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DocumentMeditation-induced changes in sense of self reported by American Buddhists: Neurobiology and cross-cultural psychiatry2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.21
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Meditation-induced changes in sense of self reported by American Buddhists: Neurobiology and cross-cultural psychiatry
Publication year: 2015
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Britton, W.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Britton, W. B. (2015, November). Meditation-induced changes in sense of self reported by American Buddhists: Neurobiology and cross-cultural psychiatry. American Academy of Religion conference, Atlanta, GA.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices / Depersonalization / Derealizatin / Neural correlates

DocumentThe varieties of contemplative experience: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related challenges in Western Buddhists2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.22
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
The varieties of contemplative experience: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related challenges in Western Buddhists
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0176239#abstract0
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Buddhist-derived meditation practices are currently being employed as a popular form of health promotion. While meditation programs draw inspiration from Buddhist textual sources for the benefits of meditation, these sources also acknowledge a wide range of other effects beyond health-related outcomes. The Varieties of Contemplative Experience study investigates meditation-related experiences that are typically underreported, particularly experiences that are described as challenging, difficult, distressing, functionally impairing, and/or requiring additional support. A mixed-methods approach featured qualitative interviews with Western Buddhist meditation practitioners and experts in Theravada, Zen, and Tibetan traditions. Interview questions probed meditation experiences and influencing factors, including interpretations and management strategies. A follow-up survey provided quantitative assessments of causality, impairment and other demographic and practice-related variables. The content-driven thematic analysis of interviews yielded a taxonomy of 59 meditation-related experiences across 7 domains: cognitive, perceptual, affective, somatic, conative, sense of self, and social. Even in cases where the phenomenology was similar across participants, interpretations of and responses to the experiences differed considerably. The associated valence ranged from very positive to very negative, and the associated level of distress and functional impairment ranged from minimal and transient to severe and enduring. In order to determine what factors may influence the valence, impact, and response to any given experience, the study also identified 26 categories of influencing factors across 4 domains: practitioner-level factors, practice-level factors, relationships, and health behaviors. By identifying a broader range of experiences associated with meditation, along with the factors that contribute to the presence and management of experiences reported as challenging, difficult, distressing or functionally impairing, this study aims to increase our understanding of the effects of contemplative practices and to provide resources for mediators, clinicians, meditation researchers, and meditation teachers.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Lindahl, J.
Secondary author(s):
Fisher, N., Cooper, D. J., Rosen, R. K., Britton, W.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
3
Reference:
Lindahl, J., Fisher, N., Cooper, D. J., Rosen, R. K., & Britton, W. (2017). The varieties of contemplative experience: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related challenges in Western Buddhists. PLoS ONE, 12(5): e0176239. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0176239
2-year Impact Factor: 2.766|2017
Times cited: 210|2024-02-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Meditation

The varieties of contemplative experience: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related challenges in Western Buddhists

The varieties of contemplative experience: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related challenges in Western Buddhists

DocumentSomatic energies and emotional traumas: A qualitative study of practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana Buddhists2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.34
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Somatic energies and emotional traumas: A qualitative study of practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana Buddhists
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.mdpi.com/2077-1444/8/8/153
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
A qualitative study of Western practitioners of Buddhist meditation investigated unexpected, challenging, difficult, and distressing experiences. This paper reports on a subset of 12 practitioners within Tibetan Vajrayana lineages who described energy flowing through their body, knots of pain, pressure or tension, and/or concurrent emotional changes. In some cases, somatic changes were appraised as practice-related transient states, and in other cases practitioners were given a Tibetan medical diagnosis of rlung disorder. Releases of tension in the body or subtle body also sometimes coincided with an upwelling of emotionally charged content. Practitioners reported emotional upwelling during subtle body practices as well as during other Vajrayana practices, such as visualizations. While some practitioners viewed these experiences in relation to a normative Tantric soteriology of purification, almost all practitioners with a trauma history reported traumatic re-experiencing and tended not to adopt a purification framework. These practitioners were also more likely to seek additional psychotherapeutic or medical treatment to help resolve their practice-related challenges. The manner in which somatic and affective experiences manifest, how they are appraised, and how they affect the practitioner’s ability to engage in the Vajrayana path depends upon many individual, interpersonal, and cultural factors.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Lindahl, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Lindahl, J. R. (2017). Somatic energies and emotional traumas: A qualitative study of practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana Buddhists. Religions, 8(8): 153. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel8080153
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Impact factor notes: Impact factor only available since 2022
Times cited: 15|2024-02-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Vajrayäna Buddhism / Meditation / Purification / Trauma

Bodily energies and emotional traumas: A qualitative study of practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana Buddhists

Bodily energies and emotional traumas: A qualitative study of practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana Buddhists

DocumentFinal report - Contemplative development mapping project2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Final report - Contemplative development mapping project
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant_25612.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Meditation practices once limited to monks, nuns, and dedicated hermits have recently entered mainstream culture in Europe and the United States. The rise of Mindfulness-Based Interventions has led to meditation now being disseminated in health care and education and has been subject to scientific scrutiny. Despite the Buddhist roots of mindfulness, very little is known about the broad range of effects associated with meditation practices.
AIMS
To understand the range of meditation-related experiences associated with different types of Buddhist meditation practice, and in particular to identify experiences reported as challenging, difficult, distressing, functionally impairing, or otherwise in need of additional support.
METHOD
60 Buddhist meditation practitioners and 32 experts (Buddhist meditation teachers and clinicians) from the United States, Canada, and Europe were interviewed. The semi-structured interview queried 1) meditation-related challenges; 2) causal attributions and interpretations; and 3) risk factors and remedies for navigating meditation-related challenges. Interviews were transcribed and coded according to qualitative content analysis methodologies.
RESULTS
Qualitative coding yielded a taxonomy of 59 distinct experiences across seven domains of human experience: cognitive, perceptual, affective, conative, somatic, social, and sense of self. Because very few experiences were universally reported as negatively valenced, difficult, or impairing, a secondary analysis of “influencing factors” aimed to determine the variables that practitioners and teachers attributed as either causal risk factors for a meditation-related challenge or remedies that helped for the management or alleviation of such challenges. Qualitative coding yielded a taxonomy of 26 influencing factors: practitioner-level variables, practice-related variables; relationships; and health behaviors. A follow-up survey provided quantitative assessments of causality, impairment and other demographic and practice-related variables.
CONCLUSIONS
The practice of meditation can be associated with intense, transformative experiences that for some practitioners are associated with significant levels of distress and even functional impairment. This study has documented and classified the types of experiences that are reported as difficult and has also identified a number of variables that influence the nature, duration, and trajectory of a meditator’s contemplative development. In addition to the qualitative analysis, these data allow us to create hypotheses about why meditation would lead to these types of experiences and under what circumstances. This research also calls attention to the sociocultural dimensions of appraising and making meaning out of anomalous experiences. Finally, the taxonomy of experiences serves as the basis for the development of a validated questionnaire to be used in future meditation research to identify potential meditation-related adverse effects.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Britton, W.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Meditation / Experiences / Challenges / Adverse effects

DocumentMeditation-related difficulties: A mixed methods approach2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.23
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Meditation-related difficulties: A mixed methods approach
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://cmrpconference.com/conferences/keynote-meditation-related-difficulties-building-competency/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
While most meditation research focuses on the positive effects of meditation, there is relatively little discussion of challenging or difficult experiences that can result from practice. In order to gain a more balanced understanding of the contemplative path and all that it entails, the Varieties of Contemplative Experience study interviewed more than 100 meditation teachers about meditation-related challenges they had encountered in their own practice or observed in their students. Interview questions included 3 basic domains of Phenomenology, Causes and risk factors, and Remedies. Interviews yielded 59 categories of meditation-related challenges divided into 7 higher order clusters (cogntitive changes, changes in sense of self, perceptual alterations, emotional, conative/motivational changes, social/occupational). The 59 categories of meditation-related difficulties were then used to query 100 participants in a clinical trial of Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). The most frequently reported experiences were increased anxiety, emotional lability, traumatic re-experiencing, and dissociation. Meditation-related difficulties predicted poorer clinical outcomes, attrition and non-compliance. Therefore, early identification and intervention is key to maximizing efficacy and minimizing harms.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Britton, W.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Britton, W. (2017, July). Meditation-related difficulties: A mixed methods approach. Paper presented ath the Centre for Mindfulness Research and Practice Conference, Chester, England. Abstract retrieved at https://cmrpconference.com/conferences/keynote-meditation-related-difficulties-building-competency/
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices

DocumentMeditation-related difficulties: Building competency2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.24
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Meditation-related difficulties: Building competency
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://cmrpconference.com/team/willoughby-britton/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
While most meditation research focuses on the positive effects of meditation, there is relatively little discussion of challenging or difficult experiences that can result from practice. In order to gain a more balanced understanding of the contemplative path and all that it entails, the Varieties of Contemplative Experience study interviewed more than 100 meditation teachers about meditation-related challenges they had encountered in their own practice or observed in their students. Interview questions included 3 basic domains of Phenomenology, Causes and risk factors, and Remedies. Interviews yielded 59 categories of meditation-related challenges divided into 7 higher order clusters (cogntitive changes, changes in sense of self, perceptual alterations, emotional, conative/motivational changes, social/occupational). The 59 categories of meditation-related difficulties were then used to query 100 participants in a clinical trial of Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). The most frequently reported experiences were increased anxiety, emotional lability, traumatic re-experiencing, and dissociation. Meditation-related difficulties predicted poorer clinical outcomes, attrition and non-compliance. Therefore, early identification and intervention is key to maximizing efficacy and minimizing harms.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Britton, W.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Britton, W. B. (2017, July). Meditation-related difficulties: Building competency. Workshop at the Centre for Mindfulness Research and Practice Conference. Chester, England.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices

DocumentThe role of social relationships in contemplative development2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.25
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
The role of social relationships in contemplative development
Publication year: 2016
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Canby, N.
Secondary author(s):
Margolis, C., Cullen, B., Rahrig, H., Alejandre-Lara, A., Noorani, M., Lindahl, J., Britton, W.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Canby, N., Margolis., C., Cullen, B., Rahrig, H., Alejandre-Lara, A., Noorani, M., Lindahl, J.R., Britton, W.B. (2016, June). The role of social relationships in contemplative development. Poster presented at the Mind and Life Summer Research Institute, Garrsion NY.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices

DocumentResearch beyond the hype: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related difficulties in buddhist practitioners2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.26
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Research beyond the hype: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related difficulties in buddhist practitioners
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://icls.columbia.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/20161111-Beyond-the-Hype-abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The Varieties of Contemplative Experience research project is a mixed-methods study of contemporary Western Buddhist practitioners (n=60) across Theravada, Zen, and Tibetan lineages. In order to better understand phenomena underreported in the scholarship, science, and media coverage on meditation, we employed outlier sampling by intentionally recruiting practitioners who could report unexpected, challenging, difficult, distressing, or functionally impairing experiences associated with meditation. Interviews queried demographics, phenomenological reports of experiences, interpretations and causal factors, and remedies. Qualitative content analysis followed a data-driven approach using open coding to generate and refine two coding structures: a phenomenology codebook consisting of 59 categories of experience across cognitive, affective, perceptual, somatic, conative, sense of self, and social domains; and an influencing factors codebook consisting of 26 categories of risk factors and
remedies across practitioner, practice, relationship, and health behavior domains.
In addition to the qualitative analysis, other variables such as causality assessment and type and degree of impairment were queried with a quantitative survey instrument. These data represent an attempt to address a number of limitations that currently pervade the science of meditation, in particular a lack of knowledge about the range of experiences associated with meditation as well as the marginalization of individual differences and personal narratives in research studies whose findings are based on group averages. These data also call attention to the ways in which appraisal processes and social relationships
determine the emotional valence, meaning, and value of meditation experiences. While science and Buddhism are often portrayed as competing adversaries, this overlooks the longstanding history of Buddhists using science to promote a Buddhist agenda, including many of today’s most prominent neuroscientists engaged in meditation research. Some of the consequences of scientists with Buddhist commitments include pro-Buddhist/pro-meditation publication bias, an insular interpretation of neuroscientific findings often at odds with other findings in neuroscience and psychology, and the tacit promotion of Buddhist
conceptions of suffering and wellbeing in both scientific research and in clinical practice. Investigating the Buddhism and science dialogue ultimately requires that the far-reaching implications of these agendas be explored in order to determine if there is a way to move the research forward without compromising the commitments of either scientists or Buddhists, while also refraining from imposing tacit views or values on the ordinary practitioners of meditation who are impacted by this dialogue.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Lindahl, J.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Britton, W.B.. Lindahl, J.L. (2016, November). Research beyond the hype: A mixed-methods study of meditation-related difficulties in buddhist practitioners. Beyond the Hype: Buddhism and Neuroscience. Columbia University.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices

DocumentBodily energies and emotional traumas: Practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana buddhists in the west2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.27
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Bodily energies and emotional traumas: Practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana buddhists in the west
Publication year: 2016
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Lindahl, J.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Lindahl, J. L. (2016, September). Bodily energies and emotional traumas: Practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana buddhists in the west. Paper presented at the Society for Tantric Studies, Flagstaff, AZ.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices / Trauma

DocumentThe varieties of contemplative experience through the lens of transcultural psychiatry2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.28
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
The varieties of contemplative experience through the lens of transcultural psychiatry
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.brown.edu/academics/humanities/sites/brown.edu.academics.humanities/files/uploads/Collected%20Conference%20Abstracts_3.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Buddhist-derived contemplative practices, such as mindfulness meditation, are simultaneously being recommended as well as contra-indicated for individuals with a history of trauma. Case reports and controlled studies have documented that trauma-related experiences, such as intrusive memories (flashbacks) and dissociation can be successfully treated with or triggered by Buddhist-derived meditation practices. By drawing on the current neuroscientific models of both meditation and post-traumatic stress disorder, this talk will explore under what conditions contemplative practices may ameliorate or exacerbate traumatic symptomatology. The talk will focus on the balance between sensory (body) verses contextual autobiographical (narrative) processing, and why body focus (interoception) in particular may play a key role in traumatic memory formation and maintenance as well as healing. Factors that impact different dimensions of self-experience, including (verbal) narrativisation, temporal continuity, (dis)- identification, ownership, agency, vantage perspective, and movement also may play a role. Finally, the potential role of cultural differences in self-construal and response to trauma will be explored.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Britton, W.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Britton, W.B. (2017, March). The varieties of contemplative experience through the lens of transcultural psychiatry. Paper presented at the Body, Emotion and Trauma: Contemplative Practice Across Cultures Conference. Cogut Center for the Humanities, Brown University.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices / Trauma

DocumentBodily energies and emotional traumas: Practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana Buddhists in the West2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.29
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Bodily energies and emotional traumas: Practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana Buddhists in the West
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.brown.edu/academics/humanities/sites/brown.edu.academics.humanities/files/uploads/Collected%20Conference%20Abstracts_3.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
A qualitative study of Western practitioners of Buddhist meditation (n=60) contained a subset of practitioners within Tibetan Vajrayana lineages (n=12; 6 female, 6 male). Practitioners engaged in a variety of practices associated with Tantric Buddhism, including preliminary practices (prostrations, mantra recitations, and visualizations), deity yoga, and subtle body yogas. This paper focuses on somatic and affective changes. Practitioners report being affected by energy flowing through their body, knots of pain, pressure or tension, and concurrent cognitive or affective changes. For many practitioners, when tension in the body or subtle body releases, there is a concurrent upwelling of emotionally charged content or traumatic memories. Practitioners reported emotional upwelling or re-experiencing of trauma during various Vajrayana practices, including preliminaries, generation stage, and completion stage. How these somatic and affective experiences manifest, how they are appraised, and how they affect the practitioner’s ability to engage in Tantra depends upon many individual and interpersonal factors. Comparisons beyond Tantra to the related—but ofthen conflicting—systems of the body in Tibetan medicine provide additional information on how Tibetan Buddhists navigate challenging somatic experiences. Considering the application of Tibetan medicine in the modern period also calls attention to the challenges of applying Western conceptions of and responses to “trauma” in different cultural contexts.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Lindahl, J.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Lindahl, J. L. (2017, March). Bodily energies and emotional traumas: Practice-related challenges reported by Vajrayana Buddhists in the West. Paper presented at The Body, Emotion, and Trauma: Contemplative Practice Across Cultures, Brown University, Providence.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices / Trauma

DocumentChildhood maltreatment predicts poor mindfulness-based cognitive therapy treatment outcomes for active depression2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.30
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Childhood maltreatment predicts poor mindfulness-based cognitive therapy treatment outcomes for active depression
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.society-for-affective-science.org/sites/default/files/2017_SAS_Abstracts_G.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Mindfulness-based interventions are an increasingly popular approach to treating affective disturbances, and a current goal of the field is to identify factors that moderate treatment response. Childhood trauma is a moderator of interest, since history of early trauma has been shown to negatively impact acute depression treatment outcomes for other forms of treatment, and results from recent studies investigating childhood maltreatment as a mindfulness-based treatment moderator have been mixed. In a clinical trial of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) for acute depression (N=91), childhood trauma predicted worse treatment outcomes as measured by depression change scores (r = .207, p = .049) as well as by meditation-related adverse effects (r = .227, p = .027). Participants who reported any childhood sexual abuse (n = 17) or severe childhood emotional neglect (n = 13) exhibited less of a decrease of depression symptoms post-treatment compared to participants reporting no sexual abuse or non-severe emotional neglect, respectively (t(89) = 2.28, p = .025), (t(89) = 2.87, p = .005). These data have significant clinical implications, highlighting the need for trauma-sensitive modifications to standard mindfulness-based treatments.
Accessibility: Docuement exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Cosby, E.
Secondary author(s):
Britton, W. B.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Cosby, E., Britton, W. B. (2017). Childhood maltreatment predicts poor mindfulness-based cognitive therapy treatment outcomes for active depression. Abstract book of the Society for Affective Science, 4th Annual Conference (p. 17). Boston: Society for Affective Science
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Trauma / Mindfulness

Childhood maltreatment predicts poor mindfulness-based cognitive therapy treatment outcomes for active depression

Childhood maltreatment predicts poor mindfulness-based cognitive therapy treatment outcomes for active depression

DocumentSide effects of mindfulness: Psychopathology predicts anomalous meditation experiences2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.31
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Side effects of mindfulness: Psychopathology predicts anomalous meditation experiences
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.society-for-affective-science.org/sites/default/files/2017_SAS_Abstracts_G.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Mindfulness-based interventions are used to treat a variety of mental health concerns. However, there is currently very little information on the prevalence of meditation-related adverse effects (AEs) or risk factors that might predict them.
METHODS:
In a recent study, we systematically assessed AEs using the Meditation Experiences scale (MEDEX) in a randomized controlled trial of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (n=104). In the current study, hypothesized risk factors for MEDEX scores included a diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizotypal personality disorder (SPD), which were assessed with a Structured Clinical Interview at baseline.
RESULTS:
Participants with a pre-treatment diagnosis of MDD had a significantly greater MEDEX score at a 3-month post-treatment assessment, both for negativelyvalenced experiences (t(89)= -2.419, p=0.018) and for experiences of any valence (t(79)=-2.436, p=0.017) Participants with a high pre-treatment SPD score had a significantly greater MEDEX score for experiences of any valence (t(79)=-2.175, p=0.033), although means did not differ for negatively-valenced experiences (t(89)=-.040, p=0.968). These results indicate that baseline diagnosis of MDD or SPD predicts a greater number of adverse effects as a result of meditation. However, these experiences are not negatively appraised for individuals with SPD, who may already have a predisposition for psychotic-like experiences.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sargent, K.
Secondary author(s):
Britton, W. B.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sargent, K., & Britton, W. B. (2017, April). Side effects of mindfulness: Psychopathology predicts anomalous meditation
experiences. Abstract book of the Society for Affective Science, 4th Annual Conference (p. 46). Boston: Society for Affective Science
Indexed document: No

Side effects of mindfulness: Psychopathology predicts anomalous meditation experiences

Side effects of mindfulness: Psychopathology predicts anomalous meditation experiences

DocumentMeditation-related difficulties: A mixed methods approach2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.32
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Meditation-related difficulties: A mixed methods approach
Publication year: 2017
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Britton, W. B.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Britton, W. B. (2017, June). Meditation safety: Research overview. Keynote Speech at “A Critical Look at Mindfulness: Safety, Ethics and Integrity” Conference. Sponsored by the Sussex Centre for Mindfulness and NHS Foundation Trust. Brighton, England.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices

DocumentMeditation safety: Building competency2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.33
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Meditation safety: Building competency
Publication year: 2017
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Britton, W. B.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Britton, W. B. (2017, June). Meditation safety: Building competency. Workshop at “A Critical Look at Mindfulness: Safety, Ethics and Integrity” Conference. Sponsored by the Sussex Centre for Mindfulness and NHS Foundation Trust. Brighton, England.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices