroencephalography / Mediumship / Behavior / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-188.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Ability of alleged mediums to assess mortality from facial photographs
Publication year: 2018
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT
Studies of characteristics of the human face indicate that it contains a wealth of information about health status. Most studies involve objective measurement of facial features as correlated with historical health information. But some individuals (labeled psychics or mediums) also claim to be adept at intuitively gauging mortality based solely upon a quick glance at a person’s photograph. To test this claim, we invited 12 such individuals to see if they could tell if a person was presently alive or dead based solely on a brief examination of his or her photograph. All photos used in the experiment were transformed into a uniform gray scale and counterbalanced across eight categories: gender, age, gaze direction, glasses, head position, smile, hair color, and image resolution. Participants examined 404 photographs displayed on a computer monitor, one at a time, with each shown for a maximum of 8 seconds. Half of the individuals in the photos were deceased, and half were alive at the time the experiment was conducted. Participants were asked to indicate if they thought the person in a photo was living or deceased by pressing an appropriate button. Overall mean accuracy on this task was 53.6%, where 50% was expected by chance (p = 0.005, two-tail), and statistically significant accuracy was independently obtained in 5 of the 12 participants. We also collected 32-channel electrocortical recordings and observed a robust difference in the early event-related potential at 100 ms post-stimulus onset between images of deceased individuals who were correctly vs. incorrectly classified. Then, to see if machine learning techniques could classify the photographs as good as or better than humans, both random forest and logistic regression machine learning approaches were used. Both classifiers failed to achieve accuracy above chance level. These results suggest that some individuals can intuitively assess mortality based on some as-yet-unknown features of the face. In this report, we also outline a
follow up experiment where we asked participants to classify the cause of death from photos of now-deceased individuals. Preliminary results on this experiment will be presented at the Parapsychological Convention.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2012-234.06
Author: Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Canard, C., Wahbeh, H., Radin, D.
Document type:
Conference abstract-d
Reference:
Delorme, A., Canard, C., Wahbeh, H., & Radin, D. (2018). Ability of alleged mediums to assess mortality from facial photographs. Abstracts of Presented Papers of the 61st Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (p. 13). Petaluma, USA: Parapsychological Association
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Mediumship / Intuition / Visual categorization / Face

Ability of alleged mediums to assess mortality from facial photographs

Ability of alleged mediums to assess mortality from facial photographs

DocumentFinal report - Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-188
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
188 - Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls
Duration: 2017-10
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin, Helane Wahbeh
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D., Wahbeh, H.
Keywords:
Intuition / Electroencephalography / Mediumship / Behavior / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-188.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls
Publication year: 2019
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Anomalous psychological phenomena, in which individuals claim to have access to information not available through conventional means, have been reported since antiquity. Despite tremendous popular interest, few studies have tested these claims rigorously. The current study aimed at filling this gap. We asked volunteers to look at facial photographs of deceased people and guess how the depicted person had died among three choices; we also recorded volunteers’ electroencephalogram (EEG) while they were making those choices. The volunteers were of two types: “psychic mediums,” who were all professional and make a living of this practice, and controls, who claimed no special ability. The cause of death fell into three possible choices: “heart attack”, “death by firearm”, or “car accident.” The facial photographs were a balanced pool of 201 black and white photographs, where the cause of death was known in each case. The volunteers did not see any of these photographs before the experiment. Data from all participants pooled showed that they were significantly accurate in guessing the cause of death (partial ? 2 =0.13;p=0.003). Control subjects were primarily responsible for this effect (partial ? 2 =0.15; p=0.001). In terms of EEG activity, a difference was found between the talented volunteers and the controls in event related potential (ERP) following the presentation of the photographs. The controls had larger amplitude ERP components than the talented volunteers between 80 and 110 ms and between 200 and 350 ms, which could be interpreted as reflecting greater attention and less response inhibition by controls as compared to the talents.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D., Wahbeh, H.
Document type:
Final report
Reference:
Delorme, A., Radin, D., & Wahbeh, H. (2019). Final report - Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Medium / Intuition / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Accuracy

Final report - Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls

Final report - Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls

DocumentAccuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls on an image classification task2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-188
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
188 - Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls
Duration: 2017-10
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Dean Radin, Helane Wahbeh
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D., Wahbeh, H.
Keywords:
Intuition / Electroencephalography / Mediumship / Behavior / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-188.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls on an image classification task
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278262620302414
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In this study, a classification task asked participants to look at 180 facial photographs of deceased individuals (photographs were taken years prior to their deaths) and guess the cause of death from three equiprobable categories: heart attack; death by firearm; or car accident. Electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) data were simultaneously collected during the task. The participants included individuals who claimed “mediumistic” (psychic) abilities and controls who claimed no mediumistic ability. Pooled data showed accurate guesses for the cause of death (partial ?2 = 0.12; p = 0.004), and control subjects were primarily responsible for this effect (partial ?2 = 0.11; p = 0.005). EEG and ECG differences were found between the mediums and controls. Control participants had larger amplitude event-related potentials (ERP) following the presentation of the images than the mediums, between 80 and 110 ms, and between 200 and 350 ms. This could be interpreted as reflecting greater attention and less response inhibition by controls as compared to the mediums. Participants in the control group also had lower average heart rates than the mediums, possibly indicating less stress during the task. Speculations and limits regarding why controls performed better than mediums are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Cannard, C., Radin, D., Wahbeh, H.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Delorme, A., Cannard, C., Radin, D., & Wahbeh, H. (2020). Accuracy and neural correlates of blinded mediumship compared to controls on an image classification task. Brain and Cognition, 146: 105638. doi: 10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105638
Keywords: Intuition / Mediumship / Electroencephalography / Behavior / Machine-learning