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File013 - Biological bases of music cognition2019-032021-10

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

DocumentDissonant endings of chord progressions elicit a larger ERAN than ambiguous endings in musicians2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Dissonant endings of chord progressions elicit a larger ERAN than ambiguous endings in musicians
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/psyp.13476
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In major-minor tonal music, the hierarchical relationships and patterns of tension/release are essential for its composition and experience. For most listeners, tension leads to an expectation of resolution. Thus, when musical expectations are broken, they are usually perceived as erroneous and elicit specific neural responses such as the early right anterior negativity (ERAN). In the present study, we explored if different degrees of musical violations are processed differently after long-term musical training in comparison to day-to-day exposure. We registered the ERPs elicited by listening to unexpected chords in both musicians and nonmusicians. More specifically, we compared the responses of strong violations by unexpected dissonant endings and mild violations by unexpected but consonant endings (Neapolitan chords). Our results show that, irrespective of training, irregular endings elicited the ERAN. However, the ERAN for dissonant endings was larger in musicians than in nonmusicians. More importantly, we observed a modulation of the neural responses by the degree of violation only in musicians. In this group, the amplitude of the ERAN was larger for strong than for mild violations. These results suggest an early sensitivity of musicians to dissonance, which is processed as less expected than tonal irregularities. We also found that irregular endings elicited a P3 only in musicians. Our study suggests that, even though violations of harmonic expectancies are detected by all listeners, musical training modulates how different violations of the musical context are processed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Pagès-Portabella, C.
Secondary author(s):
Toro, J. M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Pagès-Portabella, C., & Toro, J. M. (2019). Dissonant endings of chord progressions elicit a larger ERAN than ambiguous endings in musicians. Psychophysiology, 57(2), e13476. doi: 10.1111/psyp.13476
2-year Impact Factor: 3.692|2019
Times cited: 2|2022-03-09
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Dissonance / ERAN / ERPs / Harmonic expectations / Musical training

DocumentNon-human animals detect the rhythmic structure of a familiar tune2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Non-human animals detect the rhythmic structure of a familiar tune
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.3758/s13423-020-01739-2
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The musical motives of a song emerge from the temporal arrangement of discrete tones. These tones normally have few durational values, and are organized in structured groups to create metrical patterns. In the present study we show that the ability to detect the rhythmic structure of a song, while ignoring surface changes, is also present in other species. We familiarized rats (Rattus norvegicus) with an excerpt of the Happy Birthday song. During test, we presented the animals with (i) the same excerpt of the familiarization, (ii) a constant-pitch version of the excerpt that reduced melodic intervals to only one tone (i.e., isotonic) but preserved rhythmic structure, and (iii) a rhythmically scrambled version of the excerpt that preserved the melodic intervals. The animals discriminated the rhythmically scrambled version from the versions that preserved the original rhythm. This demonstrates that rats were sensitive to at least some parts of the rhythmic structure of the tune. Together with previous findings, the present set of results suggests that the emergence of rhythmic musical universals might be based on principles shared with other species.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Celma-Miralles, A.
Secondary author(s):
Toro, J. M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Celma-Miralles, A., & Toro, J. M. (2020). Non-human animals detect the rhythmic structure of a familiar tune. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 27, 694-699. doi: 10.3758/s13423-020-01739-2
2-year Impact Factor: 5.536|2020
Times cited: 3|2022-03-09
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Temporal perception / Song discrimination / Rhythm / Comparative cognition / Rats

DocumentFinal report - Biological bases of music cognition2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Biological bases of music cognition
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3775/biological-bases-of-music-cognition.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
A key feature of humans that is not present in other species is that we have a strong propensity to produce and enjoy music. Music has been observed in all known human societies and is a fundamental part of our everyday life. In the present project, we want to shed light on the biological bases (in neural and evolutionary terms) of musical cognition. More specifically, we want to understand how the human ability to process and produce music might be based on general grouping and perceptual principles with strong biological bases. For this, we focused on the study of how the brain identifies harmony and how it reacts to harmonic violations and the exploration of the evolutionary roots of musical principles as long as they might be shared, or not, across species. In a series of experiments, we recorded the electroencephalographic responses of highly trained musicians and naïve listeners when they were presented with harmonic sequences that either ended as expected or contained a music-syntactic violation. We observed signature neural responses to the violation of harmonic sequences independently of musical experience, and provided evidence of the features that constrain how our brain detects musical patterns. In experiments with animals, we demonstrated that some of the fundamental mechanisms humans use for music processing (such as those involved in the detection of rhythmic and harmonic structure) might emerge from general sensitivities already present in other species. Together, our results advance our understanding of the biological bases of music cognition.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Toro, J. M. (2021). Final report - Biological bases of music cognition.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Music cognition / Evolution / ERPs / Animals / Harmony

Final report - Biological bases of music cognition

Final report - Biological bases of music cognition

DocumentNeural correlates of acoustic dissonance in music: the role of musicianship, schematic and veridical expectations2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013.10
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Neural correlates of acoustic dissonance in music: the role of musicianship, schematic and veridical expectations
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0260728
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In western music, harmonic expectations can be fulfilled or broken by unexpected chords. Musical irregularities in the absence of auditory deviance elicit well-studied neural responses (e.g. ERAN, P3, N5). These responses are sensitive to schematic expectations (induced by syntactic rules of chord succession) and veridical expectations about predictability (induced by experimental regularities). However, the cognitive and sensory contributions to these responses and their plasticity as a result of musical training remains under debate. In the present study, we explored whether the neural processing of pure acoustic violations is affected by schematic and veridical expectations. Moreover, we investigated whether these two factors interact with long-term musical training. In Experiment 1, we registered the ERPs elicited by dissonant clusters placed either at the middle or the ending position of chord cadences. In Experiment 2, we presented to the listeners with a high proportion of cadences ending in a dissonant chord. In both experiments, we compared the ERPs of musicians and non-musicians. Dissonant clusters elicited distinctive neural responses (an early negativity, the P3 and the N5). While the EN was not affected by syntactic rules, the P3a and P3b were larger for dissonant closures than for middle dissonant chords. Interestingly, these components were larger in musicians than in non-musicians, while the N5 was the opposite. Finally, the predictability of dissonant closures in our experiment did not modulate any of the ERPs. Our study suggests that, at early time windows, dissonance is processed based on acoustic deviance independently of syntactic rules. However, at longer latencies, listeners may be able to engage integration mechanisms and further processes of attentional and structural analysis dependent on musical hierarchies, which are enhanced in musicians.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pagès-Portabella, C.
Secondary author(s):
Bertolo, M., Toro, J. M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Pagès-Portabella, C., Bertolo, M., & Toro, J. M. (2021). Neural correlates of acoustic dissonance in music: The role of musicianship, schematic and veridical expectations. PLoS ONE, 16(12): e0260728. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0260728
2-year Impact Factor: 3.240|2020
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2021
Times cited: 0|2022-03-09
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Music cognition / Expectations / Neural response / ERPs

Neural correlates of acoustic dissonance in music: the role of musicianship, schematic and veridical expectations

Neural correlates of acoustic dissonance in music: the role of musicianship, schematic and veridical expectations

DocumentCan musical training change the perception of dissonance? A study about broken harmonic expectations2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Can musical training change the perception of dissonance? A study about broken harmonic expectations
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://wp.nyu.edu/smpc2019/abstracts/#E2-2
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In the present study we explore how musical training shapes the brain responses to different degrees of violation of harmonic expectancies. In Western tonal music, the patterns of tension/release are essential for its composition. Musical tension leads to an expectation of resolution that can be broken in many ways. Previous research showed that tonal-syntactic violations are usually perceived as erroneous and elicit specific neural responses such as the early right-anterior negativity (ERAN). However, little is known about the relationship between musical unexpectedness, sensory dissonance and the effect of musical training. The main aim of the present study is to determine whether different degrees of musical violations are processed differently after long-term musical training in comparison to day-to-day exposure. To this end, we registered the ERPs of musicians and non-musicians while they passively listened to chord progressions with irregular endings that included mild (Naepolitan chords) and strong violations (dissonant clusters). We found that, irrespective of training, all violations elicited the ERAN. However, the ERAN for dissonant endings was larger in musicians than in non-musicians. More importantly, our results showed an early sensitivity to the degree of violation only in musically-trained participants. Musicians showed a larger ERAN for strong than for mild violations. This suggests that, after long-term musical training, the degree of dissonance of a musical ending can determine the degree of fitting with the context. Musicians might process dissonant irregularities as less expected than tonal-syntactic irregularities, thus triggering a larger ERAN. We also observed that violations elicited a P3 in musicians, suggesting that they might be salient enough to attract musicians’ attention. We propose that musical training modulates the sensitivity to different degrees of violation of the harmonic context.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pagès-Portabella, C.
Secondary author(s):
Toro, J. M.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Pagès-Portabella, C., & Toro, J. M. (August, 2019). Can musical training change the perception of dissonance? A study about broken harmonic expectations. Paper presented at the 2019 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Music Perception and Cognition, New York City, USA. Abstract retrieved from https://wp.nyu.edu/smpc2019/abstracts/#E2-2
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Harmony and tonality / Expectation / Musical expertise / Neuroscientific approach

DocumentMusical syntax: can tonal functions elicit metrical structure?2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Musical syntax: can tonal functions elicit metrical structure?
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://wp.nyu.edu/smpc2019/abstracts/#P2-8
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Music is hierarchically structured in the rhythmic and the harmonic domains. On the one hand, the beat is organized in metrical patterns that cyclically alternate strong and weak positions. Interestingly, neural populations can entrain to the underlying beat of the rhythms as well as to their hierarchical metrical structures (Nozaradan, 2014). On the other hand, the melodies and chords of Western tonal music are organized following a hierarchy of stability. The combination of stable and unstable chords generate patterns of tension and resolution (i.e. dominant-tonic cadences) that naturally group around the tonal center. In the present study, we aim to elucidate if hierarchy of tonal syntax can boost metrical structures. To this end, we presented participants with sequences of chord progressions and analyzed the EEG recordings following a frequency-tagging approach. The harmonic progressions followed either a ternary or a quaternary metrical structure, and all chords were constantly presented at 3Hz. We used tonic-subdominant-dominant progressions to elicit a ternary structure and tonic-submediant-subdominant-dominant progressions to elicit a quaternary structure. To grasp the effect of tonal hierarchy we designed two conditions: the first alternated chords in root-position with first inversions, and the second alternated root positions with functionally-equivalent chords. These conditions were compared to their respective control condition, where the chords of each progression were shuffled in a pseudo-random manner. Preliminary EEG analyses revealed clear peaks at the frequency of chord appearance (the beat) for all conditions and controls. Neural entrainment to the frequency of the ternary and quaternary meter appeared for the second condition, suggesting that the alternation of analogous functional degrees elicited metrical groupings. The entrainment to metrical frequencies did not appear in the frequency spectra of the controls. These findings suggest that tonal syntax could elicit neural entrainment to metrical structures.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Miralles, A. C.
Secondary author(s):
Pagès-Portabella, C., Toro, J. M.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Miralles, A. C., Pagès-Portabella, C., & Toro, J. M. (2019). Musical syntax: can tonal functions elicit metrical structure? Paper presented at the 2019 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Music Perception and Cognition, New York City, USA. Abstract retrieved from https://wp.nyu.edu/smpc2019/abstracts/#P2-8
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Harmony and tonality / Beat, rhythm, and meter / Cross-domain effects / Neuroscientific approach / Physiological measurement

DocumentSound pattern recognition: A comparative approach2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013.07
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Sound pattern recognition: A comparative approach
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://wp.nyu.edu/smpc2019/abstracts/#P1-53
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Humans recognize musical patterns, regardless of changes in salient features such as pitch, timbre and tempo. That is, humans can identify a specific melody independently of whether its frequency is shifted up or down, played in a piano or a violin, or if its tempo is faster or slower. The present study explores how these three musical parameters (pitch, timbre and tempo) are processed by a non-vocal learner species distant from humans. We ran a melody recognition task. The animals (Long-Evans rats) were familiarized to the “Happy Birthday” tune during 20 sessions. After familiarization we presented novel test items. These included changes in pitch (higher and lower frequencies), timbre (string [violin] and woodwind [piccolo] instruments) and tempo (faster and slower speeds). We observed no differences in responding between the familiar and the test stimuli that included changes in pitch and tempo. This suggests that the rats recognized the familiarized acoustic sequence independently of the manipulations in frequency and tempo. Interestingly, when timbre was modified, the animals responded significantly more to the familiar version of the stimuli than to the test stimuli. That is, melody recognition was affected by modifications in timbre. This study provides insights regarding how other species, distant from humans, rely on certain aspects of musical sequences to recognize a sound pattern.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Crespo-Bojorque, P.
Secondary author(s):
Miralles, A. C., Toro, J. M.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Miralles, A. C., & Toro, J. M. (2019). Sound pattern recognition: A comparative approach. Paper presented at the 2019 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Music Perception and Cognition, New York City, USA. Abstract retrieved from https://wp.nyu.edu/smpc2019/abstracts/#P1-53
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Evolutionary perspectives

DocumentThe perception of musical structure: a comparative approach2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013.08
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The perception of musical structure: a comparative approach
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://wp.nyu.edu/smpc2019/abstracts/#P3-43
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The ability to process hierarchical structures is central to the development of higher human capacities such as language and music. The musical system makes use of perceptually discreet elements (chords) organized in a hierarchical manner. Musical sequences are not created by a random arrangement of elements. Instead, syntactic combinational principles operate at different levels, such as in the creation of chords, chords progressions and keys. Comparative research has shown that basic abilities involved in music processing might be the result of general acoustic biases not specific to human species. That is, music might arise from simpler pre-existing systems that evolved for other tasks. Whether hierarchical processing is one of these pre-existing abilities is a critical question to explore the evolutionary origins of human cognitive skills. The present work addresses the perception of musical hierarchical structure and tonality from a comparative perspective. We ran experiments on the discrimination of structured from unstructured melodies implemented in single (Experiment 1) and multiple (Experiment 2) tonalities in animals. Structured melodies were excerpts of Mozart’s sonatas. Unstructured melodies were the result of the recombination of fragments of different sonatas. Our results demonstrate that both human participants and non-human animals (rats) successfully discriminated melodies based on the structure level when there were no changes in tonality. That is, they were able to tell apart structured from unstructured melodies. Interestingly, when tonality changes were included, the musical structure discrimination capacity in human participants was enhanced whereas that of animals was diminished. Together, results point towards similarities and differences across species. The fact that animals were able to discriminate musical structure suggests that some of the mechanisms involved in hierarchical structure processing might arise from biological constraints present in other species. However, the differential effect across species by changes in tonality suggests species-specific adaptations on the use of fundamental frequency information.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Crespo-Bojorque, P.
Secondary author(s):
Toro, J. M.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Crespo-Bojorque, P., & Toro, J. M. (2019). The perception of musical structure: a comparative approach. Paper presented at the 2019 Biennial Meeting of the Society for Music Perception and Cognition, New York City, USA. Abstract retrieved from https://wp.nyu.edu/smpc2019/abstracts/#P3-43
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Evolutionary perspectives

DocumentMusical training shapes the perception of unexpected dissonance: An ERP study2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013.09
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Musical training shapes the perception of unexpected dissonance: An ERP study
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.neuromusic.ca/poster/musical-training-shapes-the-perception-of-unexpected-dissonance-an-erp-study/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In western music, harmonic expectations can be fulfilled or broken by unexpected chords. In the present study, we explored the factors interacting with the processing of dissonant violations of musical context. Previous research has described the neural responses of unexpected dissonance but it remains unclear to what extent they can be modulated. We explored whether the degree of expectation accumulated during a musical cadence influences the perceived dissonance. Also, whether listeners can familiarize to frequently-appearing dissonant endings with a short-term exposure. Moreover, we investigated whether these two factors interact with long-term musical training. First, we compared the event-related potentials of musicians and non-musicians listening to dissonant chords at intermediate or ending positions of chord cadences. Second, we analysed the ERPs of musicians and non-musicians to a high proportion (50%) of cadences ending in a dissonant chord. In both settings, clusters elicited an early negativity, a P3a and an N5. Each ERP differently varied with the amount of expectation and musical expertise. In summary, clusters represented a stronger violation and were more unexpected for musicians than for non-musicians. Also, regardless of musicianship, listeners were not able to familiarize to frequent dissonant endings. Our study suggests that dissonance is hard to assimilate as a closure of musical context (even if it occurs frequently) for all listeners, but musicianship influences the neural mechanisms that are recruited for its processing.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pagès-Portabella, C.
Secondary author(s):
Toro, J. M.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Pagès-Portabella, C., & Toro, J. M. (2020). Musical training shapes the perception of unexpected dissonance: An ERP study. Poster presented at the 16th Annual McMaster Neuromusic Virtual Conference. Abstract retrieved from https://www.neuromusic.ca/poster/musical-training-shapes-the-perception-of-unexpected-dissonance-an-erp-study/
Indexed document: No

Musical training shapes the perception of unexpected dissonance: An ERP study

Musical training shapes the perception of unexpected dissonance: An ERP study

DocumentDetecting surface changes in a familiar tune: exploring pitch, tempo and timbre2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
013 - Biological bases of music cognition
Duration: 2019-03 - 2021-10
Researcher(s):
Juan Manuel Toro, Paola Crespo-Bojorque, Alexandre Celma-Miralles, Carlota Pagés
Institution(s): Center for Brain and Cogntion, University Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Toro, J. M.
Secondary author(s):
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., Pagés, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Harmony / ERPs / Frequency-tagging / Comparative cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-013.11
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Detecting surface changes in a familiar tune: exploring pitch, tempo and timbre
Publication year: 2022
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10071-022-01604-w
Abstract/Results: Abstract
Humans recognize a melody independently of whether it is played on a piano or a violin, faster or slower, or at higher or lower frequencies. Much of the way in which we engage with music relies in our ability to normalize across these surface changes. Despite the uniqueness of our music faculty, there is the possibility that key aspects in music processing emerge from general sensitivities already present in other species. Here we explore whether other animals react to surface changes in a tune. We familiarized the animals (Long–Evans rats) with the “Happy Birthday” tune on a piano. We then presented novel test items that included changes in pitch (higher and lower octave transpositions), tempo (double and half the speed) and timbre (violin and piccolo). While the rats responded differently to the familiar and the novel version of the tune when it was played on novel instruments, they did not respond differently to the original song and its novel versions that included octave transpositions and changes in tempo.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Crespo-Bojorque, P.
Secondary author(s):
Celma-Miralles, A., Toro, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Crespo-Bojorque, P., Celma-Miralles, A., & Toro, J. (2022). Detecting surface changes in a familiar tune: exploring pitch, tempo and timbre. Animal Cognition, doi: 10.1007/s10071-022-01604-w
2-year Impact Factor: 3.084|2020
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2022
Times cited: 0|2022-03-13
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1