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DocumentFinal report - Exploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-093
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2006
Title:
093 - Exploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal
Duration: 2010-02 - 2012-09
Researcher(s):
Christopher Charles French, Krissy Wilson
Institution(s): Anomalistic Psychology Research Unit, Dep. of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
French, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilson, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-093.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2006
Title:
Final report - Exploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal
Publication year: 2012
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
French, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilson, K., Williams, M., Borbely, T.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / False memories / Acquiescence

Final report - Exploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal

Final report - Exploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal

DocumentParanormal belief and well being: An exploratory of cognitive-perceptual bias2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-110
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
110 - Paranormal belief and well being: An exploratory of cognitive-perceptual bias
Duration: 2007-02 - 2009-09
Researcher(s):
Neil Andrew Dagnall, Gary Munley, Andrew Parker
Institution(s): The Manchester Metropolitan University, Research Institute of Health and Social Change, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Conference paper
Language: eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Munley, G., Parker, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Assessment tools / Transliminality / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-110.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
Paranormal belief and well being: An exploratory of cognitive-perceptual bias
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
The Revised Paranormal Belief Scale (R-PBS) (Tobacyk & Milford, 1983; Tobacyk, 1988) is currently the most widely used measure of paranormal belief. Despite this, the content and structure of the R-PBS has been frequently criticised and the legitimacy of the scale as a satisfactory measure of paranormal belief has been questioned. The current study was conducted with the intention of developing an improved measure of paranormal belief, which addresses the weaknesses of the R-PBS, and includes a wider range of beliefs (i.e., haunting/poltergeist activity and extraterrestrials).
METHOD:
An extensive literature review was conducted: to explore existing measures, identify important facets of paranormal belief, and determine scale content. This produced a 124 item self-report measure containing statements from several existing scales (e.g., R-PBS and Australian Sheep-Goat Scale) and newly constructed items (haunting/poltergeist activity, extraterrestrials, etc.). The measure was distributed in paper form and was also available electronically (to complete online). Respondents were recruited: face to face, by email and post. A sample of 1481 volunteer respondents completed the measure; 538 the paper version and 933 online. Female respondents constituted 75% of the sample and male 25%. The mean age was 27.44 years, ranging
from 14 to 70 years.
RESULTS:
Exploratory factor analysis, principal component analysis, was performed and a promising nine factor structure emerged, accounting for 71% of the total variance. This contained item clusters measuring belief in: Hauntings (36%), Other Life (10%), Superstition (6%), Religious Belief (5%), Alien Visitation (4%), Extrasensory Perception (ESP) (3%), Psychokinesis (PK) (3%), Astrology (2%), and Witchcraft (2%).
CONCLUSIONS:
It is considered that the approach adopted in the present study, combining several extant measures of paranormal belief and supplementing these with additional items (where omissions were identified), has produced a potential structure for a revised measure of paranormal belief.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Munley, G., Parker, A., Drinkwater, K.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Dagnall, N., Munley, G., & Drinkwater, K. (2010). Paranormal belief and well being: An exploratory of cognitive-perceptual bias. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 227). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Paranormal belief / Cognitive-perceptual factors / Attentional bias

Paranormal belief and well being: An exploratory of cognitive-perceptual bias

Paranormal belief and well being: An exploratory of cognitive-perceptual bias

DocumentEnhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-157
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
157 - Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality
Duration: 2007-01 - 2008-07
Researcher(s):
James Houran
Institution(s): Integrated Knowledge Systems Inc., Springfield (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
3 Articles
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-59
Notes: The final report consists of two published articles that were recorded and scanned separately
Author: Houran, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Transliminality / Paranormal belief

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-157.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
We explored experimenter effects in an experiment with the Chinese book of divination the I Ching, which contains 64 hexagrams (6-line structures) and associated readings.
METHODS:
Three coins are thrown six times to generate one of these hexagrams. Participants and Experimenters (N = 120) were recruited based on scoring patterns on Transliminality and Paranormal Belief to produce four experimental groups (N = 15 pairs each) of varying levels of Paranormal Belief and Transliminality: High/High; High/Low; Low/High and Low/Low. Participants selected 16 of 64 hexagram-descriptor pairs, based on their emotional or cognitive states of mind. A “hit” was observed when 1 of the 16 choices would come up (Pmce = .25). It was predicted that the hit rate of the High/High group would be significantly greater than chance, the High/High group would score significantly higher than the three control conditions (High/Low, Low/High, Low/Low) and that the three control conditions would score similarly. It was further expected that Transliminality, Paranormal Belief and Sex would show main and interaction effects for hit rate on the I Ching task.
RESULTS:
The hit rate on Hexagram 1 was 28 out of 60, or 46.7% which far exceeds the 25% chance level and the High/High group did have the highest raw score hit rate, but there were no significant main or interaction effects of Transliminality, Paranormal Belief or Sex.
CONCLUSIONS:
These surprising findings suggest that the specific differences in experimental protocols between the present study and past research are partly responsible. The two main differences discussed involve (i) the notion of spontaneity and ambiguity related to the task and (ii) treating psi outcomes on the I Ching as a Rasch-trait
variable rather than as independent observations.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Houran, J. (2010). Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 237). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: I Ching / Transliminality / Paranormal belief / Experimenter effects / Psi / Precognition

Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality

Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality

DocumentExploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-093
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2006
Title:
093 - Exploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal
Duration: 2010-02 - 2012-09
Researcher(s):
Christopher Charles French, Krissy Wilson
Institution(s): Anomalistic Psychology Research Unit, Dep. of Psychology, Goldsmiths College, University of London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
French, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilson, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-093.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2006
Title:
Exploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
Although there are sound reasons to predict a positive correlation between susceptibility to false memories and level of paranormal belief, it is also the case that any tendency on the part of respondents to respond consistently in a positive or negative manner regardless of the question would also produce such a pattern of results. Two experiments are reported investigating the latter possibility.
METHODS:
Experiment 1 involved asking 119 respondents to complete a “News Coverage Questionnaire” (NCQ) asking for details of memories of footage for various dramatic news events. However, one of the items in the current version was entirely fictitious. Respondents also completed the Australian Sheep-Goat Scale (ASGS) to measure paranormal belief and the Creative Experiences Questionnaire (CEQ) to measure fantasy proneness. Experiment 2 involved asking 77 respondents to complete a version of the NCQ in which all items were real news items but one had not been caught on camera. Respondents also completed the ASGS, the Anomalous Experiences Inventory (AEI), and the Acquiescence Bias Scale (ABS).
RESULTS:
In Experiment 1, none of the respondents claimed to remember the fictitious news event. A significant correlation was found between paranormal belief and fantasy proneness. In Experiment 2, 35% of participants reported having seen non-existent footage. These respondents scored significantly higher than others on the ASGS and the Experience sub-scale of the AEI. Scores on the ABS did not correlate with those on the ASGS, the AEI, nor with the tendency to report having seen the non-existent footage.
DISCUSSION:
The fact that no respondent reported a memory for the fictitious event suggests that respondents reporting memories for non-existent footage in other studies were not doing so simply as a result of acquiescence bias. Experiment 2 replicated previous research showing a correlation between susceptibility to false memories and paranormal belief but also that this was not due to acquiescence bias.
CONCLUSION:
The correlation between susceptibility to false memories and paranormal belief appears not to be due to acquiescence bias.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
French, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilson, K.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
French, C., & Wilson, K. (2012). Exploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 6/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Paranormal belief / False memories / Acquiescence

Exploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal

Exploring the relationship between susceptibility to false memories and belief in and experience of the paranormal

DocumentExploring the relationship between paranormal belief, the propensity to make the type I error and the detection of paranormal and weak signals amid visual and auditory noise2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-169
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2006
Title:
169 - Exploring the relationship between paranormal belief, the propensity to make the type I error and the detection of paranormal and weak signals amid visual and auditory noise
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-01
Researcher(s):
Christine Simmonds-Moore
Institution(s): Liverpool Hope University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Simmonds-Moore, C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-169.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2006
Title:
Exploring the relationship between paranormal belief, the propensity to make the type I error and the detection of paranormal and weak signals amid visual and auditory noise
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
To explore the perceptual biases (Type I and Type II errors) associated with paranormal belief and disbelief.
METHODS:
Ninety five self-defined believers and skeptics completed a questionnaire battery consisting of the Australian Sheep-Goat Scale, the Parapsychological experiences subscale of The Assessment Schedule for Altered States of Consciousness, the short version of the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory for Feelings and Experiences and the Magical Ideation Scale. Each took part in a computerized experiment consisting of one visual and one auditory block of trials, each consisting of a psi trial, two weak stimuli trials and one random trial (8 trials each). For each trial, participants were asked to make general notes and sketches on general impressions, thoughts and feelings and press a button on the computer if and when they could identify something amid visual or auditory noise.
RESULTS:
More guesses were made for the visual condition. Believers and skeptics did not differ in the number of guesses made. There were differences in the qualitative nature of guesses, the speed at which guesses were made (for the auditory condition), confidence about guesses and the number of misidentifications made. Believers and skeptics did not differ in their ability to overtly detect weak visual or auditory stimuli or in ESP performance. There were trends toward, but no significant ESP effects. Schizotypy (OLIFE) scoring indicated that there is a healthy and less healthy type of believer and a healthy and less healthy type of skeptic. There were no differences between the two types of believer on ESP scoring. The Magical Ideation scale did not correlate with ESP.
CONCLUSIONS:
There is some evidence that believing in the paranormal is associated with making the type I error. However, skeptics also perceive stimuli where none are present, particularly for the visual sense.
DISCUSSION:
Given that skeptics and believers do not differ in their detection of weak stimuli (or detection of a psi stimulus), the notion that perceptual biases are ‘errors’ could be challenged.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Simmonds-Moore, C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Simmonds-Moore, C. (2012). Exploring the relationship between paranormal belief, the propensity to make the type I error and the detection of paranormal and weak signals amid visual and auditory noise. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 12/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Paranormal belief / Paranormal disbelief / Schizotypy / Perceptual biases / Extrasensory perception (ESP)

Exploring the relationship between paranormal belief, the propensity to make the type I error and the detection of paranormal and weak signals amid visual and auditory noise

Exploring the relationship between paranormal belief, the propensity to make the type I error and the detection of paranormal and weak signals amid visual and auditory noise

File104 - Lability and PK performance: Identifying the optimal conditions for PK-RNG effects in the laboratory using an I Ching task2009-012013-10

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-104
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2008
Title:
104 - Lability and PK performance: Identifying the optimal conditions for PK-RNG effects in the laboratory using an I Ching task
Duration: 2009-01 - 2013-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes [CSAPP], University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Unpublished document
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Assessment tools

DocumentFinal report - Lability and PK performance: Identifying the optimal conditions for PK-RNG effects in the laboratory using an I Ching task2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-104
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2008
Title:
104 - Lability and PK performance: Identifying the optimal conditions for PK-RNG effects in the laboratory using an I Ching task
Duration: 2009-01 - 2013-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes [CSAPP], University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Unpublished document
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-104.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2008
Title:
Final report - Lability and PK performance: Identifying the optimal conditions for PK-RNG effects in the laboratory using an I Ching task
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa10408_04022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Study 1 used a new PK testing program involving an I Ching divination task. Three hexagrams were produced by sampling 3 sources of randomness (RNG, RND function in BASIC, random number tables). Participants rated all I Ching outcomes in advance using a Q-sort method. As predicted, highest ratings were awarded to hexagrams sampled from the most labile randomness source, but effects were small and nonsignificant. A similar pattern was found for participant lability, and for the interaction. Study 2 was an on-line survey to produce a psychometrically robust measure of lability and explore its relationship with spontaneous PK. A 71-item Lability Scale incorporated five factors, of which three—Intuitive Cognition, Ego-orientated Cognition and Emotional Interpretation—predicted PK experience scores. Study 3 used this new scale in an I Ching experiment, and looked at the effects of physiological arousal on performance. No interaction effects between participant and target system lability were found and relationships with arousal measures were inconsistent, but included significant correlations between PK score and heart rate (low lability) and PSS (high lability). Study 4 focused on researcher-participant interaction quality; no lability interaction effect was found, and there were no differences found between the 'friendly' and 'formal' conditions. Study 5 compared a nonstriving ‘practice’ trial and a ‘test’ in which participants were strived for a desired outcome. This gave a significant interaction between individual lability levels and RNG lability levels. Performance in ‘test’ condition was significantly better than in the ‘practice’ condition for low and intermediate lability target systems.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychokinesis (PK) / I Ching / PK performance / Random number generation (RNG) / Paranormal belief / Experimenter-subject interaction / Lability

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentLability, paranormal beliefs and psychokinetic experiences: development of the Lability Scale using an online survey-based study 2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-104
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2008
Title:
104 - Lability and PK performance: Identifying the optimal conditions for PK-RNG effects in the laboratory using an I Ching task
Duration: 2009-01 - 2013-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes [CSAPP], University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Unpublished document
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-104.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2008
Title:
Lability, paranormal beliefs and psychokinetic experiences: development of the Lability Scale using an online survey-based study
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.parapsych.org/uploaded_files/pdfs/00/00/00/00/24/2011_pa_convention_abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in the experimental study of psychokinesis (PK), with particular focus on the new construct of lability, defined by Braud (1980) as “a systems ready capability for change”. Although this description by Braud and that of lability within Stanford’s Conformance Behaviour Model (CBM) (1978) include the construct as being inherent within a whole system, it is still uncertain as to whether this is an accurate portrayal. Indeed within Stanford’s CBM it is posited that psi capabilities would not share the same mechanisms as those involved with sensory and perceptual information processing. With humans comprised of a multitude of differing processes – both psychological and physiological – it begs the question as to whether only certain facets with prominent labile capabilities would create an impact on PK phenomena. Furthermore, if such facets are identified, could an individual be subsequently characterized as being ‘labile’? With micro-PK effects manifested in the laboratory consistently related to macro-PK and poltergeist activity in real-world environs, there have been many assumptions made regarding the role of individual agents. A popular theory has been that such individuals are reacting unconsciously to a stressful situation as a form of maladaptive coping response (Roll, 1983), thus consequently supporting Braud’s and Stanford’s theories of PK effects being mediated by internal individual lability interacting with other external systems. Indeed, previous PK-RNG studies based on Stanford’s CBM (1978), by Holt and Roe respectively, (Holt & Roe, 2006; Roe & Holt, 2006),) have shown significant PK effects from the interaction between high and low levels of individual and RNG lability. These studies were based on the premise that certain aspects from cognitive, neurological and emotional individual differences were key to exploring lability and thererfore, a battery of measures was employed to assess individual lability via an aggregation of scores, highlighting the need to develop a single, comprehensive lability instrument. For this study, taking it’s cue from previous research (Drennan, Roe, & Broughton, 2011), measures included to assess lability were the Creative Cognition Inventory (Holt, 2007); The Emotional Creativity Inventory (Averill, 1999); Goldberg’s Openness to Experience Scale (Goldberg, 1999); Mood Affect (Akiskal, Maser, Zeller, Endicott, Corvell, & Keller, 1995); and the Personal Philosophy Inventory (Persinger & Makarec, 1987). For use in the online survey two further scales investigating paranormal phenomena were included – the Anomalous Experience Inventory (Gallagher, Kumar, & Pekala, 1994) and the Rhine Psychokinesis Questionnaire (Simmonds-Moore, Rhine Feather, & Gadd, 2010). Following activation of the online survey for 8 weeks, data from a sample size of 192 respondents were eventually used for conducting analyses.
Factor analyzing the five individual difference measures produced a new Lability Scale consisting of 71 items (including 4 reversed scored items) with strong overall reliability (a = .86). Five factors were retained accounting for approximately 35% of the cumulative variance:
Factor 1 Intuitive Cognition (a = .92)
Factor 2 Conceptual Cognition (a = .60)
Factor 3 Ego-Orientated Cognition (a = .78)
Factor 4 Emotional Interpretation (a = .71)
Factor 5 Analytical Cognition (a = .85)
Concurrent validity was produced between the Lability Scale and the five individual difference measures involved in the study, where all but Goldberg’s Openness to Experience Scale (Goldberg, 1999) showed strong positive correlations. Subsequently, the relationships between individual lability and paranormal belief and psychokinetic experiences were explored. Significant negative correlations were shown between lability and both paranormal belief (r = -.56) and psychokinetic experience (r = -.51). Furthermore, significant negative correlations were also shown between both paranormal belief and psychokinetic experience scores and Intuitive Cognition, Ego-orientated Cognition and Emotional Interpretation factors. There were no significant relationships found between paranormal belief and psychokinetic experiences and either Conceptual Cognition or Analytical Cognition.
Performing one way analyses of variance found significant differences between the means of paranormal belief (F2, 160.47 = 44.45, p < 0.01) psychokinetic experiences (F2, 160.47 = 32.74, p < 0.01) and levels of lability (low, moderate, high), mirroring the results found in previous experimental PK-RNG studies. These findings have implications for the next stages of research which consists of a series of three experimental PK-RNG studies employing the new Lability Scale, which is hoped will replicate the lability interaction witnessed previously and further confirm construct validity of the new measure. In addition, it is expected that with further usage there will be subsequent refinement of the Lability Scale and factor structure. As it stands, Factor 5 Analytical Cognition, which although has a strong Cronbach’s alpha of .85, consists of only 5 items and is on the cusp of being a ‘bloated specific’, therefore providing a case for subsequent exclusion. However, at this time, it does appear likely that lability will remain multi-dimensional, thus reflecting the fact that it incorporates various facets of individual processes and allow scope for future research to explore whether there are dominant labile processes which may have a greater impact specifically on PK effects. Furthermore, it is interesting to note that significant results are being shown in relation to individuals with low levels of lability corresponding with high levels of both paranormal belief and psychokinetic experiences, suggesting that instances of macro-PK and poltergeist activity phenomena may indeed be more likely mediated by blunted or maladaptive individual responses. Finally, with this in mind, it is hoped that by gaining a better understanding of individual lability throughout the ongoing research will provide a key feature for constructing a predictive statistical model for PK effects both within the laboratory and within real-world situations.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (full paper)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Drennan, S. L.
Secondary author(s):
Roe, C. A., Broughton, R.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Drennan, S. L., Roe, C. A. and Broughton, R. (2011). Lability, paranormal beliefs and psychokinetic experiences: development of the Lability Scale using an online survey-based study. In M. Kittenis (Ed.) Parapsychological Association 54th Annual Convention: Abstracts of presented papers (pp. 25-26). Curitiba, Brazil: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Lability scale / Paranormal belief / Psychokinetic experiences

Full paper

Full paper

Abstract

Abstract

DocumentShamanic-like journeying and psi-signal detection: I. In search of the psi-conducive components of a novel experimental protocol2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
045 - Shamanic-like journeying and psi-hitting: Searching for the psi-conducive component(s) of a novel experimental protocol
Duration: 2011-04 - 2012-12
Researcher(s):
Adam Rock
Institution(s): Phoenix Institute of Victoria, Prahran (Australia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Assessment tools / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-045.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
Shamanic-like journeying and psi-signal detection: I. In search of the psi-conducive components of a novel experimental protocol
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.questia.com/library/1G1-320731645/shamanic-like-journeying-and-psi-signal-detection
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
It is pertinent to explore stimulus conditions that might produce psi effects at least as strong as those elicited in the ganzfeld condition, particularly if those stimulus conditions are less complex than the ganzfeld. Consequently, Storm and Rock developed an imagery cultivation (IC) model, which considers shamanic-like techniques to be psi-conducive, and provided some supportive evidence for their claim. The objective of the present study was to determine which component(s) of the shamanic-like journeying stimulus used by Storm and Rock is (are) psi-conducive. Since psi-modifying variables should also be investigated in psi research, paranormal belief/experience (measured on Thalbourne's Australian Sheep-Goat Scale), Transliminality (the tendency for psychological material to cross into or out of consciousness), and Self-Expansiveness (measured on Friedman's Self- Expansiveness Level Form) were tested in the present study as possible predictors of psi. Nonshainans (N= 200) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: (a) instructions + drumming; (b) instructions only; (c) drumming only; and (d) control condition (i.e., no instructions, no drumming). Mter these conditions, participants gave mentations, and ranked a randomly selected concealed line-drawing as target. Hit rates were above chance (not significantly) in all three treatment conditions, and below chance in the control condition. Paranormal belief, transliminality, and self-expansiveness did not predict hit rates.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Rock, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Storm, L., Harris, K., Friedman, H.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Rock, A. J., Storm, L., Harris, K., & Friedman, H. (2013). Shamanic-like journeying and psi-signal detection: I. In search of the psi-conducive components of a novel experimental protocol. Journal of Parapsychology, 76(2), 321-347.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Imagery cultivation / Shamanic-like journeying / Psi-conductive / Paranormal belief / Transliminality / Self-expansiveness

File142 - Towards a replicable formula for significant intuitive ability in an applied setting2011-032012-06

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-142
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2010
Title:
142 - Towards a replicable formula for significant intuitive ability in an applied setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-06
Researcher(s):
James Houran, Rense Lange
Institution(s): Integrated Knowledge Systems, Illinois (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Secondary author(s):
Lange, R.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Intuition / Paranormal belief / Transliminality / Assessment tools

DocumentFinal report - Towards a replicable formula for significant intuitive ability in an applied setting2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-142
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2010
Title:
142 - Towards a replicable formula for significant intuitive ability in an applied setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-06
Researcher(s):
James Houran, Rense Lange
Institution(s): Integrated Knowledge Systems, Illinois (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Secondary author(s):
Lange, R.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Intuition / Paranormal belief / Transliminality / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-142.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2010
Title:
Final report - Towards a replicable formula for significant intuitive ability in an applied setting
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa14210_07022013.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Lange, Houran and Lange (in press) designed and validated a new, computerized psi test that aimed to improve controls conditions above and beyond our previous work with the I Ching. The main feature of this software was that the design incorporated the well-validated Theory of Reasoned Action model in decision-making. This allowed us to test intuition paralleled well-defined cognitive processes or whether psi could be a contributing variable as suggested by previous research. A convenience sample of hospitality executives (N = 62) responded both intuitively (spontaneous) and cognitively (reasoned) to a set of narratives via a computerized questionnaire that presented hypothetical situations that were conducive to intuitive thinking. Also embedded in the computerized task was a test of psi, thereby allowing correlations between a psi target and the two sets of responses. Other covariates included Sex, Transliminality and Paranormal Belief (New Age Philosophy and Traditional Paranormal Beliefs). No Sex effects were found. Chance-level results on hit rate were observed, although hit rate did show patterns suggesting that some variables promote person-conduciveness to psi. Scores on transliminality significantly and positively predicted scores on intuitive thinking, which in turn were significantly related to hit rate. New Age Philosophy was moderately correlated with transliminality and intuitions as might be expected, but it had no relation to hit rate. Most importantly, intuitive responses could not be entirely explained in terms of a conventional “weighting” cognitive process inherent to many other contexts of decision-making. Thus, we (Houran & Lange, submitted) found mixed support for our idea that inherently novel, spontaneous and ambiguous situations (i.e., conducive for intuitive thought) overcomes participants’ lower levels of belief and transliminality levels.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Secondary author(s):
Lange, R.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Transliminality / Paranormal belief / Intuition / Decision-making / Psi / Theory of reasoned action

Final report - Towards a replicable formula for significant intuitive ability in an applied setting

Final report - Towards a replicable formula for significant intuitive ability in an applied setting

DocumentComparing modes of decision-making in a hidden computerized test of psisubmitted

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-142
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2010
Title:
142 - Towards a replicable formula for significant intuitive ability in an applied setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-06
Researcher(s):
James Houran, Rense Lange
Institution(s): Integrated Knowledge Systems, Illinois (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles (submitted for publication)
Language: eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Secondary author(s):
Lange, R.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Intuition / Paranormal belief / Transliminality / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-142.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2010
Title:
Comparing modes of decision-making in a hidden computerized test of psi
Publication year: submitted
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
We tested whether intuition paralleled well-defined cognitive processes or whether psi could be a contributing variable as suggested by previous research. A convenience sample of hospitality executives (N = 62) responded both intuitively (spontaneous) and cognitively (reasoned) to a set of narratives via a computerized questionnaire that presented hypothetical situations that were conducive to intuitive thinking. Also embedded in the computerized task was a test of psi, thereby allowing correlations between a psi target and the two sets of responses. Other covariates included Sex, Transliminality and Paranormal Belief (New Age Philosophy and Traditional Paranormal Beliefs). No Sex effects were found. Chance-level results on hit rate were observed, although hit rate did show patterns suggesting that some variables promote person-conduciveness to psi. Scores on transliminality significantly and positively predicted scores on intuitive thinking, which in turn were significantly related to hit rate. New Age Philosophy was moderately correlated with transliminality and intuitions as might be expected, but it had no relation to hit rate. Most importantly, intuitive responses could not be entirely explained in terms of a conventional “weighting” cognitive process inherent to many other contexts of decision-making. Thus, we found mixed support for our idea that inherently novel, spontaneous and ambiguous situations (i.e., conducive for intuitive thought) overcomes participants’ lower levels of belief and transliminality levels.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Secondary author(s):
Lange, R.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Houran, J., & Lange, R. (n.d.). Comparing modes of decision-making in a hidden computerized test of psi [Unpublished document].
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Transliminality / Paranormal belief / Intuition / Decision-making / Psi / Computer task

Comparing modes of decision-making in a hidden computerized test of psi

Comparing modes of decision-making in a hidden computerized test of psi

DocumentSpirituality, religious coping and paranormal beliefs and their relation to OCD and anxiety disorders' symptomatology and treatment outcome2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
066 - Spirituality, religious coping and paranormal beliefs and their relation to OCD and anxiety disorders' symptomatology and treatment outcome
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-06
Researcher(s):
Agorastos Agorastos, Steffen Moritz, Michael Kellner, Christoph Muhtz
Institution(s): University Medical Centre UKE – Hamburg Eppendorf, Centre of Psychosocial Medicine, University Clinic of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Department for Anxiety Disorders, Hamburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Posters
Language: eng
Author:
Agorastos, A.
Secondary author(s):
Moritz, S., Kellner, M., Muhtz, C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Spiritualism / Religious beliefs/experiences / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Anxiety disorders

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-066.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2008
Title:
Spirituality, religious coping and paranormal beliefs and their relation to OCD and anxiety disorders' symptomatology and treatment outcome
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
Religion is a complex human universality, affecting many different parameters of human thinking and behaviour, suggested to also play a major role with respect to physical and mental human health. Although the relationship between religiosity/spirituality (R/S) and mental health has been extensively studied in general in the last two decades and underlined by many biological studies, a literature review shows that the relation of anxiety disorders to R/S is less investigated, than in other psychiatric disorders. Nevertheless religion has often been thought to play some role in the genesis of obsessive–compulsive disorder. At last there are many findings supporting the thesis that beside R/S, magical ideation (MI) and paranormal beliefs (PB) can also have an influence on psychiatric disorders and especially anxiety and OCD, while R/S seems to also have a
special relationship to magical ideation and paranormal beliefs. The objective of the study is to investigate the relation of R/S, MI and PB to each other and to anxiety disorders in general and OCD in particular. The primary aim is to determine resilience and risk factors for the pathogenesis and treatment outcome of anxiety and obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
METHODS:
The study sample included unselected inpatient and outpatient patients with OCD and other anxiety disorders, recruited the Department for Anxiety Spectrum Disorders of the Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy in the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany.
Patients have been equally interviewed and assessed by self-report measures at admission and discharge. All results were compared between two groups and in contrast to a control group of healthy individuals without history of mental illness. Variables of R/S, MI and PB will be analyzed with respect to anxiety and ocd scores, as well as to treatment outcome.
RESULTS:
Preliminary results of the project will be presented.
CONCLUSIONS:
The studied parameters are far more multidimensional as thought so far and their relation to ocd and anxiety disorders is analogically complex but interesting. Plausibility of findings and implications for psychotherapeutical treatment are discussed.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Agorastos, A.
Secondary author(s):
Moritz, S., Kellner, M., Muhtz, C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Agorastos, A., Moritz, S., Kellner, M., & Muhtz, C. (2010). Spirituality, religious coping and paranormal beliefs and their relation to OCD and anxiety disorders' symptomatology and treatment outcome. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 252). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Religiosity / Magical ideation / Paranormal belief / Anxiety / Obsessive-compulsive disorder

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentThe Effect of Paranormal Belief and Cognitive-Perceptual Factors on Mnemonic Performance: An Experimental Investigation2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-200
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2008
Title:
200 - The Effect of Paranormal Belief and Cognitive-Perceptual Factors on Mnemonic Performance: An Experimental Investigation
Duration: 2009-08 - 2011-09
Researcher(s):
Neil Andrew Dagnall, Andrew Parker, Gary Munley
Institution(s): The Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU), Research Institute of Health and Social Change, Faculty of Health, Social Care & Education, Division of Psychology and Social Change, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Parker, A., Munley, G.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Cognitive processes / Memory

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-200.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2008
Title:
The Effect of Paranormal Belief and Cognitive-Perceptual Factors on Mnemonic Performance: An Experimental Investigation
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objectives: The project addressed two fundamental questions. First, whether high scores on
paranormal belief were associated with disrupted true memory and susceptibility to false
memories. Second, whether any ‘observed’ memory effects could be explained by cognitiveperceptual
factors associated with paranormal belief (i.e., schizotypy, transliminality, and
delusional ideation).
Methods: Two established experimental techniques were used: the Deese-Roediger-McDermott
(DRM; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) and the misinformation paradigm (e.g., Loftus,
Miller & Burns, 1978).
Results: Phase I (DRM paradigm) found that participants scoring above (vs. below) the median for
belief in the paranormal and delusional ideation produced higher numbers of false memories for
critical lures (associative false memory). Level of paranormal belief and level of cognitiveperceptual
factor had no effect upon true memory (presented items), or other measures of false
memory (non presented list items & non presented critical lures). Overall, paranormal belief and
cognitive-perceptual factor scores were not predictors of mnemonic performance (true & false
memory). In addition to this, neither level of paranormal belief, nor level of cognitive-perceptual
factor had a consistent effect on the quality of memories as measured by the remember-know
procedure.
Phase II (misinformation effect) found that only level of paranormal belief affected mnemonic
performance. Participants in the upper quartile scored higher on true memory and recognised
more misinformation items (false memory) than participants in the lower quartile. The cognitiveperceptual
measures had no effect on memory. Whilst, positive correlations were observed
between signal detection measures of memory (true d', false d', & unrelated information) these
measures failed to correlate with either paranormal belief, or the cognitive-perceptual measures.
Finally, level of paranormal belief and level of cognitive-perceptual factor had no effect on
remember-know responses.
Conclusions: Level of paranormal belief and scores on associated cognitive-perceptual factors
were not found to reliably predict mnemonic performance.
Discussion: Further research is required if the relationship between paranormal belief and
mnemonic performance is to be fully understood.
Publications: Findings are currently being disseminated via conference and are in preparation for
journal submission.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Parker, A., Munley, G.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Dagnall, N., Parker, A., & Munley, G. (2012). The Effect of Paranormal Belief and Cognitive-Perceptual Factors on Mnemonic Performance: An Experimental Investigation. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 54/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Paranormal belief / Cognitive-perceptual factors / Memory

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

File010 - Enhancing Psychokinesis Task Performance Through the Practice of Imagery Strategies: New Psychophysiological Approach (Stage 2)2013-022015-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2012
Title:
010 - Enhancing Psychokinesis Task Performance Through the Practice of Imagery Strategies: New Psychophysiological Approach (Stage 2)
Duration: 2013-02 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Alejandro Parra, Juan Corbetta
Institution(s): Instituto de Psicología Paranormal, Asoc. Civil, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Corbetta, J.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Paranormal belief

File038 - Testing a Methodological Formula for Consistent Hit Rates: Matching Psi Ability to Task Difficulty2013-022014-09

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-038
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2012
Title:
038 - Testing a Methodological Formula for Consistent Hit Rates: Matching Psi Ability to Task Difficulty
Duration: 2013-02 - 2014-09
Researcher(s):
James Houran, Rense Lange
Institution(s): Integrated Knowledge Systems, Inc., Illinois (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Language: eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Secondary author(s):
Lange, R.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Transliminality / Extrasensory perception (ESP)

DocumentTowards a replicable formula for significant 'I Ching' outcomes2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-059
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
059 - Generating Psi with Optimal Levels of Transliminality - A critical replication and extension
Duration: 2009-02 - 2010-02
Researcher(s):
James Houran
Institution(s): Integrated Knowledge Systems, Springfield (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Unpublished document
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2006-157
Author: Houran, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Intuition / Transliminality

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-059.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
Towards a replicable formula for significant 'I Ching' outcomes
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=406518089955025;res=IELHSS
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
To replicate and extend Houran and Lange's (2012) 'I Ching' study, we investigated whether stronger psi differences occur for experimenters and participants with higher variance on the perceptualpersonality variables of Transliminality and Paranormal Belief (New Age Philosophy). We formed four Participant/Experimenter groups (N = 15 pairs each) based on scores for both Transliminality and Paranormal Belief: High-Participant/High-Experimenter; High- Participant/Low-Experimenter; Low-Participant/High-Experimenter, and Low-Participant/Low-Experimenter. Working with their designated experimenters, participants selected 16 of 64 hexagramdescriptor pairs (with corresponding hexagram), based on their emotional or cognitive states of mind. Three coins were thrown six times to generate a hexagram. A "hit" was observed when 1 of the 16 hexagrams matched the generated hexagram (thus, PMCE = .25). The overall hit rate on the variable 'First Hexagrams' was 34 out of 60 (i.e., 56.7%), which exceeds chance (p < .001). Of the four groups, the hit rate on First Hexagrams was highest for the High-High condition (13 hits out of 20 [65%], p < .001). However, the observed hit rates for First Hexagram in the other three conditions occurred essentially at chance levels. Statistically significant main effects for Participants and for Experimenters were also found, although both effects are moderated by a powerful Participant Experimenter interaction effect. The hit rate of the High/High condition was significantly higher compared to the Low/Low, Low/High, and High/Low combinations, which are indistinguishable among themselves.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Lange, R.
Secondary author(s):
Houran, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Lange, R., & Houran, J. (2013). Towards a replicable formula for significant 'I Ching' outcomes. Australian Journal of Parapsychology, 13(1), 9-25.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Transliminality / Paranormal belief / I Ching

File063 - Forefeeling guilty knowledge - An innovative approach in presentiment research2013-032016-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-063
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
063 - Forefeeling guilty knowledge - An innovative approach in presentiment research
Duration: 2013-03 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Wolfgang Ambach, Alexander Siller
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health (IGPP), Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Biennal report 2010-2011 (Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health)
Progress reports
Final report
2 Articles (published and submitted)
Language: eng
Author:
Ambach, W.
Secondary author(s):
Siller, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Assessment tools

File039 - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing2011-092013-11

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-039
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
039 - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing
Duration: 2011-09 - 2013-11
Researcher(s):
Neil Andrew Dagnall, Gary Munley, Andrew Parker
Institution(s): The Manchester Metropolitan University, Research Institute of Health and Social Change, Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Dep. of Psychology, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Munley, G., Parker, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Assessment tools

DocumentFinal report - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-039
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
039 - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing
Duration: 2011-09 - 2013-11
Researcher(s):
Neil Andrew Dagnall, Gary Munley, Andrew Parker
Institution(s): The Manchester Metropolitan University, Research Institute of Health and Social Change, Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Dep. of Psychology, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Munley, G., Parker, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-039.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
Final report - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa3910_28012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
The project consisted of two phases. Phase I (respondents 1215) sought to develop a new measure of paranormal belief (the Manchester Metropolitan University New, MMU-N). Principal components analysis identified eight factors: Hauntings, Alien Visitation, Superstition, Psychokinesis, Religious Beliefs, Astrology, ESP and Witchcraft. Each factor was coherent, possessed conceptual clarity and demonstrated good internal reliability. The MMU-N measure overall and its subscales correlated positively with: traditional measures of paranormal belief (Revised Paranormal Belief Scale, & Australian Sheep Goat Scale), anomalous beliefs (urban legends & conspiratorial beliefs) and paranormal experiences. Additionally, the MMU-N correlated with reality testing1 deficits in a manner similar to the established paranormal measures. Phase II (responents 305) examined the degree to which specific probabilistic biases (misperception of chance & conjunction fallacy) were associated with belief in the paranormal and reality testing. Participants completed measures assessing probabilistic reasoning, belief in the paranormal and reality testing. Findings were consistent across belief measures. The best predictor of paranormal belief and reality testing deficits was perception of randomness. Comparisons (below vs. above the median) supported this finding. The results provide support for the notion that paranormal believers are more likely to misinterpret chance phenomena as non-random. Proneness to standard conjunctions was not associated with belief in the paranormal. However, believers solved fewer paranormal conjunctions than non-believers.
Footnote1: This project was approved on the understanding that reality testing and cognitive bias would be explored rather than schizotypy.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Drinkwater, K., Parker, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Paranormal experiences / Reasoning bias / Reality testing

Final report - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing

Final report - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing