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File230 - Unraveling the mechanisms behind automatic and emotional control: Psychophysiological, cortical excitability and functional connectivity measures2019-022023-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-230
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
230 - Unraveling the mechanisms behind automatic and emotional control: Psychophysiological, cortical excitability and functional connectivity measures
Duration: 2019-02 - 2023-03
Researcher(s):
Ignacio Obeso, Jose Ángel Pineda Pardo, Claudia Ammann, Lina Guida, Úrsula Alcañas, David Mata Marín
Institution(s): Centro Integral en Neurociencias A.C. - CINAC, Fundación Investigación HM Hospitales, Madrid (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Obeso, I.
Secondary author(s):
Pineda-Pardo, J. A., Ammann, C., Guida, L., Alcañas, Ú.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Response inhibition / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Cortical excitability / Psychophysiology

DocumentFinal report - Unraveling the mechanisms behind automatic and emotional control: Psychophysiological, cortical excitability and functional connectivity measures2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-230
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
230 - Unraveling the mechanisms behind automatic and emotional control: Psychophysiological, cortical excitability and functional connectivity measures
Duration: 2019-02 - 2023-03
Researcher(s):
Ignacio Obeso, Jose Ángel Pineda Pardo, Claudia Ammann, Lina Guida, Úrsula Alcañas, David Mata Marín
Institution(s): Centro Integral en Neurociencias A.C. - CINAC, Fundación Investigación HM Hospitales, Madrid (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Obeso, I.
Secondary author(s):
Pineda-Pardo, J. A., Ammann, C., Guida, L., Alcañas, Ú.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Response inhibition / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Cortical excitability / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-230.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Unraveling the mechanisms behind automatic and emotional control: Psychophysiological, cortical excitability and functional connectivity measures
Publication year: 2022
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Sufficient repetition of similar contextual information leads to automatic behaviours. The ability to inhibit actions, thoughts or emotions may also run under automatic control. Yet, little is known about how inhibition becomes automatic and the underlying neurobiology.
AIMS
We will test the presence of a brain network behind automatic inhibition. Also, how emotional cues influences on automatic inhibition mechanisms.
METHOD
On 3 experiments, a modified Go/NoGo learning task (automatic inhibition task) assessed learning of stimulus-stop associations throughout days of training. Formation and expression of automatic inhibition was assessed by comparing first vs last behavioural sessions. Subjects had to learn to emit or withhold a keypress upon the presentation of a primary object picture (6 neutral images: 3 go vs 3 no-go) with varying feedback probabilities. Reversal and slips of action tests were performed on the first and last sessions to assess automatic behaviour. In 3 experiments, behavioural, emotional cues and neuroimaging tools (fMRI and TMS) were exploited.
RESULTS
After considerable training, significant better performance was seen across go and no-go learning trials and harder to suppress when asked to revert automatic actions. Emotional cues did not influence mean average on automatic inhibition but exploring single-trial changes showed negative images enlarged costs to revert automaticity. The neural circuitry responsible for the automatic inhibition engaged the SMA, putamen, caudate, substantia nigra and subthalamic nucleus. Finally, cortical excitability across different stages of learning (analysis of changes in MEPs) did not reveal significant time-related disparity between go and no-go trials compared to baseline trials.
CONCLUSIONS
We have defined a neural circuitry associated to automatic inhibition that is influenced by emotional cues. This behaviour and associated brain responses may be of value to neuropsychiatric conditions where automatic control is impaired.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Obeso, I.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Obeso, I. (2022). Final report - Unraveling the mechanisms behind automatic and emotional control: Psychophysiological, cortical excitability and functional connectivity measures.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Cognitive control / Emotions / Automatic cognition / fMRI / TMS

Final report - Unraveling the mechanisms behind automatic and emotional control: Psychophysiological, cortical excitability and functional connectivity measures

Final report - Unraveling the mechanisms behind automatic and emotional control: Psychophysiological, cortical excitability and functional connectivity measures

DocumentThe supplementary motor area and automatic cognitive control: Lack of evidence from two neuromodulation techniques2023

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-230
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
230 - Unraveling the mechanisms behind automatic and emotional control: Psychophysiological, cortical excitability and functional connectivity measures
Duration: 2019-02 - 2023-03
Researcher(s):
Ignacio Obeso, Jose Ángel Pineda Pardo, Claudia Ammann, Lina Guida, Úrsula Alcañas, David Mata Marín
Institution(s): Centro Integral en Neurociencias A.C. - CINAC, Fundación Investigación HM Hospitales, Madrid (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Obeso, I.
Secondary author(s):
Pineda-Pardo, J. A., Ammann, C., Guida, L., Alcañas, Ú.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Response inhibition / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Cortical excitability / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-230.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The supplementary motor area and automatic cognitive control: Lack of evidence from two neuromodulation techniques
Publication year: 2023
URL:
https://direct.mit.edu/jocn/article-abstract/35/3/439/114454/The-Supplementary-Motor-Area-and-Automatic?redirectedFrom=fulltext
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The SMA is fundamental in planning voluntary movements and execution of some cognitive control operations. Specifically, the SMA has been known to play a dominant role in controlling goal-directed actions as well as those that are highly predicted (i.e., automatic). Yet, the essential contribution of SMA in goal-directed or automatic control of behavior is scarce. Our objective was to test the possible direct role of SMA in automatic and voluntary response inhibition. We separately applied two noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) inhibitory techniques over SMA: either continuous theta-burst stimulation using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation or transcranial static magnetic field stimulation. Each NIBS technique was performed in a randomized, crossover, sham-controlled design. Before applying NIBS, participants practiced a go/no-go learning task where associations between stimulus and stopping behaviors were created (initiation and inhibition). After applying each NIBS, participants performed a go/no-go task with reversed associations (automatic control) and the stop signal task (voluntary control). Learning associations between stimuli and response initiation/inhibition was achieved by participants and therefore automatized during training. However, no significant differences between real and sham NIBS were found in either automatic (go/no-go learning task) or voluntary inhibition (stop signal task), with Bayesian statistics providing moderate evidence of absence. In conclusion, our results are compatible with a nondirect involvement of SMA in automatic control of behavior. Further studies are needed to prove a noncausal link between prior neuroimaging findings relative to SMA controlling functions and the observed behavior.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Guida, P.
Secondary author(s):
Foffani, G., Obeso, I.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Guida, P., Foffani, G., & Obeso, I. (2023). The supplementary motor area and automatic cognitive control: Lack of evidence from two neuromodulation techniques. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 35(3), 439-451. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_01954
2-year Impact Factor: 3.200|2022
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2023
Times cited: 1|2024-02-16
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Supplementary motor area / Cognitive control / Noninvasive brain stimulation

DocumentThe Impact of Emotions on Habitual Inhibition2023

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-230
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
230 - Unraveling the mechanisms behind automatic and emotional control: Psychophysiological, cortical excitability and functional connectivity measures
Duration: 2019-02 - 2023-03
Researcher(s):
Ignacio Obeso, Jose Ángel Pineda Pardo, Claudia Ammann, Lina Guida, Úrsula Alcañas, David Mata Marín
Institution(s): Centro Integral en Neurociencias A.C. - CINAC, Fundación Investigación HM Hospitales, Madrid (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Obeso, I.
Secondary author(s):
Pineda-Pardo, J. A., Ammann, C., Guida, L., Alcañas, Ú.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Response inhibition / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Cortical excitability / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-230.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The Impact of Emotions on Habitual Inhibition
Publication year: 2023
URL:
https://direct.mit.edu/jocn/article-abstract/doi/10.1162/jocn_a_02050/117476/The-Impact-of-Emotions-on-Habitual-Inhibition?redirectedFrom=fulltext
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Emotional information prioritizes human behavior. How much emotions influence ongoing behavior critically depends on the extent of executive control functions in a given context. One form of executive control is based on stimulus-stop associations (i.e., habitual inhibition) that rapidly and effortlessly elicits control over the interruption of ongoing behavior. So far, no behavioral accounts have explored the emotional impact on habitual inhibition. We aimed to examine the emotional modulation on habitual inhibition and associated psycho-physiological changes. A go/no-go association task asked participants to learn stimulus-stop and stimulus-response associations during 10-day training to form habitual inhibition (without emotional interference). Probabilistic feedback guided learning with varying probabilities of congruent feedback, generating stronger versus weaker pairings. A reversal test measured habitual inhibition strength counteracted by emotional cues (high-arousal positive and negative stimuli compared with neutral ones). Our training protocol induced stable behavioral and psycho-physiological responses compatible with habitual behavior. At reversal, habitual inhibition was evident as marked by significant speed costs of reversed no-go trials for strongly associated stimuli. Positive and negative emotional cues produced larger impact on habitual inhibition. We report first evidence on a cognitive control mechanism that is vulnerable to emotional stimuli and suggest alternative explanations on how emotions may boost or counteract certain behavioral abnormalities mediated by habitual inhibition.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Mata-Marín, D.
Secondary author(s):
Redgrave, P., Obeso, I.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Mata-Marín, D., Redgrave, P., & Obeso, I. (2023). The Impact of Emotions on Habitual Inhibition. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 35(11), 1868–1878. https://doi.org/10.1162/jocn_a_02050
2-year Impact Factor: 3.2|2022
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not availabel yet for 2023
Times cited: 0|2024-02-16
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2