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File329 - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences2018-042020-06

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
329 - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Duration: 2018-04 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Christine Simmonds-Moore, Donadrian Rice, Chase O'Gwin
Institution(s): Psychology Department, University of West Georgia, Carrollton (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Simmonds-Moore, C.
Secondary author(s):
Rice, D., O'Gwin, C.
Keywords:
Apparitions / Synesthesia / Boundary thinness / Psychomanteum / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

DocumentFinal report - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
329 - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Duration: 2018-04 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Christine Simmonds-Moore, Donadrian Rice, Chase O'Gwin
Institution(s): Psychology Department, University of West Georgia, Carrollton (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Simmonds-Moore, C.
Secondary author(s):
Rice, D., O'Gwin, C.
Keywords:
Apparitions / Synesthesia / Boundary thinness / Psychomanteum / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3260/exploring-the-correlates-and-nature-of-subjective-apparitional-experiences.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Prior research indicates that synesthesia may play a role in the etiology of ghost experiences
AIMS
A survey explored whether synesthetes differed from non synesthetes on ghost experiences, frequencies of differently appraised ghost experiences, senses and spatial locations of ghost experiences, psychometric predictors of ghost experiences (transliminality, boundary thinness, creativity, somatic focus, interoception and locus of control). Qualitative analysis of narratives using grounded theory. The psychomanteum explored synesthesia, geomagnetic field (GMF), electromagnetic field (emf), heart rate variability, and the output of a random number generator (RNG) in exceptional experiences (ExE).
METHOD
An online survey explored correlates of ghost experiences. A psychomanteum compared 15 synesthetes with 15 non synesthetes on ExE and their correlates.
RESULTS
Synesthetes reported more ghost experiences with a paranormal appraisal. Boundaries, creativity, interoception and somatic focus correlated with ghost experiences with a paranormal appraisal. Transliminality was the strongest independent predictor. The RNG output correlated negatively and significantly with the extent to which ExE were rated as taking up space. Post hoc analysis indicates that this effect was for synesthetes only. The GMF (nanoTesla) and local emf (milliGauss) influenced the levels of heart rate variability. GMF correlated with the extent to which experiences took up space.
CONCLUSIONS
Synesthesia, creativity, boundaries and awareness of the body play a role in ghost experiences. Results of the psychomanteum study are suggestive of interactions between subjective experience and the local and non-local environment, particularly among synesthetes.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Simmonds-Moore, C.
Document type:
Final report
Reference:
Simmonds-Moore, C. (2019). Final report - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychomanteum / RNG output / Environmental correlates / Heart Rate Variability (HRV) / Geomagnetism and electromagnetism / Creativity / Locus of control / Interoception / Synesthesia / Psychological boundaries / Ghost experiences

Final report - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences

Final report - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences

DocumentA grounded theory of ghost experiences2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
329 - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Duration: 2018-04 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Christine Simmonds-Moore, Donadrian Rice, Chase O'Gwin
Institution(s): Psychology Department, University of West Georgia, Carrollton (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Simmonds-Moore, C.
Secondary author(s):
Rice, D., O'Gwin, C.
Keywords:
Apparitions / Synesthesia / Boundary thinness / Psychomanteum / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
A grounded theory of ghost experiences
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/cfd3/c19e3da27aa1f9506fa6952797ef9d970de7.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Qualitative methods enable a rich understanding of exceptional experiences (e.g., Drinkwater, Dagnall & Bate, 2013; Kruth, 2015). This paper employed grounded theory (e.g., Charnaz, 2015) to analyze people’s first hand descriptions of their experiences with ghosts. Several authors have noted that there is more than one type of “ghost” experience (Irwin & Watt, 2007). Tyrell (1953/2010), for example, articulated four categories of ghosts; experimental ghosts, post mortem cases, crisis apparitions and traditional ghosts. This taxonomy was later expanded by Evans (e.g., 2001) and included revenants, haunters, crisis apparitions, phantasms of the living and doppelgangers. Hufford’s experiential approach observed that ghost stories are narratives constructed from direct and indirect experiences combined with background knowledge and cultural and personal beliefs regarding subjective paranormal phenomena (Hufford, 2001). Houran and colleagues have also drawn on the integration of bottom up (e.g., anomalous bodily sensations and other ambiguous stimuli), fear, and top down psychological and contextual factors in understanding the etiology of ghost experiences (Lange & Houran, 2001; Houran, Kumar, Thalbourne, & Lavertue, 2002). Other research has found that these experiences are interpreted within the framework of mainstream culture, they tend to be vivid and attributed to an external entity and have an impact on personal growth and meaning-making (Drinkwater, Dagnall & Bate, 2013).
Verbal descriptions of peoples’ experiences with ghosts were collected as part of a larger survey (using Qualtrics). Participants who responded affirmatively to any (of eight) questions about ghosts were invited to answer an open-ended question that asked them to provide a detailed description of their experience and its impact on them. The url was distributed to psychology students, staff and faculty at the University of West Georgia, in several local businesses and via social media (N= 355, of which 145 shared a story). It was also distributed to psychology students at Northwest Missouri State University (N=85, of which 45 people shared a story). A later sample consisted of additional participants from the University of West Georgia and surrounding area (N=103 of which 57 people shared a story). Narratives were read multiple times by the first and 3rd author and coded by the first author. Themes were developed and theoretical memos written until theoretical saturation was reached. Types of ghost included simple figures, simple watchful presences, intrusive presences, traditional ghost experiences and experiences of connection with deceased loved ones. Traditional ghost experiences included localized felt presences, interactive presences or figures, patterned noises (including footsteps and voices, anomalous movements and some smells), externalized apparitions, ghost dreams, and multisensory “haunting” experiences. Experiences of connection with deceased loved ones included visit dreams, reassuring interactive presences (including animals and other
symbols that were recognized as the enduring spirits of loved ones) and apparitions of the deceased. Refinement of the coding and themes lead to the development of four overarching themes.
1. Meaningful interactive experiences: Bereavement and the continued emotional connection to a loved one contributes to increased likelihood of meaningful interactions with the loved one following their death. Interactions are symbolic or tangible and sometimes embodied (e.g., hugs), realistic, and opportunities for reassurance and healing. They occur in sleep states and waking states, but are
particularly likely as visit dreams.
2. Challenging complex phenomena: This theme reflects how people make sense of convincing perceptual-like experiences that strongly suggest a ghost and which are challenging to normal, socially accepted ideas about reality and psychological wellbeing. Complex perceptual experiences include patterned phenomena (e.g., sounds like footsteps and voices) and spatially present or realistic imagery of initially unrecognized detailed figures. Imagery is transient and observed (less likely to interact) and may provide information about the figure. People engage in logic and hypothesis-testing, and integrate evidentiary sources (other witnesses, anomalous animal behavior, consultation with psychic groups and mediums and (successful) attempts to get rid of the ghost) into their narratives. Complex experiences may be associated with initial feelings of fear (which often dissipate). People express concern about being perceived to be insane and often remain quiet until their experience is socially supported or corroborated (learning that someone died in the house, imagery matches the features of a deceased person, or there is academic research on ghosts).
3. External presences (something unseen) - energy, emotion and the body: Invisible presence experiences occur when there is a combination of emotion and tangible changes in energy in the external environment or on the body. Simple presence experiences reflect feelings that someone is at the end of a long dark hall way (often while alone) or feeling that one is being watched that is related to anxiety and paranoia. Complex presence experiences are connected to sudden overwhelming/flooding of emotion (negative) accompanied by a tangible change in the energy in the room. Physically interactive experiences in which there are [sudden] violations in the “world model” (after Belz & Fach, 2012) (e.g., being physically touched, pushed or shoved; bedclothes being tugged) are attributed to
the actions of an unseen other and are associated with extreme fear and terror. Physical presences are often associated with fitful sleep or waking up from sleep and remain frightening even when attributed to “sleep paralysis”. Mild touch experiences are sometimes attributed to a playful spirit. In alignment with theme 2, invisible presences are more likely to be attributed as “a ghost” if they occur in older locations, if there are other witnesses and when there is anomalous animal behavior.
4. Sensitivity and connectivity (boundary thinness): A trait like sensitivity to aspects of the environment and to other unseen aspects of the world that often began in childhood and may be shared with family. Ghost experiences develop from direct and indirect experiences (after Hufford, 2001), interactions between top down and bottom up influences, including strong emotions (Lange & Houran, 2001), displays of logic/rationality (e.g., Wooffitt, 1992; Stone, 2014; Lamont, 2007) and meaning-making (Drinkwater et al., 2013) that contribute to the narrative of a ghost in the telling of the story.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Simmonds-Moore, C.
Secondary author(s):
O’Gwin, C., Fountain, L.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Simmonds-Moore, C., O’Gwin, C., & Fountain, L. (2019). A grounded theory of ghost experiences. Abstract book of the 62nd Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (pp. 37-38). Paris, France.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Ghost / Psychological boundaries

A grounded theory of ghost experiences

A grounded theory of ghost experiences

DocumentUsing a psychomanteum to explore the nature and correlates of subjective apparitional experiences2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
329 - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Duration: 2018-04 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Christine Simmonds-Moore, Donadrian Rice, Chase O'Gwin
Institution(s): Psychology Department, University of West Georgia, Carrollton (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Simmonds-Moore, C.
Secondary author(s):
Rice, D., O'Gwin, C.
Keywords:
Apparitions / Synesthesia / Boundary thinness / Psychomanteum / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Using a psychomanteum to explore the nature and correlates of subjective apparitional experiences
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/cfd3/c19e3da27aa1f9506fa6952797ef9d970de7.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT
This study explored the nature and correlates of experiences in a psychomanteum procedure (e.g., Moody, 1992; Moody & Perry, 1993) and is an extension of Radin and Rebman’s (1996) research. Our work explored several correlates of exceptional experiences (ExE) in the psychomanteum. Hypotheses compared synesthetes and non synesthetes on ExE and the rated vividness, reality and spatial nature of ExE. We also planned to explore correlations between the presence of anomalies and their experiential qualities and RNG output (Z scores), measures of electromagnetism (EMF meter output and AP values) and psychophysiology (Heart rate variability or HRV). Creativity and boundary thinness will correlate with the experiential qualities of ExE. The qualitative nature of ExE will also be explored. Participants completed the Fantasy Questionnaire (Weibel, Martarelli, Häberli, & Mast, 2017), the Rasch version of the revised Transliminality scale (Lange, Thalbourne, Houran, & Storm, 2000); the Boundary Questionnaire (short) (Hartmann, 1991), one question about synesthetic experiences (Hartmann, 1991). Synesthetes also provided details about their synesthesia and completed the Synesthesia Battery (Eagleman, Kagan, Nelson, Sagaram & Sarna, 2007). Materials included; an intention questionnaire, art materials, a post session questionnaire and a semi-structured interview schedule. Apparatus included a voice recorder, Emwave (by Heartmath) to measure HRV, a Psyleron RNG 3, a GQ electronics EMF meter (380), an infrared camera, a dimmable lamp, a small keyboard and simple experience sampling program that enabled a time stamp for experiences reported during the session; and a reclining chair and mirror (positioned at a 45 degree angle) that were placed into a psychomanteum chamber. A track playing nature sounds and the track Weightless by Marconi Union were employed and a house plant was placed outside the chamber. Thirty people participated (15 reported a prior experience with apparitions and 15 also had synesthetic tendencies). Baseline readings of EMF (in milliGauss) and RNG were taken and the empty chamber was filmed for 45 minutes. Nature sounds were played as the participant arrived. The study was described and participants signed a consent form. Then, baseline HRV measurements were taken. During a 15-minute intention session, participants listened to relaxing music and attempted to bring a deceased person into their mind. Suggestions and art materials were provided. Participants entered the psychomanteum and were fitted with the HRV sensor. A voice recorder was placed in the room. Participants were asked to relax and gaze at a tilted mirror, keeping the person they wanted to experience in mind and being open to experiences. They were given a small keyboard and invited to press a button if they had a sense of presence or visual experience. An infrared camera and RNG were started and the levels of electromagnetism were monitored for 45 minutes. Participants were interviewed and art materials were provided. Then, a post session questionnaire was completed. A follow up questionnaire was sent 1 week later. Data collection was completed at the end of April, 2019. The findings will shed light on individual differences, physiological and environmental correlates of intentional apparitional experiences.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Simmonds-Moore, C.
Secondary author(s):
O’Gwin, C., Steder, M.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Simmonds-Moore, C., O’Gwin, C., & Steder, M. (2019). Using a psychomanteum to explore the nature and correlates of subjective apparitional experiences. Abstract book of the 62nd Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (pp. 63-64). Paris, France.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychomanteum / RNG output

Using a psychomanteum to explore the nature and correlates of subjective apparitional experiences

Using a psychomanteum to explore the nature and correlates of subjective apparitional experiences

DocumentSynesthesia and the perception of unseen realities2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
329 - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Duration: 2018-04 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Christine Simmonds-Moore, Donadrian Rice, Chase O'Gwin
Institution(s): Psychology Department, University of West Georgia, Carrollton (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Simmonds-Moore, C.
Secondary author(s):
Rice, D., O'Gwin, C.
Keywords:
Apparitions / Synesthesia / Boundary thinness / Psychomanteum / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Synesthesia and the perception of unseen realities
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0022167820918691
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Exceptional experiences (ExE) incorporate a range of phenomena including subjective paranormal and transpersonal experiences. Synesthesia and synesthetic experiences are discussed as important variables in understanding the etiologies of ExE. The neural and psychological correlates of synesthetic experiences (associated with hyperconnectivity) are discussed in relation to ExE. It is argued that synesthetic processes enable both the detection and conscious perception of information from a range of sources that are usually unseen or inaccessible, including abstract, unlanguaged, preconscious, and potentially other nonlocal sources.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2010-223.05
Author: Simmonds-Moore, C.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Simmonds-Moore, C. (2020). Synesthesia and the perception of unseen realities. Journal of Humanistic Psychology. doi: 10.1177/0022167820918691
2-year Impact Factor: 1.902|2019
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2020
Times cited: 0|2020-08-18
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Synesthesia / Exceptional experiences (ExE) / Hyperconnectivity / Strong mental imagery / Consciousness / Psi / Transpersonal

DocumentA survey exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
329 - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Duration: 2018-04 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Christine Simmonds-Moore, Donadrian Rice, Chase O'Gwin
Institution(s): Psychology Department, University of West Georgia, Carrollton (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Simmonds-Moore, C.
Secondary author(s):
Rice, D., O'Gwin, C.
Keywords:
Apparitions / Synesthesia / Boundary thinness / Psychomanteum / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
A survey exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.bps.org.uk/sites/www.bps.org.uk/files/Member%20Networks/Sections/Conciousness/2018%20CEP%20Annual%20Conference%20Exceptional%20Experiences%20Abstracts%20and%20Papers.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objectives: This project sought to further explore the psychometric correlates of different types of apparitional experiences, with a particular focus on synaesthesia, creativity, perceptual sensitivity, different types of boundary thinness and body-based awareness (interoception and somatic focus). We predicted that there would be a difference between synaesthetes and non-synaesthetes in the general tendency to experience apparitional experiences. We also predicted that synesthesia (scored as a dummy variable), creative tendencies, sensitivity, body awareness and boundary thinness would positively predict scoring on a
general tendency to experience apparitions (in a regression analysis). We also planned to explore differences between ways of experiencing apparitions (including eyes open compared to closed; visual compared to other sensory experiences and spatial versus in the body) on personality scoring (using MANOVA). We also planned to sample a subset of different types of apparitional experience to develop a theory of apparitional experiences using grounded theory.
Design & Methods: This study was run as an online survey using Qualtrics. A series of questions that describe a range of different
apparitional experiences were developed from existing measures. This included 2 items pertaining to apparitions from the Anomalous Experience Inventory and 5 items from Irwin, Drinkwater and Dagnall (2013). The research team added an item pertaining to “visit dreams” (a type of encounter with the deceased that only occurs during the dream state). Questions were written neutrally, but with response options that allowed for paranormal or mainstream appraisals for experiences. Additional questions asked about different ways of experiencing apparitions (including whether eyes were open or closed, the senses that were involved in the experience, the spatial location of the experience and the nature of the apparitional experiences; presented as an open-ended question). A battery of individual difference measures included a measure of creativity (Weibel, Martarelli, Häberli & Mast, 2017); synesthetic experiences; locus of control, the Revised Transliminality Scale; Hartmann’s Boundary Questionnaire a measure of hyperaesthesia and two measures of body awareness (interoception - Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), Mehling, 2012) and a brief measure of somatic focus). The study url was distributed locally (to students in the psychology department at UWG, all staff and faculty at UWG and the community surrounding UWG) in addition to psychology students at Northwest Missouri State University and via social media.
Results: Data will be analyzed using quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative analysis will include difference tests (synaesthetes versus non-synaesthetes) and correlations between individual difference variables and general tendencies to experience apparitions. Regression analyses will explore the statistical predictors of apparitional experiences (from the battery of individual difference measures). Comparisons between different ways of experiencing an apparition in terms of scoring on personality variables will be calculated using a series of MANOVA calculations. A grounded theory will be undertaken on a subset of openended responses concerning different types of apparitional experiences to develop a theory of this type of experiences.
Conclusions: This research extends existing knowledge about the psychology of apparitional experiences.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Simmonds-Moore, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
O’Gwin, C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Simmonds-Moore, C. A., & O’Gwin, C. (2018). A survey exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences. Abstract book of Exceptional Experiences: Consciousness and Experiential Psychology 20th Annual Conference (p. 20), 6-8 September 2018 Regents University, London.
Keywords: Apparitions / Synesthesia / Boundary thinness / Somatic tendencies

A survey exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences

A survey exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences