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DocumentExperiencias perceptuales inusuales, experiencias anómalo/paranormales y propensión a la esquizotipia2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2010
Title:
008 - Hallucination experience and psi (Phase II): New psychological, psychopathological, psychophysiological and transcultural approach
Duration: 2011-03 - 2013-01
Researcher(s):
Alejandro Parra, Romina Ileana Mielgo, Irma Juana Caputo
Institution(s): Universidad Abierta Interamericana, Facultad de Psicología, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Mielgo, R., Caputo, I.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-008.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2010
Title:
Experiencias perceptuales inusuales, experiencias anómalo/paranormales y propensión a la esquizotipia
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=64723234022
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
There seems to be similarities between schizotypal personality and paranormal experiences, in fact, some of the symptoms of PTSD in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) match a number of anomalous/paranormal experiences. Positive schizotypy, including magical thinking, hallucinations and other unusual perceptual experiences, has also been associated with paranormal experiences and beliefs. However, paranormal experiences differ from psychotic experiences in nonclinical populations. In order to establish differences between positive and negative symptoms of schizotypy, we compared a group of believers in the paranormal (N = 121) and a sample of undergraduate students (N = 588). The hypothesis that believers would have higher scores in schizotypy positive symptoms was confirmed. There was a significant difference in positive symptoms of schizotypy among the group of students with and no experiences, although not significant for negative symptoms.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Parra, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Parra, A. (2012). Experiencias perceptuales inusuales, experiencias anómalo/paranormales y propensión a la esquizotipia. Universitas Psychologica, 11(1), 269-278.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.544|2012
Times cited: 4|2024-02-01
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Paranormal experiences / Positive schizotypy / Paranormal belief / Positive and negative symptoms / Unusual perceptual experiences / Hallucinations

Experiencias perceptuales inusuales, experiencias anómalo/paranormales y propensión a la esquizotipia

Experiencias perceptuales inusuales, experiencias anómalo/paranormales y propensión a la esquizotipia

DocumentExamen correlacional entre experiencias anómalo/paranormales, disociación, absorción y propensidad a la fantasía: exploracion sobre una muestra de estudiantes2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-051
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2006
Title:
051 - Hallucination Experience and PSI: A psychological, psychopathological, psychophysiological and transcultural approach
Duration: 2007-02 - 2009-01
Researcher(s):
Alejandro Parra, Luis Santiago Espinoza Paul
Institution(s): Universidad Abierta Interamericana, Facultad de Psicologia, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Conference proceedings (7th Psi Meeting)
Language: eng
Author:
Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Espinoza Paul, L.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Hallucinations / Personality factors / Anomalous cognition/experiences

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-051.34
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2006
Title:
Examen correlacional entre experiencias anómalo/paranormales, disociación, absorción y propensidad a la fantasía: exploracion sobre una muestra de estudiantes
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.aidep.org/03_ridep/p_ridep.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Three hypotheses are tested. People who has a number of paranormal/anomalous experiences have a higher capacity for dissociation, absorption, and fantasy proneness than non¬-experients. These hypothesis were supported the mean for experients was significantly higher than for non experients. Five hundred sixty undergraduate students, 76% females and 24% males (age range 17-57), completed four scales: the Dissociative Experiences Scale, Tellegen Absorption Scale, Creative Experiences Questionnaire, and Paranormal Experiences Questionnaire. Experients scored higher on dissociation, absorption and fantasy proneness than non experients. Probably the present findings are reasonably representative of people who are not actively interested in paranormal phenomena, but many of these kind of experience reach predictable emotional reactions such as amazement, surprise, curiosity and puzzlement, and fear. On the other hand, some people are disturbed by psychic experiences and may need counseling, such as precognitive dreams, telepathy, poltergeist, perception of lights, out-of-the-body experiences, past lives memories, spiritual contacts, and mediumship. This study demonstrated the viability of adopting a psychological approach to better understand the anomalous/paranormal experiences.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
spa
Author:
Parra, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Parra, A. (2010). Examen correlacional entre experiencias anómalo/paranormales, disociación, absorción y propensidad a la fantasía: exploracion sobre una muestra de estudiantes. Revista Iberoamericana de Diagnóstico y Evaluación Psicológica, 29(2), 77-96.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Anomalous experiences / Paranormal experiences / Absorption / Dissociative experiences / Fantasy proneness

Correlational examination between paranormal/anomalous experiences, dissociation, absorption and fantasy proneness: survey on a undergraduate student sample

Correlational examination between paranormal/anomalous experiences, dissociation, absorption and fantasy proneness: survey on a undergraduate student sample

DocumentExperiencias paranormales y su relación con el sentido de la vida2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/E
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: Documentation and Information Center
History: Books that are part of the documentation center

Reference code: PT/FB/E/105
Title: Experiencias paranormales y su relación con el sentido de la vida
Publication year: 2013
Número de inventário:
M-0108
URL: http://revistaliberabit.com/es/wp-content/uploads/2013/revistas/liberabit19_2/11_parra.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The effects that have paranormal experiences in the life of the people were investigated. The results of a sample of 24 people actively interested in thinking new age and esoteric issues that reported having at least one paranormal experience were collected. Such experiences increased their interest in spiritual matters as well as the subjective sense of well-being. They also showed a decrease in fear of death, depression or anxiety, isolation and loneliness; concerns and fears about the future. A large majority of the respondents indicated that these effects were a combination of more than one spiritual, paranormal and transcendental experience. The magnitude of the changes in welfare and spirituality were positively associated with the number of anomalous experiences. Well-being scores and the importance of spirituality were positively associated with changes in welfare and spirituality which resulted from the anomalous experiences. Although 45% of respondents indicated that the paranormal experience had been frightening, this fear seemed to be temporary or mixed with positive feelings.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
spa
Author:
Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Corbetta, J.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Parra, A. & Corbetta, J. (2013). Experiencias paranormales y su relación con el sentido de la vida. Liberabit, 19(2), 33-44.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Paranormal experiences / Well-being / Spirituality

Experiencias paranormales y su relación con el sentido de la vida

Experiencias paranormales y su relación con el sentido de la vida

DocumentEstilos de defensa predominantes en relación con experiencias anómalo/paranormales2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-027
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2002
Title:
027 - Anomalous /paranormal detection using psi-reading tests (Phase II): New parapsychological, psychological and neuropsychological exploration data through seven tests with selected/non-selected subjects
Duration: 2003-03 - 2005-01
Researcher(s):
Alejandro Parra, Juan Carlos Argibay
Institution(s): Instituto de Psicologia Paranormal, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Abstract/Results: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Author: Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Argibay, J. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychometry / Extrasensory perception (ESP)

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-027.21
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2002
Title:
Estilos de defensa predominantes en relación con experiencias anómalo/paranormales
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://www.scielo.org.pe/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1729-48272015000100011&lng=es&nrm=iso
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The concept of defense mechanisms has its origins in psychoanalytic theory, which focuses more on the defenses´ process than on the objective of defenses. The present study examined the differences between individuals who have abnormal/paranormal experiences – and three defensive styles (mature, neurotic, and immature factor), and those who have not had such experiences. College students (60 % women and 40 % men, mean age = 33.87 years old) received the Defense Styles Questionnaire (DSQ-40) and ten questions that explore several abnormal and paranormal experiences. People reported a high frequency of experiences, such as deja-vu, dreams of extra sensory perception (ESP), telepathy and memories of past lives. The results also showed a higher level of paranormal experiences and mature defenses, as well as, neurotic defenses, compared to individuals without the experience. Although, the nature of the study is exploratory, the author suggests that some of these experiences attributed to paranormal causes, appear to serve asa mechanism of protection to potential traumatic events, improve subjective well-being of the individual or - at least - prevent or reduce the disruptive consequences of negative life events. Therefore, paranormal experiences could correspond to nonpathological traits that produce changes in psychological ‘homeostasis’.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
spa
Author:
Parra, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Parra, A. (2015). Estilos de defensa predominantes en relación con experiencias anómalo/paranormales. Liberabit, 21(1), 115-121.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Defensive styles / Mature factor / Neurotic factor / Immature factor / Paranormal experiences

DocumentExploratory study of the temperament theory and paranormal experiences2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-049
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2006
Title:
049 - Exploring extrasensory perception under hypnosis stimulation: Personality, imagery, creativity dimension using emotional/neutral targets and relax-tension/hypnosis condition
Duration: 2007-02 - 2009-01
Researcher(s):
Alejandro Parra, Juan Carlos Argibay, Sérgio Matteucci
Institution(s): Instituto de Psicologia Paranormal, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Argibay, J. C., Matteucci, S.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Clairvoyance / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-049.11
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2006
Title:
Exploratory study of the temperament theory and paranormal experiences
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2016-62607-002
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Few studies have explored personality traits to explain paranormal experiences, so it is not surprising that connections remain to be made between such experiences and a person's temperament. The aim of this study is to compare the frequency of paranormal experiences across four temperament groups. Questionnaires that included the standarized Spanish version of the Eysenck Personality Inventory (Form A) were distributed to 2678 Psychology undergraduate students, and 1860 usable returns were retained for the categorization procedure. Individuals who scored in the upper and lower quartiles for extraversion and neuroticism were allocated to one of four groups: Phlegmatic (n = 30); Sanguine (n = 54); Melancholic (n = 159); and Choleric (n = 160). This sample completed a second 10-item self-report inventory designed to measure spontaneous paranormal/anomalous experiences. Members of the Choleric group scored higher on frequency of Out-of-Body Experiences, ESP in dreams, Aura, Déjà-vu, and overall count of experiences; the Sanguine group scored higher on Telepathy; whereas the Melancholic group scored higher on frequency of Sense of presence. Anomalous experiences, such as OBE, dream recall and auras, could be facilitated using extravert subjects characterized as touchy, restless, excitable, changeable, and impulsive.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Argibay, J. C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Parra, A. & Argibay, J. C. (2016). Exploratory study of the temperament theory and paranormal experiences. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 80(3), 214-223.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Personality traits / Paranormal experiences

DocumentLimits and meanings to the challenging territoy of mediumship: A qualitative study with grievers2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2020
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2020 Grants
Start date: 2021-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2020-343
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
343 - Italian research group on mediumship. Mediumistic abilities testing protocol
Duration: 2021-01
Researcher(s):
Laura Liberale, Patrizio Tresoldi, Ines Testoni, Sara Pompele, Erika Iacona, Gianmarco Biancalani
Institution(s): Nemesi Aps, Padova (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
Ongoing project
Author: Liberale, L.
Secondary author(s):
Tresoldi, P., Testoni, I., Pompele, S., Iacona, E., Biancalani, G.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Psychic abilities / Bereavement / Mediumship / Telepathy / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2020-343.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Limits and meanings to the challenging territoy of mediumship: A qualitative study with grievers
Publication year: 2022
URL:
http://www.ejst.tuiasi.ro/issue18.html
Abstract/Results: Abstract
The loss of a loved one causes great upheaval in people’s lives, and the bereaved may turn to unconventional methods to feel closer to the deceased, such as relying on a medium. The aim of this study was to investigate this experience and its effects. A qualitative research design involving five participants was applied through interpretative phenomenological analysis. Four main thematic areas emerged: the motivations that led participants to seek support from a medium, their experiences during the encounter, friends’ and relatives’ views on mediumship, and changes in the grieving process. Despite the various reasons that led the bereaved to ask for a mediumistic consultation, almost all participants believe the experience helped them overcome their grief.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
by permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Testoni, I.
Secondary author(s):
Pompele, S., Liberale, L., Tressoldi, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Testoni, I., Pompele, S., Liberale, L., & Tressoldi, P. (2022). Limits and meanings to the challenging territory of mediumship: A qualitative study with grievers. European Journal of Science and Theology, 18(3), 97-109.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.500|2022
Times cited: 1|2024-02-15
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Medium / Bereavement / Continuing bonds / Paranormal experiences / Afterlife

Limits and meanings to the challenging territoy of mediumship: A qualitative study with grievers

Limits and meanings to the challenging territoy of mediumship: A qualitative study with grievers

DocumentFinal report - Neuropsychological and cognitive-perceptual characteristics of mediums and psychics2023

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-082
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
082 - Neuropsychological and cognitive-perceptual characteristics of mediums and psychics
Duration: 2019-04 - 2023-07
Researcher(s):
Ken Drinkwater
Institution(s): Health Psychology and Communities, Manchester Metropolitan University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Fnal report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Drinkwater, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Mediumship / Psychic ability / Neuropsychology / Cognitive-perceptual / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-082.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Neuropsychological and cognitive-perceptual characteristics of mediums and psychics
Publication year: 2023
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Background
This project investigated whether variations in paranormal experiences were allied to self-reported cognitive-perceptual and neuropsychological differences.
Aims
To identify differences in paranormal experience profiles (i.e., direct encounters, self-professed abilities, and involvement) and determine how these are related to reported cognitive-perceptual and neuropsychological differences.
Method
This project employed cross sectional methods and interviews. Phase 1 and Phase 2 (Quantitative) used self-report scales. Phase 1 measured proneness to reality testing deficits, emotion-based reasoning, and belief in science, and Phase 2 executive functions (i.e., General Executive Function, Working and Everyday Memory, Decision Making, and Emotion Regulation). Both phases measure paranormal belief. Phase 3 (Qualitative) employed semi-structured interviews.
Quantitative phases used latent profile analysis, MANOVA, and correlation-based methods. The qualitative phase employed reflexive thematic analysis.
Results
Experiential profiles were associated with variations in paranormal belief and cognitive-perceptual (i.e., reality testing deficits, and emotion-based reasoning) and neuropsychological (i.e., greater reported levels of executive function disruption) differences.
Qualitative analysis showed that experiencers (e.g., lay people and paranormal professionals such as mediums and psychics) made sense of their professed abilities by attaching personal meaning to experienced phenomena.
Conclusions
Outcomes indicated that variations in experience and level of professed paranormal ability were associated with self-reported cognitive-perceptual and neuropsychological differences.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Drinkwater, K. G.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Drinkwater, K. G. (2023). Final report - Neuropsychological and cognitive-perceptual characteristics of mediums and psychics.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Paranormal experiences / Mediumship/psychic ability / Neuropsychological / Individual differences / Cognitive-perceptual

DocumentLucid dreaming, nightmares, and sleep paralysis: Associations with reality testing deficits and paranormal experience/belief2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-082
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
082 - Neuropsychological and cognitive-perceptual characteristics of mediums and psychics
Duration: 2019-04 - 2023-07
Researcher(s):
Ken Drinkwater
Institution(s): Health Psychology and Communities, Manchester Metropolitan University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Fnal report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Drinkwater, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Mediumship / Psychic ability / Neuropsychology / Cognitive-perceptual / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-082.07
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Lucid dreaming, nightmares, and sleep paralysis: Associations with reality testing deficits and paranormal experience/belief
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00471/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Focusing on lucid dreaming, this paper examined relationships between dissociated experiences related to rapid eye movement (REM) sleep (lucid dreaming, nightmares, and sleep paralysis), reality testing, and paranormal experiences/beliefs. The study comprised a UK-based online sample of 455 respondents (110 males, 345 females, Mean age = 34.46 years, SD = 15.70), who had all previously experienced lucid dreaming. Respondents completed established self-report measures assessing control within lucid dreaming, experience and frequency of nightmares, incidence of sleep paralysis, proneness to reality testing deficits (Inventory of Personality Organization subscale, IPO-RT), subjective experience of receptive psi and life after death (paranormal experience), and paranormal belief. Analysis comprised tests of correlational and predictive relationships between sleep-related outcomes, IPO-RT scores, and paranormal measures. Significant positive correlations between sleep and paranormal measures were weak. Paranormal measures related differentially to sleep indices. Paranormal experience correlated with lucid dreaming, nightmares, and sleep paralysis, whereas paranormal belief related only to nightmares and sleep paralysis. IPO-RT correlated positively with all paranormal and sleep-related measures. Within the IPO-RT, the Auditory and Visual Hallucinations sub-factor demonstrated the strongest positive associations with sleep measures. Structural equation modeling indicated that Auditory and Visual Hallucinations significantly positively predicted dissociated experiences related to REM sleep, while paranormal experience did not. However, paranormal experience was a significant predictor when analysis controlled for Auditory and Visual Hallucinations. The moderate positive association between these variables explained this effect. Findings indicated that self-generated, productive cognitive-processes (as encompassed by Auditory and Visual Hallucinations) played a significant role in conscious control and awareness of lucid dreaming, and related dissociative sleep states (sleep paralysis and nightmares).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Drinkwater, K. G.
Secondary author(s):
Denovan, A., Dagnall, N.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Drinkwater, K. G., Denovan, A., & Dagnall, N. (2020). Lucid dreaming, nightmares, and sleep paralysis: Associations with reality testing deficits and paranormal experience/belief. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 471. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00471
2-year Impact Factor: 2.988|2020
Times cited: 10|2024-02-13
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Lucid dreaming / Dissociated experiences / REM / Reality testing / Paranormal experiences

Lucid dreaming, nightmares, and sleep paralysis: Associations with reality testing deficits and paranormal experience/belief

Lucid dreaming, nightmares, and sleep paralysis: Associations with reality testing deficits and paranormal experience/belief

DocumentThe impact of meditation versus exercise on psychological characteristics, paranormal experiences, and beliefs: Randomized trialin press

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-110
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
110 - A randomized trial: Extraordinary experiences and performance on psi tasks related to meditation
Researcher(s): Jennifer Penberthy, Marieta Pehlivanova, Elizabeth Hanchak, Leslie Hubbard
Institution(s): Division of Perceptual Studies - DOPS, School of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Author:
Penberthy, J. K.
Secondary author(s):
Pehlivanova, M., Hanchak, E., Hubbard, L.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Meditation / Psi / Mindfulness / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-110.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The impact of meditation versus exercise on psychological characteristics, paranormal experiences, and beliefs: Randomized trial
Publication year: in press
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Background:
Research indicates that meditation increases mindfulness and paranormal experiences of precognition, telepathy, clairvoyance, and synchronicities. There is limited knowledge about the prevalence or impact of these experiences on meditators and the general population.
Aims:
To compare self-reported well-being, mindfulness, connectedness, personality, paranormal experiences, beliefs, and performance on psi tasks in a meditation group versus an exercise control group.
Method:
This is a randomized trial that explored changes, including well-being, mindfulness, connectedness, psi, extraordinary experiences, beliefs, and ability to impact a random number generator in the participants, comparing a meditation vs. exercise group. We collected data at baseline, “Mid” or half-way through the intervention (week 4), post 1 which is at the end of intervention (week 9) and post 2 which is two months post-intervention. Data was collected securely online with IRB approval.
Results:
Data from 72 participants (N=45 meditation/N=27 exercise) demonstrated improvement in some well-being measures (anxiety and general health). The study examined the effects of meditation versus exercise on various psychosocial measures and paranormal experiences. The meditation group displayed higher scores in openness and extroversion compared to the exercise group, which was unexpected and requires further investigation. The meditation cohort also reported more paranormal experiences, with about half of them considering these experiences important or meaningful. However, the experiment exploring psychic abilities did not yield significant results. While the study had limitations such as a predominantly non-diverse sample, it adds to the existing body of evidence linking meditation and exercise to positive psychosocial outcomes.
Conclusions:
The randomly selected meditation naïve cohort trained in brief structured meditation demonstrated increases over time in mindfulness, connectedness, extraversion, and paranormal experiences and beliefs compared to an exercise cohort. Performance on the psi tasks did not improve in either group over time, and these tasks may not be sensitive enough to detect significant changes.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Penberthy, J. K.
Secondary author(s):
Garcia Claro, H., Kalelioglu, T., Centeno, C., Ladoni, A., Ragone, E., Rowley, C., Hanchak, E.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Penberthy, J. K., Garcia Claro, H., Kalelioglu, T., Centeno, C., Ladoni, A., Ragone, E., Rowley, C., & Hanchak, E. (2024, in press). The impact of meditation versus exercise on psychological characteristics, paranormal experiences, and beliefs: Randomized trial. Journal of Scientific Exploration.
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Times cited: N/A
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness / Paranormal experiences / Psi beliefs